Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 38,985 100 79,715 100 15,237 100 352 9.7 - 14.7 - 12.7 - 11.7
Single modes 34,982 89.7 69,937 87.7 14,430 94.7 135 9.3 2.9 16.1 6.6 13.6 2.2 10.9
Truck6 29,603 75.9 59,084 74.1 9,186 60.3 121 8.9 3.7 18.5 6.7 12.6 3.7 12.5
For-hire truck 20,453 52.5 30,160 37.8 7,023 46.1 344 12 4.2 8.4 7 7.4 4.8 7.6
Private truck 9,150 23.5 28,924 36.3 2,162 14.2 48 10.9 1.7 38.5 6.6 49.3 3.9 16.1
Rail 4,939 12.7 10,364 13 5,214 34.2 530 21.4 2 15 2.2 20.7 4.2 17.1
Air (incl truck and air) 167 0.4 S S S S 1,379 30.4 0.1 S S S S 9.9
Pipeline7 273 0.7 482 0.6 S S S 45.2 0.3 37.8 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,928 4.9 1,367 1.7 715 4.7 788 18.6 0.9 38.5 0.9 44.1 2.1 4.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,053 2.7 49 0.1 36 0.2 789 18.1 0.6 34.9 - 41.4 0.1 4.7
Truck and rail 726 1.9 1,149 1.4 524 3.4 661 36.3 0.7 36 1 42.2 2.1 18.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,374 S S S S S S 48.8
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 93 0.6 S S S S S 45.1 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 350 100 1,922 100 323 100 S 42.7 - 36.1 - 26.1 - S
Single modes 347 99.4 1,905 99.1 298 92.5 S 43.2 4.9 37 4.8 33.5 19.4 S
Truck6 247 70.5 S S 274 85 S 30.6 12.2 S S 29 7.1 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 320 S S S S S S 31.3
Private truck 129 36.9 218 11.4 S S S 35.1 10.8 18.6 4.6 S S S
Rail S S 913 47.5 S S 30 S S 47.6 14.8 S S 19.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,387 100 4,605 100 906 100 480 21.9 - 28.4 - 33.2 - 25.1
Single modes 2,117 88.7 4,550 98.8 873 96.4 S 23.1 3.7 28.7 1.8 33.9 2.5 S
Truck6 2,042 85.5 4,467 97 753 83.1 S 22.8 3.6 28.2 1.6 32 4.2 S
For-hire truck 795 33.3 1,824 39.6 582 64.2 452 30.9 4.9 35.8 6.3 34.3 8.2 15.4
Private truck 1,246 52.2 2,643 57.4 171 18.9 S 23.9 5.6 25.9 7 29.9 9.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 208 8.7 32 0.7 S S 727 40.4 5.4 46.2 0.8 S S 9.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 203 8.5 29 0.6 S S 727 40.3 5.4 47.5 0.6 S S 9.4
Truck and rail 5 0.2 3 0.1 S S S 22.9 0.2 30.5 0.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes 63 2.6 23 0.5 10 1 S 31.6 5.1 36.2 3 37.4 3.7 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 4,920 100 269 100 45 S S 33.9 - 38.5 - 20.5
Single modes S S 4,920 100 269 100 45 S S 33.9 - 38.5 - 20.5
Truck6 S S 4,920 100 269 100 45 S S 33.9 - 38.5 - 20.5
For-hire truck S S 2,712 55.1 S S 53 S S 39.2 13.6 S S 21.3
Private truck 22 17.2 S S S S 41 44.7 15.7 S S S S 23

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,207 100 21,693 100 3,046 100 107 18.2 - 31.6 - 32.1 - 19.7
Single modes 6,384 77.8 13,408 61.8 3,003 98.6 110 19.9 10.6 17.2 13.6 32.8 10.4 19.9
Truck6 4,755 57.9 10,157 46.8 725 23.8 70 17.2 9.9 16.5 11.4 26.1 12.1 23.6
For-hire truck 2,992 36.5 5,543 25.6 626 20.6 118 16.8 5.8 16.8 8.3 29.1 4.8 18.4
Private truck 1,763 21.5 4,614 21.3 99 3.2 37 21 7.1 31.9 10 23.1 10 15.2
Rail 1,365 16.6 2,875 13.3 2,262 74.3 787 24.9 4.3 22.3 6.4 35 5.3 12
Pipeline7 263 3.2 376 1.7 S S S 47.8 1.4 46.5 1.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S 54 0.2 11 0.4 205 S S 21.6 1.4 21.8 1.2 1.4
Truck and rail S S 54 0.2 11 0.4 205 S S 21.6 1.4 21.8 1.2 1.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,481 100 S S 2,918 100 204 26.7 - S S 42.2 - 35.5
Single modes 5,340 97.4 S S 2,859 98 138 27.4 1 S S 42.1 0.7 49.9
Truck6 5,244 95.7 S S 2,509 86 135 27.8 1.6 S S 48.8 10.3 45.6
For-hire truck 4,080 74.4 1,941 12.6 1,108 38 535 34 7.3 18.6 16.6 24.6 13.6 6
Private truck S S S S S S 88 S S S S S S 24.5
Rail 85 1.5 420 2.7 349 12 831 34 0.7 30.1 8.6 47.9 13 20.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - - 1,431 S S S S 46.3 0.1 18.8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 135 2.5 S S S S 649 22.7 0.9 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 79 1.4 5 - 3 0.1 643 25.5 0.7 31 0.1 37.3 0.1 10.1
Truck and rail 42 0.8 S S S S 990 46 1.1 S S S S 46.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 6 0.1 1 - - - S 41.1 0.1 50 - 48.7 - S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 716 100 426 100 125 100 423 26.2 - 24.2 - 25.9 - 10.5
Single modes 669 93.4 418 98.2 114 91.4 151 28.2 3.9 24.3 1.2 25.8 4.8 26.4
Truck6 668 93.3 417 98.1 113 90 146 28.2 3.9 24.3 1.2 25.6 4.6 27.7
For-hire truck 495 69.1 265 62.2 100 80.1 370 40.1 12.9 35.8 12.6 28.6 9.4 17.2
Private truck 173 24.2 153 35.9 12 9.9 32 22.7 10.6 45.1 12.3 22 8.6 47.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43 5.9 5 1.3 S S 838 15.4 3.9 40 1.2 S S 7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 41 5.7 3 0.7 3 2.5 837 16.7 4 23 1.2 25.5 5.1 7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.6 S S S S S 28.4 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,179 100 25,140 100 6,726 100 343 14.3 - 14.6 - 17.5 - 14.3
Single modes 16,111 93.8 24,102 95.9 6,204 92.2 227 13.9 1.4 14.2 1.8 18.2 4 12.1
Truck6 12,847 74.8 18,825 74.9 3,786 56.3 203 13.5 4.7 15.1 5.9 14.1 9.6 13.5
For-hire truck 10,158 59.1 14,087 56 3,517 52.3 381 16.5 5.7 18.9 6.7 15.1 9.4 8.8
Private truck 2,689 15.7 4,738 18.8 268 4 33 16.6 3.1 25.7 4.1 24.6 0.9 27.6
Rail 3,157 18.4 5,275 21 2,416 35.9 442 25.2 4.1 25.9 5.1 36.6 8.5 24.4
Air (incl truck and air) 107 0.6 2 - 2 - 1,193 27 0.6 30.8 - 38 0.2 9.8
Multiple modes 955 5.6 S S S S 821 34.2 1.4 S S S S 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 278 1.6 5 - 4 0.1 825 23.1 0.6 31.3 - 28 - 7.1
Truck and rail 544 3.2 795 3.2 S S S 37.5 1.7 45.8 2.2 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 113 0.7 S S S S S 48.2 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,125 100 341 100 156 100 600 20.9 - 37.5 - 41.3 - 20.2
Single modes 1,613 75.9 295 86.6 141 90.3 114 25.9 5.6 35.6 5.6 40.9 5.8 45.2
Truck6 1,609 75.7 295 86.5 141 90.2 111 26 5.6 35.7 5.6 41 5.8 47
For-hire truck 756 35.6 179 52.6 128 82.1 442 37.7 8.8 42.7 11.7 39.3 9 27.4
Private truck 853 40.2 S S S S 26 46.4 11.1 S S S S 27.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,021 S S S S S S 35.1
Multiple modes 361 17 6 1.6 6 3.8 968 27.7 6.6 41.5 1.4 46.9 3.8 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 359 16.9 4 1.1 3 2.2 968 27.8 6.6 30.6 1.4 35.6 4.1 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,411 100 5,301 100 769 100 167 19.1 - 27.2 - 41.7 - 38.4
Single modes 2,272 94.2 5,029 94.9 669 87 60 20.9 4.5 25.9 1.8 42.6 4.4 42
Truck6 2,063 85.5 4,227 79.7 617 80.2 60 22.4 4.6 32 7.3 46.5 5.1 42
For-hire truck 953 39.5 2,835 53.5 S S 240 26.6 9.3 45.8 11.2 S S 26.7
Private truck 1,109 46 1,391 26.2 92 12 31 40.9 8.9 44.3 10.1 34.1 9.8 12.6
Rail 210 8.7 802 15.1 52 6.8 63 34.6 4.3 26.4 10.7 41.8 8.9 45.3
Multiple modes 131 5.4 S S S S 610 44.7 4.5 S S S S 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 615 S S S S S S 18.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 291 S S S S S S 45.1
Other and unknown modes 8 0.3 S S S S S 38.4 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
Single modes - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
Truck6 - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.