Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 436,947 100 302,032 100 71,748 100 4.3 - 6.3 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 158,870 36.4 194,638 64.4 3,831 5.3 9.3 2.2 7.8 3.1 6.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 26,784 6.1 12,802 4.2 1,227 1.7 14.4 0.6 8.6 0.3 8.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 61,599 14.1 27,551 9.1 6,156 8.6 6.8 0.6 13 1 14.8 1
250 - 499 miles 58,895 13.5 23,230 7.7 10,435 14.5 5.2 0.3 13 1 14.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 53,675 12.3 17,613 5.8 14,060 19.6 7.2 1.2 13.4 0.9 14.2 1.7
750 - 999 miles 32,939 7.5 18,161 6 21,052 29.3 9.7 0.8 30 1.6 32.9 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 20,642 4.7 3,718 1.2 5,517 7.7 13.3 0.7 21.5 0.2 23.5 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 23,203 5.3 4,296 1.4 9,378 13.1 5.9 0.4 10 0.2 10.6 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 341 0.1 23 - 92 0.1 20.7 - 36.3 - 29.5 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 322,461 100 288,939 100 62,239 100 5 - 6.6 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 135,098 41.9 193,117 66.8 3,773 6.1 10.7 2.5 7.9 2.9 7.2 1
50 - 99 miles 18,061 5.6 11,660 4 1,096 1.8 7.4 0.4 7.1 0.2 6.7 0.3
100 - 249 miles 43,244 13.4 24,376 8.4 5,294 8.5 6.2 0.8 11.2 0.8 12 1.3
250 - 499 miles 43,646 13.5 21,373 7.4 9,481 15.2 5.8 0.6 12.6 1 13.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 35,765 11.1 15,658 5.4 12,234 19.7 6.2 1 14.6 1 15.9 1.9
750 - 999 miles 19,708 6.1 16,178 5.6 18,637 29.9 10 0.7 34.1 1.7 37.5 5.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,522 4.2 3,241 1.1 4,799 7.7 16.4 0.8 24.2 0.2 26.6 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13,307 4.1 3,325 1.2 6,906 11.1 7.5 0.3 12.9 0.2 13.1 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 109 - S S 19 - 31 - S S 49.2 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 296,789 100 248,693 100 39,369 100 4.9 - 6.6 - 9.6 -
Less than 50 miles 126,024 42.5 178,373 71.7 3,430 8.7 11.2 2.8 8.7 2.7 8.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 17,520 5.9 11,023 4.4 1,024 2.6 7.9 0.4 7.3 0.2 6.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 41,048 13.8 20,041 8.1 4,249 10.8 6 0.8 8.7 0.4 7.4 0.9
250 - 499 miles 40,902 13.8 17,159 6.9 7,297 18.5 5.5 0.6 9 0.8 9.5 0.6
500 - 749 miles 31,891 10.7 11,483 4.6 8,819 22.4 7.4 1.1 12.2 0.8 13 0.9
750 - 999 miles 16,422 5.5 5,812 2.3 6,120 15.5 8.8 0.6 26.2 0.8 28.6 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,998 4 2,194 0.9 3,105 7.9 19 0.9 14.3 0.1 14.3 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,964 3.7 2,599 1 5,312 13.5 8.4 0.4 13.4 0.1 13.4 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 19 - S S S S 36.2 - S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196,984 100 125,658 100 33,730 100 4.7 - 8.9 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 52,181 26.5 69,944 55.7 1,521 4.5 18.9 3.4 15.3 4.3 10.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 11,197 5.7 6,724 5.4 629 1.9 11.4 0.6 7.9 0.6 6.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 30,675 15.6 13,384 10.7 2,944 8.7 7.1 1.2 7 0.8 7 0.9
250 - 499 miles 35,587 18.1 14,948 11.9 6,387 18.9 6.7 1.1 10.2 1.3 10.6 0.7
500 - 749 miles 28,247 14.3 10,146 8.1 7,797 23.1 8.2 1.3 14.1 1.2 15.1 1
750 - 999 miles 16,116 8.2 5,710 4.5 6,024 17.9 8.8 0.9 26.7 1.2 29.1 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,998 6.1 2,194 1.7 3,105 9.2 19 1.3 14.3 0.3 14.3 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 10,964 5.6 2,599 2.1 5,312 15.7 8.4 0.6 13.4 0.4 13.4 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 18 - S S S S 38.5 - S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 99,805 100 123,035 100 5,639 100 8.8 - 12.4 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 73,843 74 108,428 88.1 1,909 33.9 10.8 1.9 12.5 1 12.8 2.9
50 - 99 miles 6,323 6.3 4,299 3.5 395 7 4.6 0.3 11.7 0.4 12.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 10,373 10.4 6,657 5.4 1,305 23.1 12.4 0.8 23.5 0.7 18.9 2.5
250 - 499 miles 5,315 5.3 2,211 1.8 910 16.1 13 0.9 10.2 0.2 10.1 1.1
500 - 749 miles 3,644 3.7 1,337 1.1 1,022 18.1 9.2 0.5 20.1 0.2 21.8 2.4
750 - 999 miles 306 0.3 102 0.1 96 1.7 21.9 0.1 35.7 - 36.5 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,757 100 14,386 100 10,527 100 13.4 - 25.6 - 28.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 541 6.2 635 4.4 71 0.7 35.4 4.2 37.8 6.6 38 1.4
100 - 249 miles 1,031 11.8 1,682 11.7 420 4 24.8 3.1 34.6 2.2 34.4 1
250 - 499 miles 1,494 17.1 4,002 27.8 2,001 19 26.8 2.5 38.3 3.9 39 2.7
500 - 749 miles 2,534 28.9 3,694 25.7 3,133 29.8 11.1 3.2 29.7 3.3 29.9 3.9
750 - 999 miles 805 9.2 1,487 10.3 1,622 15.4 36.5 3.3 33.2 3.3 33.7 5.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 525 6 S S S S 36.6 2.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,227 14 706 4.9 1,558 14.8 34.6 3.8 39.6 1.6 39.5 4.5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 884 100 11,190 100 S S 38.3 - 46.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 884 100 11,190 100 S S 38.3 - 46.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,301 100 77 100 86 100 23.3 - 14.2 - 15.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,463 20 8 10.9 4 4.3 38 4.7 33.5 6.5 30.5 3.3
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 161 2.2 6 8 S S 40.4 1 48.4 4.2 S S
250 - 499 miles 1,180 16.2 8 9.8 3 4 48.2 6.5 31.9 3 32 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,117 15.3 8 11 6 7 21.6 3.6 27.3 3.2 25.3 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,177 16.1 18 23.1 17 19.6 34.6 4.4 48.3 6.4 49.1 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 7 9.2 10 11.8 S S 19.4 1.4 19.8 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,116 15.3 20 25.6 36 41.2 34.2 6 22.2 4.9 22.5 6.4
More than 2,000 miles 90 1.2 S S S S 36.1 0.8 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,730 100 14,593 100 S S 20.3 - 21.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 6,961 79.7 10,748 73.7 S S 17.1 5.9 19.4 7.2 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 757 8.7 1,149 7.9 S S 19.5 5.5 20.8 6.2 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 216 2.5 441 3 S S 38.3 2.8 26.4 3 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 104,327 100 10,137 100 8,749 100 8.1 - 31.1 - 26 -
Less than 50 miles 16,904 16.2 518 5.1 S S 9.9 1 41.4 0.9 S S
50 - 99 miles 8,449 8.1 S S S S 42.1 2.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 17,585 16.9 2,585 25.5 725 8.3 16.8 1.9 49.6 7 49.7 4.7
250 - 499 miles 14,365 13.8 1,615 15.9 856 9.8 7.3 0.7 35.2 5.1 36.1 5
500 - 749 miles 17,385 16.7 1,872 18.5 1,762 20.1 11.9 2.1 41.4 3.3 40.8 2.9
750 - 999 miles 12,865 12.3 1,879 18.5 2,311 26.4 19.6 2.1 49.2 3.4 48.9 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,912 6.6 430 4.2 651 7.4 13.9 0.7 43.7 3 45 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,637 9.2 887 8.7 2,299 26.3 9 1.1 20.2 3.7 24.5 6.4
More than 2,000 miles 224 0.2 11 0.1 71 0.8 22.2 - 28.1 - 34.2 0.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 94,564 100 1,715 100 1,228 100 7.7 - 9.6 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 16,558 17.5 241 14.1 14 1.2 9.6 1.4 9.9 1.5 27 0.2
50 - 99 miles 8,367 8.8 80 4.6 8 0.7 42 2.6 13.4 0.4 14.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 15,685 16.6 247 14.4 55 4.5 19.8 2.1 11.4 0.8 11.1 0.3
250 - 499 miles 12,984 13.7 303 17.7 129 10.5 6.5 0.8 11.7 0.8 11.4 0.5
500 - 749 miles 15,754 16.7 344 20.1 264 21.5 11.7 2.1 10.2 0.5 10.4 1
750 - 999 miles 10,668 11.3 178 10.4 180 14.7 13.4 1.9 10.2 0.5 10.4 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,386 6.8 145 8.5 207 16.9 14 0.7 12.3 0.6 12.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,002 8.5 172 10 351 28.6 8.8 0.8 15.8 1 15.7 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 159 0.2 5 0.3 19 1.5 25.2 - 39.4 0.1 42.2 0.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,366 100 6,828 100 5,191 100 40.8 - 41.7 - 35.6 -
Less than 50 miles 260 3.1 S S S S 41.5 2.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 78 0.9 S S S S 45.3 2.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,892 22.6 S S S S 49.7 6.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 892 10.7 920 13.5 S S 39.2 5.4 49.5 5.3 S S
500 - 749 miles 1,482 17.7 S S S S 46.7 4.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,546 18.5 638 9.3 1,437 27.7 26.4 6 22.5 6.9 22.4 8.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,057 100 507 100 558 100 44.3 - 42.8 - 31.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 4 0.4 8 1.5 S S 8.8 1.4 6.7 11.6 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 370 73 266 47.6 S S 37.4 14.8 32.4 18.4
500 - 749 miles 130 12.3 S S 118 21.2 31.7 14.5 S S 30.6 18.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 52 4.9 10 1.9 63 11.2 32.7 13.9 45.8 4.4 45.7 16.8
More than 2,000 miles 63 5.9 S S S S 46.2 8.1 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61 100 238 100 221 100 29.3 - 41.2 - 29.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5 8.4 8 3.3 S S 23.3 5.8 13.8 14.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 849 100 1,551 100 S S 43.1 - 34.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 8 3 S S S S 42.3 2.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 760 89.6 1,071 69 S S 39.4 4.1 39.7 11.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,159 100 2,956 100 760 100 41 - 30 - 25.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1,003 33.9 22 2.9 S S 18.6 7.3 25.1 1.8
50 - 99 miles 274 2.7 S S S S 44.7 2.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 769 7.6 591 20 136 17.9 37.7 1.7 41 6.4 46.9 5.4
250 - 499 miles 884 8.7 242 8.2 99 13 44.2 5.2 37.2 2 35.5 2.1
500 - 749 miles 525 5.2 83 2.8 64 8.4 17.1 2.2 31.9 3.4 32.6 7.2
750 - 999 miles 366 3.6 104 3.5 104 13.7 27 1.5 36.9 1 36.7 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 208 2 48 1.6 67 8.8 32.8 1 37.4 0.8 35.8 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 259 2.5 84 2.8 174 22.9 42.7 1.2 45.1 0.9 45.5 5.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.