Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 38,985 100 79,715 100 15,237 100 352 9.7 - 14.7 - 12.7 - 11.7
Single modes 34,982 89.7 69,937 87.7 14,430 94.7 135 9.3 2.9 16.1 6.6 13.6 2.2 10.9
Truck6 29,603 75.9 59,084 74.1 9,186 60.3 121 8.9 3.7 18.5 6.7 12.6 3.7 12.5
For-hire truck 20,453 52.5 30,160 37.8 7,023 46.1 344 12 4.2 8.4 7 7.4 4.8 7.6
Private truck 9,150 23.5 28,924 36.3 2,162 14.2 48 10.9 1.7 38.5 6.6 49.3 3.9 16.1
Rail 4,939 12.7 10,364 13 5,214 34.2 530 21.4 2 15 2.2 20.7 4.2 17.1
Air (incl truck and air) 167 0.4 S S S S 1,379 30.4 0.1 S S S S 9.9
Pipeline7 273 0.7 482 0.6 S S S 45.2 0.3 37.8 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,928 4.9 1,367 1.7 715 4.7 788 18.6 0.9 38.5 0.9 44.1 2.1 4.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,053 2.7 49 0.1 36 0.2 789 18.1 0.6 34.9 - 41.4 0.1 4.7
Truck and rail 726 1.9 1,149 1.4 524 3.4 661 36.3 0.7 36 1 42.2 2.1 18.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,374 S S S S S S 48.8
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 93 0.6 S S S S S 45.1 0.3 S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 169 100 1,350 100 295 100 329 39.1 - 43.4 - 34.4 - 23.6
Single modes 167 98.7 1,333 98.7 271 91.7 340 40.2 4.7 44.5 4.7 41.9 19.3 31.3
Truck6 S S S S 251 85.1 347 S S S S 39.1 8.3 30.4
For-hire truck S S S S 251 85.1 347 S S S S 39.1 8.3 30.4
Rail S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 144 100 494 100 S S S 20.9 - 48.2 - S S S
Single modes 144 100 494 100 S S S 20.9 - 48.2 - S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 833 100 S S S S 600 33.6 - S S S S 18.2
Single modes 638 76.6 S S S S 290 37.2 7.1 S S S S 50
Truck6 563 67.6 S S 69 32 S 40 8.3 S S 26.8 17.3 S
For-hire truck 182 21.9 S S S S S 32.6 12 S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 83 S S S S S S 11.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 652 S S S S S S 28
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 652 S S S S S S 28
Other and unknown modes 62 7.4 23 4 9 4.3 S 26.8 15.2 31.4 15.2 35.4 9.9 S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,367 100 3,887 100 687 100 482 31.6 - 30.8 - 36.3 - 24.5
Single modes 1,292 94.5 3,877 99.7 681 99.1 S 28.6 9.8 26.3 4.3 32.9 6.9 S
Truck6 1,292 94.5 3,877 99.7 681 99.1 S 28.6 9.8 26.3 4.3 32.9 6.9 S
For-hire truck 613 44.9 1,615 41.5 541 78.7 470 36.1 6.3 34.9 6.1 36.2 5.4 13.1
Private truck 678 49.6 2,262 58.2 140 20.4 S 23.6 7.7 20.3 5.8 29.4 4.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 767 S S S S S S 18.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 767 S S S S S S 13.6
Truck and rail 5 0.3 3 0.1 S S S 22.9 2.5 30.5 10.3 S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.1 S S S S S 8.4 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 187 100 136 100 3 100 23 33.3 - 43.3 - 28.1 - 18.6
Single modes 187 100 136 100 3 100 23 33.3 - 43.3 - 28.1 - 18.6
Truck6 187 100 136 100 3 100 23 33.3 - 43.3 - 28.1 - 18.6
Private truck 187 100 136 100 3 100 23 33.3 - 43.3 - 28.1 - 18.6

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 138 100 3 100 19 39.2 - 27.5 - 41.4 - 19.2
Single modes 1 100 138 100 3 100 19 39.2 - 27.5 - 41.4 - 19.2
Truck6 1 100 138 100 3 100 19 39.2 - 27.5 - 41.4 - 19.2
For-hire truck - 33.6 64 46.3 2 70.3 28 43.2 19.9 32 13.6 41.7 8.5 15.4
Private truck S S 74 53.7 1 29.7 11 S S 34.8 14.7 34.6 18.9 22.8

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 4,031 100 233 100 45 S S 22.9 - 29.9 - 16.8
Single modes S S 4,031 100 233 100 45 S S 22.9 - 29.9 - 16.8
Truck6 S S 4,031 100 233 100 45 S S 22.9 - 29.9 - 16.8
For-hire truck S S 2,472 61.3 163 69.9 46 S S 33.1 14.6 46.6 15.4 11.9
Private truck 13 12.1 1,558 38.7 S S 44 47.9 16.5 47.3 16.8 S S 29.8

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17 100 748 100 32 100 49 39.8 - 41.2 - 49 - 45.1
Single modes 17 100 748 100 32 100 49 39.8 - 41.2 - 49 - 45.1
Truck6 17 100 748 100 32 100 49 39.8 - 41.2 - 49 - 45.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 104 S S S S S S 19.5
Private truck S S 575 76.9 S S S S S 45.2 15.4 S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,803 100 2,680 100 71 100 30 24.4 - 25.4 - 26.3 - 19.1
Single modes 1,803 100 2,680 100 71 100 30 24.4 - 25.4 - 26.3 - 19.1
Truck6 1,553 86.1 2,324 86.7 66 92.5 30 25.2 13.1 26 13.5 25.1 11.6 20
For-hire truck 749 41.6 1,190 44.4 29 40.2 27 14.2 7 14.6 6.4 12.7 9.9 25.9
Private truck 803 44.6 1,135 42.3 37 52.2 32 25.4 10 25.8 10.2 29.3 10.8 17.6
Pipeline7 S S 356 13.3 S S S S S 49.9 16.8 S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 995 100 1,633 100 57 100 S 20.6 - 18.5 - 24.8 - S
Single modes 995 100 1,633 100 57 100 S 20.6 - 18.5 - 24.8 - S
Truck6 972 97.7 1,578 96.6 46 81.1 S 18.7 8.9 17.1 9 13.7 8.1 S
For-hire truck 336 33.8 679 41.6 24 42.6 S 21.5 7 19.8 6.6 16.5 8.7 S
Private truck 636 64 899 55.1 22 38.4 24 21.5 7.3 20 6.5 23.5 8.1 7.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,410 100 17,379 100 2,918 100 132 34.1 - 42.2 - 33.3 - 32.5
Single modes 3,586 66.3 9,094 52.3 2,875 98.5 137 36.2 12.3 21.3 15.9 34.1 10.4 31.4
Truck6 2,231 41.2 6,255 36 613 21 84 40.8 11.7 20.1 12.5 31.7 12.6 28
For-hire truck 1,907 35.2 3,674 21.1 573 19.6 158 37.4 9.6 29.1 12.6 30.4 5.5 13.7
Private truck S S 2,581 14.8 40 1.4 40 S S 44 16.9 29.5 18.5 30.5
Rail 1,356 25.1 2,839 16.3 2,262 77.5 796 25.4 12.9 23.1 10.4 35 5.6 11.4
Multiple modes S S 54 0.3 11 0.4 205 S S 21.6 2.1 21.8 1.3 1.4
Truck and rail S S 54 0.3 11 0.4 205 S S 21.6 2.1 21.8 1.3 1.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 129 S S S S S S 49.6
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 352 S S S S S S 16.9
Private truck S S S S S S 120 S S S S S S 16.2
Rail 18 0.9 S S S S 748 40.2 16.6 S S S S 24.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 37.8

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 11.4
Truck6 S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 11.4
Private truck S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 11.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11 100 6 100 S S S 24.9 - 0.1 - S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,078 100 1,533 100 1,095 100 367 26.5 - 20.7 - 23.3 - 20.5
Single modes 2,014 96.9 1,486 96.9 1,049 95.8 S 23.5 1.1 16.6 1.5 19.4 1.5 S
Truck6 1,964 94.5 1,317 85.9 895 81.7 S 24.1 3.9 20.7 7.6 25.8 11.3 S
For-hire truck 1,810 87.1 1,241 80.9 883 80.6 667 26.1 7.1 23.4 13.2 26.4 14.1 9
Private truck 154 7.4 76 5 12 1.1 S 45.4 4.6 27.9 12.1 34.8 11.2 S
Rail 50 2.4 169 11 S S 887 40.5 8.2 48.8 15.1 S S 33.2
Multiple modes 63 3 S S S S 639 44 15 S S S S 18.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 633 S S S S S S 20
Truck and rail 35 1.7 S S 42 3.9 952 37.4 1.3 S S 46.7 2.2 49.6
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,083 100 378 100 148 100 329 26.6 - 28.6 - 23.5 - 17
Single modes 1,027 94.8 373 98.5 142 95.8 216 27.6 2.1 28.7 1.6 23.4 3 23.9
Truck6 1,009 93.2 366 96.7 135 91.3 206 26.6 1.9 27.7 1.6 20.9 3.2 23.1
For-hire truck 734 67.8 268 70.8 114 77.3 457 20.8 6.1 21.8 7 18.3 5.4 7.6
Private truck S S S S S S 87 S S S S S S 30.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - 0.1 1,431 S S S S 46.3 0.1 18.8
Multiple modes 52 4.8 5 1.3 S S 639 22.9 1.7 34.7 1 S S 16.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 40 3.7 3 0.7 1 0.9 634 29.3 1.9 40.4 1 35.1 1.7 15.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 0.3 1 0.2 - 0.3 S 21.8 0.7 42.2 1.7 46 3.5 S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 468 100 276 100 63 100 435 38.6 - 29.4 - 29 - 22.1
Single modes 459 98.2 274 99.4 61 97.5 252 39.4 4.9 29.6 2.5 29.4 5.9 20.4
Truck6 459 98.2 274 99.4 61 97.5 252 39.4 4.9 29.6 2.5 29.4 5.9 20.4
For-hire truck 383 81.9 166 60.1 53 84.4 368 45.6 12.7 40.1 14.5 32.9 13 25.6
Private truck 76 16.3 S S 8 13 73 27.7 13.5 S S 33.8 14 33.4
Multiple modes 9 1.8 1 0.5 S S 1,019 47.8 8.5 45.5 4.3 S S 19.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 9 1.8 1 0.5 S S 1,019 47.8 8.5 45.5 4.3 S S 19.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46 100 41 100 28 100 635 22.9 - 25 - 31.2 - 20.3
Single modes 42 91.1 40 99.4 28 99.4 535 24.9 3.6 20.4 0.2 28.5 0.2 20.8
Truck6 41 89.6 40 98.4 27 93.4 505 24.1 3.9 20.4 0.9 29.2 3.8 22.2
For-hire truck 22 48.7 21 51 23 82.2 1,026 24.2 8.3 22.4 7.8 30.8 5.6 20.6
Private truck 19 40.9 19 47.5 3 11.1 134 18.1 3.2 13.6 2.9 4.4 5.7 20.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 96 100 81 100 30 100 S 17.3 - 31.5 - 41.9 - S
Single modes 91 94.9 77 94.8 23 74.9 S 16.5 1.4 31.2 1.9 40.5 8.4 S
Truck6 91 94.9 77 94.8 23 74.9 S 16.5 1.4 31.2 1.9 40.5 8.4 S
For-hire truck 59 61.6 64 78.3 22 72.3 367 29.5 16.8 34.2 11.7 32.6 9 22.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 495 S S S S S S 16.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 1.2 S S S S 479 24.8 1.1 S S S S 20.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 104 100 S S 3 100 533 31.6 - S S 33.7 - 18.6
Single modes 74 71.7 S S 2 55.9 S 29.8 6.1 S S 40.6 14.2 S
Truck6 74 71.5 S S 2 55.5 S 30 6.1 S S 41.2 14.5 S
For-hire truck 30 29.3 S S 2 49 273 47.8 15.3 S S 36.8 15.1 27.2
Private truck 44 42.2 S S - 6.4 13 40.4 11 S S 48 4.8 22.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,431 S S S S S S 30
Multiple modes 27 25.8 1 4.9 1 41.6 827 24.3 14.2 29 19.3 32.3 13.6 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 27 25.8 1 4.9 1 41.6 827 24.3 14.2 29 19.3 32.3 13.6 11.8
Other and unknown modes 3 2.4 - 0.8 S S S 28.6 1.6 42.8 5.5 S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 177 S S S S S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 177 S S S S S S 17.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 443 100 3,795 100 485 100 100 23.1 - 22.8 - 27.3 - 24.9
Single modes 438 98.7 3,709 97.7 455 93.9 98 23.1 2.1 23.8 6.7 30.4 9.7 26.3
Truck6 433 97.6 3,685 97.1 452 93.2 98 23 2.2 23.9 6.7 30.6 9.7 26.3
For-hire truck 268 60.5 1,626 42.9 405 83.6 271 25 10.4 24.9 9.7 26.9 5.3 9.6
Private truck 165 37.1 2,059 54.3 47 9.7 22 33.8 12.2 37.3 9.3 42.4 13.2 33.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,109 100 20,831 100 5,971 100 326 17 - 16.8 - 19.9 - 13.1
Single modes 13,370 94.8 19,893 95.5 5,486 91.9 237 16.4 1.7 16.4 1.7 20.7 4 7.2
Truck6 10,233 72.5 14,645 70.3 3,080 51.6 217 16.5 5.9 16.8 6.4 13.9 10 6.9
For-hire truck 8,398 59.5 12,099 58.1 2,874 48.1 269 18.7 7 19.1 7.5 14.7 9.8 3.9
Private truck 1,835 13 2,546 12.2 206 3.5 67 25.7 2.4 31.1 2.6 26.8 0.8 34.9
Rail 3,137 22.2 5,248 25.2 2,406 40.3 440 25.1 4.9 26 5.5 36.5 8.7 24.4
Multiple modes 706 5 S S S S 820 45.1 1.8 S S S S 15.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 835 S S S S S S 15.4
Truck and rail 532 3.8 773 3.7 S S 689 30.4 2.3 39 2.9 S S 30
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 34 0.2 15 0.1 S S S 43.4 0.4 30.4 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,272 100 377 100 174 100 253 13.6 - 15.5 - 18.6 - 49
Single modes 1,214 95.5 373 99 170 97.3 S 13.6 1.2 15.4 0.4 18.7 1.4 S
Truck6 1,167 91.7 370 98.2 163 93.5 S 14.9 2.6 16 2.2 20.6 5.3 S
For-hire truck 881 69.2 285 75.6 149 85.4 743 18.5 6.2 21.2 8.2 22.3 9.5 13.4
Private truck 286 22.5 85 22.6 14 8 S 25.7 5.8 26.8 8.6 43.5 9 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 46 3.6 S S S S 733 29.2 1 S S S S 14.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 38 3 2 0.4 S S 732 29.1 1 48.5 0.3 S S 14.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,355 100 138 100 95 100 519 18 - 24.5 - 30.2 - 22.9
Single modes 1,090 80.4 127 92.5 93 97.2 389 19.8 6.9 22.8 4.3 30.5 2.2 39.1
Truck6 1,015 74.9 126 91.4 91 95.1 S 20.2 6.6 23 4.4 31.4 6.9 S
For-hire truck 611 45.1 77 55.9 90 94.1 870 21.4 9.1 25.2 11.1 31.9 7.1 12.9
Private truck 403 29.8 S S 1 1 S 42.9 9.1 S S 49 1.3 S
Air (incl truck and air) 75 5.5 1 1 2 2.1 1,236 41.1 2.6 35.2 1 41.4 7 12.3
Multiple modes 199 14.7 3 2.1 2 2.2 845 19.5 4.7 17 2.2 17.7 2.2 7.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 188 13.9 3 1.8 2 2.2 846 19.9 4.5 19.2 2.1 18.2 2.1 7.4
Truck and water 11 0.8 - 0.2 - - 155 41.4 4.3 0.8 2.7 0.3 0.7 36.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 29 100 504 S S S S 48 - 25
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck 108 13.8 S S S S 536 40.3 10.1 S S S S 30.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 115 14.7 1 1.5 S S 988 41 12.5 45.5 10.8 S S 16.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 115 14.7 1 1.5 S S 988 41 12.5 45.5 10.8 S S 16.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 968 100 S S S S 507 37.4 - S S S S 26.9
Single modes 785 81.2 S S S S 308 33 5.7 S S S S 34.5
Truck6 784 81.1 S S S S 296 33 5.7 S S S S 36.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 666 S S S S S S 18
Private truck 258 26.7 S S S S 55 40.7 18.5 S S S S 48.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 848 S S S S S S 36.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 845 S S S S S S 37.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 75 100 S S S S 596 43.3 - S S S S 28.5
Single modes 70 93.9 S S S S 597 47.3 8.2 S S S S 29.7
Truck6 70 93.9 S S S S 597 47.3 8.2 S S S S 29.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 671 S S S S S S 30.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 591 S S S S S S 10.5

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 301 100 3 100 2 100 866 21.4 - 31.1 - 45.8 - 11.1
Single modes 103 34.1 1 48.4 S S 49 16.9 6.8 26.9 13.1 S S 42
Truck6 102 33.9 1 48.3 S S 48 16.9 6.4 26.9 13.1 S S 43.7
For-hire truck 63 20.8 1 30.6 S S S 11 5 25.6 10.8 S S S
Private truck 40 13.1 S S - 0.7 S 28 16 S S 38.8 16.4 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 198 65.9 2 51.6 2 95.6 973 22.7 7.7 43.5 12.9 46.2 8.3 9.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 198 65.9 2 51.6 2 95.6 973 22.7 7.7 43.5 12.9 46.2 8.3 9.6

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 31 100 5 100 - 100 21 38.1 - 39.5 - 43 - 40.1
Single modes 31 100 5 100 - 100 21 38.1 - 39.5 - 43 - 40.1
Truck6 31 100 5 100 - 100 21 38.1 - 39.5 - 43 - 40.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 6.6
Private truck 24 78.9 4 82.2 - 90.6 21 46.8 12.4 45.7 9.9 44.7 9.3 40.4

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 505 100 S S S S 500 38.3 - S S S S 15.5
Single modes 446 88.3 S S S S 237 43.6 8.9 S S S S 28.7
Truck6 446 88.3 S S S S 237 43.6 8.9 S S S S 28.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 472 S S S S S S 15.9
Private truck S S 14 1.2 S S S S S 49.5 13.4 S S S
Multiple modes 52 10.3 1 0.1 S S 734 48 8.8 30.6 8.5 S S 17.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 52 10.3 1 0.1 S S 734 48 8.8 30.6 8.5 S S 17.7
Other and unknown modes 7 1.4 S S S S 543 40.3 2.2 S S S S 37.5

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 686 100 2,663 100 250 100 69 28.9 - 28 - 40.4 - 31.3
Single modes 647 94.4 2,413 90.6 162 64.7 60 30.4 3.7 30.6 5.8 32 12.1 38.2
Truck6 437 63.8 1,611 60.5 110 43.9 60 33.4 8.6 38.4 9.4 29 12.5 39.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 319 46.5 1,206 45.3 79 31.5 54 41.7 10.7 49.3 10.3 35.3 11.5 28.1
Rail 210 30.6 802 30.1 52 20.9 63 34.6 10.4 26.4 11.5 41.8 10.9 45.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.2 4 0.2 - - 6 26.6 3.1 19.6 3.1 8 0.1 36.4

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,189 100 S S S S S 36 - S S S S S
Single modes 1,148 96.5 S S S S S 38 11 S S S S S
Truck6 1,148 96.5 S S S S S 38 11 S S S S S
For-hire truck 437 36.7 S S S S S 36.6 16.9 S S S S S
Private truck S S 166 11.9 12 8.3 28 S S 46.7 19.2 46.7 17.9 14.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 519 S S S S S S 35.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 522 S S S S S S 35.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
Single modes - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
Truck6 - 100 - 100 S S S 8.5 - 46.3 - S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.