Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 48,966 100 70,117 100 12,563 100 377 12.5 - 6.1 - 9.8 - 16
Single modes 36,149 73.8 66,282 94.5 11,844 94.3 157 10 6.3 6.7 1.4 9.9 1 8
Truck6 33,920 69.3 56,962 81.2 7,379 58.7 144 10 6.2 7.7 3.5 4.4 4.4 8.9
For-hire truck 14,400 29.4 32,943 47 4,822 38.4 307 10.9 3.8 6.5 3 6.4 3.7 5
Private truck 19,521 39.9 24,020 34.3 2,558 20.4 97 12.3 3.7 13.8 3.2 11.6 2.6 10.8
Rail 2,017 4.1 9,310 13.3 4,450 35.4 825 19.2 0.8 15.4 2.3 23.9 4.2 18
Air (incl truck and air) 211 0.4 10 - S S 863 29.1 0.1 39.3 - S S 19.4
Multiple modes S S 980 1.4 600 4.8 543 S S 19.2 0.2 20.7 0.9 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 109 0.9 543 S S S S 30.4 0.3 13.6
Truck and rail 264 0.5 529 0.8 281 2.2 541 35.6 0.2 29.9 0.3 30.4 0.7 12.7
Truck and water 12 - 102 0.1 210 1.7 2,049 0.5 0.1 7.5 0.5 7.5 6.4 -
Other and unknown modes 1,266 2.6 2,856 4.1 S S 55 29.1 1.1 35.5 1.5 S S 29.3

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 169 100 S S S S S 40.9 - S S S S S
Single modes 169 99.9 234 100 S S S 36.5 - 49.9 - S S S
Truck6 169 99.9 234 100 S S S 36.5 - 49.9 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 169 99.6 233 99.8 S S 117 28 0.2 44.9 0.1 S S 27.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 29.2
Single modes S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 29.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 29.2
Private truck S S S S S S 161 S S S S S S 29.2

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,056 100 539 100 120 100 S 27.8 - 28.5 - 22.5 - S
Single modes 1,055 100 539 99.9 120 100 S 27.8 - 28.5 - 22.5 - S
Truck6 1,055 100 539 99.9 120 100 S 27.8 - 28.5 - 22.5 - S
For-hire truck 197 18.7 123 22.8 58 48 544 31.9 16.2 32.8 16.5 11.5 14 21.6
Private truck 858 81.3 416 77.2 63 52 94 33.3 10.1 36.1 10.6 36 12.9 47.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 228 100 367 100 S S 198 28.8 - 49 - S S 22.7
Single modes 227 99.9 367 100 S S 202 28.9 0.9 49 2 S S 22.5
Truck6 227 99.9 367 100 S S 202 28.9 0.9 49 2 S S 22.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 308 S S S S S S 29.5
Private truck 172 75.5 210 57.4 S S 198 37.8 9.8 32.3 15.4 S S 28.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,136 100 1,908 100 396 100 S 17 - 28 - 19.6 - S
Single modes 2,130 99.7 1,904 99.8 395 99.8 S 17.1 1.1 28.1 0.3 19.7 0.4 S
Truck6 2,130 99.7 1,904 99.8 395 99.7 S 17.1 1.1 28.1 0.3 19.7 0.4 S
For-hire truck 796 37.3 772 40.4 221 55.7 434 35.2 8.3 35.4 7.3 24.6 6.9 12
Private truck 1,334 62.4 1,133 59.3 174 44 S 22.8 9 37 7.4 29.7 7.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 738 S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 738 S S S S S S 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 285 100 146 100 3 100 25 15 - 22.1 - 26.1 - 28.8
Single modes 285 100 146 100 3 100 25 15 - 22.1 - 26.1 - 28.8
Truck6 285 100 146 100 3 100 25 15 - 22.1 - 26.1 - 28.8
Private truck 285 100 146 100 3 100 25 15 - 22.1 - 26.1 - 28.8

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 164 100 1 100 - 100 157 28.6 - 7.5 - 3.5 - 2.6
Single modes 154 94.1 1 92.4 - 83.8 137 31.6 2.7 10.6 2.9 8.5 4.4 4.5
Truck6 154 94.1 1 92.4 - 83.8 137 31.6 2.7 10.6 2.9 8.5 4.4 4.5
Private truck 154 94.1 1 92.4 - 83.8 137 31.6 2.7 10.6 2.9 8.5 4.4 4.5
Multiple modes 10 5.9 - 7.6 - 16.2 353 19.8 2.7 32.8 2.9 24.2 4.4 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10 5.9 - 7.6 - 16.2 353 19.8 2.7 32.8 2.9 24.2 4.4 18.9

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 984 100 96 100 S S S 38.9 - 43.7 - S
Single modes S S 982 99.8 91 94.5 S S S 39 0.4 41.1 2.3 S
Truck6 S S 982 99.8 91 94.5 S S S 39 0.4 41.1 2.3 S
For-hire truck S S 936 95.1 85 89.1 S S S 38.3 14.7 39.1 12.3 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 80 100 12,371 100 844 100 70 18.1 - 18.8 - 26.9 - 16.8
Single modes 80 99.2 12,181 98.5 842 99.8 71 18.5 3.9 18.9 6.2 27 2.4 15.6
Truck6 73 90.9 11,281 91.2 764 90.5 71 17.7 5 18.8 6.7 29.1 5.8 17.2
For-hire truck 43 53.2 6,927 56 240 28.4 31 20.7 5.7 24.1 5.7 22.5 10.3 20.3
Private truck 30 37.8 4,354 35.2 524 62.1 123 29.7 7.1 29.9 7.2 42.6 11.7 22.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.8 S S 2 0.2 9 14.5 15 S S 14.1 9.2 -

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 122 100 65 100 398 S S 49.4 - 44 - 39.7
Single modes 14 79.3 100 81.6 56 86.4 400 43.5 9.6 41.6 8.8 48.7 9.1 40.1
Truck6 13 73 88 71.9 40 61.4 372 48.3 11 44.8 11.3 37.8 15.4 40.2
For-hire truck S S 52 42.3 32 49.1 473 S S 30.6 18.3 42.9 16.6 34.6
Private truck S S S S S S 185 S S S S S S 24.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 872 100 15,375 100 1,107 100 48 16.1 - 17.3 - 29.2 - 13.7
Single modes 780 89.4 13,969 90.9 1,093 98.7 48 14.2 4 15.3 3.3 29.2 0.9 13.6
Truck6 623 71.4 10,856 70.6 513 46.3 48 15.6 8.8 15.4 8.8 17.9 15.5 14
For-hire truck 621 71.2 10,838 70.5 510 46.1 47 15.5 8.8 15.4 8.8 17.9 15.4 14.1
Private truck S S S S S S 180 S S S S S S 37
Rail 158 18.1 3,113 20.2 579 52.3 S 34.1 11.3 33.1 11.9 49.7 19.9 S
Other and unknown modes 92 10.6 1,407 9.1 15 1.3 11 18.3 10.4 12.6 8.2 13 3.3 -

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,546 100 3,658 100 180 100 50 31.7 - 30.8 - 27.6 - 15.7
Single modes 2,546 100 3,658 100 180 100 50 31.7 - 30.8 - 27.6 - 15.7
Truck6 2,546 100 3,658 100 180 100 50 31.7 - 30.8 - 27.6 - 15.7
For-hire truck 971 38.1 1,523 41.6 94 52.1 61 8.5 13.2 10.1 12.5 24.5 15.5 19.9
Private truck 1,576 61.9 2,135 58.4 86 47.9 43 40.6 10.9 38.1 11.4 32.2 14.3 23.2

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 934 100 1,576 100 127 100 S 27.1 - 27.8 - 48.8 - S
Single modes 934 100 1,576 100 127 100 S 27.1 - 27.8 - 48.8 - S
Truck6 934 100 1,576 100 127 100 S 27.1 - 27.8 - 48.8 - S
For-hire truck 412 44 708 44.9 45 35.1 S 36.9 11 37.2 11 41.6 14.4 S
Private truck 523 56 868 55.1 S S 51 32 11 33.2 11 S S 46.9

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,208 100 3,823 100 1,714 100 S 27.8 - 37.7 - 48.2 - S
Single modes 1,185 98.1 3,689 96.5 1,501 87.6 S 28.2 5.5 37.9 2.5 47.4 9.6 S
Truck6 633 52.4 1,278 33.4 S S S 29.6 12 29 17.4 S S S
For-hire truck 175 14.5 626 16.4 228 13.3 387 30.4 8.5 35.9 13.2 40.5 14.3 22.4
Private truck 458 37.9 652 17 S S 57 35.2 16.1 48.9 18.9 S S 10.9
Rail S S 2,411 63.1 S S 873 S S 33.6 19.9 S S 26.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 12 1 102 2.7 210 12.3 2,049 0.5 1.8 7.5 2.6 7.5 5.6 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 321 100 S S S S S 46.8 - S S S S S
Single modes 319 99.3 S S S S S 46.9 0.3 S S S S S
Truck6 318 98.9 S S S S S 47.1 0.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 520 S S S S S S 21
Private truck S S S S S S 121 S S S S S S 34.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.3 S S S S 366 31.9 0.6 S S S S 42.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.3 S S S S 366 31.9 0.6 S S S S 42.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 49 S S S S S S 39.6

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 527 100 71 100 189 S S 44.2 - 42.7 - 9.4
Single modes S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 14.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 14.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 163 S S S S S S 14.7
Private truck S S S S S S 130 S S S S S S 21.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 194 S S S S S S 26.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 194 S S S S S S 26.7

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 71 S S S S S S 49.1
Single modes S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 48.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 48.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 86 S S S S S S 38.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 602 100 268 100 160 100 281 17.3 - 15 - 31.8 - 12.3
Single modes 498 82.7 260 97.1 156 97.2 287 16.2 6.6 15.2 1.4 33.3 3.4 16.9
Truck6 495 82.2 258 96 152 94.8 287 16.4 6.5 15.5 2.1 34.4 5.6 17
For-hire truck 267 44.4 105 39.3 106 65.9 461 20.4 8.6 20.8 9.1 40 8.9 15.2
Private truck 227 37.8 152 56.7 46 28.8 184 23.9 9 18.1 7.1 46.8 9.5 26.3
Rail 3 0.5 3 1.1 4 2.4 1,291 25.6 8.4 32.1 4.2 20.6 15.8 14.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 276 S S S S S S 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 1.2 1 0.5 276 S S 42.7 0.7 44.6 1 14
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,008 100 244 100 121 100 231 23.6 - 19.7 - 23.9 - 14.8
Single modes 840 83.3 233 95.8 120 98.4 201 21.2 4.8 19.4 1.5 23.8 0.4 19.5
Truck6 840 83.3 233 95.8 120 98.4 201 21.2 4.8 19.4 1.5 23.8 0.4 19.5
For-hire truck 488 48.4 148 60.8 102 84 326 30.8 8.6 25.9 9.4 26.2 6.9 28.8
Private truck 352 34.9 85 35 S S 127 32.7 9.9 33.2 10 S S 19.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 810 S S S S S S 21.9
Multiple modes S S S S 1 1.1 303 S S S S 32.5 0.2 24.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 1 1.1 303 S S S S 32.5 0.2 24.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 228 S S S S S S 40

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 254 S S S S S S 46.8
Single modes S S S S S S 263 S S S S S S 48.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 222 S S S S S S 45.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 39.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 714 100 2,108 100 354 100 147 20.4 - 26.6 - 26.8 - 16.6
Single modes 672 94.1 2,056 97.5 326 92.1 137 19.5 2.4 27 0.9 25.2 2.4 15.1
Truck6 661 92.6 1,971 93.5 300 84.5 136 19.6 2.7 27.3 2.5 25.2 4.4 15.3
For-hire truck 323 45.3 1,331 63.1 213 60.1 194 26.7 6.6 37.6 9.4 27.6 8.6 18.3
Private truck 338 47.3 640 30.4 87 24.4 112 24.4 7 36.4 9.1 42.7 8.2 19.6
Rail S S S S 27 7.6 S S S S S 35.7 8 S
Multiple modes 9 1.3 S S S S 397 46.9 0.7 S S S S 14.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 354 S S 49.2 0.2 48.8 0.2 22.2
Truck and rail 8 1.1 28 1.3 17 4.9 S 32.6 1.5 44.4 1.7 21.4 2.9 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 386 100 386 100 188 100 S 18.5 - 19.4 - 28.4 - S
Single modes 384 99.5 385 99.8 187 99.8 S 18.5 0.4 19.4 0.1 28.5 0.3 S
Truck6 384 99.5 385 99.8 187 99.8 S 18.5 0.4 19.4 0.1 28.5 0.3 S
For-hire truck 280 72.5 306 79.4 182 96.9 526 19.6 9.5 23.4 9.5 29.3 3.7 13.5
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - - S S S S S 47.8 0.1 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 47.8 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.4 S S S S S 27 1.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 215 100 180 100 30 100 564 24.9 - 30.3 - 28.7 - 23.5
Single modes 184 85.6 179 99.5 30 97.8 S 28.8 11 28.6 11.2 27.4 11.5 S
Truck6 184 85.6 179 99.5 30 97.8 S 28.8 11 28.6 11.2 27.4 11.5 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 231 S S S S S S 26.8
Private truck 130 60.8 121 67.3 17 55 61 37.6 16.3 40.5 17.3 38.7 17.1 35.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 29.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 29.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 611 100 192 100 32 100 623 17.4 - 38.1 - 22.4 - 15.2
Single modes 475 77.8 187 97.1 29 90.3 150 19.1 4.9 38.7 1 24.2 3.5 47.1
Truck6 475 77.8 187 97.1 29 90.3 150 19.1 4.9 38.7 1 24.2 3.5 47.1
For-hire truck 259 42.5 S S 25 77.5 429 35.2 8.4 S S 27.8 6.3 21.3
Private truck 216 35.3 89 46.1 S S S 20.8 8.7 16.5 9.1 S S S
Multiple modes 128 20.9 5 2.6 3 9.3 776 31.3 5.2 26.2 0.9 23.3 3.5 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 128 20.9 5 2.6 3 9.3 776 31.3 5.2 26.2 0.9 23.3 3.5 11
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.3 - 0.4 S S S 37.7 2.6 35.1 5.1 S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 560 100 34 100 23 100 605 35.6 - 30.8 - 42.3 - 8.5
Single modes 343 61.2 26 75.8 19 81.4 710 36.1 9.4 33.7 6.6 47.2 6.4 13.3
Truck6 342 61.1 26 75.7 19 81.3 703 36.2 9.5 33.7 6.6 47.2 6.4 13.6
For-hire truck 320 57.1 25 71.7 18 78.4 909 38.4 9.8 36.1 7.7 49.3 7.5 8.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 218 38.8 8 24.2 4 18.6 574 41.9 9.4 41.3 6.6 40.4 6.4 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 218 38.8 8 24.2 4 18.6 574 41.9 9.4 41.3 6.6 40.4 6.4 7.9

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,364 100 9,496 100 1,126 100 260 26.9 - 13.8 - 25 - 23.9
Single modes 1,234 90.5 8,323 87.6 974 86.5 68 30 6.8 18 7 26.5 5 49.5
Truck6 1,190 87.2 7,852 82.7 719 63.9 64 31.1 6.9 19.8 7.7 22.7 6.8 49.4
For-hire truck 797 58.4 2,975 31.3 502 44.6 174 43.2 9 20 7.2 32.2 4.7 38.5
Private truck 393 28.8 4,877 51.4 217 19.3 34 22.2 8.6 30.5 10.1 35.3 5.9 35.7
Rail 44 3.2 471 5 255 22.6 530 24.3 1.8 31 3.8 39.2 6.1 11.1
Multiple modes S S 178 1.9 84 7.4 440 S S 33.7 0.9 37.4 3.3 13.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 440 S S S S S S 25.4
Truck and rail 25 1.8 175 1.8 83 7.3 419 26.6 0.7 33.6 0.9 37.3 3.3 15.7
Other and unknown modes S S 995 10.5 S S 19 S S 47.8 13.4 S S 25.9

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,341 100 4,569 100 2,609 100 247 17.2 - 20.8 - 39.7 - 23.2
Single modes 4,091 94.2 4,260 93.2 2,467 94.5 245 16.9 2.5 20.3 2.3 40 2.2 23.5
Truck6 3,554 81.9 3,286 71.9 1,106 42.4 215 17.1 4.9 16.9 7.5 21.1 15.6 12.3
For-hire truck 1,784 41.1 1,811 39.6 778 29.8 373 18.4 3.5 21.4 5 20 11.4 8.7
Private truck 1,770 40.8 1,475 32.3 328 12.6 177 23.4 7.5 21.1 9.4 29.5 6.3 18.1
Rail 525 12.1 974 21.3 S S 1,650 33.9 8.8 37.3 11.4 S S 31.9
Air (incl truck and air) 12 0.3 S S S S 702 33.3 2.4 S S S S 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S 604 S S S S S S 16
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 614 S S 32.8 - 35.2 - 18.5
Truck and rail 149 3.4 253 5.5 137 5.2 574 46.3 4.3 41 6 33.5 6.9 9.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,521 100 2,781 100 1,482 100 449 22.2 - 19.4 - 24.5 - 17.4
Single modes 4,228 93.5 2,758 99.2 1,467 99 257 21.5 2.1 19.3 0.2 24.2 0.3 13.2
Truck6 3,684 81.5 2,237 80.4 905 61.1 249 22 5.2 18.1 5.2 18.3 9.5 13.5
For-hire truck 2,551 56.4 1,754 63 823 55.5 520 21.8 4.2 18.4 4.9 18.1 9.3 7
Private truck 1,133 25.1 484 17.4 83 5.6 106 24.1 3 23.9 2.2 29.5 1 34.6
Rail 544 12 521 18.7 561 37.9 1,103 35.6 6.2 33.6 5.7 38.1 9.2 10.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 696 S S S S S S 19.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 695 S S S S S S 19.4
Truck and rail 49 1.1 6 0.2 S S 1,357 48.6 1.7 20.8 0.3 S S 40.9
Other and unknown modes 21 0.5 8 0.3 S S S 39 0.2 48.7 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,149 100 183 100 71 100 303 26.3 - 26.8 - 33.6 - 15.4
Single modes 1,570 73 154 84.3 67 95.6 291 30 9.6 26.2 6.5 35.2 11.8 20.4
Truck6 1,535 71.4 153 83.5 66 93.4 223 29.6 9.3 26.1 6.4 35.3 11.4 21.9
For-hire truck 1,022 47.5 91 49.8 62 87.4 589 37.2 11 36.3 11.4 36.1 13.6 15
Private truck 513 23.9 62 33.7 4 6 61 25.9 6.6 31.1 9.4 42 7.4 19.5
Air (incl truck and air) 35 1.6 S S S S 819 28 3.2 S S S S 19.8
Multiple modes 272 12.6 6 3.4 3 4.1 492 34.5 8.9 29.2 5.5 27.4 11.7 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 272 12.6 6 3.4 3 4.1 492 34.5 8.9 29.2 5.5 27.4 11.7 13.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,378 100 187 100 42 100 212 14.9 - 25.3 - 17.4 - 35.4
Single modes 874 63.4 158 84.5 29 69.2 S 17.2 8.7 29.3 7.8 24.2 10.6 S
Truck6 874 63.4 158 84.5 29 69.2 S 17.2 8.7 29.3 7.8 24.2 10.6 S
For-hire truck 366 26.5 51 27.2 24 58.4 627 24.9 8.8 28.2 10.3 25.1 9.6 20
Private truck 509 36.9 108 57.4 5 10.8 S 30.7 8.8 40.7 11.6 40 4.1 S
Multiple modes 370 26.8 10 5.1 5 11 428 27.4 6.1 26 3.1 28 4.4 14.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 370 26.8 10 5.1 5 11 428 27.4 6.1 26 3.1 28 4.4 14.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,194 100 421 100 99 100 760 22.1 - 26.9 - 32.5 - 22.2
Single modes 1,325 60.4 313 74.4 76 76.7 S 24.5 12.1 36.5 12.7 38.8 10.9 S
Truck6 1,314 59.9 312 74.2 75 75.9 S 24.3 12.1 36.5 12.7 38.4 10.8 S
For-hire truck 611 27.9 170 40.3 66 66.2 201 31.3 18.3 41.4 18 41.2 11.7 49.9
Private truck 702 32 S S S S S 47.1 10.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 99 99.9 4 99.9 S S S 18.2 0.1 17.7 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 196 100 3 100 1 100 599 42 - 43.2 - 36.9 - 21.4
Single modes S S S S 1 64.4 409 S S S S 38.5 15.2 33
Truck6 S S S S 1 58.4 409 S S S S 42.2 13.9 33.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,099 S S S S S S 44
Private truck S S S S S S 405 S S S S S S 33.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 20.7 S S 758 S S 49.9 16 S S 16.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 20.7 S S 758 S S 49.9 16 S S 16.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 702 S S S S S S 49.2

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 653 100 122 100 S S 246 34.9 - 38.3 - S S 49.4
Single modes 591 90.5 110 90.5 S S S 32.7 3.1 35 2.8 S S S
Truck6 591 90.5 110 90.5 S S S 32.7 3.1 35 2.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 54 S S S S S S 32.4
Private truck 537 82.2 109 89.3 S S S 28.1 4.8 34.5 3.1 S S S
Multiple modes 20 3.1 2 1.7 2 6.5 947 41.2 2.3 35.2 2.7 38.3 17.3 17.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20 3.1 2 1.7 2 6.5 947 41.2 2.3 35.2 2.7 38.3 17.3 17.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,675 100 468 100 148 100 712 45.3 - 49.9 - 26.6 - 13.3
Single modes S S S S 134 90.4 402 S S S S 27.4 3.8 26.7
Truck6 S S S S 126 84.7 302 S S S S 26.9 4.4 34.3
For-hire truck 459 17.2 121 25.8 79 53.3 495 26.5 6 36.2 9.5 39.9 9.3 36.2
Private truck S S S S 47 31.5 170 S S S S 45 12.1 36.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,213 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 477 17.8 20 4.2 14 9.6 774 36.5 11.7 39.2 4 41.8 3.8 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 462 17.3 18 3.8 13 8.9 774 37.6 11.6 38.2 4 40.8 3.5 12.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 486 S S S S S S -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 269 100 1,629 100 S S S 25 - 15.7 - S S S
Single modes 265 98.8 1,618 99.3 S S S 25.4 1.4 15.8 0.7 S S S
Truck6 112 41.6 815 50 S S 107 25.5 19.3 21.2 17 S S 32.9
For-hire truck 74 27.5 695 42.7 S S 138 18 16 28.5 16.1 S S 23.4
Private truck S S 120 7.4 1 0.2 7 S S 25.9 10.1 20.5 2.5 19.4
Rail 154 57.2 803 49.3 S S S 30.2 15.9 34.2 18.2 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,557 100 1,902 100 301 100 206 28.4 - 31.8 - 31.8 - 16.7
Single modes 4,437 97.4 1,896 99.7 298 99.2 178 29.2 2.5 31.9 0.6 31.7 0.3 10.9
Truck6 4,437 97.4 1,896 99.7 298 99.2 178 29.2 2.5 31.9 0.6 31.7 0.3 10.9
For-hire truck 381 8.4 72 3.8 23 7.5 507 38.5 10.7 38.5 7.3 29.9 9.1 30.9
Private truck 4,056 89 1,823 95.9 276 91.7 168 34.4 11 34.2 7.5 35.2 9 11.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 628 S S S S S S 24.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 628 S S S S S S 24.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.