Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 93,147 100 57,354 100 9,474 100 328 6.1 - 10.4 - 5.1 - 9.4
Single modes 80,232 86.1 55,337 96.5 8,314 87.8 178 6.2 2.6 10.1 0.8 4.9 3.2 9.8
Truck6 79,562 85.4 53,915 94 7,796 82.3 164 6.3 2.5 10 1.4 4.7 3.5 11.1
For-hire truck 38,691 41.5 31,506 54.9 6,155 65 466 5.3 2.2 15.9 4 5.4 3.7 7.9
Private truck 40,872 43.9 22,410 39.1 1,641 17.3 74 10.4 3.3 9.1 4.1 8.1 1.2 13.5
Rail 398 0.4 S S 509 5.4 S 36.7 0.2 S S 37 1.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 271 0.3 S S S S 1,294 30 0.1 S S S S 8
Multiple modes 8,500 9.1 954 1.7 577 6.1 479 17.3 1.3 28.8 0.4 23.3 1.2 13.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,955 8.5 296 0.5 149 1.6 478 17.5 1.2 15.9 0.1 15.7 0.3 13.1
Truck and rail 393 0.4 618 1.1 367 3.9 427 46.5 0.2 40.6 0.4 30.7 1.1 32.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,873 S S S S S S 23.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4,415 4.7 1,064 1.9 582 6.1 85 49.2 2.1 41 0.7 46 2.6 41.6

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,324 100 2,171 100 313 100 330 11.5 - 25.1 - 22.3 - 18.7
Single modes 1,111 83.9 2,123 97.8 307 98.2 215 12.1 8.1 26.3 4.7 23.2 5.4 26.5
Truck6 1,111 83.9 2,123 97.8 307 98.2 215 12.1 8.1 26.3 4.7 23.2 5.4 26.5
For-hire truck 616 46.5 651 30 223 71.1 437 16.8 7.5 38 10.4 30.2 7.6 21.3
Private truck 495 37.4 1,472 67.8 85 27.1 S 23.7 7.7 36.7 10.7 26.1 7.9 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,265 100 4,555 100 1,100 100 203 29.8 - 20.6 - 24.8 - 32.2
Single modes 17,141 99.3 4,503 98.9 1,061 96.4 72 30.1 1.3 20.9 0.9 24.8 1.7 31.7
Truck6 16,952 98.2 4,338 95.2 896 81.4 71 30.6 2.4 21.1 2.5 23.5 5.7 28.1
For-hire truck 1,696 9.8 1,572 34.5 580 52.7 494 19.7 6.2 30.6 6.1 30.3 8.5 9.6
Private truck 15,257 88.4 2,765 60.7 316 28.7 53 33.2 7.1 17.9 6.7 18.2 9.7 25.7
Rail 189 1.1 166 3.6 164 14.9 S 36.8 2.6 28.4 3 40.8 6 S
Air (incl truck and air) - - - - - - 548 39.6 - 19.9 - 3.9 - 17.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 946 S S S S S S 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 969 S S S S S S 19.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 306 100 16,755 100 631 100 30 22.7 - 30.5 - 24.6 - 40.4
Single modes 305 99.7 16,733 99.9 621 98.5 30 22.6 0.1 30.5 0.1 24 0.7 41.6
Truck6 301 98.5 16,627 99.2 534 84.6 29 22.6 0.6 30.6 0.6 24.5 5.9 41.3
For-hire truck 276 90.4 15,981 95.4 519 82.3 S 26.1 5.6 32.5 6.3 25.8 5.6 S
Private truck 25 8.1 645 3.8 15 2.3 30 27.7 7 24 8 24.5 5.3 26.6
Rail 4 1.2 107 0.6 87 13.8 828 19.2 1.2 17.3 1.5 14.8 12.4 10.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,322 100 3,111 100 284 100 S 31.3 - 33 - 34.9 - S
Single modes 2,321 99.9 3,111 100 284 100 S 31.3 0.1 33 - 34.9 - S
Truck6 2,321 99.9 3,111 100 284 100 S 31.3 0.1 33 - 34.9 - S
For-hire truck 1,596 68.7 2,251 72.3 257 90.3 S 34.2 10.8 35 12.6 37 12.9 S
Private truck 725 31.2 861 27.7 28 9.7 S 31.5 12.1 36.1 13.6 26 15 S
Multiple modes S S - - S S 655 S S 36.6 0.1 S S 40.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 655 S S 36.6 0.1 S S 40.9

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,923 100 5,764 100 1,704 100 208 15.2 - 18.2 - 15.8 - 37.5
Single modes 11,957 92.5 5,654 98.1 1,673 98.2 231 14.2 2.1 18.5 0.8 16.1 0.9 39.2
Truck6 11,904 92.1 5,621 97.5 1,648 96.7 218 14.4 2.1 18.7 1.5 16.4 1.8 35.9
For-hire truck 7,738 59.9 3,244 56.3 1,438 84.4 585 12.8 6.9 18.5 7.9 17.6 4.3 8.8
Private truck 4,165 32.2 2,377 41.2 210 12.3 74 31.5 7.1 30.4 8.7 30.2 4.5 27.5
Rail 33 0.3 32 0.6 24 1.4 858 37.7 1.2 37.4 4.9 47.5 6.7 29.4
Air (incl truck and air) 20 0.2 1 - 2 0.1 1,426 43.5 0.2 27.4 - 42.4 0.1 18.5
Multiple modes 764 5.9 S S 30 1.8 S 41.6 1.5 S S 41.2 0.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 706 5.5 S S 8 0.5 S 46.2 1.5 S S 44.6 0.2 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 6 - S S S S 2,711 47.7 0.1 S S S S 38.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S 1 0.1 S S S S S 40.1 - S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,398 100 7,007 100 1,759 100 625 6.6 - 18.6 - 11.4 - 11.2
Single modes 12,422 86.3 6,625 94.5 1,541 87.6 264 5.7 3.1 19.7 1.8 9.2 2.2 16.7
Truck6 12,347 85.8 6,283 89.7 1,432 81.4 257 5.8 3 19.4 2.9 9.6 5 15.7
For-hire truck 9,380 65.2 2,827 40.4 1,146 65.2 561 7.9 5.3 11.2 5.7 11.3 5.2 7.7
Private truck 2,967 20.6 3,455 49.3 286 16.2 78 19.4 3 32.7 7 25.8 3.9 11.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,845 S S S S S S 21.9
Multiple modes 1,574 10.9 197 2.8 170 9.7 832 33.2 2.8 19.2 0.7 42.2 2.2 10
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,479 10.3 72 1 52 2.9 832 35.7 2.9 21.1 0.3 28.8 0.9 10
Truck and rail S S 101 1.4 S S 949 S S 29.8 0.7 S S 37.1
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,647 S S S S S S 15.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 402 2.8 185 2.6 48 2.7 S 31.3 1 43.1 1.9 47.6 1.3 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,514 100 10,654 100 1,836 100 310 8.9 - 16.9 - 10.3 - 15.1
Single modes 13,282 85.6 10,465 98.2 1,701 92.7 209 9.8 2.1 17 0.6 8.3 2.6 25.8
Truck6 13,095 84.4 9,893 92.9 1,649 89.9 179 9.9 2 18 3.7 8.8 2.5 19.4
For-hire truck 9,037 58.3 3,451 32.4 1,350 73.5 520 10.3 2.6 11.6 5.9 10 3 11.4
Private truck 4,058 26.2 6,442 60.5 300 16.3 49 16.3 3 22.9 6 14.3 2.7 20.9
Rail S S S S 49 2.6 S S S S S 31.2 3.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 131 0.8 S S S S 1,226 36.3 0.4 S S S S 13.2
Multiple modes 1,936 12.5 115 1.1 S S 555 13.8 1.8 35.6 0.3 S S 11.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,764 11.4 28 0.3 17 0.9 554 12.5 1.8 18.2 0.1 21.5 0.2 11.5
Truck and rail S S 74 0.7 S S S S S 24.2 0.7 S S S
Truck and water 82 0.5 S S S S S 46.4 0.8 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 297 1.9 S S 8 0.4 86 19.9 0.5 S S 44.1 0.2 38.6

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,480 100 1,587 100 774 100 328 19.8 - 24.9 - 28.8 - 24.6
Single modes 8,495 58.7 1,165 73.4 443 57.2 207 20.8 8.6 18.5 6.6 20.1 11.1 35.7
Truck6 8,384 57.9 1,163 73.2 439 56.7 172 20.8 8.6 18.5 6.6 20.1 11 46.6
For-hire truck 5,536 38.2 631 39.8 356 45.9 608 26 8.1 23.7 10.2 25.4 11.7 5.8
Private truck 2,848 19.7 531 33.5 83 10.8 S 31.5 5 35.7 7.2 45.5 2.8 S
Air (incl truck and air) 110 0.8 S S S S 1,303 38 0.2 S S S S 29.3
Multiple modes 2,722 18.8 76 4.8 32 4.2 437 21.8 7 23.6 2.9 19 5.5 20.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,710 18.7 75 4.7 31 4 437 21.8 7 24.1 2.9 20.4 5.5 20.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 105 S S S S S S 47.7

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,609 100 5,732 100 1,061 100 303 13.1 - 21.3 - 25.8 - 8.6
Single modes 13,195 90.3 4,956 86.5 682 64.3 155 13.3 1.4 20.2 5.7 16.6 9.7 14.4
Truck6 13,144 90 4,757 83 607 57.2 154 13.3 1.5 17.9 6.3 8.8 11.5 14.5
For-hire truck 2,814 19.3 896 15.6 287 27 481 10 2.9 16.6 5.3 11.8 7.3 16.9
Private truck 10,330 70.7 3,861 67.4 320 30.2 102 16.8 3.9 21.1 6.3 13.2 6.8 11.1
Rail S S S S S S 377 S S S S S S 17.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 701 S S S S S S 15.9
Multiple modes 1,247 8.5 S S S S 400 15.8 1.3 S S S S 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,100 7.5 68 1.2 30 2.9 398 14.1 1.1 24.3 0.2 24.5 0.5 18.7
Truck and rail 145 1 S S S S 388 13.4 4.1 S S S S 1.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 210 S S S S S S 33

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5 100 S S S S S 45.5 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 136 S S S S S S 6.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 136 S S S S S S 6.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 47.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.