Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 57,294 100 26,878 100 7,154 100 8.8 - 14.8 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 18,495 32.3 12,288 45.7 231 3.2 10 2.7 17.7 3.2 14.5 0.4
50 - 99 miles 5,199 9.1 3,144 11.7 289 4 12 0.8 20.6 1.4 22 0.8
100 - 249 miles 8,418 14.7 4,809 17.9 1,236 17.3 13 1.4 18.7 1.6 23.5 2.2
250 - 499 miles 12,716 22.2 4,010 14.9 1,986 27.8 11.8 1.6 15.5 1.3 14.7 1.7
500 - 749 miles 3,714 6.5 896 3.3 715 10 23.1 1.2 14.8 0.4 14.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,964 3.4 485 1.8 502 7 22.3 0.8 20.4 0.3 20.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,294 5.7 837 3.1 1,196 16.7 16 0.7 39.9 1.2 39.4 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 962 1.7 141 0.5 278 3.9 10.7 0.1 18.7 0.2 18.7 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,531 4.4 266 1 722 10.1 20.8 0.7 26.6 0.4 27.2 3.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,010 100 25,756 100 6,358 100 9.6 - 14.4 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 15,872 36.9 12,192 47.3 229 3.6 14.4 4 17.7 3.4 14.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles 4,532 10.5 3,134 12.2 288 4.5 13 1 20.7 1.5 22.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 6,282 14.6 4,313 16.7 1,019 16 11.1 1.5 15.2 1.5 15.4 1.9
250 - 499 miles 7,963 18.5 3,727 14.5 1,839 28.9 13.3 2.2 15.5 1.3 14.8 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,998 7 866 3.4 679 10.7 26.7 1.4 15.8 0.4 15.9 1.3
750 - 999 miles 1,369 3.2 443 1.7 460 7.2 26.1 0.8 23.5 0.3 23.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,035 4.7 754 2.9 1,070 16.8 15.2 0.6 45.3 1.2 45 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 613 1.4 128 0.5 250 3.9 17.5 0.2 21.2 0.2 21.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,345 3.1 198 0.8 523 8.2 19.1 0.4 25.6 0.3 26.2 2.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,059 100 23,283 100 4,555 100 9.8 - 15.7 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 15,508 37.8 12,055 51.8 228 5 14.3 4.2 17.9 2.8 14.7 0.6
50 - 99 miles 4,526 11 3,123 13.4 287 6.3 13 1 20.7 1.7 22.1 1.5
100 - 249 miles 6,156 15 3,903 16.8 902 19.8 11.3 1.4 17.3 1.5 17.6 1.8
250 - 499 miles 7,268 17.7 2,667 11.5 1,260 27.7 15 2.5 15.8 1.3 15.8 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,861 7 594 2.6 446 9.8 28.2 1.4 19.7 0.3 19.4 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,255 3.1 370 1.6 375 8.2 28.4 0.8 26.4 0.3 25.9 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,807 4.4 314 1.3 441 9.7 15.8 0.6 10.6 0.2 10.4 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 493 1.2 81 0.3 158 3.5 20.6 0.2 14.5 0.1 14.1 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,186 2.9 176 0.8 459 10.1 19 0.4 23.6 0.2 23.8 1.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,004 100 10,741 100 3,671 100 10.8 - 18.4 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 4,881 21.2 3,912 36.4 77 2.1 19.5 3.8 20.4 3.8 27.5 0.6
50 - 99 miles 898 3.9 790 7.4 69 1.9 41.7 1.3 32.9 1.3 33.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 3,460 15 2,209 20.6 583 15.9 14.2 1 25.8 2.3 24.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 6,523 28.4 2,359 22 1,114 30.3 15.8 3.2 15.8 1.8 16 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,702 11.7 549 5.1 412 11.2 29.8 2.9 19.9 0.8 19.6 1.3
750 - 999 miles 1,064 4.6 353 3.3 360 9.8 33 1.3 28.3 0.6 27.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,799 7.8 313 2.9 439 12 16.1 0.8 10.7 0.3 10.4 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 491 2.1 81 0.8 158 4.3 20.7 0.3 14.5 0.1 14.1 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,186 5.2 176 1.6 459 12.5 19 0.8 23.6 0.4 23.8 2.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,055 100 12,542 100 884 100 15.7 - 19.2 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 10,627 58.9 8,144 64.9 151 17.1 21.1 4.5 20.8 3.3 20.4 1.8
50 - 99 miles 3,628 20.1 2,333 18.6 217 24.6 14.6 2.3 25.4 2.1 27.2 3.1
100 - 249 miles 2,696 14.9 1,695 13.5 319 36.1 17.3 3 27.5 1.8 24.9 2.6
250 - 499 miles 745 4.1 308 2.5 146 16.5 26.7 1.2 25.6 0.4 24.9 2.8
500 - 749 miles 159 0.9 45 0.4 34 3.8 33.5 0.3 23.8 0.1 24 0.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,363 100 2,458 100 1,786 100 38.4 - 30.6 - 40.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 137 5.6 1 - S S 48.9 6.6 40.1 0.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S 47.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 119 8.7 410 16.7 117 6.6 30.2 3.1 30 4 45.8 4.5
250 - 499 miles 387 28.4 1,050 42.7 569 31.8 41.2 11.2 25.5 11.1 25.7 14.4
500 - 749 miles 62 4.5 271 11 233 13 33.7 6.8 35.2 6.2 34.7 8.3
750 - 999 miles S S 73 3 86 4.8 S S 45.4 1.4 49 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 97 7.1 47 1.9 92 5.2 48.3 9.8 43 3.2 42.9 8.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 588 100 15 100 17 100 27.3 - 31.5 - 38.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 8 1.3 S S S S 41.7 3.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 308 52.4 10 71 S S 26.9 8.1 44.1 12.3 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 11 1.9 S S S S 39.5 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 47 8 S S S S 39.7 2.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 0.5 - 0.8 S S 26.7 0.8 25.6 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 116 19.7 S S S S 43.7 5.3 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,436 100 1,003 100 764 100 19.7 - 36.4 - 27.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 33 3.3 1 0.1 S S 41.5 3.3 45.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 659 4.9 9 0.9 1 0.1 48.9 1.2 28.3 0.6 24.3 -
100 - 249 miles 1,963 14.6 S S S S 32.8 2.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,458 33.2 265 26.4 139 18.2 21.8 4.7 26.1 8.6 30.7 5.8
500 - 749 miles 695 5.2 27 2.6 33 4.3 19.7 1.3 25.1 2.7 26.9 3.8
750 - 999 miles 582 4.3 S S S S 28.2 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,242 9.2 81 8.1 123 16.1 26 4.2 32.3 4 33 6.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 327 2.4 12 1.2 27 3.5 27.5 0.5 37.4 0.7 38.2 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,166 8.7 64 6.4 188 24.6 25 1.7 38.3 4.3 38.1 6.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,455 100 225 100 173 100 21.7 - 20.2 - 23.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S 25 10.9 - 0.2 S S 31.8 3.6 29.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 659 5.3 9 4.1 1 0.5 48.9 1.3 28.3 1.8 24.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,759 14.1 27 11.8 7 3.8 37.4 2.1 21.6 2.3 22.6 1.1
250 - 499 miles 4,371 35.1 95 42.2 51 29.4 22.6 5.5 36 7.1 42.1 6.7
500 - 749 miles 681 5.5 17 7.5 14 8.1 19.7 1.4 27.8 1.4 30.9 1.3
750 - 999 miles 481 3.9 9 4.1 10 5.7 31.6 1.1 23 1 23.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 821 6.6 16 7.2 23 13.4 27.3 2.4 24.8 1.2 25.4 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 323 2.6 9 4 19 11.2 27.2 0.5 41.9 0.8 43.6 2
More than 2,000 miles 1,075 8.6 18 8.1 48 27.7 24.4 1.7 31.4 1.1 30.7 2.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 955 100 763 100 549 100 31.3 - 47 - 36.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 204 21.4 S S S S 40.8 13.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 63 8.3 96 17.5 S S 29.4 18 30 17.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 0.4 3 0.4 7 1.4 7.7 2.8 5.8 3.8 13.6 3
More than 2,000 miles 88 9.2 S S S S 35.3 20 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 8 100 27 100 31 - 42 - 45.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 4 24.6 S S 3 12.2 19.7 11.5 S S 30.6 16.5
500 - 749 miles 5 32.9 4 46.3 11 39.3 25.7 15 25.1 15.1 29.8 19.1
750 - 999 miles 1 4.1 1 6.7 1 5.2 32.5 4.5 33.9 7.2 20.2 10
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5 30.1 S S S S 39 17.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 15 100 S S S S 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 848 100 119 100 32 100 31.5 - 47.3 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles 279 32.9 S S 1 1.9 36.1 9 S S 37.5 9.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 18 15.5 9 26.8 S S 33 11.8 34.8 12.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.9 S S 41 0.5 37.3 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 2 4 11.4 S S 48.1 3.6 49 13
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.