Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,163 100 24,055 100 6,044 100 389 10.3 - 21.2 - 29.5 - 13.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,179 5.8 33 0.1 12 0.2 464 21.0 1.1 25.4 0.1 22.5 0.1 15.1
50 - 99 lbs 436 2.2 23 0.1 10 0.2 441 21.3 0.5 18.5 - 27.3 0.1 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,496 7.4 122 0.5 29 0.5 222 14.6 0.8 21.5 0.2 22.0 0.2 28.6
500 - 749 lbs 521 2.6 39 0.2 15 0.3 379 27.3 0.6 20.5 0.1 25.7 0.1 27.1
750 - 999 lbs 328 1.6 39 0.2 9 0.1 223 24.0 0.4 38.2 0.1 25.5 0.1 44.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,665 23.1 802 3.3 233 3.9 320 20.9 3.5 16.8 1.2 12.4 1.6 18.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,470 37.1 11,243 46.7 2,259 37.4 203 5.9 4.4 23.7 5.4 19.8 8.0 20.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,363 6.8 6,640 27.6 S S 161 17.3 1.4 40.9 4.3 S S 14.2
More than 100,000 lbs 2,704 13.4 5,113 21.3 S S 508 49.9 4.0 38.0 3.9 S S 21.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,852 100 21,555 100 3,997 100 164 6.9 - 20.9 - 18.8 - 18.6
Less than 50 lbs 325 1.9 14 0.1 1 - 97 19.8 0.4 24.4 - 31.1 - 31.0
50 - 99 lbs 145 0.9 11 0.1 1 - 139 30.3 0.3 21.6 - 36.5 - 46.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,168 6.9 105 0.5 20 0.5 172 14.3 0.7 24.2 0.2 15.0 0.1 42.1
500 - 749 lbs 513 3.0 38 0.2 15 0.4 384 27.4 0.6 20.8 0.1 25.9 0.1 27.6
750 - 999 lbs 322 1.9 37 0.2 9 0.2 S 24.0 0.4 38.9 0.1 25.7 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,614 27.4 790 3.7 227 5.7 322 20.9 3.7 16.8 1.2 12.0 1.3 18.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,876 40.8 10,474 48.6 1,834 45.9 180 6.3 4.6 23.4 5.4 12.7 8.0 23.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,226 7.3 6,518 30.2 S S 156 17.2 1.5 41.8 4.3 S S 16.7
More than 100,000 lbs 1,662 9.9 3,568 16.6 862 21.6 S 31.7 2.8 29.5 2.9 25.4 4.2 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,470 100 19,007 100 2,869 100 124 7.0 - 24.3 - 29.5 - 16.2
Less than 50 lbs 279 1.9 14 0.1 1 - 43 19.6 0.4 25.0 - 19.8 - 29.6
50 - 99 lbs 138 1.0 11 0.1 1 - 91 32.2 0.3 21.4 - 28.1 - 37.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,111 7.7 104 0.5 18 0.6 160 13.6 0.9 24.2 0.2 16.0 0.3 44.7
500 - 749 lbs 457 3.2 36 0.2 10 0.4 281 25.9 0.6 22.1 0.1 20.2 0.2 24.6
750 - 999 lbs 297 2.1 37 0.2 7 0.2 186 22.1 0.4 40.0 0.1 24.5 0.1 39.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 4,388 30.3 776 4.1 201 7.0 284 21.2 4.3 17.3 1.3 13.3 2.5 14.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,532 45.1 10,216 53.7 1,414 49.3 144 7.5 4.8 23.6 5.9 15.9 8.3 29.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,190 8.2 6,457 34.0 S S 155 17.0 1.5 42.2 4.4 S S 16.8
More than 100,000 lbs 78 0.5 S S S S S 46.6 0.5 S S S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,094 100 9,401 100 1,512 100 396 11.3 - 27.1 - 17.4 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs 54 0.5 S S - - S 35.3 0.2 S S 21.3 - S
50 - 99 lbs 24 0.2 1 - 1 - 559 36.9 0.1 28.9 - 39.8 - 32.9
100 - 499 lbs 568 5.6 20 0.2 16 1.0 818 16.8 1.2 14.9 0.1 17.8 0.4 6.1
500 - 749 lbs 349 3.5 11 0.1 9 0.6 782 34.9 0.8 22.1 - 22.3 0.3 12.0
750 - 999 lbs 192 1.9 9 0.1 6 0.4 681 28.3 0.4 22.7 - 27.4 0.1 9.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,257 32.3 280 3.0 156 10.3 644 29.8 5.6 17.7 1.3 16.2 2.9 3.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,887 48.4 6,679 71.0 1,141 75.5 189 11.7 6.6 37.0 6.9 21.6 5.7 33.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 738 7.3 2,366 25.2 169 11.2 69 16.2 1.3 13.6 6.1 30.7 3.9 23.0
More than 100,000 lbs 24 0.2 33 0.4 S S S 32.0 0.6 46.0 1.1 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,377 100 9,605 100 S S 47 11.4 - 48.8 - S S 20.7
Less than 50 lbs 226 5.2 12 0.1 - - 28 27.7 1.2 31.3 0.1 31.1 - 23.0
50 - 99 lbs 114 2.6 9 0.1 - - 35 32.9 1.2 27.2 - 18.0 - 37.9
100 - 499 lbs 542 12.4 84 0.9 3 0.2 S 21.0 2.0 30.1 0.4 17.3 0.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 108 2.5 24 0.3 1 0.1 S 26.5 0.6 34.0 0.1 16.0 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 105 2.4 S S 1 0.1 S 46.6 1.0 S S 18.2 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,131 25.8 496 5.2 45 3.3 96 17.1 2.6 20.4 2.5 18.3 3.7 32.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,644 37.6 3,537 36.8 272 20.1 77 11.8 3.8 20.9 10.9 25.4 11.8 23.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 452 10.3 S S S S 204 30.7 2.9 S S S S 17.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,848 100 2,464 100 905 100 578 34.0 - 34.8 - 29.9 - 14.9
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 240 13.0 S S S S 1,045 45.6 13.5 S S S S 37.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,584 85.7 2,210 89.7 645 71.3 331 34.0 9.4 33.3 7.0 32.2 9.6 41.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 439 100 22 100 44 100 1,478 30.9 - 44.4 - 46.5 - 11.3
Less than 50 lbs 45 10.3 1 2.4 S S 1,326 38.6 2.1 46.3 0.8 S S 14.5
50 - 99 lbs 7 1.6 - 1.3 1 1.2 1,792 30.5 0.8 49.2 1.2 49.8 0.8 43.2
100 - 499 lbs 58 13.1 1 5.4 S S 1,246 41.1 5.3 43.7 5.7 S S 20.5
500 - 749 lbs 56 12.7 2 9.2 5 10.5 2,277 45.9 11.9 22.7 8.5 31.8 7.3 19.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,159 S S S S S S 48.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 226 51.4 14 60.8 26 58.1 1,803 35.0 10.8 47.4 7.9 46.7 10.2 19.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,360 S S S S S S 4.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14 100 38 100 S S S 47.3 - 46.6 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 13 95.1 37 95.5 S S S 23.4 3.5 20.3 3.2 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,146 100 S S S S 734 47.0 - S S S S 10.0
Less than 50 lbs 805 25.6 18 0.7 10 0.5 746 22.8 8.5 33.2 6.4 23.9 5.9 9.6
50 - 99 lbs 270 8.6 11 0.4 8 0.4 751 26.8 4.8 33.4 3.4 32.9 3.2 13.0
100 - 499 lbs 304 9.7 13 0.5 8 0.4 517 31.6 4.5 43.2 4.9 45.7 4.3 22.6
500 - 749 lbs 6 0.2 1 - S S S 30.9 0.2 40.8 0.6 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - - S S S S S 34.1 0.1 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 0.1 S S 1,631 S S 44.9 4.8 S S 24.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 988 S S S S S S 10.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,385 100 43 100 28 100 734 21.7 - 34.8 - 29.7 - 10.0
Less than 50 lbs 805 58.1 18 41.5 10 37.9 746 22.8 4.7 33.2 2.1 23.9 3.9 9.6
50 - 99 lbs 270 19.5 11 25.6 8 30.7 751 26.8 4.1 33.4 3.9 32.9 4.3 13.0
100 - 499 lbs 303 21.9 13 30.9 8 30.3 511 31.6 4.6 43.3 4.2 45.0 3.8 22.8
500 - 749 lbs 6 0.4 1 1.7 S S S 30.4 0.3 41.5 0.6 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.3 S S S S S 34.1 1.2 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 709 S S S S S S 36.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3 0.2 1 - - - 805 43.3 15.6 26.0 11.8 27.0 11.7 32.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 988 S S S S S S 10.7

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34 100 6 100 8 100 S 42.9 - 40.9 - 47.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,950 S S S S S S 24.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,083 S S S S S S 44.7

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 165 100 S S S S 41 45.6 - S S S S 17.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 26.0
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 1.8 S S 12 S S 50.0 3.6 S S 24.1
100 - 499 lbs 24 14.3 3 6.3 - 0.4 S 46.3 5.1 29.6 9.9 39.6 15.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 2 1.5 1 1.4 - 0.1 S 35.1 11.2 35.7 15.3 48.5 17.5 S
750 - 999 lbs 5 2.9 1 2.1 S S S 33.8 5.4 30.3 2.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 10 20.7 S S S S S 47.6 7.6 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 291 S S S S S S 33.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.