Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,852 100 114,242 100 32,945 100 11 - 14.2 - 15.2 -
Less than 50 miles 38,899 48.7 67,455 59 1,003 3 17.6 5.8 18 6.7 18.4 0.6
50 - 99 miles 11,750 14.7 15,931 13.9 1,525 4.6 29.3 3.1 43.7 3.6 40.9 2.4
100 - 249 miles 4,794 6 5,790 5.1 S S 21.3 2.1 42.6 4.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 4,885 6.1 4,386 3.8 2,054 6.2 15.7 1 25.9 1.1 26.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 7,590 9.5 10,221 8.9 8,615 26.1 28.7 2.2 34.4 2.5 37.4 8.2
750 - 999 miles 5,193 6.5 4,819 4.2 6,111 18.6 30 1.5 36.6 1.4 43 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,384 6.7 4,587 4 8,062 24.5 27 2.1 27 2 32.8 4.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,340 1.7 1,050 0.9 S S 25.9 0.6 34.3 0.7 S S
More than 2,000 miles 18 - S S S S 46.9 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,691 100 100,513 100 25,477 100 11.1 - 15.3 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 38,457 53.6 67,266 66.9 998 3.9 17.9 6.2 18 6.6 18.3 0.7
50 - 99 miles 8,043 11.2 S S S S 34.8 3.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,328 4.6 2,126 2.1 525 2.1 29.2 2.1 23.4 1.5 23.1 0.5
250 - 499 miles 3,799 5.3 3,175 3.2 1,608 6.3 20.7 1.3 27.4 1.2 31.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 7,464 10.4 8,541 8.5 6,242 24.5 29.5 2.4 36.4 2.5 33.5 7.1
750 - 999 miles 5,065 7.1 4,780 4.8 6,047 23.7 31.3 1.9 37.1 1.6 43.7 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,265 5.9 3,410 3.4 5,496 21.6 23.6 2.1 15.7 2 16.7 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,266 1.8 996 1 S S 28.5 0.7 36.8 0.7 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,411 100 25,560 100 3,926 100 18.9 - 26.5 - 20.2 -
Less than 50 miles 7,911 38.8 18,628 72.9 241 6.1 28.2 7.4 32.4 8.6 33.5 2.7
50 - 99 miles 2,759 13.5 1,928 7.5 185 4.7 17.2 1.9 11.1 2.9 11.1 3.1
100 - 249 miles 2,148 10.5 1,418 5.5 359 9.1 32.2 2.6 25.2 2.4 25.6 2.2
250 - 499 miles 2,584 12.7 1,406 5.5 626 15.9 28.6 1.5 25.9 1.1 26.3 2.2
500 - 749 miles 1,642 8 774 3 594 15.1 30.5 1.5 27.6 0.8 26.7 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,548 7.6 710 2.8 798 20.3 22.3 1.4 21.6 1.2 21.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,497 7.3 577 2.3 857 21.8 33.6 1.9 27.9 1.3 27.9 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 322 1.6 119 0.5 266 6.8 46.4 0.7 43.2 0.5 44.5 2.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,882 100 10,647 100 3,497 100 21.8 - 28.6 - 21.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,587 20.1 5,008 47 100 2.9 24.7 6.2 43.6 7.8 28.5 2.7
50 - 99 miles 1,753 13.6 1,413 13.3 138 4 15.8 2.3 14.1 4.2 15.7 3.9
100 - 249 miles 1,504 11.7 965 9.1 245 7 44.2 2.8 40 2.3 40.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,037 15.8 1,100 10.3 515 14.7 35.4 2.3 32.2 2.1 31.4 2.4
500 - 749 miles 1,637 12.7 762 7.2 587 16.8 30.5 2.2 27.6 1.8 26.7 2.3
750 - 999 miles 1,544 12 703 6.6 789 22.6 22.5 1.6 22.1 1.5 22.2 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,497 11.6 577 5.4 857 24.5 33.6 2.9 27.9 2 28 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 322 2.5 119 1.1 266 7.6 46.4 1 43.2 0.7 44.5 2.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,529 100 14,913 100 429 100 27.9 - 30.8 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,324 70.7 13,621 91.3 141 32.9 35.9 8.9 33.8 10 41.4 8.2
50 - 99 miles 1,006 13.4 515 3.5 47 11 25.9 2.8 17.2 3.3 16.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 644 8.6 452 3 114 26.5 37.9 2.9 29.7 3.5 30.5 6.5
250 - 499 miles 547 7.3 306 2.1 111 25.9 24.4 5.2 19.3 4.8 19.5 6.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,964 100 14,524 100 9,073 100 14.3 - 25.5 - 17 -
Less than 50 miles 2,714 20.9 3,037 20.9 42 0.5 45.4 6.9 45.7 6.8 46.1 0.3
50 - 99 miles 2,397 18.5 S S S S 40 5.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,067 8.2 557 3.8 113 1.2 40.1 4.3 32.9 2.8 30.1 0.4
250 - 499 miles 592 4.6 820 5.6 432 4.8 20.9 1.3 18.4 2 19.7 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,355 10.4 1,323 9.1 1,070 11.8 22.9 1.9 23 2.2 23.5 3.1
750 - 999 miles 1,608 12.4 1,428 9.8 1,686 18.6 20.1 2.6 13.8 3 14.6 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,567 19.8 2,450 16.9 4,124 45.5 23.5 4 18.8 4.1 19.7 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 664 5.1 490 3.4 1,238 13.6 39.3 2.5 31.4 2.3 33.7 3.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,197 100 11,166 100 7,634 100 27.9 - 36.1 - 43.6 -
Less than 50 miles 2,433 39.3 S S S S 35.8 17.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,134 100 S S S S 33 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 2,433 77.6 S S S S 35.8 8.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,063 100 4,224 100 6,665 100 38.2 - 36.3 - 38.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19 100 - 100 - 100 44.2 - 34.4 - 35.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3 15.1 - 11.9 S S 45.4 8.9 32.9 10.8 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,100 100 49,263 100 S S 16 - 16.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 25,399 79.1 39,638 80.5 S S 15.1 8.1 15.9 7.6 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 196 0.6 383 0.8 S S 12.8 1.9 25.7 2.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,760 100 13,425 100 7,398 100 27.2 - 30 - 45.2 -
Less than 50 miles 263 3.4 S S S S 45.6 3.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 3,576 46.1 5,544 41.3 681 9.2 38.9 9 47.9 11.2 48.3 9.7
100 - 249 miles 1,452 18.7 S S S S 31.3 9.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 91 1.2 S S S S 30.1 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 99 1.3 S S S S 34.4 0.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 73 0.9 S S S S 35.6 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 876 100 5 100 2 100 35.7 - 22.4 - 46.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1 25.6 - 1.1 S S 45.2 8.2 43.1 2.2
50 - 99 miles 76 8.7 1 18.1 - 3.5 29.4 5 43.8 5.6 44.5 2.3
100 - 249 miles 48 5.4 1 15.4 - 6.3 33.6 4.4 33.4 4.7 31.5 4.3
250 - 499 miles S S - 9.1 - 6.9 S S 36.2 2.5 33.1 2.5
500 - 749 miles 71 8.1 S S S S 36.4 7.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 72 8.2 - 8.1 - 17.1 45.6 2.2 37.3 6.1 38.6 5.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 236 26.9 1 14.9 1 43.1 46.2 6.6 34.9 6.7 35.4 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 3 - 12.5 S S 43.4 1.1 44.4 3.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 317 100 422 100 357 100 26.9 - 33.3 - 43.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 37 11.6 83 19.6 39 10.9 34.9 16.5 26.1 14.4 31.3 7.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 27 8.4 S S S S 48.7 15.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,235 100 7,659 100 6,324 100 22.8 - 37.9 - 48.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,933 100 S S S S 42.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,422 73.6 S S S S 48.9 10.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.