Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 57,294 100 26,878 100 7,154 100 441 8.8 - 14.8 - 14.2 - 10.3
Single modes 43,010 75.1 25,756 95.8 6,358 88.9 121 9.6 4.3 14.4 0.8 14.9 2.2 25.1
Truck6 41,059 71.7 23,283 86.6 4,555 63.7 110 9.8 3.9 15.7 2.5 14 4.9 26.2
For-hire truck 23,004 40.2 10,741 40 3,671 51.3 511 10.8 3.8 18.4 4.4 16.1 5 12.2
Private truck 18,055 31.5 12,542 46.7 884 12.4 49 15.7 3.6 19.2 4.9 19.9 2.3 27.5
Rail 1,363 2.4 2,458 9.1 1,786 25 502 38.4 0.9 30.6 2.6 40.2 6.3 44.7
Air (incl truck and air) 588 1 15 0.1 17 0.2 1,059 27.3 0.3 31.5 - 38.8 0.1 15.3
Multiple modes 13,436 23.5 1,003 3.7 764 10.7 799 19.7 4.2 36.4 0.8 27.2 2.2 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 12,455 21.7 225 0.8 173 2.4 798 21.7 4.3 20.2 0.4 23.7 1.2 6.6
Truck and rail 955 1.7 763 2.8 549 7.7 1,079 31.3 0.5 47 0.8 36.8 2.1 27.5
Truck and water 17 - 8 - 27 0.4 5,216 31 - 42 - 45.8 0.2 16.5
Rail and water S S S S 15 0.2 S S S S S 9.1 1 S
Other and unknown modes 848 1.5 119 0.4 32 0.4 S 31.5 0.3 47.3 0.1 35.8 0.2 S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 24.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 671 S S S S S S 27.4
Single modes S S S S S S 340 S S S S S S 30.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 340 S S S S S S 30.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 525 S S S S S S 11.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 702 S S S S S S 30.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 702 S S S S S S 30.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 161 100 427 100 S S 269 17.1 - 48 - S S 46.8
Single modes 136 84.9 S S S S S 19.6 8.7 S S S S S
Truck6 136 84.9 S S S S S 19.6 8.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 708 S S S S S S 48.5
Private truck 114 70.9 S S S S 26 31.2 16.5 S S S S 42.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 692 100 273 100 55 100 S 25.5 - 30.6 - 30.5 - S
Single modes 692 100 273 100 55 100 S 25.5 - 30.6 - 30.5 - S
Truck6 692 100 273 100 55 100 S 25.5 - 30.6 - 30.5 - S
For-hire truck 132 19.1 38 14.1 37 68 969 12.1 17.8 11.8 19.2 12 7 9.4
Private truck 559 80.9 234 85.9 18 32 S 30.4 10.4 34.3 10.6 33.4 16.5 S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,323 100 S S S S S 36.6 - S S S S S
Single modes 1,240 93.7 S S S S S 35.8 1.7 S S S S S
Truck6 1,240 93.7 S S S S S 35.8 1.7 S S S S S
For-hire truck 978 73.9 S S S S 434 43.5 12 S S S S 35
Private truck 263 19.8 128 9.9 11 2.4 50 26.8 15.9 37.2 17.1 38.5 15.1 17.4
Multiple modes 83 6.3 71 5.5 61 12.9 S 43.9 1.6 46.4 2.3 35.5 4.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 83 6.2 71 5.5 61 12.9 1,359 37.8 1.3 40.5 2.6 26 5.2 37.5

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,128 100 1,232 100 436 100 117 11 - 12.4 - 15 - 17.3
Single modes 2,120 99.6 1,229 99.8 434 99.5 114 11 0.2 12.4 0.2 15 0.3 17.4
Truck6 2,103 98.8 1,208 98 427 97.9 114 11.1 0.8 13 2.1 15.3 1.7 17.3
For-hire truck 931 43.7 652 52.9 386 88.5 1,019 20.6 6.3 22.2 6.4 16.7 2.2 13.9
Private truck 1,172 55.1 556 45.1 41 9.4 89 17.6 6.3 16.7 5.9 18 2 18.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8 0.4 S S S S 543 49.8 0.5 S S S S 26.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 542 S S S S S S 33.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 231 100 231 100 5 100 23 22.2 - 23.8 - 25.1 - 13.3
Single modes 231 100 231 100 5 100 23 22.2 - 23.8 - 25.1 - 13.3
Truck6 231 100 231 100 5 100 23 22.2 - 23.8 - 25.1 - 13.3
Private truck 231 100 231 100 5 100 23 22.2 - 23.8 - 25.1 - 13.3

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,090 100 S S S S 751 48.8 - S S S S 22.3
Single modes S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 25.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 25.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 25.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 758 S S S S S S 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 758 S S S S S S 11.8

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 714 100 26 100 S 45.8 - 42.6 - 43.4 - S
Single modes S S 684 95.8 26 99.2 34 S S 37.2 4 37.4 0.5 20.3
Truck6 S S 684 95.8 26 99.2 34 S S 37.2 4 37.4 0.5 20.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 40 S S S S S S 21.5
Private truck 4 46.1 S S S S 33 45.6 16 S S S S 18.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16 100 1,550 100 S S 34 37.9 - 43.7 - S S 17.1
Single modes 16 100 1,550 100 S S 34 37.9 - 43.7 - S S 17.1
Truck6 16 100 1,550 100 S S 34 37.9 - 43.7 - S S 17.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 11.4
Private truck S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 36

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 488 S S S S S S 33.5
Private truck S S S S 6 37 18 S S S S 41.5 4.4 6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 571 S S S S S S 26.5
Single modes S S S S S S 571 S S S S S S 26.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 571 S S S S S S 26.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 659 S S S S S S 19.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 255 100 S S 22 S S 39.9 - S S 34.4
Single modes S S 255 100 S S 22 S S 39.9 - S S 34.4
Truck6 S S 255 100 S S 22 S S 39.9 - S S 34.4
For-hire truck S S 166 65 S S S S S 37.7 15.9 S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 16.8

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 190 100 301 100 5 100 12 13.1 - 23.3 - 31.2 - 30.2
Single modes 190 100 301 100 5 100 12 13.1 - 23.3 - 31.2 - 30.2
Truck6 190 100 301 100 5 100 12 13.1 - 23.3 - 31.2 - 30.2
For-hire truck 64 33.6 102 33.9 1 26.8 14 22.4 14.4 40.4 14.3 12 14.9 32.5
Private truck 126 66.4 199 66.1 4 73.2 12 21 16 25.8 16.1 31.7 13.9 35.9

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 900 100 1,606 100 237 100 S 39.4 - 37.2 - 25.2 - S
Single modes 900 100 1,606 100 237 100 S 39.4 0.1 37.2 - 25.2 - S
Truck6 881 97.9 1,524 94.9 208 87.8 S 40.5 3.5 39.5 3.5 25.7 4.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S 163 68.6 475 S S S S 29 13.6 40.5
Private truck S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 31.8
Rail 19 2.1 81 5.1 29 12.2 361 19.9 9.6 20.5 9 27.4 7.6 15.7
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 5 15.7 0.4 S S S S 20.8

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,936 100 5,764 100 2,244 100 S 22.3 - 32.6 - 31.6 - S
Single modes 1,851 95.6 5,726 99.3 2,153 96 S 22.4 2.1 33 1.4 33.1 2.9 S
Truck6 1,375 71 3,848 66.8 638 28.5 S 25.8 8.7 40.4 11.3 27.6 14.5 S
For-hire truck 650 33.6 S S 390 17.4 616 25.3 10.9 S S 38 12.7 9.1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail 461 23.8 1,877 32.6 1,515 67.5 728 32.6 9.4 37.1 14.6 43.4 13.1 38.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,587 S S 11.1 0.1 28.2 0.1 11.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 35.6 - S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,673 S S S S S S 3.8
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,652 100 119 100 S S 389 32.4 - 37.6 - S S 45
Single modes 3,637 47.5 81 68.2 41 51.3 S 24.8 12.5 26.7 8.5 19.8 12.6 S
Truck6 3,502 45.8 80 67.3 40 50.4 S 26.7 11.2 27.1 8.5 19.6 12.7 S
For-hire truck 2,409 31.5 38 31.8 33 41 S 41.9 14.4 21 17.2 20.5 14.8 S
Private truck 1,093 14.3 42 35.6 S S 179 36.9 15.3 48.3 19.6 S S 34.2
Air (incl truck and air) 134 1.8 1 0.9 1 0.9 1,045 39.2 15.6 36.3 3 36.2 1.6 11.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 426 S S S S S S 46.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 426 S S S S S S 46.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 771 100 S S S S 716 23.9 - S S S S 15
Single modes 668 86.6 S S 146 78 446 27.1 9 S S 43.9 8.7 30.4
Truck6 649 84.2 S S 145 77.2 421 26.5 8.9 S S 43.5 8.7 35.6
For-hire truck 609 78.9 S S 142 75.9 888 27.5 9.6 S S 43.4 9 20.4
Private truck 41 5.3 S S S S S 40.1 1.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,033 S S S S S S 14.3
Multiple modes 87 11.3 S S S S 947 34.9 9 S S S S 29
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 80 10.3 3 1.1 3 1.5 947 34.7 10.3 35 4 36.5 11.1 25.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,825 100 1,038 100 205 100 304 26.4 - 26.3 - 28.8 - 39.9
Single modes 3,236 84.6 1,002 96.5 187 91.2 S 28.9 4 27.1 1.9 28.8 6.8 S
Truck6 3,222 84.2 993 95.6 187 91.1 S 29 4 27.1 2 28.8 6.8 S
For-hire truck 1,789 46.8 607 58.4 167 81.8 678 19.2 9.9 24.7 10.6 30.6 9.2 16.8
Private truck S S S S 19 9.3 19 S S S S 47.6 5.6 24.9
Rail 7 0.2 9 0.9 - - 8 26.5 0.2 18.6 1 39.6 - 34.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - S S S 23.8 - 40.2 0.1 S
Multiple modes 554 14.5 29 2.8 16 7.9 902 24.3 3.8 34.1 1.2 41.6 6.8 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 495 12.9 20 1.9 16 7.8 903 29.2 4.1 41.9 1.1 42.2 6.8 13.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 14.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 9 100 S S 63 S S 47.2 - S S 13.7
Single modes S S 9 100 S S 63 S S 47.2 - S S 13.7
Truck6 S S 9 100 S S 63 S S 47.2 - S S 13.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 642 100 1,108 100 204 100 S 20.8 - 21.3 - 26.3 - S
Single modes 610 95 1,102 99.4 183 89.8 S 21.7 10.1 21.1 9.9 22.3 10.2 S
Truck6 610 95 1,102 99.4 183 89.8 S 21.7 10.1 21.1 9.9 22.3 10.2 S
For-hire truck 180 28 339 30.6 111 54.2 S 31.5 11 31.7 12 31.7 12.5 S
Private truck 430 67 763 68.8 73 35.6 56 22.4 8.6 26.4 11.4 38.8 10.9 25
Multiple modes 32 5 S S S S 1,039 36.4 10.1 S S S S 24.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 25 3.9 - - - 0.1 1,023 44.7 10.2 32.7 9.9 48.2 10.4 18.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 832 100 751 100 342 100 356 24.7 - 29 - 29.1 - 23.3
Single modes 769 92.4 735 97.8 304 89 S 24.7 1.6 29.5 1.5 33.1 10.2 S
Truck6 769 92.4 735 97.8 304 89 S 24.7 1.6 29.5 1.5 33.1 10.2 S
For-hire truck 500 60.1 471 62.7 269 78.7 460 32.1 11.3 35.7 12.6 32.3 9.9 19.2
Private truck 270 32.4 264 35.1 S S S 35.1 11.8 35.3 12.6 S S S
Multiple modes 61 7.4 13 1.8 37 10.9 S 25.5 1.4 25.6 1.7 28.9 11.5 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.2 S S 850 S S 40.1 0.2 S S 30
Truck and rail 31 3.7 6 0.8 15 4.5 2,696 34.3 2.6 35.8 1.3 36.2 11.3 0.2
Truck and water 8 0.9 6 0.8 S S 3,215 28.4 4.2 28.2 5 S S 26.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 449 100 197 100 57 100 432 20.7 - 15.6 - 39.8 - 19.3
Single modes 406 90.4 196 99.3 55 97.1 152 20.5 5.2 15.7 0.5 39.3 1.6 34.3
Truck6 406 90.4 196 99.3 55 97.1 152 20.5 5.2 15.7 0.5 39.3 1.6 34.3
For-hire truck 243 54 79 39.9 48 84.1 607 29.7 9 28.4 8.7 42.8 6.8 15.3
Private truck 164 36.4 117 59.4 7 12.9 32 18.5 8.6 19.4 8.8 25 10.8 18.6
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 1 1.9 876 S S 42.6 0.5 46.9 1.6 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.6 1 1.9 876 S S 42.6 0.5 46.9 1.6 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,406 100 296 100 211 100 394 25 - 24.3 - 30.6 - 40.5
Single modes 1,041 74 266 90 180 85.3 S 26.9 8.8 26.8 5.4 31.9 6.2 S
Truck6 1,040 74 266 90 180 85.2 S 26.9 8.8 26.8 5.4 32 6.3 S
For-hire truck 994 70.7 250 84.5 179 85.1 S 26.2 9 26.1 5 30.2 5.2 S
Private truck 47 3.3 16 5.5 - 0.2 S 24.6 5.3 33.4 8.1 36.4 8.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 36.2 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes 193 13.7 20 6.7 S S 585 25.3 8.6 36.8 5.3 S S 24.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 189 13.4 13 4.3 6 2.9 583 26.1 8.6 46.7 5.6 41.2 6.8 24.2
Truck and rail 5 0.3 S S 20 9.6 2,873 20.4 4.4 S S 48.1 17.1 4.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 10 3.2 4 2 430 S S 8 12.4 10.5 18.2 2.4

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,291 100 107 100 83 100 886 43.4 - 36.9 - 37 - 14.1
Single modes 625 27.3 35 32.9 27 32.8 S 48.7 12.3 47.9 12.7 48.1 13.4 S
Truck6 S S 34 31.3 S S S S S 48.8 12.5 S S S
For-hire truck 397 17.3 19 17.5 S S 1,010 46.1 12.2 48.3 15.2 S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 50 60.6 918 S S S S 48.2 12.7 14.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 50 60.6 918 S S S S 48.2 12.7 14.6
Other and unknown modes 11 0.5 S S S S S 16.4 19.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 764 100 S S 118 100 S 19.7 - S S 24.7 - S
Single modes 692 90.6 S S 116 98.3 S 21.7 4.9 S S 25 0.7 S
Truck6 661 86.5 S S 112 95.2 S 23.2 5.4 S S 26.3 3.1 S
For-hire truck 367 48 164 12.2 94 79.8 581 14.2 8.1 23.7 18.7 19.8 4.8 16.4
Private truck 294 38.5 S S S S S 41.2 9.4 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,372 S S S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes 49 6.4 2 0.1 1 1.2 400 32.1 4.8 43.2 1.2 47.3 0.7 35.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 47 6.1 2 0.1 1 0.7 399 34 4.9 48.6 1.2 30.8 0.5 35.6
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - S S S S S 5.7 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,520 100 3,317 100 816 100 277 35 - 26.1 - 24.8 - 40.6
Single modes 6,194 95 3,044 91.8 731 89.6 152 36.3 2.2 26.7 2.2 25.5 2.3 42.5
Truck6 6,140 94.2 2,975 89.7 650 79.6 144 36.7 2.7 27.8 3.6 27 5.1 41.4
For-hire truck 3,038 46.6 1,523 45.9 516 63.3 250 33.7 9.4 26.6 8.1 29.8 5.6 32
Private truck 3,102 47.6 1,452 43.8 133 16.3 61 48.1 11.3 37.3 10.9 38.5 7.5 16.8
Rail 53 0.8 66 2 76 9.3 1,197 20 1.7 39.1 4.5 46.9 7.9 27
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,073 S S S S S S 39.3
Multiple modes 316 4.8 271 8.2 84 10.3 597 24.8 2.1 34.7 2.2 30.9 2.3 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 81 1.2 6 0.2 4 0.4 599 36.7 1.5 48.5 0.8 47.9 1.7 24.4
Truck and rail 235 3.6 265 8 81 9.9 306 24.9 1.7 28.7 2.6 24.3 2.4 10.1
Other and unknown modes 10 0.2 2 0.1 S S S 49 0.6 45.5 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,020 100 S S 91 100 524 40.7 - S S 31.3 - 23.8
Single modes 1,606 79.5 S S 84 91.5 S 43.2 8.4 S S 34.3 5.4 S
Truck6 1,589 78.7 S S 83 91.3 S 43.8 8.6 S S 34.4 5.4 S
For-hire truck 616 30.5 102 26.8 72 79.4 542 31.5 10.8 38.9 16.1 38.4 9.7 25.3
Private truck S S S S 11 11.9 S S S S S 39.9 5.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 407 20.1 11 2.9 S S 872 41.1 8.4 45.2 1.7 S S 13.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 407 20.1 11 2.9 S S 872 41.1 8.4 45.2 1.7 S S 13.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,175 100 349 100 201 100 658 18.4 - 25.1 - 29.3 - 12.4
Single modes 4,063 78.5 308 88.3 148 73.4 418 19 2.9 24 3.3 26.6 7.7 17.8
Truck6 3,830 74 289 82.8 122 60.5 413 18.1 3.7 23.1 4.8 28.4 10.7 17.9
For-hire truck 2,938 56.8 219 62.7 117 58.1 744 20.6 7 25.9 8.1 29.4 10.5 12.2
Private truck 893 17.3 S S 5 2.4 S 49.3 6.5 S S 37.6 1.2 S
Rail 208 4 19 5.4 S S 1,363 6.4 7.3 5 7.9 S S 7.6
Air (incl truck and air) 25 0.5 S S - 0.1 1,449 44.5 0.9 S S 39.5 0.4 19.4
Multiple modes 1,027 19.8 S S S S 811 31.8 3.1 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 696 13.5 9 2.6 7 3.4 808 15.6 1.9 31.9 0.8 37.2 1.5 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,555 S S S S S S -
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 227 S S S S S S 42.5

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,857 100 88 100 S S 742 37.7 - 40.3 - S S 23.5
Single modes 1,546 54.1 76 87.3 S S S 34.5 9 41 4.2 S S S
Truck6 1,438 50.3 73 83.1 S S S 38 10.8 43.9 9.6 S S S
For-hire truck 598 20.9 19 22.1 11 29.2 632 47.5 9 33 11.2 31.7 15.1 22.2
Private truck 840 29.4 S S S S S 41.2 6.2 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,021 S S S S S S 23.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,119 S S S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,119 S S S S S S 14.7
Other and unknown modes 50 1.7 2 2.6 S S S 36.9 2.8 42 4.6 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,525 100 S S S S 110 43.4 - S S S S 50
Single modes 2,023 80.1 S S S S S 47.1 10.3 S S S S S
Truck6 1,495 59.2 352 62.4 S S S 33.2 12.6 46.8 10.5 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 807 32 148 26.2 S S S 23.8 15.4 32.9 17.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 304 S S S S S S 45.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 302 S S S S S S 45.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 130 100 S S S S 1,014 39.9 - S S S S 15.3
Single modes S S S S S S 1,373 S S S S S S 42.1
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,389 S S S S S S 35.1
Multiple modes 82 63.2 - 47.2 S S 890 25.5 13.9 36.1 19.7 S S 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 82 63.2 - 47.2 S S 890 25.5 13.9 36.1 19.7 S S 12

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 708 100 9 100 7 100 1,000 29.9 - 33.8 - 40.7 - 11.3
Single modes 424 59.8 6 63.8 4 57.2 496 40.8 9.1 33.9 9.7 43 10.7 26.8
Truck6 341 48.1 6 61.5 4 53.6 428 47.3 9.5 33 8.1 44.4 8 22.6
For-hire truck S S 5 59.9 4 53.5 573 S S 37.9 7.7 44.4 8 21.4
Private truck S S - 1.6 S S 14 S S 48.6 6.8 S S 49
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 2.3 - 3.6 1,266 S S 35.3 4 29.4 7.2 15.6
Multiple modes 285 40.2 3 36.2 3 42.8 1,101 31.2 9.1 36.5 9.7 37.5 10.7 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 285 40.2 3 36.2 3 42.8 1,101 31.2 9.1 36.5 9.7 37.5 10.7 12.4

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 270 100 S S 12 100 S 30 - S S 33 - S
Single modes 258 95.3 S S 8 69.2 S 33.1 8.7 S S 42.3 13.2 S
Truck6 258 95.3 S S 8 69.2 S 33.1 8.7 S S 42.3 13.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 243 S S S S S S 46.8
Private truck 225 83.3 S S S S S 35.8 11.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 864 S S S S S S 28.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 864 S S S S S S 28.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 582 S S S S S S 40.6

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,166 100 90 100 41 100 777 23.1 - 29.4 - 22.5 - 10.8
Single modes 1,002 31.6 62 69.1 27 66.1 457 30.8 12.6 38.5 11.2 30.1 10.9 26.9
Truck6 978 30.9 62 69 27 66 450 32 12.7 38.6 11.2 30.1 10.8 27.1
For-hire truck 726 22.9 31 34.4 25 60.2 847 41.3 10.9 26.9 11.8 31.8 10 11.4
Private truck 252 7.9 S S S S 75 45.6 7.8 S S S S 24.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 991 S S 47.9 0.3 S S 32.4
Multiple modes 2,067 65.3 S S 10 25.5 916 30.9 10.8 S S 38.5 11.4 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,066 65.2 S S 10 23.1 916 30.8 10.8 S S 36.6 11.3 9.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8 100 9 100 3 100 383 1.3 - 19.6 - 31.4 - 0.9
Single modes 8 100 9 100 3 100 383 1.3 - 19.6 - 31.4 - 0.9
Truck6 8 100 9 100 3 100 383 1.3 - 19.6 - 31.4 - 0.9
For-hire truck 8 100 9 100 3 100 383 1.3 - 19.6 - 31.4 - 0.9

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,098 100 1,415 100 243 100 S 31.4 - 30.3 - 36.3 - S
Single modes 5,072 99.5 1,412 99.8 242 99.7 S 31.5 0.2 30.3 0.1 36.4 1 S
Truck6 5,027 98.6 1,412 99.7 242 99.7 S 32 2.9 30.3 0.1 36.4 1.3 S
For-hire truck 2,507 49.2 405 28.6 170 70 S 36.6 11.9 42.6 9.4 41.5 14.9 S
Private truck 2,519 49.4 1,007 71.1 72 29.7 42 37.1 10.9 31.2 9.4 31.3 13.8 19.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18 0.4 S S 1 0.3 970 39 0.2 S S 23.9 1 35.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16 0.3 S S - 0.1 970 41.2 0.2 S S 41.6 0.2 31.5
Truck and water 2 - - - - 0.1 2,597 - 0.1 - - - 1 -
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S 25

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.