Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 182,723 100 100,236 100 10,657 100 543 4.7 - 14.4 - 3.2 - 13
Single modes 133,251 72.9 96,924 96.7 9,605 90.1 142 5.3 2.3 15.1 1 3.8 1.2 19.9
Truck6 125,044 68.4 96,405 96.2 9,082 85.2 116 6.6 2.7 15.2 1.1 5 2.3 18.9
For-hire truck 73,249 40.1 44,750 44.6 7,064 66.3 506 8.2 2.3 28.5 6 6.9 3.4 19.7
Private truck 51,796 28.3 51,655 51.5 2,019 18.9 31 7.6 2.1 16.9 5.4 16.5 3.1 9.5
Rail 371 0.2 449 0.4 459 4.3 1,221 30.9 0.1 36.9 0.4 31.1 2.1 7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,830 4.3 66 0.1 62 0.6 1,159 18.8 1 25.1 - 26.7 0.2 6.6
Multiple modes 43,694 23.9 937 0.9 909 8.5 954 11.3 2.2 14.5 0.2 14.9 1.2 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 42,192 23.1 761 0.8 596 5.6 954 10.5 1.9 14.3 0.1 15.5 0.8 6.7
Truck and rail S S 146 0.1 269 2.5 1,058 S S 24 0.1 24.1 0.6 37.2
Truck and water 189 0.1 30 - S S S 44.7 - 44.8 - S S S
Other and unknown modes 5,778 3.2 2,375 2.4 144 1.3 152 27.5 0.8 26.1 0.9 28.6 0.5 38.5

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,170 100 3,095 100 744 100 803 13.3 - 27.5 - 19.5 - 25.4
Single modes 7,823 95.7 3,007 97.2 685 92.1 181 14.6 3.6 28.6 2 20 4.4 16.3
Truck6 7,476 91.5 2,976 96.2 652 87.7 143 14.5 4.2 29 2.1 21.9 5.6 18
For-hire truck 2,814 34.4 460 14.9 392 52.7 658 17.4 4.2 16.9 6.1 21.4 9.3 17.7
Private truck 4,663 57.1 2,516 81.3 S S 48 16 5.6 35.7 7 S S 14.8
Air (incl truck and air) 346 4.2 S S 32 4.4 1,311 44.5 2.7 S S 46.4 7 14.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,204 S S S S S S 23.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 70 0.9 S S S S S 46.1 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,172 100 6,487 100 1,476 100 49 11.4 - 14.6 - 15 - 17.4
Single modes 10,978 98.3 6,406 98.7 1,362 92.3 46 11.4 0.7 14.7 0.4 14.2 1.9 20.6
Truck6 10,975 98.2 6,405 98.7 1,361 92.2 46 11.4 0.7 14.7 0.4 14.2 1.9 20.7
For-hire truck 3,145 28.1 1,505 23.2 1,122 76 764 22.7 4.6 13.8 4.9 13.6 5 6.1
Private truck 7,831 70.1 4,901 75.5 240 16.2 29 13.3 5.2 18.4 5.1 26.6 5.2 14.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,207 S S S S S S 23.7
Multiple modes S S 28 0.4 87 5.9 1,090 S S 41.8 0.2 42.1 2 24.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3 - - - - - 1,048 47.8 - 35.3 - 30.9 - 20.7
Truck and rail 25 0.2 23 0.4 57 3.9 2,433 26.7 0.1 14.8 0.3 37.1 3.5 32.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 120 1.1 54 0.8 27 1.8 S 36.9 0.8 37.6 0.6 34.4 0.9 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 659 100 25,600 100 593 100 75 41.9 - 27.4 - 31.3 - 22
Single modes 627 95.2 25,432 99.3 590 99.4 54 39.7 1.4 27.2 0.2 31 0.2 19.3
Truck6 624 94.8 25,432 99.3 590 99.4 54 39.9 1.5 27.2 0.2 31 0.2 19.4
For-hire truck S S 8,433 32.9 254 42.8 132 S S 20.3 7.6 24.7 9.8 34.9
Private truck 321 48.8 16,998 66.4 336 56.7 21 33 10 36.5 7.7 45.8 9.8 15.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,059 S S S S S S 49.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,059 S S S S S S 49.1
Other and unknown modes 3 0.4 S S S S 12 49.3 0.2 S S S S 29.3

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,769 100 35,136 100 1,352 100 30 26.2 - 40.3 - 38.9 - 24.7
Single modes 15,690 99.5 35,039 99.7 1,350 99.8 25 26.1 0.2 40.4 0.2 39 0.1 22.5
Truck6 15,662 99.3 35,038 99.7 1,349 99.8 25 26.2 0.6 40.4 0.2 39 0.1 22.9
For-hire truck 7,215 45.8 S S S S S 32.8 8.3 S S S S S
Private truck 8,447 53.6 11,725 33.4 375 27.7 20 21.8 9.2 20.2 15.1 25.8 17.1 25.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 854 S S S S S S 27.9
Multiple modes 18 0.1 1 - 1 - 866 27.5 0.4 20.2 - 35.5 0.1 20.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 18 0.1 1 - 1 - 866 27.5 0.4 20.2 - 35.5 0.1 20.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 29,287 100 3,963 100 1,857 100 741 11.3 - 16.9 - 11.6 - 17
Single modes 22,616 77.2 3,031 76.5 1,649 88.8 293 17.4 6.4 10.2 7.9 12.6 3.1 37.2
Truck6 20,170 68.9 2,772 70 1,338 72 231 18.9 7.4 12 7.6 15 8 46
For-hire truck 17,442 59.6 1,997 50.4 1,270 68.4 S 22.6 8.7 17.1 8.8 15.9 8 S
Private truck 2,729 9.3 775 19.6 68 3.6 79 28.8 3.1 18 3.6 25.2 1.2 22.4
Rail 252 0.9 252 6.4 305 16.4 1,221 25.7 0.4 29.4 6.1 29.7 8.3 2.5
Air (incl truck and air) 2,193 7.5 6 0.2 6 0.3 1,062 47 3 35.4 0.1 24.6 0.1 16.2
Multiple modes 5,399 18.4 159 4 159 8.6 1,059 14.2 5.3 30.8 0.8 27 2.2 12.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,289 18.1 118 3 63 3.4 1,059 14.4 5.2 41.7 0.6 18.9 0.8 12.2
Truck and rail 91 0.3 38 1 87 4.7 2,493 26.2 0.6 16.9 1.6 17.1 5 4.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,265 S S S S S S 42.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,207 100 4,115 100 976 100 487 11.8 - 9.7 - 12.6 - 22.5
Single modes 12,647 69.5 3,892 94.6 816 83.6 S 10 4.1 10.5 1.8 10.9 3 S
Truck6 12,580 69.1 3,875 94.2 778 79.7 S 10 4.1 10.6 2.1 10.3 4.4 S
For-hire truck 6,614 36.3 1,127 27.4 592 60.7 921 17 4 20 3.1 12.6 4.7 13.5
Private truck 5,966 32.8 2,748 66.8 185 19 S 4.4 3.3 9.8 3.8 22.2 4.3 S
Rail 24 0.1 S S S S 2,681 12.7 0.8 S S S S 24.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,000 S S S S S S 31.7
Multiple modes 5,375 29.5 182 4.4 135 13.8 944 24.7 4 24.6 1.2 22.7 2.4 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,299 29.1 171 4.2 127 13 944 25.1 4.1 25.9 1.2 24.1 2.5 12
Truck and rail 15 0.1 1 - 5 0.5 3,282 31.7 0.1 24.6 0.1 25.1 1.2 1.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 321 S S S S S S 3
Other and unknown modes 185 1 S S S S 263 36.7 0.3 S S S S 26.9

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,151 100 10,897 100 1,286 100 374 14.2 - 18 - 16.6 - 16
Single modes 12,638 66 10,688 98.1 1,137 88.4 205 13.7 3.7 18.5 0.7 18.9 5.9 40
Truck6 12,303 64.2 10,541 96.7 1,079 83.9 193 13.1 3.7 18.7 1.2 17 6.1 41.6
For-hire truck 7,056 36.8 4,139 38 864 67.2 875 18.4 3.2 36.1 8.5 22 6.7 10.8
Private truck 5,248 27.4 6,402 58.7 215 16.8 48 14 3.8 28.6 8.4 20.8 4 27.5
Rail S S 142 1.3 S S S S S 49 4.7 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 5 0.4 977 S S S S 36.7 0.2 23.3
Multiple modes 6,057 31.6 140 1.3 S S 595 22.3 3.3 34.1 0.5 S S 20.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,889 25.5 76 0.7 50 3.9 579 17 2.6 20.7 0.2 24.4 0.9 20.9
Truck and rail 1,127 5.9 61 0.6 S S 1,040 43.9 4.1 43.5 0.9 S S 35.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,084 S S S S S S 38.6
Other and unknown modes 455 2.4 70 0.6 7 0.5 S 25.3 0.7 36.1 0.5 36.8 0.2 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 50,075 100 1,346 100 713 100 515 12.7 - 20.2 - 18.9 - 24.1
Single modes 27,264 54.4 1,010 75 562 78.8 S 14 4.4 25.9 7.7 25 6.5 S
Truck6 22,712 45.4 995 73.9 549 77 S 17.5 5 26.3 7.8 25.7 6.7 S
For-hire truck 17,852 35.6 719 53.4 530 74.3 696 23 5.1 29.8 6.8 27.1 7.1 16.3
Private truck 4,861 9.7 276 20.5 19 2.7 S 20.1 2.2 27.7 4.9 32.1 1.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) 4,552 9.1 15 1.1 13 1.9 1,155 30.1 2.8 27.2 0.4 26.7 0.7 11.1
Multiple modes 20,688 41.3 192 14.3 136 19.1 812 16.7 4.6 27.9 5.1 25.7 6.4 11.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 20,680 41.3 190 14.1 136 19 812 16.7 4.6 28.1 5.1 25.8 6.4 11.5
Truck and water 8 - S S - 0.1 S 17.6 - S S 39.9 0.1 S
Other and unknown modes 2,123 4.2 144 10.7 S S S 27.7 1 49.1 4.6 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 30,200 100 9,595 100 1,657 100 756 10.8 - 20.9 - 18 - 15.7
Single modes 22,966 76 8,419 87.7 1,454 87.7 255 8.2 3.5 23.6 2.2 20.5 4.2 16.4
Truck6 22,539 74.6 8,369 87.2 1,385 83.6 200 8.4 3.2 23.7 2.2 19.3 4.4 16.8
For-hire truck 10,809 35.8 3,056 31.9 1,064 64.2 761 14 4.8 43.4 5.7 25.7 7 14.9
Private truck 11,729 38.8 5,313 55.4 320 19.3 55 16.1 4.4 23.7 4.9 20.5 4.9 7.7
Rail 61 0.2 S S S S 1,405 45.2 0.2 S S S S 11.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 361 1.2 4 - 3 0.2 1,277 40.6 0.7 42.8 - 46.9 0.1 12.7
Multiple modes 5,744 19 186 1.9 190 11.4 1,050 27.4 3.4 33.1 0.4 35.1 4.1 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,683 18.8 158 1.6 166 10 1,050 28 3.5 40.3 0.5 41.3 4.3 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,138 S S S S S S 3.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,489 4.9 989 10.3 14 0.8 378 48.9 1.8 9.2 2.1 26.4 0.2 28.7

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 469 S S S S S S 36.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 471 S S S S S S 41.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 471 S S S S S S 41.8

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.