Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,163 100 24,055 100 6,044 100 10.3 - 21.2 - 29.5 -
Less than 50 miles 5,105 25.3 10,047 41.8 S S 10.8 4.7 30.1 7.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,892 9.4 3,062 12.7 339 5.6 19.9 2 20.1 3.3 20.4 2.3
100 - 249 miles 2,211 11 S S 1,690 28 19.9 1.4 S S 46.8 7.9
250 - 499 miles 3,040 15.1 1,307 5.4 703 11.6 13.7 1.5 30.8 1.6 36.6 2.6
500 - 749 miles 4,472 22.2 1,489 6.2 1,361 22.5 18.6 2.7 44.4 1.8 49.7 4
750 - 999 miles 1,931 9.6 S S S S 35.7 2.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 667 3.3 S S S S 21.5 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 267 1.3 S S 84 1.4 27 0.4 S S 48 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 578 2.9 103 0.4 411 6.8 17.2 0.6 39 0.3 48 4.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,852 100 21,555 100 3,997 100 6.9 - 20.9 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 4,836 28.7 10,006 46.4 S S 11.6 4.9 30.2 8 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,792 10.6 3,049 14.1 337 8.4 21.7 2.3 20.3 3.2 20.6 1.9
100 - 249 miles 1,680 10 S S S S 12.5 1.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,372 14.1 788 3.7 379 9.5 15.2 1.8 24 1.7 25.9 2.9
500 - 749 miles 3,497 20.7 697 3.2 560 14 16.4 2.9 22.2 1.5 22.5 3.7
750 - 999 miles 1,433 8.5 251 1.2 269 6.7 45.2 2.5 35.7 0.8 36.8 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 570 3.4 S S S S 25.2 0.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 236 1.4 S S 83 2.1 31.5 0.5 S S 48.6 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 437 2.6 93 0.4 382 9.6 22.3 0.6 37.4 0.3 49.5 4.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,470 100 19,007 100 2,869 100 7 - 24.3 - 29.5 -
Less than 50 miles 4,442 30.7 9,368 49.3 S S 13.3 5.9 30.3 8.5 S S
50 - 99 miles 1,027 7.1 2,261 11.9 239 8.3 10.5 0.9 28.6 2.9 30.4 2.6
100 - 249 miles 1,464 10.1 S S S S 14.6 1.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,205 15.2 684 3.6 317 11 16.2 1.8 24.1 1.7 25.7 2.9
500 - 749 miles 3,255 22.5 508 2.7 386 13.5 17 3.6 21.2 1.2 21.2 3.2
750 - 999 miles 1,375 9.5 181 1 186 6.5 45.6 2.8 23.2 0.5 23.3 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 322 2.2 59 0.3 81 2.8 25.5 0.5 26.1 0.2 25.5 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 214 1.5 S S S S 35.3 0.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 165 1.1 29 0.2 76 2.6 21.7 0.2 38.8 0.1 38.2 0.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,094 100 9,401 100 1,512 100 11.3 - 27.1 - 17.4 -
Less than 50 miles 2,417 23.9 6,523 69.4 S S 24.1 7.7 44.2 10.6 S S
50 - 99 miles 168 1.7 371 3.9 39 2.6 17.2 0.2 25.2 2 24.2 0.8
100 - 249 miles 855 8.5 1,197 12.7 270 17.9 25 1.3 37.5 6.2 37.5 4.1
250 - 499 miles 1,849 18.3 550 5.9 253 16.8 17.5 2 22.5 1.8 22.4 1.7
500 - 749 miles 2,804 27.8 465 4.9 354 23.4 18.8 4 23 1.9 22.9 3.5
750 - 999 miles 1,318 13.1 172 1.8 177 11.7 48 3.7 24.9 0.8 25 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 306 3 58 0.6 79 5.2 27.5 0.7 26.9 0.2 26.2 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 214 2.1 S S S S 35.3 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 163 1.6 28 0.3 75 4.9 22 0.3 39.3 0.1 38.9 1.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,377 100 9,605 100 S S 11.4 - 48.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,025 46.3 2,845 29.6 44 3.3 13 4.6 16 9.5 14.8 3.6
50 - 99 miles 859 19.6 1,890 19.7 199 14.7 15.2 2.5 35.4 3.2 37.8 5.6
100 - 249 miles 609 13.9 S S S S 20.6 1.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 356 8.1 S S S S 34.8 2.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 43 0.4 32 2.4 S S 40.6 0.3 40.2 1.9
750 - 999 miles 57 1.3 9 0.1 9 0.7 21.8 0.4 25.3 0.1 24.4 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1 - S S S S 30.1 - S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 2 - S S S S 34.7 0.2 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,848 100 2,464 100 905 100 34 - 34.8 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 765 41.4 788 32 98 10.9 27 16.8 27.2 18 27.3 13.4
100 - 249 miles 211 11.4 558 22.7 185 20.5 27.1 11.6 38.7 9.9 40.1 10.6
250 - 499 miles 108 5.8 103 4.2 62 6.8 35.2 9.7 36.4 9.6 36.7 8
500 - 749 miles 184 10 187 7.6 172 19 36.2 7.1 33.3 8.2 32.3 8.9
750 - 999 miles 50 2.7 S S S S 46.6 6.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 439 100 22 100 44 100 30.9 - 44.4 - 46.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 5 1.1 - 0.2 - - 38.4 0.4 11.9 0.3 7.7 0.1
250 - 499 miles 59 13.5 1 4.9 1 1.2 27.4 17.9 42.4 16.9 34.4 13.8
500 - 749 miles 57 13 S S S S 45.9 6.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 8 1.8 S S S S 34.1 1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 129 29.4 S S S S 40.9 12.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 159 36.2 10 47.1 28 63.6 47.6 9.3 41.3 11.1 42.2 13.2

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14 100 38 100 S S 47.3 - 46.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 14 100 38 100 S S 47.3 - 46.6 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,146 100 S S S S 47 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 150 4.8 S S S S 28.3 3.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 973 30.9 S S S S 48.4 4.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 97 3.1 S S S S 31.9 1.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31 1 1 - 2 0.1 30.4 0.6 26.2 0.4 26.9 1
More than 2,000 miles 141 4.5 S S S S 23.3 2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,385 100 43 100 28 100 21.7 - 34.8 - 29.7 -
Less than 50 miles 130 9.4 7 15.8 - 0.6 32.9 4.2 38.2 5.8 39.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 137 9.9 S S S S 41.5 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 195 14.1 5 12.7 3 9.4 19.3 2.2 29.1 3.5 29.8 2.1
500 - 749 miles 416 30 7 15.5 5 18.2 29.5 4 28.1 3.1 27.8 3
750 - 999 miles 159 11.5 5 10.8 5 16.9 23.4 2.6 32.3 1.7 30.6 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 89 6.4 2 5.2 3 11.4 29.5 0.9 31.1 1.8 32.2 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 31 2.2 1 1.8 2 5.9 30.4 0.7 26.2 1.8 26.9 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 135 9.8 3 7.6 8 30.1 23 1.8 39.7 1.1 37.6 3.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34 100 6 100 8 100 42.9 - 40.9 - 47.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 25 72.6 S S 7 87.5 4.1 19.6 S S 14.7 10.3
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 S S S S 45.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S 21 44.1 - 2.1 S S 38.6 10.1 45 14.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 8 4.8 8 16.9 S S 47.8 6.3 43 12.6 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 3 1.7 S S S S 49.4 10.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - 0.1 S S S S 41.5 0.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.