Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 84,458 100 67,372 100 13,136 100 10.3 - 11.9 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 23,739 28.1 38,983 57.9 753 5.7 16.5 1.5 14.6 2.7 13.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles 11,837 14 6,425 9.5 645 4.9 16.3 1.6 19.5 1.5 20 1
100 - 249 miles 14,735 17.4 11,103 16.5 2,365 18 9.9 2.2 15.3 2 15.7 2.7
250 - 499 miles 13,622 16.1 5,359 8 2,452 18.7 6.7 1.6 12.1 1.3 14.7 2.7
500 - 749 miles 10,239 12.1 3,512 5.2 3,670 27.9 22.8 1.4 22 0.7 27.6 3.7
750 - 999 miles 3,726 4.4 1,091 1.6 1,339 10.2 23.9 0.7 37.2 0.5 46.5 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,302 3.9 277 0.4 397 3 33.6 1.2 20.9 0.1 21 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,826 3.3 578 0.9 1,391 10.6 13.7 0.5 13.1 0.1 13 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 433 0.5 44 0.1 124 0.9 35.3 0.2 25.5 - 27.8 0.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74,482 100 63,815 100 10,125 100 11.8 - 11.7 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 22,258 29.9 38,067 59.7 738 7.3 17.3 1.6 15 2.9 14 1.2
50 - 99 miles 11,407 15.3 6,369 10 639 6.3 17 1.6 19.6 1.7 20.2 1.5
100 - 249 miles 13,482 18.1 10,742 16.8 2,287 22.6 11.8 2.6 15.3 2 15.8 3.2
250 - 499 miles 10,921 14.7 4,936 7.7 2,263 22.4 8.1 1.7 12.7 1.3 15.7 2.4
500 - 749 miles 8,240 11.1 2,307 3.6 2,109 20.8 28 1.6 18.9 0.5 23.6 3
750 - 999 miles 2,955 4 680 1.1 692 6.8 29.8 0.8 32.3 0.3 31.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,082 4.1 242 0.4 342 3.4 36.2 1.4 16.8 0.1 16.3 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,863 2.5 439 0.7 973 9.6 15.5 0.4 15.5 0.1 16.2 1.5
More than 2,000 miles S S 33 0.1 81 0.8 S S 26.9 - 27.6 0.2

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 70,044 100 57,740 100 7,454 100 13.1 - 13 - 10.8 -
Less than 50 miles 22,112 31.6 37,261 64.5 729 9.8 17.3 1.6 15 3.1 14.1 1.2
50 - 99 miles 11,406 16.3 6,368 11 638 8.6 17 1.6 19.6 1.6 20.2 1.3
100 - 249 miles 10,628 15.2 7,544 13.1 1,562 21 11.6 1.7 20.7 1.5 19.8 2.3
250 - 499 miles 10,352 14.8 4,051 7 1,741 23.4 7.7 1.7 11 1 11.4 2
500 - 749 miles 7,737 11 1,258 2.2 910 12.2 29.3 1.6 11 0.3 12.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 2,840 4.1 598 1 603 8.1 29.7 0.8 29.4 0.3 28.2 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,057 4.4 239 0.4 336 4.5 36.6 1.4 17.3 0.1 16.9 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,681 2.4 391 0.7 858 11.5 15.9 0.4 11.6 0.1 12.2 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 231 0.3 32 0.1 76 1 49.2 0.3 25.6 - 25.3 0.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,928 100 28,319 100 5,694 100 13.7 - 15.1 - 10.9 -
Less than 50 miles 4,780 12.9 16,159 57.1 318 5.6 10.7 2 24 6.7 29.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 3,566 9.7 2,281 8.1 229 4 24 1.7 9.8 1.6 8.7 0.3
100 - 249 miles 6,016 16.3 3,774 13.3 895 15.7 14.1 2.6 11.1 2.7 12.4 2.4
250 - 499 miles 8,712 23.6 3,777 13.3 1,620 28.5 10 1.7 12.2 1.9 12.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 6,986 18.9 1,107 3.9 806 14.2 33.2 3.1 13.2 0.7 14.3 1
750 - 999 miles 2,787 7.5 579 2 584 10.2 30.6 1.4 30.9 0.4 29.7 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 222 0.8 313 5.5 S S 19.5 0.2 19 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,657 4.5 388 1.4 853 15 16.3 1.1 11.7 0.3 12.2 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 231 0.6 32 0.1 76 1.3 49.2 0.5 25.6 - 25.3 0.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,116 100 29,421 100 1,760 100 14.6 - 25.6 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 17,332 52.3 21,101 71.7 411 23.4 22.1 4.1 26.3 3.5 23.1 2.8
50 - 99 miles 7,840 23.7 4,086 13.9 410 23.3 19.1 2.4 29.7 2 30.2 3.1
100 - 249 miles 4,612 13.9 3,770 12.8 667 37.9 15.1 1.2 31.6 2.2 31.6 3.7
250 - 499 miles 1,640 5 274 0.9 121 6.9 47 2.2 26.5 0.4 26.6 2.3
500 - 749 miles 751 2.3 151 0.5 103 5.9 37 1.4 46.6 0.4 46.4 3.5
750 - 999 miles S S 19 0.1 19 1.1 S S 40.7 - 42.3 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 17 0.1 23 1.3 S S 20.8 - 20 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24 0.1 2 - 4 0.3 44.5 0.1 43.8 - 48.8 0.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,377 100 4,792 100 1,508 100 42.1 - 34 - 21.4 -
Less than 50 miles 72 2.1 548 11.4 S S 40.4 3.6 46.2 4.5 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,793 82.7 3,198 66.7 725 48.1 49.5 16.9 41.8 14.5 42.8 13.9
250 - 499 miles 203 6 560 11.7 275 18.2 41.1 6.5 44.5 11 40.9 9.9
500 - 749 miles 171 5.1 355 7.4 295 19.6 26.4 10.9 22.7 12.4 20.7 9.1
750 - 999 miles 36 1.1 S S S S 36.1 15.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 87 2.6 47 1 112 7.4 32.5 9.2 49.7 2.7 49.3 7.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 193 100 1,004 100 1,141 100 29.1 - 24.8 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S 898 78.7 S S S S 22.2 16.8
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 193 100 1,004 100 1,141 100 29.1 - 24.8 - 16.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S 898 78.7 S S S S 22.2 16.8
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 845 100 21 100 21 100 32.2 - 30 - 25 -
Less than 50 miles 53 6.2 1 5 1 5.3 49.4 6 28.6 12.8 26 12.4
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 4 18.7 S S S S 46.4 8.3
500 - 749 miles 188 22.2 S S S S 35.7 10.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 6.3 1 6.1 S S 49.3 4.2 49.2 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10 1.2 - 1.7 - 2 37.1 1.1 45.4 1.9 43.9 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 95 11.2 S S S S 46.6 2.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,200 100 2,529 100 2,872 100 9.9 - 29.2 - 33.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,061 11.5 31 1.2 1 - 22.9 2.2 20.7 1.2 30.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 370 4 S S S S 18 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,204 13.1 S S S S 18.2 1.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,580 28 S S 159 5.5 14.9 2.4 S S 50 7.1
500 - 749 miles 1,918 20.9 1,192 47.1 1,551 54 14.6 3.1 45.3 10.9 48.5 12.8
750 - 999 miles 745 8.1 S S S S 27.1 1.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 217 2.4 S S S S 11.5 0.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 951 10.3 109 4.3 347 12.1 16.7 1.2 26.1 4 32.7 9
More than 2,000 miles 154 1.7 9 0.4 S S 25.1 0.4 46.6 0.2 S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,666 100 258 100 184 100 11.6 - 12.9 - 15.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,060 13.8 29 11.1 1 0.5 23 2.2 21.9 1.9 32.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 350 4.6 11 4.4 1 0.6 18.4 0.6 16.4 0.6 16.5 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,013 13.2 40 15.7 9 5.2 22.8 2.1 16.9 2.3 16.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 2,257 29.4 70 27.1 32 17.6 17.1 3 16.8 2.2 16.1 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,377 18 45 17.5 32 17.3 10.2 2.3 17.4 2.5 17.5 1.9
750 - 999 miles 496 6.5 20 7.9 21 11.3 11.4 0.7 12.6 0.8 12.1 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 191 2.5 9 3.4 12 6.6 9.8 0.3 20.9 0.4 21.3 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 784 10.2 29 11.3 64 35.1 20.8 1.3 19.1 1.4 19.9 3.2
More than 2,000 miles 137 1.8 4 1.6 10 5.7 28.3 0.4 28.7 0.4 28.4 1.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,009 100 818 100 478 100 38.2 - 36.4 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 4 0.9 S S S S 41.9 9.3
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 318 31.5 S S S S 49.2 13.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 110 10.9 59 7.2 150 31.3 31.2 12.6 34.3 14.3 34.8 14.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14 100 4 100 S S 27.7 - 15.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 263 100 S S 1,504 100 45 - S S 50 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 211 80.3 1,035 98.7 1,423 94.6 41.6 9.8 39 0.7 39 2.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 776 100 1,028 100 139 100 19 - 35.4 - 49.7 -
Less than 50 miles 420 54.1 885 86 14 9.7 37.2 11.5 42.9 18.7 40.5 11.6
50 - 99 miles 60 7.8 12 1.1 1 0.7 38.7 7.3 37.8 7.5 34.5 2.3
100 - 249 miles 48 6.2 S S S S 40.5 2.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 80 10.3 13 1.3 10 7.5 40.3 8.7 42.3 10.5 44.7 12.6
750 - 999 miles 26 3.4 4 0.4 4 2.7 24.5 2.7 25.7 2.6 25.4 8.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.