Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 436,947 100 302,032 100 71,748 100 570 4.3 - 6.3 - 11.7 - 6.9
Single modes 322,461 73.8 288,939 95.7 62,239 86.7 236 5 1.8 6.6 1 13.3 2.8 6.6
Truck6 296,789 67.9 248,693 82.3 39,369 54.9 193 4.9 1.5 6.6 2.4 9.6 4.2 7.4
For-hire truck 196,984 45.1 125,658 41.6 33,730 47 482 4.7 1.7 8.9 3.1 10.9 3.9 6.4
Private truck 99,805 22.8 123,035 40.7 5,639 7.9 58 8.8 1.2 12.4 3.7 11 1.1 8.1
Rail 8,757 2 14,386 4.8 10,527 14.7 629 13.4 0.3 25.6 1 28.2 3.4 16.9
Water 884 0.2 11,190 3.7 S S S 38.3 0.1 46.5 2 S S S
Shallow draft 884 0.2 11,190 3.7 S S S 38.3 0.1 46.5 2 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7,301 1.7 77 - 86 0.1 1,130 23.3 0.3 14.2 - 15.3 - 4.7
Pipeline7 8,730 2 14,593 4.8 S S S 20.3 0.7 21.6 1.8 S S S
Multiple modes 104,327 23.9 10,137 3.4 8,749 12.2 771 8.1 1.6 31.1 1 26 2.7 4.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 94,564 21.6 1,715 0.6 1,228 1.7 769 7.7 1.3 9.6 0.1 11 0.4 4.7
Truck and rail 8,366 1.9 6,828 2.3 5,191 7.2 826 40.8 0.8 41.7 0.9 35.6 2.1 22.6
Truck and water 1,057 0.2 507 0.2 558 0.8 4,254 44.3 0.1 42.8 0.1 31.4 0.2 14.5
Rail and water 61 - 238 0.1 221 0.3 2,905 29.3 - 41.2 0.1 29.6 0.3 45.8
Other multiple modes S S 849 0.3 1,551 2.2 5,390 S S 43.1 0.1 34.9 0.9 18.1
Other and unknown modes 10,159 2.3 2,956 1 760 1.1 128 41 0.9 30 0.3 25.3 0.3 30

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,195 100 10,570 100 5,097 100 245 14.9 - 22.2 - 30.2 - 36.2
Single modes 16,295 94.8 10,065 95.2 4,458 87.5 94 16 2.9 21.9 3.2 30.1 6.2 39.6
Truck6 16,070 93.5 8,700 82.3 2,841 55.7 88 16.1 2.9 20.6 5.1 33.4 10 41.9
For-hire truck 9,052 52.6 5,171 48.9 2,480 48.7 322 25.8 5.8 25.9 7.2 33.5 9.1 47.1
Private truck 7,018 40.8 3,529 33.4 361 7.1 42 18.9 5.7 25.2 7.2 41.2 6.8 44.3
Rail 55 0.3 299 2.8 S S S 34.4 0.3 35.1 2.8 S S S
Water S S S S S S 1,329 S S S S S S 1.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,329 S S S S S S 1.6
Air (incl truck and air) 16 0.1 S S S S 1,192 42 0.1 S S S S 14.8
Multiple modes 842 4.9 457 4.3 636 12.5 975 35.6 2.9 49.5 3.2 48.8 6.3 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 693 4 12 0.1 S S 976 41.8 2.7 43.4 0.2 S S 11.2
Truck and rail 35 0.2 S S S S S 7.7 1.4 S S S S S
Truck and water 33 0.2 13 0.1 39 0.8 3,103 33.1 0.7 32.9 0.9 31.6 3.7 1.3
Other multiple modes 81 0.5 410 3.9 567 11.1 1,301 31.1 0.6 47.8 5.9 46.6 10.6 6.4
Other and unknown modes 58 0.3 S S S S 31 46.1 0.2 S S S S 47.2

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 29,530 100 19,754 100 5,078 100 134 11.9 - 8.5 - 9.8 - 33.3
Single modes 28,670 97.1 19,180 97.1 4,583 90.3 82 12.2 0.8 8.3 0.7 10.6 2.4 14
Truck6 28,276 95.8 18,596 94.1 4,166 82.1 81 12.4 0.7 8.5 1.6 12 4 12.7
For-hire truck 13,878 47 8,311 42.1 3,523 69.4 481 14 4.6 15 4.8 15.5 6.3 16
Private truck 14,397 48.8 10,285 52.1 644 12.7 62 15.1 4.8 12.7 5.7 23.8 4.2 11.9
Rail 267 0.9 545 2.8 414 8.2 1,030 30.9 0.4 42.4 1.3 41.9 3.5 20.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,090 S S S S S S 28.5
Multiple modes 813 2.8 408 2.1 423 8.3 S 34.2 0.8 38.2 0.6 24.4 2.6 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 217 0.7 21 0.1 12 0.2 753 34.1 0.2 23.1 - 37.3 0.1 14.5
Truck and rail 528 1.8 328 1.7 336 6.6 1,312 44.4 0.7 43 0.5 29.1 2.4 10.8
Truck and water 56 0.2 54 0.3 60 1.2 S 35.2 0.2 44.2 0.2 42.5 0.9 S
Other multiple modes 11 - S S 16 0.3 S 45.5 0.3 S S 6.7 2.1 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,053 100 70,537 100 1,792 100 31 35.3 - 10.7 - 10.3 - 15.7
Single modes 1,604 78.1 70,289 99.6 1,657 92.5 26 22.3 6.8 10.7 0.2 9.3 2.9 14.5
Truck6 1,576 76.8 67,359 95.5 1,432 79.9 26 23.1 6.3 11.8 3.7 10.7 6.8 13.5
For-hire truck 920 44.8 31,929 45.3 846 47.2 38 34.6 7.4 20.9 7.5 13.3 7.5 24
Private truck 656 32 35,430 50.2 586 32.7 15 33.4 8.9 21.1 7.3 28.9 6.4 18.7
Rail S S S S S S 769 S S S S S S 29.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,060 S S S S S S 4.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S 441 S S S S S S 48.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,871 100 47,103 100 S S 63 27.4 - 23.6 - S S 40.6
Single modes 25,784 99.7 46,516 98.8 S S 45 27.5 0.6 24.1 1.6 S S 25.9
Truck6 16,852 65.1 26,291 55.8 845 8 43 41.4 13.6 32.4 12.2 33.3 16.1 26.9
For-hire truck S S 11,924 25.3 387 3.6 S S S 41.5 8.4 24.5 9.6 S
Private truck S S 14,367 30.5 S S 34 S S 44.6 8.8 S S 28.6
Rail 251 1 635 1.3 465 4.4 590 41.7 0.5 25.1 1 40.6 6.6 19
Water S S S S S S 616 S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 616 S S S S S S 9
Pipeline7 8,100 31.3 12,647 26.8 S S S 15.7 18.7 18.3 13.5 S S S
Multiple modes 77 0.3 S S S S 443 38.7 0.7 S S S S 29
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 27 0.1 S S 1 - 440 45.9 0.1 S S 40.5 - 30.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water 38 0.1 216 0.5 127 1.2 853 36.3 1.5 18.4 2.8 44.7 14.4 37.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 2 - S S S S S 42.5 - S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 102,151 100 41,113 100 23,549 100 700 10.4 - 20.2 - 26.5 - 13.7
Single modes 61,741 60.4 37,330 90.8 21,310 90.5 299 11.4 5.7 20.4 2.4 28.9 3.1 13.4
Truck6 55,742 54.6 25,362 61.7 11,814 50.2 269 11.9 6.2 17.4 5 30.3 5.3 12.6
For-hire truck 44,983 44 18,561 45.1 10,886 46.2 563 13.9 5.3 25.2 4.3 33.7 4.5 2.5
Private truck 10,759 10.5 6,801 16.5 929 3.9 78 15.6 2.2 21.3 5.3 32.8 2.8 29.4
Rail 5,099 5 10,016 24.4 7,548 32.1 732 22 0.8 34.7 4.2 40.1 6.6 12
Air (incl truck and air) 270 0.3 6 - 8 - 1,205 34.5 0.1 33.2 - 36.7 - 10
Pipeline7 630 0.6 1,946 4.7 S S S 16.2 2 13.7 17.4 S S S
Multiple modes 35,498 34.7 2,553 6.2 1,994 8.5 783 18.6 5.6 35 0.8 16.5 2.8 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 33,722 33 307 0.7 209 0.9 786 19.2 5.6 12.3 0.3 26.9 0.8 10.9
Truck and rail 1,682 1.6 2,157 5.2 1,274 5.4 S 25.7 0.3 42.1 0.9 17.6 1.1 S
Truck and water 56 0.1 12 - 39 0.2 5,672 35 - 37.5 - 34 0.2 21.7
Rail and water 14 - 19 - 85 0.4 3,953 40.2 - 30.7 0.1 16.3 1 28.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,605 S S S S S S 1.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S 246 1 214 S S S S 45.6 1 19.3

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,845 100 18,283 100 5,135 100 752 9.4 - 17.3 - 29.9 - 8.5
Single modes 19,413 67.3 15,013 82.1 3,200 62.3 269 9.1 5.1 18.1 7.5 17.4 10.2 10
Truck6 19,275 66.8 14,979 81.9 3,148 61.3 254 9.2 5.2 18.2 7.5 17.8 10 10
For-hire truck 12,842 44.5 10,176 55.7 2,775 54 413 10.3 4 25.9 7.4 19.7 8.7 8.2
Private truck 6,432 22.3 4,803 26.3 373 7.3 101 15.9 3.5 25.6 7.1 21.5 3.2 21.2
Rail 93 0.3 29 0.2 44 0.9 1,822 42.5 0.2 38.8 0.2 36 0.6 10.6
Air (incl truck and air) 46 0.2 5 - 7 0.1 1,154 40.7 0.1 43.2 - 49.5 0.2 26.3
Multiple modes 8,552 29.6 S S S S 834 32.5 5.4 S S S S 5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,127 21.2 303 1.7 217 4.2 828 14.6 3.2 12.4 0.6 15.9 1.3 5.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,089 S S S S S S 11.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 880 3 283 1.5 41 0.8 S 43.1 1.5 35.4 0.4 42.8 0.3 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 67,213 100 63,098 100 9,533 100 394 7.3 - 12.2 - 9.8 - 7.7
Single modes 55,754 83 61,563 97.6 8,781 92.1 208 8.2 2.3 12.3 0.5 10.9 2.1 8.7
Truck6 54,483 81.1 60,866 96.5 8,295 87 198 8.4 2.4 12.3 0.8 10.6 3 9.2
For-hire truck 39,171 58.3 25,154 39.9 7,084 74.3 465 12 3.9 15.9 7 10.5 3.6 9.5
Private truck 15,312 22.8 35,712 56.6 1,210 12.7 51 11.3 2.5 22.1 7.3 21.2 2 10.6
Rail 726 1.1 690 1.1 479 5 S 32.7 0.3 32.4 0.3 34.7 1.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) 545 0.8 7 - 8 0.1 831 25.9 0.2 25.5 - 42.3 0.1 14.3
Multiple modes 9,746 14.5 725 1.1 522 5.5 531 17 2.1 29.5 0.5 28.9 1.8 4.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,964 13.3 206 0.3 118 1.2 530 17.6 2 16.8 0.1 14.1 0.3 4.1
Truck and rail S S 180 0.3 164 1.7 S S S 37.7 0.1 36.7 0.7 S
Truck and water 115 0.2 S S S S 6,219 48.8 0.3 S S S S 30
Other and unknown modes 1,713 2.5 809 1.3 230 2.4 S 29.9 0.6 36.7 0.3 32 0.6 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 93,354 100 6,871 100 2,955 100 635 7.1 - 18.7 - 15.4 - 7.1
Single modes 58,491 62.7 5,873 85.5 2,236 75.7 453 10.1 2.7 22 3.8 17.2 3.8 12.5
Truck6 51,872 55.6 5,611 81.7 2,039 69 311 10.3 2.6 20.4 3.3 14.9 3 14.8
For-hire truck 40,083 42.9 4,081 59.4 1,931 65.3 590 12.1 2.6 23.2 4.9 15.7 2.4 6.8
Private truck 11,789 12.6 1,529 22.3 108 3.6 58 15.5 1.8 45.5 6.6 44.5 2 26.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 6,107 6.5 53 0.8 55 1.8 1,143 27.6 1.7 21.3 0.2 26.2 0.5 5.2
Multiple modes 33,160 35.5 832 12.1 659 22.3 788 8.5 2.8 28.6 3.8 25.7 4 3.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 31,138 33.4 382 5.6 282 9.5 786 9.6 3.1 13.7 1.8 13.5 2.1 3.5
Truck and rail S S 425 6.2 300 10.2 868 S S 49.2 3.2 48.3 3.4 39
Truck and water S S S S 46 1.6 6,688 S S S S 43.4 1.5 21.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,703 1.8 166 2.4 S S S 30.3 0.4 46.3 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 70,601 100 24,653 100 7,972 100 641 8.8 - 13.3 - 14.3 - 9.4
Single modes 54,622 77.4 23,059 93.5 6,057 76 247 7.3 2.4 13.7 0.8 13.3 3.2 20.3
Truck6 52,556 74.4 20,879 84.7 4,751 59.6 239 7.8 2.3 14.6 3.4 15.1 3.7 20.7
For-hire truck 28,534 40.4 10,302 41.8 3,780 47.4 464 11.3 2.8 18 3.7 16.7 3.3 20.9
Private truck 24,022 34 10,577 42.9 971 12.2 56 7.7 2.7 16.8 3.9 19.7 2 11.9
Rail 1,748 2.5 1,838 7.5 1,128 14.2 1,011 26.2 0.9 32.7 2.6 20.6 2.9 14
Water 97 0.1 340 1.4 175 2.2 524 33.2 0.7 18.9 6.3 33.1 10.6 16.9
Shallow draft 97 0.1 340 1.4 175 2.2 524 33.2 0.7 18.9 6.3 33.1 10.6 16.9
Air (incl truck and air) 221 0.3 2 - 2 - 925 25.6 0.1 25.5 - 41.2 - 17
Multiple modes 15,188 21.5 1,475 6 1,886 23.7 804 18.8 2.5 19.2 0.8 24.7 3.1 5.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,623 19.3 482 2 378 4.7 803 20.2 2.5 20.6 0.5 24.6 1.3 5.1
Truck and rail 1,294 1.8 950 3.9 1,407 17.6 1,639 23.2 0.4 26.3 0.8 31.9 3.1 8.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,054 S S S S S S 47.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 791 1.1 118 0.5 30 0.4 226 25.1 0.3 31 0.1 37.5 0.1 20.8

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 133 100 S S S S 131 43.1 - S S S S 39.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,006 S S S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 45.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.