Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,985 100 79,715 100 15,237 100 9.7 - 14.7 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 15,321 39.3 40,245 50.5 829 5.4 11.8 2.5 18.4 4.2 22.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 2,956 7.6 8,756 11 802 5.3 15.9 0.8 38.3 2.1 40.6 1.1
100 - 249 miles 8,184 21 16,505 20.7 3,316 21.8 13.6 1.7 18.1 1.8 15.7 1.9
250 - 499 miles 5,947 15.3 7,355 9.2 3,094 20.3 20.7 2.2 10.5 1.2 11.5 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,278 8.4 3,666 4.6 2,723 17.9 12.7 1.3 20.1 1.2 19.9 3.2
750 - 999 miles 1,629 4.2 1,851 2.3 1,918 12.6 14.1 0.5 24.3 0.5 25.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 673 1.7 665 0.8 1,034 6.8 14.4 0.3 28.2 0.3 32.6 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 991 2.5 672 0.8 1,519 10 20.7 0.4 41.2 0.2 43.4 3.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,982 100 69,937 100 14,430 100 9.3 - 16.1 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 13,314 38.1 31,927 45.7 796 5.5 8.2 1.8 16.5 3.5 24.4 0.9
50 - 99 miles 2,860 8.2 8,744 12.5 801 5.5 16.5 0.9 38.3 2 40.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 7,595 21.7 15,906 22.7 3,198 22.2 12.6 1.5 17.9 2 15.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,634 16.1 6,948 9.9 2,876 19.9 21.9 2.4 12.3 1.3 12.7 2.4
500 - 749 miles 2,761 7.9 3,342 4.8 2,478 17.2 11.4 1.3 19.7 1 20.5 3.3
750 - 999 miles 1,487 4.2 1,814 2.6 1,869 13 15.8 0.6 24.9 0.6 26.7 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 541 1.5 609 0.9 952 6.6 16.3 0.3 31.7 0.3 36.2 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 789 2.3 645 0.9 1,458 10.1 26.4 0.5 42.9 0.5 45.2 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 3 - 1 - S S 48.3 - 48.9 - S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,603 100 59,084 100 9,186 100 8.9 - 18.5 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 12,569 42.5 29,555 50 751 8.2 7.9 1.9 18 3.2 25.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 2,408 8.1 8,032 13.6 751 8.2 14.6 1 41.9 2.1 43.7 1.7
100 - 249 miles 5,958 20.1 13,127 22.2 2,656 28.9 9.8 0.8 21.6 1.6 18.9 1.8
250 - 499 miles 4,632 15.6 5,474 9.3 2,278 24.8 27.5 2.6 14.2 1.4 15.2 3.1
500 - 749 miles 2,296 7.8 1,873 3.2 1,312 14.3 10 1.2 10.6 0.6 10.4 2.1
750 - 999 miles 797 2.7 429 0.7 436 4.7 19.8 0.5 24.5 0.3 23.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 451 1.5 331 0.6 469 5.1 16.9 0.3 31.1 0.2 30.4 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 489 1.7 262 0.4 532 5.8 18.6 0.3 25.6 0.1 25.3 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,453 100 30,160 100 7,023 100 12 - 8.4 - 7.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,148 30.1 11,863 39.3 270 3.8 13.7 2.3 10.4 2.2 11.9 0.4
50 - 99 miles 1,276 6.2 2,389 7.9 220 3.1 21.9 1 15.9 1 15.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 4,762 23.3 8,151 27 1,753 25 10.1 1.3 10.3 1.1 11.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 4,259 20.8 4,866 16.1 2,035 29 30 2.9 13.4 1.7 14.4 2.7
500 - 749 miles 2,281 11.2 1,870 6.2 1,310 18.7 10.4 1.7 10.7 0.8 10.5 2.1
750 - 999 miles 796 3.9 429 1.4 436 6.2 19.8 0.8 24.5 0.4 23.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 448 2.2 331 1.1 469 6.7 16.7 0.4 31.1 0.3 30.4 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 482 2.4 261 0.9 529 7.5 19.1 0.5 25.7 0.3 25.4 2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,150 100 28,924 100 2,162 100 10.9 - 38.5 - 49.3 -
Less than 50 miles 6,421 70.2 17,692 61.2 480 22.2 9.2 3 29.2 7.3 41.4 5.5
50 - 99 miles 1,132 12.4 S S S S 23.1 2.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,196 13.1 S S S S 23.5 1.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 373 4.1 609 2.1 244 11.3 27.6 0.8 43.9 0.9 46 3.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,939 100 10,364 100 5,214 100 21.4 - 15 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles 513 10.4 1,944 18.8 44 0.8 49 5.2 38.6 7.1 43.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,584 32.1 2,742 26.5 538 10.3 30.3 7.8 32.3 9.6 32.8 8.7
250 - 499 miles 1,002 20.3 1,474 14.2 598 11.5 24.7 3.1 31.9 3.5 33.2 5.2
500 - 749 miles 434 8.8 1,452 14 1,154 22.1 31.5 8.1 35.2 7.3 35.3 8.1
750 - 999 miles 678 13.7 1,385 13.4 1,433 27.5 30.3 5.2 27.6 4.2 30 5.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 59 1.2 277 2.7 S S 31.9 7.2 43.5 6.1 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 167 100 S S S S 30.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 24 14.4 - 3.9 - 0.9 49.5 14.3 35.9 16.2 36.7 8.1
100 - 249 miles 23 13.7 - 1.2 S S 40.4 11.1 47.8 3.1 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 20 11.7 S S S S 47.2 18.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 273 100 482 100 S S 45.2 - 37.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 231 84.7 428 88.8 S S 46 9.3 40 9.4 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,928 100 1,367 100 715 100 18.6 - 38.5 - 44.1 -
Less than 50 miles 112 5.8 33 2.4 1 0.1 15.6 1.6 45.8 4.9 42.5 0.3
50 - 99 miles 79 4.1 S S S S 26.2 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 567 29.4 S S S S 40.3 7.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 247 12.8 S S S S 29.2 2.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 466 24.2 S S S S 36.7 4.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 142 7.4 36 2.6 49 6.9 25.5 1.6 47.3 3.7 48.4 6.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 131 6.8 S S S S 29.5 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 180 9.3 23 1.7 53 7.4 27.3 2.7 28.7 5.7 29.2 7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,053 100 49 100 36 100 18.1 - 34.9 - 41.4 -
Less than 50 miles 93 8.8 5 9.4 - 0.5 17.2 1.4 37.6 2 35 0.2
50 - 99 miles 65 6.1 3 6.1 - 0.9 33.1 1.4 37.1 1.1 36.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 173 16.5 9 18.8 2 6.1 17.9 2 38.2 2.2 37.7 1.5
250 - 499 miles 131 12.4 7 15.2 3 9.4 14.5 1.6 36.9 2.9 33.2 1.7
500 - 749 miles 239 22.7 11 22.8 8 22.7 22.4 1.6 37.1 2.8 36.2 4
750 - 999 miles 119 11.3 4 8.4 4 12 27 1.4 41.4 2.3 40.6 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 100 9.5 S S S S 29.5 2.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 130 12.3 S S S S 34.3 2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 726 100 1,149 100 524 100 36.3 - 36 - 42.2 -
Less than 50 miles 20 2.7 S S 1 0.2 40.1 17.5 S S 27.5 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4 0.5 S S S S 2.7 12 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 12 1.1 16 3 S S 14.5 3.5 14.2 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 50 6.9 18 1.5 S S 31.5 16.2 25.8 12.3 S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 93 100 S S S S 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 2 - - 0.2 S S 46.3 2.7 46.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 21 1 S S S S 33.3 5.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 66 3.2 32 0.4 S S 40 6.5 49.9 13.4 S S
500 - 749 miles 51 2.5 S S S S 41.3 7.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - - - 0.1 S S 17.8 0.5 13.7 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.