Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,966 100 70,117 100 12,563 100 377 12.5 - 6.1 - 9.8 - 16
Single modes 36,149 73.8 66,282 94.5 11,844 94.3 157 10 6.3 6.7 1.4 9.9 1 8
Truck6 33,920 69.3 56,962 81.2 7,379 58.7 144 10 6.2 7.7 3.5 4.4 4.4 8.9
For-hire truck 14,400 29.4 32,943 47 4,822 38.4 307 10.9 3.8 6.5 3 6.4 3.7 5
Private truck 19,521 39.9 24,020 34.3 2,558 20.4 97 12.3 3.7 13.8 3.2 11.6 2.6 10.8
Rail 2,017 4.1 9,310 13.3 4,450 35.4 825 19.2 0.8 15.4 2.3 23.9 4.2 18
Air (incl truck and air) 211 0.4 10 - S S 863 29.1 0.1 39.3 - S S 19.4
Multiple modes S S 980 1.4 600 4.8 543 S S 19.2 0.2 20.7 0.9 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 109 0.9 543 S S S S 30.4 0.3 13.6
Truck and rail 264 0.5 529 0.8 281 2.2 541 35.6 0.2 29.9 0.3 30.4 0.7 12.7
Truck and water 12 - 102 0.1 210 1.7 2,049 0.5 0.1 7.5 0.5 7.5 6.4 -
Other and unknown modes 1,266 2.6 2,856 4.1 S S 55 29.1 1.1 35.5 1.5 S S 29.3

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,266 100 790 100 188 100 S 25.3 - 24.4 - 25.7 - S
Single modes 1,265 99.9 790 100 188 100 S 25.3 - 24.4 - 25.7 - S
Truck6 1,265 99.9 790 100 188 100 S 25.3 - 24.4 - 25.7 - S
For-hire truck 198 15.6 123 15.6 58 30.9 551 31.7 12.8 32.6 15.3 12.3 17.4 21.2
Private truck 1,067 84.3 667 84.4 130 69.1 101 28.2 8.1 27.7 9.4 35.7 11.9 29
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,813 100 2,422 100 501 100 100 13.3 - 20.5 - 19.8 - 31.6
Single modes 2,797 99.4 2,418 99.8 500 99.8 91 13.5 0.4 20.5 0.2 19.9 0.2 34.5
Truck6 2,796 99.4 2,418 99.8 500 99.8 91 13.5 0.4 20.6 0.2 19.9 0.2 34.5
For-hire truck 851 30.3 928 38.3 283 56.4 419 34.3 7.3 30.9 6.5 28.3 6.5 11.8
Private truck 1,945 69.2 1,490 61.5 217 43.4 72 18.9 7.3 27.6 6.5 22 6.6 21.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 0.5 S S S S 675 32.2 0.7 S S S S 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13 0.5 S S S S 675 32.2 0.7 S S S S 15.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 216 100 14,299 100 1,074 100 78 35.8 - 17.1 - 19.1 - 13.7
Single modes 211 97.7 14,085 98.5 1,058 98.5 77 36.7 2.3 17.2 2.2 19.6 1.1 13.2
Truck6 203 94.1 13,173 92.1 964 89.7 77 38.5 3.8 17.2 4.2 21 4.7 14.7
For-hire truck 81 37.3 7,914 55.3 357 33.2 46 34.4 10 25.3 6.8 22 10.9 21.5
Private truck S S 5,259 36.8 607 56.5 111 S S 28.9 8.3 36.1 11.9 22
Rail 8 3.6 S S S S S 46.5 13.5 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 14 1.3 S S S S S 23.3 7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S 14 1.3 S S S S S 23.3 7 S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.3 190 1.3 2 0.2 9 14.5 4.8 15.2 8.5 14.1 1.8 -

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,561 100 24,432 100 3,128 100 S 19.2 - 8.9 - 24.2 - S
Single modes 5,446 97.9 22,892 93.7 2,901 92.7 77 19.9 1.5 8.3 2.5 22.4 2.3 49.2
Truck6 4,736 85.2 17,368 71.1 1,098 35.1 61 25 7 14.1 7.9 13.4 13.9 37.1
For-hire truck 2,179 39.2 13,695 56.1 877 28 68 23.6 6.6 14.2 6.7 16.3 10.4 48.7
Private truck 2,558 46 3,673 15 221 7.1 52 34.3 7.3 29.1 3.6 27.9 4.3 30.6
Rail 710 12.8 5,524 22.6 1,803 57.6 730 32.5 9 18.7 8.7 25.4 10.8 26.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 26.4 - S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 12 0.2 102 0.4 210 6.7 2,049 0.5 1.1 7.5 2.9 7.5 9 -
Other and unknown modes 101 1.8 1,438 5.9 18 0.6 75 23.5 5.8 13.9 7.6 23.8 3 49.9

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 655 100 196 S S S S 27.6 - 8.2
Single modes 3,337 27.4 S S 605 92.3 179 22.3 16.6 S S 30.5 6.7 12.3
Truck6 3,333 27.3 S S 600 91.5 179 22.3 16.6 S S 30.5 6.7 12.3
For-hire truck 1,712 14 681 19.9 328 50 246 33.8 10.5 20 13.6 24.1 11.2 31.9
Private truck 1,621 13.3 S S S S 134 29.1 11.2 S S S S 14.3
Rail 4 - 5 0.2 5 0.8 811 20.4 0.3 22.7 0.4 14.8 1.9 41.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,249 S S S S S S 24.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 200 S S S S S S 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 200 S S S S S S 20.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,522 100 2,972 100 653 100 496 12.2 - 19.1 - 13.3 - 14.9
Single modes 2,085 82.7 2,880 96.9 611 93.5 171 12.3 3.3 19.6 1 12.1 1.5 38.9
Truck6 2,060 81.7 2,782 93.6 578 88.4 169 12.4 3.1 19.7 2 12.2 2.8 39.2
For-hire truck 1,248 49.5 1,852 62.3 464 71.1 431 9.6 4.7 25.4 7.2 12.8 7 15.8
Private truck 813 32.2 930 31.3 114 17.4 70 24.5 4.2 33.3 6.2 36.2 4.5 15.6
Rail S S 98 3.3 33 5.1 S S S 46.2 3 28.8 4.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 395 15.7 67 2.3 31 4.7 755 22.5 3 40.2 0.9 31.3 1 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 378 15 14 0.5 8 1.2 756 24.3 3.2 27.8 0.5 28.8 0.4 11.6
Truck and rail 17 0.7 53 1.8 23 3.5 S 40.4 1.3 37.2 2.2 16 2.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,375 100 17,029 100 5,287 100 320 10.6 - 11.8 - 24.2 - 15.1
Single modes 11,123 89.9 15,495 91 4,974 94.1 240 12.5 3.9 14.8 4.7 24.9 2.8 14.1
Truck6 9,963 80.5 13,528 79.4 2,797 52.9 201 10.8 3.9 13 4.5 13.1 9.2 15.3
For-hire truck 6,153 49.7 6,630 38.9 2,165 40.9 481 15.8 4 16.4 4.4 12.8 7.1 8.9
Private truck 3,810 30.8 6,898 40.5 632 11.9 97 8.5 3.8 20.2 6.4 18.2 3.1 12.8
Rail 1,113 9 1,966 11.5 2,176 41.2 1,340 36.9 2.9 31.9 2.6 43.9 9 16.4
Air (incl truck and air) 47 0.4 S S S S 818 42.1 0.5 S S S S 8.2
Multiple modes 797 6.4 453 2.7 238 4.5 543 28.5 1.8 35 1 34.3 1.3 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 574 4.6 18 0.1 S S 543 36.6 1.6 41.9 - S S 12
Truck and rail 223 1.8 435 2.6 228 4.3 552 40.8 0.8 35 1 33.9 1.4 16.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,868 100 615 100 147 100 631 11.9 - 20.6 - 22 - 22.9
Single modes 2,392 61.8 477 77.7 111 75.3 S 14.9 7.2 27.5 10.1 28.8 9.6 S
Truck6 2,279 58.9 473 76.9 105 71.2 S 15.5 7.2 27.8 10.2 30.9 10.9 S
For-hire truck 1,007 26 221 35.9 91 61.4 411 25 5.8 40.2 9.3 34.4 11 33.1
Private truck 1,272 32.9 252 40.9 14 9.7 S 26.8 6.6 42.9 8.6 45.3 3.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) 113 2.9 5 0.8 S S 907 45.5 4.4 42.3 1.1 S S 35.7
Multiple modes 891 23 S S S S 843 38.3 7.9 S S S S 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 891 23 S S S S 843 38.3 7.9 S S S S 15.8
Other and unknown modes 586 15.1 S S S S 50 40.8 4.7 S S S S 32.4

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,153 100 4,121 100 928 100 379 24.6 - 23.8 - 36 - 17.1
Single modes 7,490 91.9 4,073 98.8 895 96.5 183 28.1 4.5 24.2 1.6 37 1.8 14.9
Truck6 7,281 89.3 3,263 79.2 550 59.3 172 28.7 5.2 25 7.5 21.1 11.8 10.1
For-hire truck 968 11.9 890 21.6 199 21.4 423 20.4 6.2 27 6.7 28.5 9.4 16.9
Private truck 6,313 77.4 2,373 57.6 351 37.9 152 34.9 10.1 32.4 5.9 29.2 9.7 10.7
Rail 159 1.9 806 19.6 S S S 35.4 3 41.2 13.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,213 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 608 7.5 35 0.9 30 3.2 763 33.4 4.3 36.4 0.6 43.2 1.3 11.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 589 7.2 22 0.5 18 1.9 763 34.5 4.2 30 0.6 29.1 1.1 11.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 626 S S S S S S 28.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 46.5

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.