Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 79,852 100 114,242 100 32,945 100 268 11 - 14.2 - 15.2 - 30.4
Single modes 71,691 89.8 100,513 88 25,477 77.3 182 11.1 2.1 15.3 4.9 14.2 7.9 24.3
Truck6 20,411 25.6 25,560 22.4 3,926 11.9 131 18.9 6.7 26.5 6.8 20.2 3.5 32.4
For-hire truck 12,882 16.1 10,647 9.3 3,497 10.6 319 21.8 4.9 28.6 3.5 21.5 3.2 18.9
Private truck 7,529 9.4 14,913 13.1 429 1.3 50 27.9 2.7 30.8 3.9 13.9 0.3 25.3
Rail 12,964 16.2 14,524 12.7 9,073 27.5 873 14.3 3 25.5 4.2 17 7.8 16.4
Water 6,197 7.8 11,166 9.8 7,634 23.2 1,290 27.9 1.9 36.1 3 43.6 8.8 24
Shallow draft 3,134 3.9 S S S S 224 33 1.7 S S S S 29.8
Deep draft 3,063 3.8 4,224 3.7 6,665 20.2 1,892 38.2 1.9 36.3 1.9 38.2 8.9 29.7
Air (incl truck and air) 19 - - - - - S 44.2 - 34.4 - 35.2 - S
Pipeline7 32,100 40.2 49,263 43.1 S S S 16 5.8 16.7 5.8 S S S
Multiple modes 7,760 9.7 13,425 11.8 7,398 22.5 762 27.2 2.1 30 4.9 45.2 7.9 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 876 1.1 5 - 2 - 762 35.7 0.4 22.4 - 46.8 - 17.5
Truck and rail 317 0.4 422 0.4 357 1.1 1,071 26.9 0.2 33.3 0.2 43.7 0.5 19.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 137 S S S S S S 7.3
Rail and water 3,235 4.1 7,659 6.7 6,324 19.2 943 22.8 1.2 37.9 5.3 48.4 8.3 27.8
Other multiple modes 1,933 2.4 S S S S 119 42.6 1.2 S S S S 13.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54 S S S S S S 43.4

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 858 S S S S S S 27.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 358 S S S S S S -
Rail and water S S S S S S 358 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 289 100 282 100 32 100 S 39.5 - 45.3 - 33.6 - S
Single modes 284 98.2 267 94.7 30 94.6 S 40.6 2 49 6.1 36.2 5 S
Truck6 281 97.2 S S S S S 41.1 2.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 264 91.6 S S 9 27 30 42 12.3 S S 39.9 19.4 18.1
Rail S S S S S S 706 S S S S S S 43.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 34.5

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 50,668 100 69,122 100 26,485 100 475 16.5 - 20.3 - 21.4 - 19.4
Single modes 47,021 92.8 61,493 89 21,087 79.6 479 14.8 2.6 18.7 3.5 18.8 8.3 19
Truck6 10,623 21 8,720 12.6 2,610 9.9 341 29.2 11.2 31 11.3 29.7 10.2 27.2
For-hire truck 8,164 16.1 4,437 6.4 2,421 9.1 605 31.3 5.9 25.8 3.6 29.9 3.9 19.3
Private truck 2,459 4.9 4,283 6.2 189 0.7 S 34.5 9.3 40.3 9.5 29.5 8.5 S
Rail 5,693 11.2 4,875 7.1 6,215 23.5 1,418 24 5.1 21.4 8.2 23.8 11 7.8
Water 5,117 10.1 7,428 10.7 7,504 28.3 1,634 28.6 3.1 27.3 3.3 41.9 11 26.9
Shallow draft 2,054 4.1 3,204 4.6 S S 453 42.2 3.3 40.7 3.6 S S 48.1
Deep draft 3,063 6 4,224 6.1 6,665 25.2 1,892 38.2 2.9 36.3 2.9 38.2 10.1 29.7
Pipeline7 25,588 50.5 40,469 58.5 S S S 22.7 9.1 22.9 8.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7,540 10.9 S S S S S 32.7 5.6 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 130 S S S S S S 23
Rail and water S S 2,930 4.2 S S 1,823 S S 44.8 8.3 S S 39.3
Other multiple modes 1,241 2.5 1,916 2.8 224 0.8 120 5.8 8.7 25 7.6 22.4 4.7 1.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,901 100 27,458 100 3,696 100 311 21.6 - 26.2 - 15.1 - 13.8
Single modes 19,826 86.6 24,421 88.9 2,923 79.1 255 24.4 4.4 29.3 4.8 15 5.6 15.9
Truck6 6,043 26.4 5,553 20.2 723 19.6 233 37.6 8.2 39.8 8.7 20.7 8.9 14.8
For-hire truck 3,212 14 2,751 10 700 18.9 340 22.4 8.7 18.2 9.4 20.6 9 17
Private truck S S S S 23 0.6 S S S S S 40.8 0.2 S
Rail 6,189 27 6,336 23.1 1,984 53.7 317 22.8 7.7 26 7.7 17.9 6.6 49.4
Water 1,080 4.7 S S S S 79 29 5.3 S S S S 35.8
Shallow draft 1,080 4.7 S S S S 79 29 5.3 S S S S 35.8
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - - - 1,567 41.2 - 48.3 - 40.7 - 29.5
Pipeline7 6,512 28.4 8,794 32 S S S 13.9 9.9 13 10 S S S
Multiple modes 3,031 13.2 2,977 10.8 770 20.8 848 23.1 4.4 27.7 4.8 36.7 5.6 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 1,026 S S 40.1 - 49.8 - 18.6
Truck and rail 224 1 S S 91 2.5 602 36.9 0.5 S S 35.5 1.3 50
Truck and water 9 - S S 1 - 138 3.4 0.1 S S 45.3 0.1 2.3
Rail and water 2,081 9.1 2,032 7.4 S S 221 26.9 4.3 40.1 5.1 S S 13.5
Other multiple modes 691 3 717 2.6 S S S 37.9 2 42.5 2.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 681 100 1,934 100 1,135 100 203 34.3 - 23.4 - 44.7 - 24
Single modes 582 85.5 1,734 89.7 869 76.5 175 33.3 3.8 23.4 3.4 43.3 6.9 23
Truck6 336 49.4 1,213 62.7 235 20.7 106 24.5 13.3 26 11.1 28.3 19 20.4
For-hire truck 171 25.1 736 38 170 14.9 308 36.9 10.2 42.7 13.5 28.8 13.2 43.6
Private truck 165 24.2 477 24.7 66 5.8 45 21.2 15.5 34.6 15.5 35.1 17.6 31.1
Rail 246 36.1 522 27 633 55.8 1,280 33.8 10.4 32.8 13.5 31.9 7.5 13.6
Multiple modes 99 14.5 199 10.3 S S 503 49.8 4.2 48.8 4.4 S S 42.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 0.8 S S S S S 48.8 1.2 S S S S S
Truck and rail 93 13.7 199 10.3 267 23.5 1,435 42.2 5.1 36 6.4 49 10.7 16.3
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S S 47.9 1 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,183 100 2,462 100 279 100 104 24.2 - 20.5 - 42.3 - 36
Single modes 1,935 88.7 2,326 94.5 223 79.8 S 24 3.4 19.4 2.8 30.1 6.6 S
Truck6 1,934 88.6 2,326 94.5 223 79.8 S 24 3.4 19.4 2.8 30.1 6.6 S
For-hire truck 1,029 47.1 514 20.9 136 48.9 S 25.5 6.5 31.5 3.6 23.9 9.4 S
Private truck 906 41.5 1,812 73.6 86 30.9 28 29.3 6.1 19.9 4.4 48.3 7 23.1
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - S S S S 2,065 41 0.3 S S S S 35.8
Multiple modes 144 6.6 1 0.1 - 0.1 S 45 2.7 43.2 0.2 18.7 0.2 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 142 6.5 1 - - 0.1 S 44.7 3 45.6 0.2 18 0.3 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 167 S S S S S S 0.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 89 S S S S S S 47.8

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 572 100 22 100 3 100 151 22.3 - 42 - 39 - 24.9
Single modes 323 56.5 12 55.6 S S 187 22.6 11.2 30.9 11.4 S S 21.1
Truck6 311 54.4 12 55.1 S S 127 22.4 11.4 30.8 11.4 S S 27.6
For-hire truck 74 12.9 2 7.8 - 16.7 S 35.8 5.7 43.8 4.4 48.8 12.4 S
Private truck 237 41.5 10 47.3 S S 106 24.7 9.8 33.5 9.9 S S 30.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.5 S S S S S 44.9 0.6 S S S
Multiple modes 126 22 2 7.8 1 22.7 359 33.8 10.8 38.5 10.4 41.4 10.5 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 126 22 2 7.8 1 22.7 359 33.8 10.8 38.5 10.4 41.4 10.5 18.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 49 S S S S S S 29

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,113 100 S S 31 100 840 28.5 - S S 41.2 - 20.8
Single modes 493 44.3 S S 28 93.3 S 32.4 13.6 S S 45.4 15.5 S
Truck6 488 43.8 S S 28 90.3 S 32.8 13.7 S S 45.1 15 S
For-hire truck 175 15.7 S S 15 47.6 S 30.7 9.1 S S 50 13.4 S
Private truck 313 28.1 S S S S S 38.2 12.5 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 5 0.5 S S S S 1,125 21.8 1.7 S S S S 5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,297 S S S S S S 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,297 S S S S S S 16.9
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 45.5 6.6 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.