Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48,966 100 70,117 100 12,563 100 377 12.5 - 6.1 - 9.8 - 16.0
Less than 50 lbs 3,970 8.1 129 0.2 49 0.4 480 17.6 1.6 27.0 - 37.8 0.1 14.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,993 4.1 93 0.1 20 0.2 222 35.9 0.8 28.6 - 17.6 - 15.4
100 - 499 lbs S S 579 0.8 103 0.8 185 S S 21.8 0.2 23.7 0.2 6.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,542 3.1 317 0.5 48 0.4 143 12.1 0.6 18.7 0.1 11.2 0.1 22.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,028 2.1 265 0.4 54 0.4 199 12.1 0.5 18.8 0.1 21.4 0.1 11.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,650 17.7 3,496 5.0 624 5.0 174 7.1 2.2 7.4 0.4 7.9 0.5 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,789 32.2 26,496 37.8 5,443 43.3 200 16.4 3.8 12.1 3.3 10.5 3.7 14.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,298 8.8 25,676 36.6 1,883 15.0 69 22.1 1.6 8.0 2.0 20.2 2.0 8.9
More than 100,000 lbs 2,460 5.0 13,066 18.6 4,339 34.5 547 14.2 0.6 17.2 3.7 13.1 2.7 15.9

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,149 100 66,282 100 11,844 100 157 10.0 - 6.7 - 9.9 - 8.0
Less than 50 lbs 964 2.7 39 0.1 5 - 145 19.2 0.8 22.4 - 29.7 - 19.8
50 - 99 lbs 512 1.4 35 0.1 5 - 148 22.4 0.5 13.9 - 25.8 - 31.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,257 6.2 365 0.6 55 0.5 153 10.8 0.7 7.5 0.1 12.4 0.1 11.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,333 3.7 259 0.4 45 0.4 168 14.8 0.6 12.1 - 12.1 0.1 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,023 2.8 264 0.4 53 0.4 198 12.3 0.6 18.9 0.1 21.1 0.1 11.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,134 22.5 3,434 5.2 612 5.2 175 6.6 1.9 7.8 0.4 8.6 0.5 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,522 42.9 25,811 38.9 5,324 45.0 201 16.6 3.1 11.8 3.0 10.3 3.6 15.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,234 11.7 25,206 38.0 1,670 14.1 62 22.3 1.6 8.2 2.0 20.6 1.9 8.2
More than 100,000 lbs 2,169 6.0 10,869 16.4 4,075 34.4 562 15.0 0.8 14.7 2.9 14.2 3.1 16.8

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,920 100 56,962 100 7,379 100 144 10.0 - 7.7 - 4.4 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 903 2.7 38 0.1 4 0.1 121 18.7 0.8 22.1 - 27.9 - 20.6
50 - 99 lbs 508 1.5 35 0.1 5 0.1 145 22.3 0.5 13.8 - 26.7 - 31.9
100 - 499 lbs 2,255 6.6 365 0.6 55 0.7 153 10.8 0.8 7.5 0.1 12.4 0.1 11.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,333 3.9 259 0.5 45 0.6 168 14.8 0.6 12.1 0.1 12.1 0.1 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 985 2.9 260 0.5 45 0.6 172 11.4 0.5 18.6 0.1 21.7 0.2 15.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,130 24.0 3,433 6.0 611 8.3 175 6.6 2.0 7.8 0.4 8.6 0.7 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,400 45.4 25,581 44.9 4,921 66.7 191 16.7 3.4 12.0 2.8 7.6 2.9 15.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,059 12.0 24,943 43.8 1,369 18.5 55 22.6 1.5 7.9 2.6 13.5 2.8 7.1
More than 100,000 lbs 348 1.0 2,048 3.6 324 4.4 S 27.1 0.4 36.2 1.4 27.9 1.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,400 100 32,943 100 4,822 100 307 10.9 - 6.5 - 6.4 - 5.0
Less than 50 lbs 122 0.8 4 - S S 417 34.1 0.4 44.6 - S S 16.4
50 - 99 lbs 110 0.8 6 - S S 376 36.1 0.3 28.3 - S S 35.0
100 - 499 lbs 755 5.2 74 0.2 30 0.6 387 29.3 1.2 28.9 0.1 16.6 0.1 16.8
500 - 749 lbs 560 3.9 45 0.1 20 0.4 426 37.9 1.2 19.0 - 21.9 0.1 8.0
750 - 999 lbs 274 1.9 S S 18 0.4 250 38.1 0.7 S S 38.2 0.1 37.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,564 17.8 725 2.2 311 6.4 407 14.5 2.4 13.4 0.4 12.2 0.8 7.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,849 54.5 11,170 33.9 3,233 67.1 304 13.7 3.4 12.7 3.0 8.3 2.3 10.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,956 13.6 19,254 58.4 952 19.7 50 20.8 2.4 6.7 2.8 10.9 2.4 8.4
More than 100,000 lbs 210 1.5 1,592 4.8 254 5.3 S 40.8 0.7 42.6 2.5 25.8 1.7 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,521 100 24,020 100 2,558 100 97 12.3 - 13.8 - 11.6 - 10.8
Less than 50 lbs 781 4.0 34 0.1 3 0.1 86 19.0 1.3 19.9 - 29.4 - 23.1
50 - 99 lbs 398 2.0 28 0.1 3 0.1 93 24.0 0.8 12.3 - 27.1 - 33.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,500 7.7 291 1.2 25 1.0 90 4.2 0.8 9.5 0.2 13.3 0.1 18.0
500 - 749 lbs 773 4.0 214 0.9 25 1.0 111 7.6 0.7 16.3 0.2 21.4 0.3 13.7
750 - 999 lbs 711 3.6 188 0.8 27 1.1 143 16.2 0.7 15.0 0.2 32.0 0.6 22.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,566 28.5 2,708 11.3 300 11.7 118 8.4 2.4 10.6 1.2 14.8 1.3 10.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,551 38.7 14,411 60.0 1,688 66.0 114 25.8 4.9 16.9 3.5 14.0 4.2 16.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,103 10.8 5,689 23.7 417 16.3 73 32.2 2.4 21.5 3.2 35.9 4.1 17.5
More than 100,000 lbs 138 0.7 S S S S 192 48.1 0.6 S S S S 45.8

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,017 100 9,310 100 4,450 100 825 19.2 - 15.4 - 23.9 - 18.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,472 S S S S S S 30.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 980 S S S S S S 24.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,722 85.3 8,816 94.7 3,746 84.2 667 18.2 7.1 16.4 3.7 15.0 5.8 18.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 211 100 10 100 S S 863 29.1 - 39.3 - S S 19.4
Less than 50 lbs 61 29.0 S S S S 824 42.7 19.6 S S S S 25.2
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 617 S S S S S S 4.8
500 - 749 lbs 1 0.3 S S S S 562 4.0 2.3 S S S S 39.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,052 S S S S S S 25.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 980 100 600 100 543 S S 19.2 - 20.7 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,860 24.8 87 8.8 44 7.3 596 20.2 11.2 32.3 2.4 42.6 2.8 13.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 54 5.5 15 2.5 286 S S 46.3 1.8 19.6 2.7 27.8
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 233 S S S S S S 32.9
500 - 749 lbs 104 0.9 5 0.5 3 0.5 615 28.6 0.8 23.5 0.5 20.5 0.8 36.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - - S S S S S 33.3 0.1 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 58 S S S S S S 17.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 86 0.7 95 9.7 S S 932 31.2 1.2 27.7 7.9 S S 24.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 181 18.5 210 35.0 1,280 S S 28.4 10.9 48.1 12.4 28.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 355 36.3 188 31.4 541 S S 33.8 15.5 24.8 19.6 11.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 109 100 543 S S S S 30.4 - 13.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,860 25.4 87 24.9 44 40.3 596 20.2 11.9 32.3 6.3 42.6 5.8 13.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 54 15.6 15 13.6 286 S S 46.3 3.4 19.6 4.1 27.8
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 233 S S S S S S 32.9
500 - 749 lbs 104 0.9 5 1.5 3 2.9 614 28.6 0.8 23.6 1.0 20.7 1.8 36.5
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.1 S S S S S 33.3 0.3 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 264 100 529 100 281 100 541 35.6 - 29.9 - 30.4 - 12.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 83 31.5 70 13.1 41 14.5 581 29.8 18.9 32.1 18.6 32.1 17.9 18.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 498 S S S S S S 23.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S 355 67.1 188 67.1 541 S S 33.8 11.2 24.8 12.5 11.9

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12 100 102 100 210 100 2,049 0.5 - 7.5 - 7.5 - -
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,049 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,266 100 2,856 100 S S 55 29.1 - 35.5 - S S 29.3
Less than 50 lbs 146 11.5 4 0.1 S S 60 44.0 8.5 31.8 6.9 S S 27.4
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S 12 0.4 S S 97 S S 49.6 1.1 S S 33.5
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs 2 0.1 1 - S S S 46.2 0.1 49.7 0.1 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 62 2.2 S S S S S 42.1 2.8 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 181 14.3 S S 26 22.2 S 19.9 12.3 S S 44.1 14.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 288 10.1 3 2.7 S S S 32.0 13.1 22.4 3.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 124 S S S S S S 43.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.