Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,985 100 79,715 100 15,237 100 352 9.7 - 14.7 - 12.7 - 11.7
Less than 50 lbs 1,125 2.9 28 - 12 0.1 545 16.9 0.7 29.0 - 26.3 - 11.1
50 - 99 lbs 388 1.0 26 - 6 - 217 29.5 0.3 26.0 - 29.9 - 22.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,085 2.8 160 0.2 35 0.2 213 17.9 0.6 24.8 - 28.6 0.1 27.7
500 - 749 lbs 281 0.7 75 0.1 8 0.1 S 14.9 0.1 38.5 - 14.2 - S
750 - 999 lbs 293 0.8 74 0.1 16 0.1 222 22.7 0.2 24.1 - 46.2 - 32.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,232 8.3 1,889 2.4 319 2.1 161 16.6 1.0 25.0 0.4 26.9 0.5 17.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,692 47.9 43,734 54.9 7,687 50.4 182 8.6 2.5 24.2 5.3 14.2 4.2 10.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,954 17.8 11,359 14.2 1,176 7.7 98 22.6 3.1 14.7 3.1 25.5 1.7 18.8
More than 100,000 lbs 6,934 17.8 22,371 28.1 5,978 39.2 482 30.3 3.9 37.3 6.2 21.8 4.5 13.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,982 100 69,937 100 14,430 100 135 9.3 - 16.1 - 13.6 - 10.9
Less than 50 lbs 393 1.1 10 - 1 - 58 28.0 0.4 30.3 - 21.2 - 22.0
50 - 99 lbs 281 0.8 18 - 1 - 65 38.7 0.3 36.0 - 21.3 - 46.3
100 - 499 lbs 825 2.4 130 0.2 18 0.1 125 19.3 0.5 29.3 0.1 16.7 - 35.6
500 - 749 lbs 264 0.8 73 0.1 8 0.1 103 14.5 0.1 39.3 0.1 15.7 - 46.0
750 - 999 lbs 277 0.8 72 0.1 14 0.1 190 21.7 0.3 24.4 - 40.8 - 33.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,120 8.9 1,850 2.6 313 2.2 161 17.5 1.2 25.7 0.4 27.7 0.5 17.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,315 52.4 43,501 62.2 7,471 51.8 178 8.5 2.3 24.3 3.6 14.4 4.8 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,646 19.0 10,975 15.7 915 6.3 80 23.5 3.2 14.9 2.7 18.7 1.1 17.9
More than 100,000 lbs 4,862 13.9 13,308 19.0 5,690 39.4 503 18.6 2.0 13.0 2.7 23.6 4.9 12.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,603 100 59,084 100 9,186 100 121 8.9 - 18.5 - 12.6 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 373 1.3 10 - 1 - 45 28.8 0.4 30.5 - 20.2 - 23.0
50 - 99 lbs 268 0.9 18 - 1 - 55 41.4 0.4 36.4 - 26.6 - 33.9
100 - 499 lbs 792 2.7 130 0.2 17 0.2 118 19.3 0.5 29.5 0.2 18.7 - 37.4
500 - 749 lbs 254 0.9 73 0.1 7 0.1 101 14.7 0.1 39.4 0.1 16.3 - 46.5
750 - 999 lbs 255 0.9 70 0.1 10 0.1 140 22.2 0.3 24.7 0.1 41.9 - 40.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,051 10.3 1,846 3.1 306 3.3 152 18.2 1.6 25.8 0.6 28.6 0.6 14.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,047 61.0 43,321 73.3 7,381 80.4 176 8.2 3.0 24.5 3.0 14.7 3.6 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 6,177 20.9 10,532 17.8 840 9.1 76 25.7 3.4 15.8 3.0 21.3 1.8 18.7
More than 100,000 lbs 386 1.3 3,085 5.2 S S 236 36.7 0.5 37.1 1.5 S S 28.3

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,453 100 30,160 100 7,023 100 344 12.0 - 8.4 - 7.4 - 7.6
Less than 50 lbs 46 0.2 1 - - - 441 32.7 0.1 22.8 - 21.6 - 38.1
50 - 99 lbs 50 0.2 1 - 1 - 438 36.1 0.1 27.2 - 39.5 - 28.8
100 - 499 lbs 287 1.4 21 0.1 13 0.2 639 17.2 0.2 15.4 - 22.7 - 8.8
500 - 749 lbs 98 0.5 11 - 5 0.1 474 19.9 0.1 20.0 - 20.3 - 12.0
750 - 999 lbs 70 0.3 11 - S S 696 28.5 0.1 37.9 - S S 14.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,252 6.1 344 1.1 184 2.6 575 16.8 0.8 16.4 0.2 26.0 0.6 11.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,577 66.4 19,123 63.4 5,541 78.9 304 7.9 3.8 5.6 4.1 5.7 4.1 4.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,721 23.1 8,032 26.6 694 9.9 82 33.5 3.7 19.3 2.6 25.4 1.8 17.5
More than 100,000 lbs 353 1.7 2,618 8.7 S S 273 38.1 0.8 44.2 3.4 S S 29.4

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,150 100 28,924 100 2,162 100 48 10.9 - 38.5 - 49.3 - 16.1
Less than 50 lbs 327 3.6 9 - - - 23 33.9 1.6 32.8 0.1 37.6 - 9.4
50 - 99 lbs S S 16 0.1 - - 23 S S 40.1 0.1 30.3 - 27.1
100 - 499 lbs 505 5.5 109 0.4 4 0.2 29 34.6 2.2 36.2 0.5 21.0 0.2 27.5
500 - 749 lbs 156 1.7 63 0.2 3 0.1 40 19.4 0.3 46.5 0.4 29.0 0.1 24.5
750 - 999 lbs 185 2.0 60 0.2 3 0.1 45 29.0 1.1 26.6 0.2 25.5 0.1 36.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,799 19.7 1,503 5.2 122 5.6 69 26.8 3.3 31.1 1.7 42.2 1.0 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,469 48.8 24,198 83.7 S S 83 15.4 4.3 43.1 3.3 S S 14.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,457 15.9 2,500 8.6 146 6.8 56 21.9 3.8 20.3 2.7 35.6 2.7 28.6
More than 100,000 lbs 33 0.4 S S S S S 40.5 0.5 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,939 100 10,364 100 5,214 100 530 21.4 - 15.0 - 20.7 - 17.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 179 1.7 89 1.7 S S S 47.8 1.6 42.4 1.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 4,203 85.1 9,741 94.0 5,050 96.9 586 20.2 4.5 13.7 2.5 21.7 2.1 16.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 167 100 S S S S 1,379 30.4 - S S S S 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 19 11.6 - 1.8 - 1.1 1,148 38.0 4.0 43.5 2.1 40.6 2.0 11.7
50 - 99 lbs 14 8.1 - 2.0 - 1.3 1,265 46.9 11.4 37.1 15.5 41.3 16.5 17.0
100 - 499 lbs 33 19.9 S S S S 1,348 27.0 12.6 S S S S 19.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - 0.9 697 S S S S 37.3 18.8 38.6
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,889 S S S S S S 19.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,789 S S S S S S 12.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 273 100 482 100 S S S 45.2 - 37.8 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 273 100.0 482 100.0 S S S 45.2 - 37.8 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,928 100 1,367 100 715 100 788 18.6 - 38.5 - 44.1 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 686 35.6 15 1.1 11 1.6 809 16.9 8.1 30.6 7.0 28.5 9.1 4.5
50 - 99 lbs 105 5.5 7 0.5 4 0.6 594 21.2 1.2 37.8 1.7 33.4 1.7 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 232 12.0 24 1.7 S S 647 23.5 2.8 40.1 6.5 S S 14.2
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.1 1 0.1 839 S S 29.4 0.5 48.9 0.2 28.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,332 S S S S S S 35.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 216 11.2 182 13.3 192 26.8 1,036 44.6 4.8 49.7 11.2 41.9 12.3 30.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 756 55.3 223 31.2 293 S S 48.6 14.3 44.3 16.2 29.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,053 100 49 100 36 100 789 18.1 - 34.9 - 41.4 - 4.7
Less than 50 lbs 686 65.2 15 31.1 11 32.0 809 16.8 4.4 30.6 6.4 28.5 6.7 4.5
50 - 99 lbs 105 10.0 7 15.0 4 12.1 594 21.2 1.4 37.8 1.4 33.4 2.0 7.5
100 - 499 lbs 231 21.9 24 48.3 S S 647 23.8 2.8 40.2 5.7 S S 13.8
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 1.6 1 1.9 846 S S 30.1 2.6 48.3 3.9 28.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,339 S S S S S S 34.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 726 100 1,149 100 524 100 661 36.3 - 36.0 - 42.2 - 18.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 138 19.0 127 11.0 150 28.6 1,198 43.3 11.9 40.9 12.1 47.0 14.4 25.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 268 S S S S S S 25.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,374 S S S S S S 48.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 81 S S S S S S 1.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,598 S S S S S S 35.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 93 100 S S S S S 45.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 30.8
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 10.0
500 - 749 lbs 1 0.1 S S S S S 45.6 9.5 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 3 3.5 S S S S S 40.3 9.0 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 24 25.8 511 S S S S 42.0 17.0 17.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5 0.2 7 0.1 - - 3 33.1 1.5 15.3 5.8 8.4 0.1 9.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 66 70.4 S S S S S 31.5 15.5 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.