Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,147 100 57,354 100 9,474 100 328 6.1 - 10.4 - 5.1 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 7,556 8.1 217 0.4 78 0.8 376 13.9 0.9 14.0 - 17.9 0.1 12.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,282 2.4 150 0.3 51 0.5 334 19.3 0.4 11.9 0.1 25.9 0.2 18.8
100 - 499 lbs 9,084 9.8 843 1.5 192 2.0 227 19.5 2.6 14.3 0.3 10.2 0.2 17.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,957 3.2 470 0.8 96 1.0 206 15.4 0.4 15.7 0.2 9.3 0.1 20.4
750 - 999 lbs 2,162 2.3 402 0.7 76 0.8 188 11.1 0.2 20.5 0.2 8.1 0.1 20.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,249 25.0 6,135 10.7 1,278 13.5 207 6.4 2.5 11.5 1.0 5.1 0.4 10.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 43,275 46.5 38,951 67.9 6,314 66.7 178 12.9 4.6 11.9 2.6 5.8 2.0 9.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,123 2.3 8,319 14.5 711 7.5 81 24.0 0.5 15.7 2.0 21.4 1.6 13.3
More than 100,000 lbs 460 0.5 1,865 3.3 678 7.2 423 24.2 0.1 35.5 0.9 31.2 1.9 36.5

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80,232 100 55,337 100 8,314 100 178 6.2 - 10.1 - 4.9 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,061 2.6 71 0.1 10 0.1 163 28.1 0.7 14.6 - 15.2 - 16.6
50 - 99 lbs 963 1.2 77 0.1 13 0.2 158 15.7 0.2 13.8 - 19.0 - 17.9
100 - 499 lbs 7,569 9.4 731 1.3 151 1.8 201 21.8 2.8 14.8 0.3 11.4 0.2 17.7
500 - 749 lbs 2,653 3.3 451 0.8 89 1.1 199 15.9 0.4 16.2 0.2 9.7 0.1 24.6
750 - 999 lbs 2,103 2.6 393 0.7 75 0.9 189 11.1 0.2 20.2 0.2 8.2 0.1 21.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,405 27.9 5,976 10.8 1,191 14.3 201 6.5 3.0 11.8 1.0 6.4 0.8 10.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 40,052 49.9 38,099 68.8 5,741 69.0 162 14.7 5.2 11.6 2.7 6.5 1.7 11.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,080 2.6 8,144 14.7 607 7.3 73 25.1 0.6 15.9 2.0 16.0 1.4 11.1
More than 100,000 lbs 346 0.4 1,394 2.5 438 5.3 376 21.8 0.1 39.7 0.8 33.4 1.6 23.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79,562 100 53,915 100 7,796 100 164 6.3 - 10.0 - 4.7 - 11.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,969 2.5 70 0.1 9 0.1 128 29.0 0.7 14.8 - 16.6 - 14.3
50 - 99 lbs 907 1.1 77 0.1 12 0.2 154 14.6 0.2 13.9 - 19.6 - 17.5
100 - 499 lbs 7,529 9.5 730 1.4 150 1.9 200 21.9 2.8 14.8 0.3 11.4 0.2 17.8
500 - 749 lbs 2,649 3.3 450 0.8 88 1.1 199 16.0 0.4 16.3 0.2 9.8 0.1 24.7
750 - 999 lbs 2,076 2.6 391 0.7 74 0.9 186 11.7 0.2 20.3 0.2 8.8 0.1 21.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,318 28.1 5,951 11.0 1,186 15.2 200 6.4 3.0 11.6 1.0 6.6 0.7 10.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 39,912 50.2 37,335 69.2 5,623 72.1 163 14.8 5.2 11.7 2.7 6.3 1.9 10.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,032 2.6 8,087 15.0 581 7.5 71 24.8 0.6 16.0 2.0 17.7 1.4 11.5
More than 100,000 lbs 170 0.2 824 1.5 73 0.9 S 29.1 0.1 48.9 0.9 34.0 0.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,691 100 31,506 100 6,155 100 466 5.3 - 15.9 - 5.4 - 7.9
Less than 50 lbs 434 1.1 6 - 4 0.1 622 29.7 0.3 20.7 - 22.2 - 11.4
50 - 99 lbs 289 0.7 14 - 8 0.1 602 22.4 0.1 24.0 - 26.5 - 11.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,997 7.7 227 0.7 116 1.9 551 17.8 1.1 18.4 0.1 15.6 0.3 8.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,471 3.8 117 0.4 69 1.1 594 11.9 0.4 17.9 0.1 12.8 0.1 8.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,048 2.7 88 0.3 53 0.9 599 14.4 0.4 20.1 0.1 12.7 0.1 9.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,273 34.3 1,770 5.6 817 13.3 493 8.4 3.3 7.1 1.0 7.9 0.7 9.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,589 45.5 23,610 74.9 4,580 74.4 216 8.4 2.6 17.0 3.1 7.1 2.4 21.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,479 3.8 5,505 17.5 466 7.6 84 31.5 1.2 23.9 2.9 21.7 1.8 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs 109 0.3 S S S S 371 46.3 0.2 S S S S 41.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 40,872 100 22,410 100 1,641 100 74 10.4 - 9.1 - 8.1 - 13.5
Less than 50 lbs 1,535 3.8 64 0.3 5 0.3 79 32.5 1.6 15.2 - 20.3 0.1 17.8
50 - 99 lbs 618 1.5 63 0.3 4 0.2 63 23.8 0.5 17.2 0.1 17.0 0.1 15.1
100 - 499 lbs 4,532 11.1 503 2.2 34 2.1 68 36.2 5.6 24.2 0.7 17.7 0.6 11.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,178 2.9 334 1.5 19 1.2 57 26.8 0.6 21.9 0.4 14.7 0.3 24.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,028 2.5 303 1.4 21 1.3 68 19.7 0.5 25.3 0.4 15.7 0.2 16.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,045 22.1 4,180 18.7 369 22.5 84 17.2 4.6 15.5 1.8 13.3 2.1 9.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 22,322 54.6 13,725 61.2 1,043 63.5 82 23.2 8.2 11.4 4.2 10.7 3.5 5.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 553 1.4 2,582 11.5 115 7.0 44 22.9 0.3 15.8 2.2 27.2 2.1 16.9
More than 100,000 lbs 61 0.1 S S 32 2.0 S 47.3 0.2 S S 30.5 2.1 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 398 100 S S 509 100 S 36.7 - S S 37.0 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 11 S S S S S S 4.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 386 S S S S S S 37.2
More than 100,000 lbs 176 44.1 571 40.3 365 71.8 643 36.5 15.0 44.2 14.7 39.0 10.7 19.3

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 271 100 S S S S 1,294 30.0 - S S S S 8.0
Less than 50 lbs 92 34.1 1 18.0 S S 1,303 28.4 8.0 37.8 5.8 S S 11.1
50 - 99 lbs 56 20.7 S S S S 959 45.6 8.2 S S S S 26.3
100 - 499 lbs 40 14.6 1 8.9 1 6.5 1,263 29.8 8.8 35.8 11.3 38.1 17.9 43.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,819 S S S S S S 19.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,913 S S S S S S 33.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,500 100 954 100 577 100 479 17.3 - 28.8 - 23.3 - 13.1
Less than 50 lbs 5,186 61.0 138 14.4 67 11.6 472 15.7 2.7 20.5 5.5 20.6 5.4 13.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,202 14.1 66 6.9 38 6.5 570 28.4 2.0 22.9 3.8 33.2 5.9 14.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,251 14.7 79 8.3 39 6.7 480 21.9 2.0 16.6 2.7 17.3 3.9 17.8
500 - 749 lbs 288 3.4 12 1.3 7 1.2 556 38.0 0.8 30.2 0.9 35.5 0.9 40.9
750 - 999 lbs 46 0.5 4 0.4 1 0.3 377 37.1 0.4 21.9 0.2 27.2 0.2 22.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 16 1.6 S S S S S 46.5 1.4 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 936 S S S S S S 30.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 238 41.3 566 S S S S 42.2 11.1 46.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,955 100 296 100 149 100 478 17.5 - 15.9 - 15.7 - 13.1
Less than 50 lbs 5,186 65.2 138 46.5 67 45.0 472 15.7 2.2 20.5 4.4 20.6 5.2 13.2
50 - 99 lbs 1,201 15.1 66 22.3 38 25.2 570 28.4 2.0 22.9 5.0 33.2 6.1 14.2
100 - 499 lbs 1,244 15.6 78 26.3 36 24.2 456 21.8 2.4 16.3 3.6 18.6 5.0 19.9
500 - 749 lbs 286 3.6 12 3.9 7 4.6 572 38.4 0.8 31.1 1.2 36.2 1.3 39.2
750 - 999 lbs 38 0.5 3 1.0 1 0.9 449 45.9 0.5 19.8 0.6 28.0 0.4 20.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 393 100 618 100 367 100 427 46.5 - 40.6 - 30.7 - 32.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 3 0.9 S S - - S 23.7 3.9 S S 40.0 - S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23 5.8 15 2.4 S S S 46.6 13.5 43.1 5.4 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 792 S S S S S S 49.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 238 64.9 566 S S S S 42.2 13.9 46.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 4,873 S S S S S S 23.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 4 2.5 S S S S 7,518 46.0 17.8 S S S S 31.2
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 2 3.1 2,395 S S S S 41.7 16.8 45.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 99 65.8 S S S S 1,558 48.8 11.1 S S S S 43.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,415 100 1,064 100 582 100 85 49.2 - 41.0 - 46.0 - 41.6
Less than 50 lbs 308 7.0 8 0.8 1 0.1 48 26.7 8.2 27.1 1.8 48.4 1.3 21.5
50 - 99 lbs 117 2.6 7 0.7 - 0.1 55 45.7 2.7 29.5 1.3 31.4 0.4 34.3
100 - 499 lbs 264 6.0 34 3.2 2 0.3 52 45.0 5.4 35.3 6.5 44.2 3.4 25.7
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 42.5 0.8 S
750 - 999 lbs 13 0.3 5 0.5 - - 9 12.8 2.0 37.2 4.9 7.5 0.3 28.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 774 17.5 144 13.5 S S 427 40.0 8.1 29.4 9.7 S S 50.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 654 61.5 396 68.0 693 S S 43.3 14.0 47.5 13.1 16.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 575 S S S S S S 22.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.