Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,966 100 70,117 100 12,563 100 12.5 - 6.1 - 9.8 -
Less than 50 miles 15,018 30.7 39,978 57 1,048 8.3 10.6 2.1 7.6 2.6 8.5 0.4
50 - 99 miles 7,719 15.8 10,214 14.6 937 7.5 19.5 1.6 21.4 2.9 21.8 1.6
100 - 249 miles 13,067 26.7 9,251 13.2 1,856 14.8 24.5 2.6 12.3 1.2 11.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 6,417 13.1 4,536 6.5 2,061 16.4 19.1 1.2 8.6 1 7.8 2.1
500 - 749 miles 3,758 7.7 4,017 5.7 3,181 25.3 13.1 1.5 14.5 1 14.8 3.3
750 - 999 miles 1,249 2.6 982 1.4 1,025 8.2 13.6 0.6 25.2 0.3 25.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 848 1.7 420 0.6 638 5.1 37.6 0.7 29 0.1 31.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 634 1.3 S S S S 27.3 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 256 0.5 88 0.1 228 1.8 27.5 0.2 40.3 0.1 40.3 0.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,149 100 66,282 100 11,844 100 10 - 6.7 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 12,692 35.1 37,518 56.6 1,017 8.6 11.5 1.9 7.6 2.5 8.5 0.4
50 - 99 miles 6,158 17 10,049 15.2 920 7.8 20.3 1.8 22.1 3 22.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 7,639 21.1 8,624 13 1,735 14.6 14.5 1.5 13.7 1.2 13.2 1.9
250 - 499 miles 4,322 12 4,270 6.4 1,919 16.2 8 1.1 8.6 1.1 7.7 2.1
500 - 749 miles 2,940 8.1 3,756 5.7 2,854 24.1 11.4 1 14.9 1.1 16.1 3.7
750 - 999 miles 1,000 2.8 946 1.4 989 8.3 14.7 0.6 26.7 0.3 27.3 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 693 1.9 415 0.6 630 5.3 40 0.6 29.1 0.1 31.4 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 515 1.4 S S S S 32.6 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 191 0.5 81 0.1 210 1.8 36.3 0.3 44.5 0.1 44.8 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,920 100 56,962 100 7,379 100 10 - 7.7 - 4.4 -
Less than 50 miles 12,139 35.8 33,224 58.3 948 12.8 12 1.9 8.9 2.3 10.5 1.2
50 - 99 miles 6,124 18.1 9,352 16.4 854 11.6 20.4 1.9 19.1 2.7 18.8 1.9
100 - 249 miles 7,560 22.3 8,152 14.3 1,615 21.9 14.3 1.5 13.2 1.3 11.9 2.5
250 - 499 miles 4,048 11.9 3,535 6.2 1,512 20.5 7.5 1.1 8.6 1.2 6.6 1.9
500 - 749 miles 2,350 6.9 1,994 3.5 1,491 20.2 10.6 1 14.9 0.9 16 2.8
750 - 999 miles 813 2.4 413 0.7 413 5.6 18.7 0.6 15.7 0.2 16.9 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 517 1.5 160 0.3 231 3.1 36.6 0.5 16.4 0.1 16 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 221 0.7 84 0.1 188 2.6 19.2 0.1 33.9 0.1 35.1 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 148 0.4 49 0.1 127 1.7 45.4 0.3 49.1 0.1 49.7 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,400 100 32,943 100 4,822 100 10.9 - 6.5 - 6.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,095 21.5 20,218 61.4 632 13.1 18.4 2.6 6.7 3.5 7.9 1.4
50 - 99 miles 1,817 12.6 4,939 15 432 9 24.7 2 26.7 3.3 24.7 1.9
100 - 249 miles 3,479 24.2 3,544 10.8 721 14.9 14.7 1.7 11.6 1.1 10.6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,635 18.3 1,922 5.8 892 18.5 9.4 1.3 6.5 0.6 6.6 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,945 13.5 1,682 5.1 1,262 26.2 11.6 2.2 12.8 0.9 14.2 2.8
750 - 999 miles 751 5.2 372 1.1 370 7.7 19.4 1.1 17 0.2 18.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 313 2.2 134 0.4 199 4.1 13.9 0.4 14.7 0.1 15.4 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 221 1.5 84 0.3 188 3.9 19.2 0.2 33.9 0.1 35.1 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 144 1 S S S S 46.9 0.5 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,521 100 24,020 100 2,558 100 12.3 - 13.8 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 9,044 46.3 13,006 54.1 316 12.4 11.2 2.9 15.7 3.6 19.1 3
50 - 99 miles 4,308 22.1 4,413 18.4 422 16.5 22.2 2.1 25.5 2.9 27.3 2.8
100 - 249 miles 4,080 20.9 4,607 19.2 895 35 16.7 2.4 22.4 2.4 20 4.4
250 - 499 miles 1,414 7.2 1,613 6.7 620 24.2 14.1 1.2 22.4 2.9 20 5
500 - 749 miles 405 2.1 312 1.3 229 8.9 17.5 0.5 32.6 0.7 32.7 3
750 - 999 miles 62 0.3 S S S S 44.3 0.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,017 100 9,310 100 4,450 100 19.2 - 15.4 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 553 27.4 4,294 46.1 69 1.6 20.3 6.5 30.4 8.8 46.5 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 214 10.6 733 7.9 407 9.1 25 7.9 18.8 7.9 20.8 7.8
500 - 749 miles 569 28.2 1,762 18.9 1,363 30.6 40.2 7.1 30 5.1 31.4 9.4
750 - 999 miles 170 8.4 533 5.7 576 12.9 34.6 3.6 45.8 3.1 45.5 8.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 254 2.7 398 8.9 S S 42.9 1.5 45.5 5.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 537 5.8 S S S S 48.6 7.9 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 211 100 10 100 S S 29.1 - 39.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4 1.7 S S S S 49.8 18.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 21 10.2 S S S S 35.1 8.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 1.2 - 0.6 S S 46 19.2 45.7 19.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11 5.3 S S S S 18.8 8.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 980 100 600 100 S S 19.2 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 64 6.5 2 0.4 S S 49.3 2.1 47.7 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 305 31.1 65 10.9 S S 38.6 6.7 36.1 7
250 - 499 miles S S 261 26.6 140 23.3 S S 26.6 6.6 29 7.6
500 - 749 miles 744 6.4 249 25.4 319 53.1 28.2 4.6 36 10 42.9 13
750 - 999 miles 240 2.1 31 3.2 32 5.4 32 1.6 49.6 1.9 49.9 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 152 1.3 5 0.5 7 1.2 33.5 1.8 44.6 0.2 43.1 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 119 1 S S S S 30.5 1.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 65 0.6 S S S S 35 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 109 100 S S S S 30.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 58 16.8 23 21.3 S S 49 2.9 41.3 2.9
500 - 749 miles 648 5.7 25 7.2 19 17.3 28.7 4.7 38.4 4.1 39.5 4
750 - 999 miles 231 2.1 S S S S 33.6 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 152 1.3 5 1.5 7 6.7 33.5 1.9 44.6 1.5 43.1 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 118 1 3 0.9 7 6.6 30.5 1.2 32.3 0.6 32.8 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 53 0.5 S S S S 37.4 0.5 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 264 100 529 100 281 100 35.6 - 29.9 - 30.4 -
Less than 50 miles 4 1.6 13 2.5 S S 33.9 2.5 23.7 3.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 155 29.3 34 12.2 S S 40.7 13.4 40.5 16.3
250 - 499 miles 101 38.2 203 38.3 117 41.5 32.8 13.9 29.2 12.8 29.6 13
500 - 749 miles S S S S 90 32.1 S S S S 49.2 17.3
750 - 999 miles 9 3.3 22 4.2 23 8.3 15.2 14.8 24.4 12.5 24.8 16.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 0.7 11 3.9 S S 6.4 2 6.4 6.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12 100 102 100 210 100 0.5 - 7.5 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 12 100 102 100 210 100 0.5 - 7.5 - 7.5 -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,266 100 2,856 100 S S 29.1 - 35.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 944 74.6 2,396 83.9 28 23.9 34.1 5.6 32.8 3.7 37.2 6
50 - 99 miles 128 10.1 S S S S 33.7 4.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 87 6.9 S S S S 47.3 2.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 20 1.6 6 0.2 S S 31.8 1.9 48.8 1 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 0.7 S S S S 41.1 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - 1 0.7 S S 0.7 0.1 2.2 7.6

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.