Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 57,294 100 26,878 100 7,154 100 441 8.8 - 14.8 - 14.2 - 10.3
Less than 50 lbs 11,898 20.8 169 0.6 67 0.9 559 20.7 3.8 14.2 0.1 24.6 0.2 9.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,912 3.3 122 0.5 35 0.5 276 14.7 0.4 22.8 0.2 18.1 0.2 26.6
100 - 499 lbs 6,565 11.5 840 3.1 161 2.3 203 15.6 1.3 29.7 1.1 17.7 0.9 28.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,985 3.5 307 1.1 67 0.9 218 20.8 0.5 17.6 0.2 20.9 0.3 39.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,644 2.9 247 0.9 43 0.6 174 24.7 0.6 16.2 0.2 24.1 0.1 14.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,725 18.7 3,478 12.9 600 8.4 175 11.4 1.7 15.1 2.0 10.0 1.1 9.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 19,400 33.9 15,054 56.0 3,527 49.3 234 11.8 3.0 21.0 5.2 15.6 5.2 11.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,198 3.8 3,528 13.1 516 7.2 144 28.7 1.1 27.2 3.1 31.1 2.5 20.1
More than 100,000 lbs 968 1.7 3,131 11.7 2,138 29.9 622 23.9 0.5 27.9 2.8 33.2 5.8 34.4

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,010 100 25,756 100 6,358 100 121 9.6 - 14.4 - 14.9 - 25.1
Less than 50 lbs 2,463 5.7 88 0.3 7 0.1 102 34.7 1.8 23.8 0.1 15.8 - 32.3
50 - 99 lbs 927 2.2 85 0.3 7 0.1 80 21.1 0.4 32.3 0.2 15.3 - 36.5
100 - 499 lbs 4,567 10.6 738 2.9 89 1.4 118 14.7 1.1 30.1 1.0 10.8 0.3 42.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,846 4.3 292 1.1 49 0.8 172 23.9 0.7 20.2 0.3 25.2 0.1 27.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,638 3.8 246 1.0 43 0.7 173 24.7 1.0 16.3 0.2 24.7 0.1 14.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,265 23.9 3,440 13.4 578 9.1 171 12.7 1.8 15.2 2.0 10.5 1.4 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,928 44.0 14,911 57.9 3,368 53.0 226 10.6 3.6 20.8 5.2 14.8 5.6 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,707 4.0 3,442 13.4 421 6.6 118 28.4 1.0 27.8 3.2 34.4 2.1 18.5
More than 100,000 lbs 669 1.6 2,514 9.8 1,796 28.2 636 30.6 0.5 31.6 2.8 40.3 6.5 33.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,059 100 23,283 100 4,555 100 110 9.8 - 15.7 - 14.0 - 26.2
Less than 50 lbs 2,220 5.4 88 0.4 6 0.1 80 37.9 2.0 23.9 0.1 15.5 - 39.9
50 - 99 lbs 871 2.1 84 0.4 7 0.1 75 22.5 0.5 32.6 0.2 16.6 - 36.0
100 - 499 lbs 4,511 11.0 738 3.2 88 1.9 117 14.7 1.2 30.1 1.0 11.0 0.5 43.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,789 4.4 291 1.3 49 1.1 171 23.5 0.7 20.2 0.3 25.3 0.1 27.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,597 3.9 244 1.0 40 0.9 163 25.0 1.0 16.3 0.2 23.8 0.2 14.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,093 24.6 3,418 14.7 567 12.5 169 13.0 1.8 15.2 2.3 11.0 1.6 10.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,584 45.3 14,810 63.6 3,352 73.6 226 11.1 4.0 20.9 5.1 14.8 2.7 11.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,319 3.2 3,373 14.5 375 8.2 108 28.5 0.8 28.3 3.6 37.8 2.1 21.4
More than 100,000 lbs 75 0.2 237 1.0 69 1.5 S 35.6 0.1 39.0 0.4 49.1 1.1 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,004 100 10,741 100 3,671 100 511 10.8 - 18.4 - 16.1 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs S S 5 - 2 0.1 S S S 40.9 - 24.3 - S
50 - 99 lbs 151 0.7 6 0.1 3 0.1 473 24.2 0.2 16.9 - 21.9 - 19.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,637 7.1 89 0.8 63 1.7 719 18.8 1.1 12.6 0.2 15.0 0.4 13.2
500 - 749 lbs 817 3.6 54 0.5 37 1.0 697 27.2 1.4 24.1 - 27.1 0.1 10.6
750 - 999 lbs 618 2.7 41 0.4 30 0.8 718 29.7 0.6 16.4 0.2 27.5 0.2 17.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,248 22.8 812 7.6 410 11.2 567 14.1 2.0 12.6 1.5 13.9 1.4 8.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,695 55.2 7,447 69.3 2,743 74.7 400 11.3 4.2 21.1 4.4 16.1 2.3 6.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 713 3.1 2,206 20.5 319 8.7 139 31.6 0.7 30.9 4.7 38.4 2.1 29.7
More than 100,000 lbs 66 0.3 S S 63 1.7 S 29.0 0.4 S S 46.6 2.3 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,055 100 12,542 100 884 100 49 15.7 - 19.2 - 19.9 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,160 6.4 83 0.7 5 0.5 51 18.3 1.1 23.8 0.3 21.1 0.3 39.6
50 - 99 lbs 720 4.0 78 0.6 4 0.4 45 26.4 0.6 35.1 0.4 27.2 0.2 35.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,874 15.9 648 5.2 25 2.9 39 19.7 1.7 34.8 1.7 18.5 1.1 40.6
500 - 749 lbs 972 5.4 237 1.9 12 1.3 49 25.9 0.9 24.8 0.5 30.5 0.5 29.2
750 - 999 lbs 979 5.4 203 1.6 10 1.2 52 27.1 1.7 18.1 0.3 27.9 0.4 15.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,846 26.8 2,606 20.8 157 17.8 61 20.4 3.3 19.7 3.2 24.4 3.4 12.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,889 32.6 7,363 58.7 609 68.9 80 21.4 4.1 27.9 5.9 25.5 5.2 12.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 606 3.4 1,167 9.3 56 6.4 49 35.0 1.1 42.1 2.7 41.9 2.3 30.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,363 100 2,458 100 1,786 100 502 38.4 - 30.6 - 40.2 - 44.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 387 28.4 S S 46 2.6 698 45.4 7.0 S S 41.1 11.5 48.7
More than 100,000 lbs 594 43.6 2,277 92.6 1,727 96.7 691 30.8 13.7 33.8 8.4 41.2 8.5 30.0

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 588 100 15 100 17 100 1,059 27.3 - 31.5 - 38.8 - 15.3
Less than 50 lbs 243 41.3 1 3.4 1 3.3 1,072 35.0 7.5 45.5 1.0 46.8 1.1 11.8
50 - 99 lbs 56 9.5 S S S S 774 48.1 5.1 S S S S 39.5
100 - 499 lbs 56 9.5 1 4.9 S S 1,378 37.6 4.3 46.7 4.7 S S 22.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 782 S S S S S S 31.3
750 - 999 lbs 41 7.0 S S S S 1,419 28.5 3.8 S S S S 21.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 9 60.0 S S 840 S S 44.1 11.5 S S 26.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,436 100 1,003 100 764 100 799 19.7 - 36.4 - 27.2 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs 9,388 69.9 79 7.8 60 7.8 801 26.8 6.7 21.3 4.2 27.5 2.0 7.8
50 - 99 lbs 973 7.2 35 3.5 27 3.5 768 17.8 1.1 19.4 2.2 22.0 1.9 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,970 14.7 96 9.6 70 9.2 762 38.5 5.5 35.2 3.5 34.8 4.1 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 119 0.9 S S S S 1,130 48.2 0.3 S S S S 41.4
750 - 999 lbs 4 - 1 0.1 S S S 39.3 - 37.5 0.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 191 1.4 74 7.4 152 19.9 2,014 39.0 0.4 35.6 4.0 37.7 7.3 22.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 86 8.6 S S 1,136 S S 47.2 4.4 S S 30.5
More than 100,000 lbs 298 2.2 S S S S 570 33.8 1.6 S S S S 46.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,455 100 225 100 173 100 798 21.7 - 20.2 - 23.7 - 6.6
Less than 50 lbs 9,388 75.4 79 34.9 60 34.4 801 26.8 6.2 21.3 4.8 27.5 5.4 7.8
50 - 99 lbs 973 7.8 35 15.6 27 15.7 768 17.8 1.3 19.4 2.4 22.0 3.5 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,970 15.8 96 42.8 70 40.7 762 38.5 6.3 35.2 6.3 34.8 5.9 9.7
500 - 749 lbs 119 1.0 S S S S 1,090 48.5 0.4 S S S S 18.1
750 - 999 lbs 4 - 1 0.2 S S S 39.3 - 37.5 0.3 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 955 100 763 100 549 100 1,079 31.3 - 47.0 - 36.8 - 27.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 168 17.5 59 7.8 112 20.4 1,882 40.5 16.9 39.4 16.1 42.4 14.0 22.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 86 11.3 S S 1,134 S S 40.2 19.0 S S 24.3
More than 100,000 lbs 298 31.2 S S S S 570 33.8 15.4 S S S S 46.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 8 100 27 100 5,216 31.0 - 42.0 - 45.8 - 16.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14 84.0 8 97.1 26 94.6 2,967 15.4 3.6 27.6 0.5 33.1 1.3 17.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,597 S S S S S S -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 15 100 S S S S S 9.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 15 100.0 S S S S S 9.1 - S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 848 100 119 100 32 100 S 31.5 - 47.3 - 35.8 - S
Less than 50 lbs 47 5.6 2 2.0 - 0.2 S 27.1 4.3 34.6 2.0 44.2 1.8 S
50 - 99 lbs 11 1.3 2 1.9 S S S 30.3 1.2 34.1 2.3 S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S 5 4.3 S S 263 S S 34.2 3.4 S S 38.9
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 1.0 S S 969 S S 32.6 1.1 S S 32.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 459 54.2 38 32.4 21 66.7 573 32.5 9.5 27.4 12.5 40.5 11.6 42.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.