Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,662 100 13,335 100 1,945 100 12.5 - 17.8 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,973 38.3 10,272 77 214 11 14.6 2.6 19.9 3.5 20.7 2.9
50 - 99 miles 3,384 11.8 1,040 7.8 97 5 24 1.5 21.2 0.5 21.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 4,078 14.2 736 5.5 170 8.8 15.5 1.7 15 1.6 18 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,084 7.3 375 2.8 175 9 15.9 0.8 21.7 1 28.2 2.8
500 - 749 miles 1,561 5.4 139 1 107 5.5 25.3 1 20.6 0.4 19.7 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,778 6.2 396 3 418 21.5 11.1 1 41.8 0.7 42.8 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,081 7.3 144 1.1 196 10.1 13.2 0.9 20 0.3 20.6 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 987 3.4 101 0.8 191 9.8 21.4 0.5 21.2 0.4 20.5 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,737 6.1 131 1 376 19.4 14.8 0.4 19.8 0.2 19.6 2.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,199 100 12,791 100 1,580 100 14.9 - 16.7 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 10,288 44.3 10,116 79.1 211 13.4 14.9 2.9 19.4 3.5 20.7 3.2
50 - 99 miles 2,988 12.9 1,029 8 96 6 27.6 1.7 21.5 0.6 21.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 3,084 13.3 640 5 141 8.9 18.3 2.3 13.2 1.5 13.8 0.9
250 - 499 miles 1,556 6.7 339 2.7 157 10 20.4 0.9 24.5 1.1 31.7 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,115 4.8 127 1 98 6.2 32.4 1.2 22.7 0.4 21.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,038 4.5 216 1.7 223 14.1 14.2 1 20.6 0.6 21.2 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,469 6.3 120 0.9 162 10.3 17.5 0.9 24.8 0.3 25.6 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 654 2.8 93 0.7 176 11.2 28 0.6 23.6 0.4 22.7 2
More than 2,000 miles 1,006 4.3 110 0.9 314 19.9 24.3 0.7 21.6 0.2 21.5 2.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,634 100 12,712 100 1,543 100 15.3 - 16.4 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 10,254 45.3 10,087 79.4 210 13.6 14.9 3.2 19.3 3.5 20.6 3.2
50 - 99 miles 2,987 13.2 1,028 8.1 95 6.2 27.6 1.8 21.4 0.6 21.9 1
100 - 249 miles 2,906 12.8 605 4.8 126 8.2 20.2 2.5 13.6 1.5 13.3 1
250 - 499 miles 1,397 6.2 333 2.6 154 10 23.7 1 24.9 1.1 32.4 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,113 4.9 127 1 98 6.4 32.5 1.2 22.7 0.4 21.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,027 4.5 216 1.7 223 14.5 14.4 1 20.6 0.6 21.2 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,339 5.9 118 0.9 160 10.4 20.8 1.1 24.9 0.3 25.5 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 640 2.8 92 0.7 174 11.3 28.9 0.6 24.2 0.4 23.3 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 971 4.3 106 0.8 302 19.6 25.9 0.7 22.7 0.2 22.6 3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,169 100 4,993 100 1,290 100 11.6 - 29.2 - 12.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,838 25.4 3,212 64.3 81 6.2 27.8 5.8 38.7 10.4 34.8 2.1
50 - 99 miles 640 5.7 504 10.1 46 3.5 22.1 1.4 44.2 1.1 45.4 1
100 - 249 miles 1,416 12.7 319 6.4 67 5.2 17.7 2.3 24.2 3.7 21.7 1
250 - 499 miles 1,188 10.6 301 6 142 11 26.6 2.6 28.2 3.7 35.6 3.9
500 - 749 miles 1,112 10 126 2.5 97 7.5 32.5 2.4 22.1 1.4 20.9 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,026 9.2 216 4.3 223 17.3 14.4 1.5 20.5 1.6 21.1 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,339 12 118 2.4 160 12.4 20.8 2.8 24.9 1.2 25.5 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 640 5.7 92 1.8 174 13.5 28.9 1.1 24.2 1 23.3 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 971 8.7 106 2.1 302 23.4 25.9 1.6 22.7 1.7 22.6 3.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,464 100 7,720 100 253 100 23.1 - 14.7 - 13.5 -
Less than 50 miles 7,416 64.7 6,875 89.1 130 51.3 20.7 3.7 15.9 1.7 19.4 4.3
50 - 99 miles 2,347 20.5 524 6.8 50 19.6 31.8 2.1 12.7 0.9 13.1 1.9
100 - 249 miles 1,490 13 286 3.7 60 23.6 32.7 3.2 24.3 1 24.5 4.8
250 - 499 miles 209 1.8 32 0.4 12 4.7 33.1 1.1 40.6 0.1 40.4 1
500 - 749 miles 1 - S S S S 23.4 - S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1 - S S S S 31.6 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles 33 36.7 S S S S 31.5 7.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 476 100 9 100 10 100 36.7 - 28.4 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S - 0.1 - - S S 45.4 0.3 43.5 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 155 32.6 4 43.8 2 16.4 42.4 12.5 32 8.3 26.1 9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3 0.5 - 0.4 - 0.3 30.9 3.4 27.8 3.4 28.3 2.7
750 - 999 miles S S - 0.7 S S S S 49.1 3.1 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 20.4 S S S S 49.3 12.2 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S - 4.7 S S S S 49.2 4.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,212 100 S S S S 13.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 622 11.9 32 9 2 0.5 43 2.7 40.2 4.2 40.8 0.4
50 - 99 miles 386 7.4 10 2.7 1 0.3 18.1 0.9 16.2 1.8 19.1 0.2
100 - 249 miles 928 17.8 S S S S 17.5 2.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 510 9.8 26 7.3 S S 18.7 1.5 47.5 1.4 S S
500 - 749 miles 438 8.4 11 3 8 2.5 21 1 14.2 2.3 14.1 2
750 - 999 miles 703 13.5 S S S S 20.9 1.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 570 10.9 21 5.9 29 8.7 13.2 1.9 28.2 3.8 26.8 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 328 6.3 8 2.2 15 4.5 22.6 1.1 17.6 1.7 17.8 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 727 13.9 19 5.2 56 16.9 14.9 1.4 20.9 3.5 20.1 8.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,045 100 115 100 122 100 13.6 - 12.7 - 15.5 -
Less than 50 miles 606 12 10 8.5 - 0.3 44.5 2.8 24.1 2 22.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 386 7.6 9 8.2 1 0.8 18.1 0.9 16.9 1 19.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 854 16.9 16 13.9 4 3 18 2.5 13.5 1.6 12.3 0.5
250 - 499 miles 466 9.2 13 11.1 6 4.7 21.5 1.7 25.1 2.1 24.6 0.9
500 - 749 miles 438 8.7 11 9.5 8 6.7 21 1 14.2 1.4 14.1 1.4
750 - 999 miles 682 13.5 16 13.6 16 13.2 20.9 1.5 20.1 1.2 20.1 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 567 11.2 15 12.7 20 16.6 13.3 2 15.5 2.1 13.7 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 328 6.5 8 6.9 15 12.3 22.7 1.1 17.7 1.3 17.9 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 719 14.2 18 15.6 52 42.4 15.4 1.4 22.3 1.9 22.5 3.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 75 100 S S 5 100 35.1 - S S 33 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 43 56.9 S S S S 46.4 10.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 6 8.1 S S S S 41.6 16.7 S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 251 100 S S 33 100 39.7 - S S 33.3 -
Less than 50 miles 63 24.9 S S S S 30.2 10.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 18 7.2 S S S S 37.9 2.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 7 2.8 1 0.4 S S 16.9 6.9 10.8 12.7 S S
750 - 999 miles 37 14.6 S S S S 46.6 8.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 4 1.6 S S S S 38.8 12.2 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.