Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,662 100 13,335 100 1,945 100 591 12.5 - 17.8 - 15.9 - 9.3
Single modes 23,199 80.9 12,791 95.9 1,580 81.2 130 14.9 3 16.7 1 10.8 3.9 15.1
Truck6 22,634 79 12,712 95.3 1,543 79.3 120 15.3 3.2 16.4 1.2 10.3 4.3 14.3
For-hire truck 11,169 39 4,993 37.4 1,290 66.3 737 11.6 3.7 29.2 5.2 12.3 4.5 9.4
Private truck 11,464 40 7,720 57.9 253 13 23 23.1 4.4 14.7 5.7 13.5 2.8 13
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 476 1.7 9 0.1 10 0.5 1,054 36.7 0.6 28.4 - 33.2 0.2 13
Multiple modes 5,212 18.2 S S S S 1,087 13.5 3 S S S S 3.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,045 17.6 115 0.9 122 6.3 1,088 13.6 2.8 12.7 0.2 15.5 1.8 3.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 704 S S S S S S 34
Truck and water 75 0.3 S S 5 0.2 S 35.1 0.2 S S 33 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes 251 0.9 S S 33 1.7 S 39.7 0.4 S S 33.3 0.8 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 842 100 264 100 68 100 126 15.9 - 17.7 - 20.6 - 38.6
Single modes 832 98.8 262 99.5 67 97.8 125 16 0.7 17.9 0.3 20.1 1.1 36.3
Truck6 823 97.7 261 98.8 64 94.3 90 15.9 1.1 17.8 0.5 20.2 2.5 40.1
For-hire truck 287 34.1 58 22.2 48 70.6 1,026 15.5 7 21.7 7.2 21.4 10 15.2
Private truck 536 63.6 202 76.6 16 23.6 49 19.5 7.9 22 7.1 39.3 13.2 30.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 0.7 S S S S S 14.7 1.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 7,302 S S S S S S 40.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 2 0.2 - 0.1 S S 8,145 24.7 0.6 15.4 0.3 S S 0.2
Other and unknown modes 8 1 1 0.4 S S S 44.9 2.4 32.3 0.9 S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,187 100 1,113 100 S S S 14.5 - 32.5 - S S S
Single modes 1,114 93.9 1,049 94.2 93 79.2 S 13 2.7 33.6 3.3 49 6 S
Truck6 1,064 89.6 983 88.4 76 64.2 S 11.7 4.5 35.9 6.9 40.6 10.6 S
For-hire truck 123 10.4 S S S S 1,601 46.7 4.4 S S S S 22.2
Private truck 941 79.3 937 84.2 S S 12 11.6 6.4 38.2 8.2 S S 39.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 907 S S S S S S 32.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 974 S S S S S S 31.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 158 100 S S S S 452 48.8 - S S S S 29.9
Single modes S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 40
Truck6 S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 40
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 42 26.5 2,293 58.8 49 49.3 18 27 18.2 44.5 13.7 45.6 15.3 13
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,160 S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,160 S S S S S S 29.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,242 100 3,268 100 80 100 12 27 - 26.7 - 35.3 - 33.5
Single modes 2,241 100 3,267 100 80 100 12 27 0.1 26.7 0.1 35.3 0.5 41.5
Truck6 2,241 100 3,267 100 80 100 12 27 0.1 26.7 0.1 35.3 0.5 41.5
For-hire truck 1,145 51.1 1,679 51.4 54 67.8 26 38.9 10.7 40.2 10.5 42.2 12.3 17.2
Private truck 1,097 48.9 1,588 48.6 26 32.1 11 28.5 10.9 27.6 10.9 27.5 12.9 37.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - 3 S S S S 30.2 0.1 30.5

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,240 100 1,278 100 473 100 762 20.2 - 24.5 - 23.6 - 14.8
Single modes 4,217 80.5 1,246 97.5 439 92.9 398 21.8 7 24.9 1 24.4 2.3 18.8
Truck6 4,090 78.1 1,245 97.4 438 92.8 386 22 6.8 25 1 24.4 2.4 19.8
For-hire truck 3,309 63.1 679 53.1 401 84.9 877 25.9 6.3 28.4 7 26.9 5.3 10.7
Private truck 782 14.9 566 44.3 37 7.9 45 18 3.9 36.4 6.7 32.4 5.2 21.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 35.3
Multiple modes S S 29 2.3 S S 914 S S 41.8 0.9 S S 12.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 27 2.1 S S 914 S S 45.3 0.8 S S 12.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 11 0.2 2 0.1 S S S 28.8 0.2 27.1 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,633 100 709 100 206 100 784 17.7 - 28.3 - 17.6 - 16.3
Single modes 1,319 80.8 670 94.6 168 81.7 240 17.5 4.6 29.5 3 20.5 6.6 40.5
Truck6 1,317 80.7 670 94.5 168 81.6 238 17.6 4.6 29.5 3 20.6 6.6 40.9
For-hire truck 706 43.2 241 34 143 69.7 960 19.8 5.9 19.5 6.9 21 6.4 12.5
Private truck 611 37.4 429 60.5 25 12 55 23.7 5.6 38.2 7.7 33.2 2.6 15.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,291 S S S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes 307 18.8 32 4.6 37 17.9 1,127 26.8 4.5 37.2 2.6 38.9 6.6 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 302 18.5 19 2.7 21 10.4 1,128 27.7 4.6 24.6 2.6 27.8 5.6 10.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 3 0.2 - - - - 521 18 1.8 34 0.4 26.9 0.5 30.9
Other and unknown modes 7 0.4 S S S S S 36.6 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,652 100 1,773 100 354 100 507 17.5 - 17 - 25.7 - 14.5
Single modes 3,015 82.5 1,745 98.4 341 96.3 224 18.3 2.8 17.2 0.7 26.5 1.6 17.4
Truck6 2,859 78.3 1,744 98.4 341 96.1 203 18.3 4 17.2 0.7 26.6 1.6 21.4
For-hire truck 1,771 48.5 499 28.1 310 87.5 700 24.8 5.9 37.3 6.6 29.4 7.5 11
Private truck 1,088 29.8 1,246 70.2 30 8.6 39 19.4 4.9 19.8 6.7 19.7 7.3 16.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,305 S S S S S S 11.2
Multiple modes 615 16.9 S S 13 3.7 903 25.7 2.6 S S 43.9 1.6 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 609 16.7 16 0.9 12 3.4 903 26.1 2.7 30.5 0.3 43.8 1.5 14.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 5 0.1 - - 1 0.1 3,114 18.3 1.2 9.7 - 24 1.7 24.6
Other and unknown modes 22 0.6 2 0.1 S S 14 49.6 0.3 34 0.1 S S 30.3

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,014 100 268 100 179 100 860 21.4 - 30.4 - 28.1 - 14.4
Single modes 2,824 70.4 242 90.1 149 83.4 S 22 4.3 32.3 4.8 30.2 3.8 S
Truck6 2,677 66.7 236 87.7 138 77.2 S 23.7 4.9 32.7 4.8 31.9 5.5 S
For-hire truck 1,825 45.5 116 43 121 67.9 1,040 29.4 8.1 30.9 9.7 28.5 6 8.7
Private truck 852 21.2 120 44.7 S S 24 37.4 5.2 44.2 10.4 S S 33.7
Rail 16 0.4 3 0.9 8 4.6 3,200 23.1 3.3 18.6 3.2 21.7 14.6 -
Air (incl truck and air) 131 3.3 4 1.4 3 1.7 859 49.3 4.3 33.2 1.1 41.3 2.8 26.9
Multiple modes 1,152 28.7 21 8 23 13 1,171 32.9 4.4 36.2 4.9 31.9 3.5 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,128 28.1 18 6.9 21 12 1,171 32.7 4.3 34.2 3.6 34 3.5 7.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S 1 0.3 S S S S S 28.6 1.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,693 100 763 100 367 100 963 27.8 - 21.5 - 43.4 - 7.6
Single modes 7,497 77.4 521 68.3 144 39.3 208 35.4 9.2 17.9 8.6 18.3 11.4 20.5
Truck6 7,424 76.6 518 68 141 38.2 190 35.7 9.5 17.9 8.6 18.5 11.4 19.9
For-hire truck 1,907 19.7 179 23.5 116 31.7 449 21.6 6.6 36 9.4 25.2 10.7 33.6
Private truck 5,517 56.9 339 44.5 24 6.6 35 44.6 12.1 28.2 9.3 32.1 5.2 8.6
RailAll modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 51 0.5 S S S S 759 34.6 0.5 S S S S 16.4
Multiple modes 2,033 21 S S S S 1,145 12.9 8.4 S S S S 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,960 20.2 30 4 32 8.6 1,145 12.9 8.4 10.1 2.2 8 6.1 6.7
Truck and rail 36 0.4 S S S S 1,141 36.8 1.5 S S S S 22.1
Truck and water S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 33.6 0.2 S S S
Other and unknown modes 163 1.7 S S 24 6.4 274 47.5 2.4 S S 44.7 8.6 43.4

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.