Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 57,294 100 26,878 100 7,154 100 441 8.8 - 14.8 - 14.2 - 10.3
Single modes 43,010 75.1 25,756 95.8 6,358 88.9 121 9.6 4.3 14.4 0.8 14.9 2.2 25.1
Truck6 41,059 71.7 23,283 86.6 4,555 63.7 110 9.8 3.9 15.7 2.5 14 4.9 26.2
For-hire truck 23,004 40.2 10,741 40 3,671 51.3 511 10.8 3.8 18.4 4.4 16.1 5 12.2
Private truck 18,055 31.5 12,542 46.7 884 12.4 49 15.7 3.6 19.2 4.9 19.9 2.3 27.5
Rail 1,363 2.4 2,458 9.1 1,786 25 502 38.4 0.9 30.6 2.6 40.2 6.3 44.7
Air (incl truck and air) 588 1 15 0.1 17 0.2 1,059 27.3 0.3 31.5 - 38.8 0.1 15.3
Multiple modes 13,436 23.5 1,003 3.7 764 10.7 799 19.7 4.2 36.4 0.8 27.2 2.2 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12,455 21.7 225 0.8 173 2.4 798 21.7 4.3 20.2 0.4 23.7 1.2 6.6
Truck and rail 955 1.7 763 2.8 549 7.7 1,079 31.3 0.5 47 0.8 36.8 2.1 27.5
Truck and water 17 - 8 - 27 0.4 5,216 31 - 42 - 45.8 0.2 16.5
Rail and water S S S S 15 0.2 S S S S S 9.1 1 S
Other and unknown modes 848 1.5 119 0.4 32 0.4 S 31.5 0.3 47.3 0.1 35.8 0.2 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,707 100 S S S S 367 34 - S S S S 29.5
Single modes 1,448 84.9 S S S S S 35.6 6.9 S S S S S
Truck6 1,391 81.5 S S S S S 33.4 7.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck 640 37.5 S S S S 387 46.2 10.8 S S S S 36.3
Private truck 751 44 464 24.1 33 6.8 S 25.9 13.6 30.6 16.6 44.2 14.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 701 S S S S S S 18
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 702 S S S S S S 30.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,772 100 2,772 100 925 100 471 21.5 - 28.3 - 29.8 - 20.4
Single modes 4,019 84.2 2,685 96.9 851 91.9 108 15.6 4.9 27.9 1.1 29.2 2.5 20.2
Truck6 4,002 83.9 2,664 96.1 843 91.1 108 15.4 4.9 27.3 1.2 28.6 2.6 20.1
For-hire truck 1,909 40 1,743 62.9 786 84.9 782 25.7 5.8 42.7 7.3 30.5 2.6 13.7
Private truck 2,094 43.9 921 33.2 58 6.2 81 12.8 7.3 14.7 8 17.7 3.1 19.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 87 3.1 75 8.1 757 S S 48.7 1.3 47.2 2.8 9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 757 S S S S S S 12.5
Truck and rail 84 1.8 73 2.6 62 6.7 1,339 37.1 0.7 41.7 1.3 26.5 3 38.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,667 100 154 100 S S S 32.2 - 26.8 - S
Single modes S S 2,636 98.9 154 99.9 S S S 32.8 1.8 26.8 0.2 S
Truck6 S S 2,629 98.6 150 97.4 S S S 32.9 2.2 26.2 1.2 S
For-hire truck S S 1,148 43 92 59.5 S S S 49.1 13.2 32.7 11 S
Private truck 48 10.4 1,481 55.5 58 37.8 S 46.2 12.2 45.4 12.5 45 12.1 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,286 100 2,162 100 249 100 S 32 - 31 - 25.2 - S
Single modes 1,286 100 2,162 100 249 100 S 32 0.1 31 - 25.2 - S
Truck6 1,267 98.5 2,080 96.2 220 88.4 S 32.6 3 32.2 3.2 25.7 4.1 S
For-hire truck 466 36.2 1,172 54.2 170 68.1 S 44.2 14.5 47 13.6 29.3 13.7 S
Private truck 801 62.3 908 42 S S 46 46.9 14.3 43.8 16.1 S S 23.8
Rail 19 1.5 81 3.8 29 11.6 361 19.9 8 20.5 8.4 27.4 7.8 15.7
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 5 15.7 0.4 S S S S 20.8

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,185 100 7,248 100 2,719 100 285 16.1 - 25.3 - 26.3 - 41.3
Single modes 9,393 66.2 7,074 97.6 2,530 93.1 S 15.4 8.9 26.1 1.7 28.7 3.2 S
Truck6 8,750 61.7 5,186 71.5 1,013 37.3 S 16.9 8.3 29.3 7.7 21.8 11.6 S
For-hire truck 5,458 38.5 1,857 25.6 732 26.9 470 20.3 9.5 35 10.4 28.7 10.7 28.5
Private truck 3,293 23.2 3,329 45.9 281 10.3 S 34.4 7.2 46.1 10.7 49.4 4.1 S
Rail 469 3.3 1,886 26 1,515 55.7 712 34.3 2.6 39.1 9.1 45.3 13 37.6
Air (incl truck and air) 174 1.2 3 - S S 1,021 41.7 1.2 44.8 - S S 11.1
Multiple modes 4,740 33.4 164 2.3 185 6.8 592 47.5 9 43.8 1.5 45.6 3.2 23.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,614 32.5 S S S S 592 48.3 8.8 S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail 117 0.8 96 1.3 S S S 32.1 0.8 49 2.5 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 9 0.1 S S S S S 48.8 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,631 100 2,468 100 897 100 665 22 - 17.3 - 14.8 - 13.9
Single modes 3,461 61.5 2,343 94.9 751 83.6 168 17.1 7.7 17.6 1.3 14.8 2.6 38.7
Truck6 3,427 60.9 2,341 94.8 747 83.2 164 17.3 7.7 17.6 1.3 14.8 2.6 40
For-hire truck 2,322 41.2 1,164 47.2 626 69.8 510 19.4 6.4 18.9 5.6 14.2 4.4 23.3
Private truck 1,105 19.6 1,177 47.7 121 13.4 36 22.5 5 20.6 5 29.6 2.4 31.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,985 35.2 111 4.5 136 15.2 853 43.9 6.6 31.3 1.3 23.6 2.8 8.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,934 34.4 85 3.5 59 6.5 852 45 6.7 41.5 1.4 41.1 3.1 8.4
Truck and rail 40 0.7 17 0.7 47 5.2 2,758 40.4 0.4 27.7 0.5 27.4 2.1 2.4
Truck and water 10 0.2 7 0.3 24 2.7 3,970 26 0.6 27.5 0.5 32.3 3.8 17.2
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 15 0.6 10 1.1 S S S 32 0.4 47.7 1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,479 100 5,385 100 1,226 100 425 20.9 - 34.9 - 19.7 - 18.2
Single modes 12,555 86.7 5,058 93.9 1,078 87.9 157 23.1 2.6 36.6 2 20 3 42.7
Truck6 12,220 84.4 4,967 92.2 967 78.9 151 23.7 3.1 37.6 3.2 20.6 4.6 44.1
For-hire truck 6,959 48.1 2,008 37.3 800 65.3 471 20.9 5.2 19.5 8.1 20.3 3.6 14.6
Private truck 5,261 36.3 S S 167 13.6 S 37.2 7 S S 37.3 4.2 S
Rail 262 1.8 85 1.6 103 8.4 1,299 49.5 2.4 42.1 4 42 5.6 19.9
Air (incl truck and air) 73 0.5 S S S S 1,255 41.2 0.3 S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes 1,798 12.4 322 6 146 11.9 787 19.8 2.6 30.1 1.9 32.9 3 8.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,230 8.5 28 0.5 19 1.5 787 18.7 1.7 21.5 0.5 22.3 1.1 8.6
Truck and rail 566 3.9 294 5.5 126 10.3 574 49.7 2.5 29.1 2.2 35 3.1 30.8
Truck and water S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 4.1 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes 125 0.9 6 0.1 2 0.1 S 41.7 0.6 40.3 0.1 39.9 - S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,221 100 661 100 S S 552 26.6 - 49.7 - S S 21.9
Single modes 4,040 64.9 S S 130 65.7 S 32 7.6 S S 46.2 8.4 S
Truck6 3,275 52.6 430 65.1 106 53.5 S 29.3 7.8 39.1 6.7 39.1 9.7 S
For-hire truck 1,574 25.3 S S 70 35.3 518 40.8 6.5 S S 41.8 10.3 20.6
Private truck 1,701 27.3 201 30.5 36 18.3 32 27.3 3.7 28.8 10.9 48.8 5 38.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 238 3.8 S S S S 1,170 41.7 2.4 S S S S 15
Multiple modes 1,812 29.1 S S S S 1,004 40.8 7.2 S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,688 27.1 17 2.5 13 6.6 1,004 44.4 7.5 38 3 47.1 7.3 14.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,543 100 1,585 100 299 100 481 21.6 - 29.3 - 30.1 - 16.1
Single modes 6,339 74.2 1,551 97.8 281 93.9 179 29.6 10.4 29.9 2.5 32.6 8.5 48.4
Truck6 6,270 73.4 1,550 97.8 280 93.8 175 30.2 10.7 29.9 2.5 32.7 8.5 47.8
For-hire truck 3,273 38.3 449 28.3 200 67.1 717 33.6 9.5 39.9 8.3 36.6 9.6 15.7
Private truck 2,996 35.1 1,101 69.5 80 26.8 47 34.6 7.9 32.5 8.7 30.1 8.8 12
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 959 S S S S S S 27.6
Multiple modes 2,089 24.5 18 1.1 12 4.2 918 32.1 10.3 49.2 1.1 32.1 5.3 9.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,085 24.4 S S 11 3.7 918 32.1 10.3 S S 30.9 4.5 9.1
Truck and water 4 - S S S S 2,498 40.6 - S S S S 1.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.