Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,163 100 24,055 100 6,044 100 389 10.3 - 21.2 - 29.5 - 13.5
Single modes 16,852 83.6 21,555 89.6 3,997 66.1 164 6.9 4.1 20.9 4.4 18.8 10.4 18.6
Truck6 14,470 71.8 19,007 79 2,869 47.5 124 7 5.7 24.3 5.9 29.5 9.4 16.2
For-hire truck 10,094 50.1 9,401 39.1 1,512 25 396 11.3 5.2 27.1 7.6 17.4 9.7 17.5
Private truck 4,377 21.7 9,605 39.9 S S 47 11.4 3.7 48.8 8.5 S S 20.7
Rail 1,848 9.2 2,464 10.2 905 15 578 34 2.2 34.8 2.9 29.9 4.8 14.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 439 2.2 22 0.1 44 0.7 1,478 30.9 0.6 44.4 0.1 46.5 0.5 11.3
Pipeline7 14 0.1 38 0.2 S S S 47.3 - 46.6 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 3,146 15.6 S S S S 734 47 4.2 S S S S 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,385 6.9 43 0.2 28 0.5 734 21.7 1.4 34.8 0.1 29.7 0.3 10
Truck and rail S S S S S S 709 S S S S S S 36.5
Truck and water 34 0.2 6 - 8 0.1 S 42.9 0.2 40.9 0.1 47.1 0.4 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 165 0.8 S S S S 41 45.6 0.4 S S S S 17.6

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23 100 14 100 S S 13 32.6 - 25.2 - S S 19.1
Single modes 23 100 14 100 S S 13 32.6 - 25.2 - S S 19.1
Truck6 23 100 14 100 S S 13 32.6 - 25.2 - S S 19.1
Private truck 23 100 14 100 S S 13 32.6 - 25.2 - S S 19.1

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 360 100 S S S S 62 31.6 - S S S S 9.8
Single modes 356 98.9 S S S S 62 31.6 0.4 S S S S 9.7
Truck6 356 98.9 S S S S 62 31.6 0.4 S S S S 9.7
For-hire truck 25 7.1 29 3 33 24.3 1,035 28.2 5 42.3 6.2 39.4 18.3 30.6
Private truck 330 91.8 S S S S 58 33.2 3.3 S S S S 11.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 26
Truck and rail S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 26
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 34 95.2 4,235 99.9 S S 38 42.6 4.6 44.6 0.1 S S 49.5
Private truck S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 34

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,288 100 1,719 100 114 100 S 36.9 - 34.2 - 47 - S
Single modes 1,287 100 1,719 100 114 100 S 36.9 - 34.2 - 47 - S
Truck6 1,287 99.9 1,717 99.9 114 100 S 36.9 1.5 34.2 7.6 47 5.4 S
For-hire truck 649 50.4 989 57.5 S S S 27.2 11.4 25 9.1 S S S
Private truck 638 49.6 729 42.4 S S S 35.9 12.9 26.4 13.7 S S S
Pipeline7 1 0.1 S S S S S 12.4 4.2 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 4 33.9 - S S S S -

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,564 100 2,148 100 802 100 381 14.7 - 19.9 - 22.2 - 19.3
Single modes 3,993 87.5 2,042 95.1 738 92 283 16.9 3.9 21.5 3.8 23.6 3.9 46.4
Truck6 2,395 52.5 826 38.5 222 27.6 S 15.3 6 14.7 8.3 18.2 9.5 S
For-hire truck 2,025 44.4 584 27.2 185 23.1 431 19.3 5.2 19.9 3.4 20 6.5 24.6
Private truck 370 8.1 242 11.3 36 4.5 S 24.4 2.7 38.1 7.1 43.7 3.8 S
Rail 1,190 26.1 1,142 53.2 312 38.9 339 29.5 6.9 30.9 9.2 24.1 10.9 27.9
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 314 6.9 13 0.6 25 3.1 1,460 28.2 2.8 31.6 0.4 37.5 2.8 37.5
Pipeline7 13 0.3 37 1.7 S S S 23.4 0.5 20.3 2.6 S S S
Multiple modes 539 11.8 99 4.6 S S 461 33.4 3.9 42.9 3.5 S S 31.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 455 10 S S S S 461 38.9 3.7 S S S S 32
Truck and rail 84 1.8 75 3.5 53 6.6 S 40 2.4 32.3 7 45.8 6.9 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - 7 S S S S 46.2 - 33.9

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,192 100 1,544 100 586 100 677 27.3 - 28.7 - 42 - 17.3
Single modes 1,057 88.7 1,488 96.4 521 89 136 26 2.8 28.5 1.6 40.3 3 44.4
Truck6 950 79.8 1,312 85 291 49.7 127 25.1 5.6 28.3 5.1 33.3 11.3 48.3
For-hire truck 704 59.1 1,089 70.5 268 45.7 465 29.9 7.4 33 8.3 36 8.2 20.4
Private truck 246 20.6 223 14.4 23 4 S 33.6 6.6 45.4 9.2 42.8 6 S
Rail 107 9 176 11.4 S S 1,268 44.8 5.6 43.5 6.6 S S 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 130 10.9 S S S S 1,118 47.6 2.7 S S S S 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,116 S S S S S S 11.8
Truck and rail 27 2.3 53 3.4 61 10.4 1,537 38.8 1.2 37.1 3.7 49.9 4.8 21.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37 S S S S S S 34.4

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,512 100 12,720 100 4,030 100 285 24.8 - 37.4 - 48.9 - 23
Single modes 5,666 75.4 10,413 81.9 2,133 52.9 162 16.9 8 41.3 7.2 39.6 14.4 24.6
Truck6 5,021 66.8 9,259 72.8 1,751 43.5 140 19.1 10.3 47.1 9.6 49.1 14.8 27
For-hire truck 3,607 48 2,258 17.8 700 17.4 525 27.5 8.9 29.5 10.1 28.1 15.4 6.7
Private truck 1,414 18.8 S S S S 62 22.7 8.3 S S S S 18.8
Rail S S S S 363 9 S S S S S 48.1 5.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 93 1.2 S S S S 1,830 44.2 0.6 S S S S 17.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 724 S S S S S S 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 184 2.5 3 - 3 0.1 726 37.1 1 29 - 40.4 0.1 14
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 34 0.5 S S S S S 41.2 0.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,675 100 260 100 161 100 464 24.4 - 12.3 - 22.2 - 25.9
Single modes 3,271 89 247 94.9 150 93.3 S 24.8 4.7 12.4 1.7 21.9 3.9 S
Truck6 3,260 88.7 246 94.8 149 92.9 S 24.8 4.8 12.5 1.8 22 3.9 S
For-hire truck 2,796 76.1 191 73.4 138 86 977 26.7 7.9 15.8 7.8 25.3 6.3 9.1
Private truck 464 12.6 S S 11 6.9 S 35.1 5.2 S S 37.5 6.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,662 S S S S S S 22.8
Multiple modes 320 8.7 10 3.9 10 6.2 999 46.5 2.8 32.6 1.1 43 1.6 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 5 2.1 5 2.9 999 S S 43.5 0.9 46.6 1.6 11.6
Truck and water 18 0.5 5 1.8 S S 1,293 39.9 4.4 41 5.9 S S 42.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,467 100 442 100 57 100 606 26.1 - 31.9 - 29.1 - 20.2
Single modes 1,163 79.2 432 97.8 52 90.2 201 33.3 11.1 33.1 7.9 32.6 9.4 26.3
Truck6 1,142 77.8 432 97.8 52 89.9 173 33.7 11.2 33.1 7.9 32.5 9.4 31
For-hire truck S S 27 6.1 14 24.1 883 S S 44.3 9.3 47.3 11.5 16.1
Private truck 889 60.6 405 91.7 38 65.8 65 33.5 10 33.9 12.5 40.3 13.6 26
Air (incl truck and air) 21 1.4 S S S S 865 41.2 19.3 S S S S 21.1
Multiple modes 295 20.1 S S 6 9.6 801 39.7 10.4 S S 47.8 9.1 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 294 20.1 S S 5 9.4 800 39.7 10.4 S S 42.7 9 15
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 621 S S S S S S 41
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 633 S S S S S S 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 633 S S S S S S 11.3

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.