Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 182,723 100 100,236 100 10,657 100 4.7 - 14.4 - 3.2 -
Less than 50 miles 69,151 37.8 77,770 77.6 1,718 16.1 7.7 2.1 16.6 2.8 16.7 2.5
50 - 99 miles 14,679 8 10,646 10.6 897 8.4 6 0.4 26.7 1.5 21.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 27,509 15.1 5,721 5.7 1,149 10.8 7.3 0.9 18.6 1.3 16.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 13,268 7.3 1,891 1.9 800 7.5 7.2 0.4 7.6 0.4 7.3 0.6
500 - 749 miles 10,365 5.7 883 0.9 694 6.5 13.8 0.6 11.1 0.2 10.8 0.7
750 - 999 miles 12,073 6.6 1,397 1.4 1,470 13.8 12.3 0.7 11.7 0.3 11.9 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,778 7 905 0.9 1,290 12.1 11.3 0.7 11 0.2 12.5 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,729 3.7 417 0.4 839 7.9 15.2 0.4 12.9 0.1 12.3 1
More than 2,000 miles 16,170 8.8 606 0.6 1,801 16.9 16.7 1.4 9.6 0.1 9.4 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 133,251 100 96,924 100 9,605 100 5.3 - 15.1 - 3.8 -
Less than 50 miles 57,982 43.5 75,687 78.1 1,680 17.5 10.5 2.9 17.2 2.8 17.3 2.8
50 - 99 miles 12,009 9 10,235 10.6 862 9 8.2 0.5 27.9 1.5 22.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 20,795 15.6 5,509 5.7 1,096 11.4 7.4 1.1 19.1 1.4 17.5 2
250 - 499 miles 9,468 7.1 1,776 1.8 751 7.8 8.3 0.6 7.4 0.4 7.4 0.6
500 - 749 miles 5,953 4.5 806 0.8 630 6.6 17.5 0.7 12 0.2 11.4 0.7
750 - 999 miles 7,419 5.6 1,286 1.3 1,356 14.1 16.8 1 12 0.3 12.2 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,992 5.2 809 0.8 1,156 12 14.5 0.8 11.9 0.2 13.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,959 3 332 0.3 664 6.9 24.6 0.5 14.6 0.1 13.8 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 8,674 6.5 483 0.5 1,411 14.7 25.8 1.8 11.6 0.1 11.6 1.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 125,044 100 96,405 100 9,082 100 6.6 - 15.2 - 5 -
Less than 50 miles 57,430 45.9 75,580 78.4 1,680 18.5 10.6 3 17.3 2.8 17.3 2.8
50 - 99 miles 12,008 9.6 10,235 10.6 862 9.5 8.2 0.5 27.9 1.5 22.7 1.8
100 - 249 miles 18,186 14.5 5,471 5.7 1,080 11.9 10.5 1.4 19.3 1.4 17.7 2.1
250 - 499 miles 8,951 7.2 1,755 1.8 739 8.1 8.6 0.6 7.7 0.4 7.7 0.7
500 - 749 miles 5,426 4.3 730 0.8 564 6.2 19.4 0.7 12.7 0.2 12 0.7
750 - 999 miles 6,518 5.2 1,134 1.2 1,188 13.1 19 1 13.6 0.3 13.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,905 4.7 768 0.8 1,096 12.1 16.6 0.7 13.2 0.2 14.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,507 2.8 270 0.3 521 5.7 27.8 0.5 21.5 0.1 21.6 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 7,112 5.7 463 0.5 1,352 14.9 31.3 1.9 11.3 0.1 11.4 2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73,249 100 44,750 100 7,064 100 8.2 - 28.5 - 6.9 -
Less than 50 miles 19,659 26.8 31,711 70.9 741 10.5 16.2 3.8 32 5.5 31.1 2.5
50 - 99 miles 5,086 6.9 S S 454 6.4 16.2 0.9 S S 45.2 2.2
100 - 249 miles 13,243 18.1 2,724 6.1 573 8.1 14.7 2 29.4 2.2 26.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 7,069 9.7 1,341 3 581 8.2 11.3 0.8 7.1 1.1 7.6 0.7
500 - 749 miles 5,418 7.4 728 1.6 563 8 19.4 1.2 12.8 0.8 12.1 0.9
750 - 999 miles 6,516 8.9 1,134 2.5 1,188 16.8 19 1.8 13.6 1 13.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,846 8 767 1.7 1,095 15.5 16.5 1.2 13.2 0.7 14.9 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,349 4.6 269 0.6 520 7.4 29.3 0.9 21.6 0.6 21.7 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 7,062 9.6 462 1 1,348 19.1 31.7 2.8 11.5 0.5 11.5 2.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 51,796 100 51,655 100 2,019 100 7.6 - 16.9 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles 37,771 72.9 43,869 84.9 938 46.5 9.3 2.8 19.1 2.2 23.2 3.9
50 - 99 miles 6,923 13.4 4,621 8.9 408 20.2 10.2 0.9 13.6 1.2 13.7 2.1
100 - 249 miles 4,943 9.5 2,747 5.3 507 25.1 15.3 1.4 28.9 1.3 27.6 3.3
250 - 499 miles 1,882 3.6 414 0.8 158 7.8 23.2 0.8 22.5 0.2 22 1.3
500 - 749 miles 9 - S S S S 49.7 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 59 0.1 S S S S 34.1 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 158 0.3 1 - 1 0.1 43.2 0.8 34.5 - 38 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 371 100 449 100 459 100 30.9 - 36.9 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles 25 6.7 S S - 0.1 39.3 4.7 S S 49.3 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 8 1.9 3 0.7 S S 2.4 18.8 6 6.8
250 - 499 miles 25 6.7 20 4.5 11 2.5 24.8 1.7 19.5 2.2 24.6 1.1
500 - 749 miles 74 19.8 73 16.3 63 13.7 19.6 4.3 18 9.2 18.2 6.3
750 - 999 miles 93 25 146 32.6 162 35.4 30 6.4 37.8 5.5 39.6 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 54 14.5 58 12.9 135 29.4 21.9 9.9 15.4 9.2 14.9 9.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,830 100 66 100 62 100 18.8 - 25.1 - 26.7 -
Less than 50 miles 527 6.7 9 14 - 0.8 26 2 34.6 4.5 35.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,597 33.2 27 40 11 18.2 30.5 4.8 40.4 5.9 30.4 4.1
250 - 499 miles 491 6.3 1 2.2 1 1 27.5 1.5 25.6 0.7 25.2 0.5
500 - 749 miles 452 5.8 3 4.3 2 3.8 38.7 1.5 41.8 1.2 44.2 1.4
750 - 999 miles 808 10.3 6 8.3 5 8.2 25.7 2 37.3 2.9 35 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,001 12.8 7 10 9 14.5 22.5 2.8 28.9 3.1 27.4 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 398 5.1 4 6.6 8 12.7 16.9 1.6 46 1.9 44.8 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,553 19.8 10 14.5 25 40.8 44.1 5.3 39.9 4.5 38.5 6.5

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,694 100 937 100 909 100 11.3 - 14.5 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,799 17.8 166 17.7 5 0.6 13.8 2.4 17.7 1.9 21 0.2
50 - 99 miles 2,118 4.8 92 9.8 9 1 18 0.9 30.1 3.2 33.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 6,250 14.3 146 15.6 39 4.3 11.9 0.9 20 1.7 20.6 0.5
250 - 499 miles 3,671 8.4 90 9.6 39 4.3 15.4 0.9 22.6 1.4 22.5 0.7
500 - 749 miles 4,407 10.1 74 7.9 62 6.8 19.9 1 21.8 1.9 23.5 2.3
750 - 999 miles 4,546 10.4 80 8.6 84 9.2 14.2 1.3 11.1 1 11.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,078 11.6 89 9.5 125 13.7 14.8 0.7 21.3 1.2 20.9 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,600 6 80 8.6 166 18.2 16.7 0.5 42.2 1.7 44.2 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 7,224 16.5 119 12.7 381 41.9 14.4 1.7 14.8 2.2 15.9 4.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,192 100 761 100 596 100 10.5 - 14.3 - 15.5 -
Less than 50 miles 7,699 18.2 150 19.7 4 0.7 13.8 2.5 19.1 2.2 23.4 0.2
50 - 99 miles 1,970 4.7 84 11 8 1.4 18.1 0.9 34 3.6 37.6 0.8
100 - 249 miles 5,895 14 120 15.8 31 5.2 10.8 1 19.6 1.7 20.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 3,531 8.4 88 11.6 38 6.4 14.2 0.9 23.2 1.8 23.4 1.1
500 - 749 miles 4,326 10.3 59 7.8 47 7.9 19.1 1 22.6 1 22.1 1
750 - 999 miles 4,507 10.7 71 9.4 74 12.5 14.1 1.3 12.3 1.1 12.9 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,954 11.7 83 10.9 116 19.5 14.6 0.7 21.2 1.5 20.9 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,360 5.6 35 4.6 68 11.5 13.4 0.4 22.9 0.8 23.5 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 6,949 16.5 71 9.3 209 35 15.2 1.8 17.5 1 17.4 2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 146 100 269 100 S S 24 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2 1.4 1 0.4 S S 35.2 1.2 42.4 0.6
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 9 6 S S S S 17.5 17.5 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 120 9.1 6 4.1 8 3 16.7 11.2 47.8 4.3 44.7 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 43 29.4 134 49.9 S S 18.8 16.8 17.1 12.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 189 100 30 100 S S 44.7 - 44.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 120 63.7 18 61.7 S S 37.9 14.5 38.2 15.2 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,778 100 2,375 100 144 100 27.5 - 26.1 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 3,370 58.3 1,917 80.7 32 22.5 27.1 7.6 17.3 4.6 34.2 6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 464 8 S S S S 45.1 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 129 2.2 25 1.1 10 7 45.3 1.7 38.4 0.6 39.9 4.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 109 1.9 S S S S 49.8 1.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 7 0.3 9 6.6 S S 39.1 0.2 42.6 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 271 4.7 3 0.1 9 6.5 41.3 2 36.4 0.1 36.7 3.3

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.