Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,147 100 57,354 100 9,474 100 6.1 - 10.4 - 5.1 -
Less than 50 miles 36,845 39.6 33,555 58.5 713 7.5 12.3 3.8 15.5 3.4 9.9 0.5
50 - 99 miles 9,409 10.1 7,175 12.5 668 7.1 12.1 1.1 11.3 1.7 8.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 16,844 18.1 8,246 14.4 1,729 18.3 9.2 1.6 6.3 1.2 7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 12,284 13.2 4,337 7.6 2,082 22 8.7 0.8 8.5 0.6 8.6 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,769 10.5 2,436 4.2 1,837 19.4 8.3 0.6 9.4 0.5 9.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 3,856 4.1 846 1.5 910 9.6 11.5 0.4 9.9 0.2 11 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,545 1.7 360 0.6 511 5.4 11.9 0.2 17.1 0.1 16.2 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 586 0.6 62 0.1 133 1.4 18 0.1 24.2 - 24.2 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,010 2.2 336 0.6 891 9.4 11.8 0.2 21.9 0.2 21.9 1.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80,232 100 55,337 100 8,314 100 6.2 - 10.1 - 4.9 -
Less than 50 miles 34,912 43.5 33,245 60.1 704 8.5 13.3 3.7 15.5 3.6 9.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 8,366 10.4 7,092 12.8 660 7.9 12.5 1.4 11.5 1.8 8.4 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,685 18.3 7,842 14.2 1,623 19.5 8 1.9 6.5 1.2 7.2 1.2
250 - 499 miles 9,657 12 3,729 6.7 1,785 21.5 8.1 0.9 6 0.7 6.7 0.9
500 - 749 miles 7,166 8.9 2,053 3.7 1,550 18.6 8.2 0.5 9.9 0.5 10.1 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,819 3.5 757 1.4 795 9.6 10.8 0.5 8.4 0.2 8.6 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,101 1.4 331 0.6 471 5.7 10 0.1 15.2 0.1 14.8 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 315 0.4 42 0.1 91 1.1 21.4 0.1 28.4 - 28.4 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,211 1.5 246 0.4 636 7.7 14.4 0.2 23.6 0.2 22.8 1.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,562 100 53,915 100 7,796 100 6.3 - 10 - 4.7 -
Less than 50 miles 34,832 43.8 32,707 60.7 701 9 13.4 3.8 15.6 3.7 9.8 0.9
50 - 99 miles 8,333 10.5 6,891 12.8 641 8.2 12.6 1.4 11.7 1.8 8.8 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,560 18.3 7,656 14.2 1,570 20.1 7.9 1.9 6.3 1.3 7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 9,549 12 3,434 6.4 1,591 20.4 8 0.8 6.2 0.7 6.5 1
500 - 749 miles 7,006 8.8 1,927 3.6 1,428 18.3 8.4 0.5 9.9 0.5 9.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,774 3.5 711 1.3 742 9.5 11.2 0.5 10.2 0.2 10.2 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,076 1.4 318 0.6 451 5.8 9.8 0.1 16.8 0.1 16.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 287 0.4 41 0.1 89 1.1 17.7 0.1 28.9 - 28.9 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,144 1.4 228 0.4 582 7.5 16.1 0.2 25.3 0.2 24.5 1.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,691 100 31,506 100 6,155 100 5.3 - 15.9 - 5.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,612 17.1 18,169 57.7 343 5.6 11.7 1.7 27.5 7.8 22.6 1.2
50 - 99 miles 3,618 9.4 2,821 9 267 4.3 7.8 0.6 10.7 1.8 10.6 0.4
100 - 249 miles 8,245 21.3 4,425 14 931 15.1 8.8 1.6 7.5 2.1 6.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 8,200 21.2 2,925 9.3 1,374 22.3 8.9 1.3 6.9 1.9 7.4 1.4
500 - 749 miles 6,804 17.6 1,890 6 1,401 22.8 8.3 1.2 9.4 1.4 9.1 1.7
750 - 999 miles 2,717 7 691 2.2 721 11.7 11.6 0.8 10.3 0.6 10.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,072 2.8 318 1 450 7.3 9.9 0.3 16.7 0.3 16.4 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 285 0.7 41 0.1 89 1.5 17.4 0.1 28.9 0.1 28.9 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,137 2.9 226 0.7 578 9.4 16.4 0.4 25.7 0.5 24.9 1.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 40,872 100 22,410 100 1,641 100 10.4 - 9.1 - 8.1 -
Less than 50 miles 28,220 69 14,539 64.9 358 21.8 16 5.4 12.4 3.8 9.6 1.9
50 - 99 miles 4,716 11.5 4,071 18.2 374 22.8 20.4 2.4 20.9 3.9 16.2 3.5
100 - 249 miles 6,315 15.5 3,231 14.4 639 38.9 14.5 3.2 10 1.7 11.2 3.2
250 - 499 miles 1,349 3.3 509 2.3 217 13.2 13.7 0.4 19 0.3 18.9 1.6
500 - 749 miles 202 0.5 38 0.2 27 1.6 31.7 0.2 38.1 0.1 38.6 0.6
750 - 999 miles 57 0.1 20 0.1 21 1.3 34.7 0.1 38 0.1 37 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 - 5 0.3 S S 45.3 0.1 42.7 1.6

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 398 100 S S 509 100 36.7 - S S 37 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 32 8.1 S S 19 3.7 34.1 9.9 S S 2.5 3.5
100 - 249 miles 85 21.4 185 13.1 53 10.5 45.8 16.6 30.1 15.9 31.9 13.9
250 - 499 miles 55 13.8 294 20.8 194 38.1 37.4 15.2 44.4 14.5 40 13.7
500 - 749 miles 83 21 124 8.8 120 23.5 44.7 8.9 29.7 11.2 29.3 12.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 271 100 S S S S 30 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - 0.2 - 0.2 - 0.1 19.7 0.2 0.9 0.6 1.2 0.4
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 8.9 S S S S 48.8 5.8 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 3.9 - 2.3 S S 37.7 1.9 37.8 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19 7.2 S S S S 41.2 2.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 40 14.8 1 22.9 4 42.9 43.6 8.8 48.2 8.8 46.4 11.6

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,500 100 954 100 577 100 17.3 - 28.8 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles 833 9.8 52 5.4 2 0.3 23.6 1.2 22.3 0.9 24.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles 979 11.5 53 5.5 5 0.9 19.8 1.9 20.4 1.1 21 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,747 20.6 313 32.9 89 15.5 19.6 2.4 29.2 6.3 31.8 5.7
250 - 499 miles 1,808 21.3 S S S S 19.2 1.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,558 18.3 89 9.4 70 12.1 29.8 2.5 27.4 4.2 28.6 4.7
750 - 999 miles 666 7.8 57 6 S S 30.9 1 47.9 3.2 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 277 3.3 10 1.1 15 2.6 23.1 0.8 28.5 0.6 26.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 152 1.8 5 0.5 10 1.7 25.5 0.2 18.9 0.2 18.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 478 5.6 54 5.6 S S 13.6 0.8 48.5 2.3 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,955 100 296 100 149 100 17.5 - 15.9 - 15.7 -
Less than 50 miles 812 10.2 38 12.8 1 1 24.6 1.5 26.2 2.7 32.4 0.3
50 - 99 miles 979 12.3 53 17.8 5 3.5 19.8 2.2 20.4 2.5 21 0.9
100 - 249 miles 1,588 20 68 23 14 9.3 19.6 2.6 21.9 3.6 21.2 2.6
250 - 499 miles 1,618 20.3 52 17.5 24 15.9 21.1 1.8 25.8 2.4 24.4 2.3
500 - 749 miles 1,512 19 43 14.6 33 22.2 29.4 2.4 21.3 2.4 21.3 2.1
750 - 999 miles 593 7.5 15 5.2 16 10.9 30.3 1 27.4 1 26.5 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 277 3.5 10 3.5 15 10.1 23.1 0.8 28.5 1.1 26.7 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 152 1.9 5 1.6 10 6.7 25.5 0.2 18.9 0.3 18.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 421 5.3 12 3.9 31 20.5 17.2 1 17 1.2 17 3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 393 100 618 100 367 100 46.5 - 40.6 - 30.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S - 0.1 S S S S 30 0.1
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 243 39.4 75 20.3 S S 30.4 14 31.4 17.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 44 7.2 35 9.5 S S 30.7 15.9 29.7 16.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S 41 6.7 S S S S 45.7 16.3 S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,415 100 1,064 100 582 100 49.2 - 41 - 46 -
Less than 50 miles 1,101 24.9 259 24.3 7 1.3 36.2 9.6 34.3 8.7 44.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 63 1.4 30 2.8 3 0.5 34.2 1.3 31.5 3.2 34.1 2.1
100 - 249 miles 412 9.3 91 8.5 17 2.9 36.1 4.5 39 4.9 38 5.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 322 7.3 S S S S 46.7 4.2 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.