Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 84,458 100 67,372 100 13,136 100 511 10.3 - 11.9 - 13.6 - 9.9
Single modes 74,482 88.2 63,815 94.7 10,125 77.1 160 11.8 1.8 11.7 1.2 11 4.6 11.4
Truck6 70,044 82.9 57,740 85.7 7,454 56.7 149 13.1 3.1 13 2.6 10.8 5.2 11.8
For-hire truck 36,928 43.7 28,319 42 5,694 43.3 479 13.7 2.8 15.1 5.3 10.9 5 6.6
Private truck 33,116 39.2 29,421 43.7 1,760 13.4 47 14.6 3 25.6 6.4 21.9 2.1 5.1
Rail 3,377 4 4,792 7.1 1,508 11.5 S 42.1 2.1 34 2.4 21.4 2.8 S
Water 193 0.2 1,004 1.5 1,141 8.7 1,143 29.1 0.3 24.8 1.9 16.2 5.9 10
Shallow draft 193 0.2 1,004 1.5 1,141 8.7 1,143 29.1 0.3 24.8 1.9 16.2 5.9 10
Air (incl truck and air) 845 1 21 - 21 0.2 905 32.2 0.4 30 - 25 0.1 20.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,200 10.9 2,529 3.8 2,872 21.9 796 9.9 1.7 29.2 0.7 33.4 4.8 7.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,666 9.1 258 0.4 184 1.4 795 11.6 1.5 12.9 0.1 15.9 0.3 7.1
Truck and rail 1,009 1.2 818 1.2 478 3.6 875 38.2 0.6 36.4 0.3 21.6 0.6 23.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,979 S S S S S S 29.2
Rail and water 14 - 4 - S S 5,968 27.7 - 15.4 - S S 38.4
Other multiple modes 263 0.3 S S 1,504 11.4 2,887 45 0.2 S S 50 5.1 28.8
Other and unknown modes 776 0.9 1,028 1.5 139 1.1 S 19 0.2 35.4 1 49.7 0.6 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,318 100 4,078 100 3,038 100 385 29.1 - 24.3 - 31.5 - 24.5
Single modes 2,071 89.4 3,037 74.5 1,612 53 S 31.3 4.6 23.4 8.5 32.4 13.2 S
Truck6 1,835 79.2 1,743 42.8 329 10.8 S 33.6 6.2 23.8 10.5 26.6 13.6 S
For-hire truck 717 30.9 352 8.6 215 7.1 590 38.1 11.2 29.2 11 32.8 13.1 17.6
Private truck 1,118 48.2 1,392 34.1 113 3.7 68 44.3 8.9 24 9.6 33.4 4.7 24.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water 193 8.3 S S S S 1,143 29.1 13.2 S S S S 10
Shallow draft 193 8.3 S S S S 1,143 29.1 13.2 S S S S 10
Multiple modes 246 10.6 S S S S 791 42 6.2 S S S S 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 790 S S S S S S 14.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 211 9.1 1,035 25.4 1,423 46.8 1,373 41.6 11.3 39 14.9 39 15.7 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,141 100 10,808 100 1,976 100 155 22.3 - 44.8 - 19.4 - 47.9
Single modes 9,020 98.7 10,768 99.6 1,900 96.2 S 22.5 0.9 45 0.3 20.6 3.2 S
Truck6 8,831 96.6 10,638 98.4 1,826 92.4 S 21.3 1.1 45.7 1.1 20.2 3.2 S
For-hire truck 5,752 62.9 3,959 36.6 1,468 74.3 518 38.2 8.6 18.8 11.5 24.7 7.7 15
Private truck 3,078 33.7 S S S S 37 22 9.2 S S S S 10.9
Rail S S S S S S 988 S S S S S S 38.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 120 1.3 40 0.4 76 3.8 940 40.3 1 37.2 0.3 42.1 3.2 16.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 932 S S S S S S 19.7
Truck and rail 51 0.6 23 0.2 42 2.1 1,897 34.8 0.7 31.2 0.5 24.4 3 20.4
Truck and water 31 0.3 S S S S 1,793 17.4 1.1 S S S S 19.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 275 100 14,999 100 327 100 S 36.1 - 27.1 - 33.3 - S
Single modes 251 91.2 14,928 99.5 326 99.7 S 31.3 2.8 27.2 0.5 33.4 0.3 S
Truck6 248 90.1 14,661 97.7 320 97.7 S 31.8 2.9 27.6 1.9 34.4 2.6 S
For-hire truck 181 65.8 11,314 75.4 256 78.2 S 39 8.5 31.8 9.7 40.3 9.5 S
Private truck 67 24.3 3,347 22.3 64 19.5 S 20.2 13.1 35.2 13.2 27.3 13.4 S
Rail 3 1.1 S S 7 2 S 15 12.6 S S 24 16.9 S
Multiple modes S S S S - - S S S S S 38.9 - S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 38.9 - S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.6 S S S S S 43.6 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,634 100 5,720 100 247 100 44 19.1 - 20.4 - 17.8 - 18.8
Single modes 3,625 99.7 5,719 100 247 99.9 34 19.2 0.3 20.4 - 17.8 0.1 21.6
Truck6 3,603 99.1 5,695 99.6 241 97.5 33 19.2 0.4 20.5 0.3 16.7 1.2 21
For-hire truck 1,017 28 2,158 37.7 121 49.1 61 27.1 6.6 24.7 6.6 24.9 8 40.8
Private truck 2,586 71.1 3,537 61.8 120 48.5 28 25.2 6.6 21.9 6.6 19.6 8.4 20
Rail 22 0.6 S S S S S 47.9 1.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,783 100 5,701 100 1,606 100 266 34.7 - 19.6 - 18.3 - 19.8
Single modes 12,842 93.2 5,410 94.9 1,406 87.5 129 36.9 2.1 20.2 1.5 18.7 3.4 31.8
Truck6 12,192 88.5 4,350 76.3 1,139 70.9 125 39.3 3.3 19.4 4 17.5 3.2 31.9
For-hire truck 5,799 42.1 2,346 41.2 964 60 430 16.8 7.9 23.1 7.7 19.3 5.9 12.6
Private truck S S 2,003 35.1 174 10.9 39 S S 36.2 6.3 33.7 4.5 22.4
Rail 621 4.5 825 14.5 265 16.5 S 26.3 3.7 29.5 3.7 32.2 4.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) 10 0.1 S S 2 0.1 767 34.4 0.1 S S 45.3 0.1 27.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 756 5.5 233 4.1 165 10.2 537 24.3 1.8 32.3 1.1 31.5 2.5 11.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 468 3.4 27 0.5 13 0.8 528 27.7 1.4 24.5 0.5 27.6 0.6 11.1
Truck and rail 272 2 202 3.5 143 8.9 1,022 21.1 0.9 30.8 1.2 31.3 3 29.4
Truck and water 7 0.1 S S S S S 14.1 0.8 S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 7 - 2 - 3 0.2 1,848 4.7 0.2 25 0.1 10.3 0.5 35
Other and unknown modes 184 1.3 S S 36 2.2 S 43.4 0.9 S S 46.5 2.4 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,195 100 3,180 100 1,106 100 672 9.9 - 13.7 - 18.1 - 7.9
Single modes 5,030 81.2 3,063 96.3 992 89.7 277 10.8 4.3 14.2 1.1 19.1 3.2 20.6
Truck6 4,947 79.9 3,027 95.2 943 85.3 268 11.2 4.4 14.3 1.4 18.4 4.3 21.9
For-hire truck 3,177 51.3 1,822 57.3 794 71.8 643 17.3 5.4 19.4 5.1 21.3 6.4 12.3
Private truck 1,770 28.6 1,205 37.9 149 13.5 50 9.4 4.3 11.1 4 32.9 4.1 3.8
Rail S S 27 0.9 S S 1,345 S S 48.3 0.8 S S 41.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,101 17.8 101 3.2 107 9.6 825 33.3 4.2 39.8 1.1 44 3.3 6.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,029 16.6 64 2 50 4.5 825 30.7 3.7 23.7 0.8 26.4 2.3 6.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,225 S S S S S S 49.8
Truck and water 1 - - - S S 8,408 8.9 0.1 15.3 - S S -
Other and unknown modes 64 1 S S S S S 33.9 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 27,042 100 17,879 100 3,152 100 335 15.8 - 22.2 - 29.6 - 10.6
Single modes 24,834 91.8 16,416 91.8 2,268 72 201 17.7 2.8 23.2 2.5 19.6 7.5 16.3
Truck6 21,883 80.9 13,457 75.3 1,498 47.5 185 19.8 5.8 26.4 6.4 19.1 11.6 17.1
For-hire truck 11,373 42.1 4,163 23.3 929 29.5 479 20.3 4.3 21.3 6.3 10.6 9 8.7
Private truck 10,510 38.9 9,295 52 S S 59 24.5 5.5 39.3 9.2 S S 10.8
Rail S S 2,957 16.5 768 24.4 S S S 41.8 8.2 36.8 8.9 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - 2 0.1 880 S S 24.1 - 24.6 0.1 19.2
Multiple modes 2,115 7.8 S S S S 535 20.2 2.7 S S S S 7.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,595 5.9 47 0.3 24 0.8 530 21.5 2.5 22.3 0.3 22.6 0.5 7.6
Truck and rail S S S S 159 5.1 S S S S S 45 2.7 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,162 S S S S S S 32.2
Other and unknown modes 93 0.3 585 3.3 S S 69 28.2 0.2 35.4 2.3 S S 19.8

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,898 100 1,708 100 471 100 621 13 - 25.6 - 22.8 - 16.7
Single modes 11,004 79.2 1,310 76.7 383 81.4 203 16.5 4.7 25 5.8 24.3 5.8 25.7
Truck6 10,853 78.1 1,303 76.3 369 78.3 158 16.8 4.8 25.2 6 25.2 6.2 34.6
For-hire truck 5,983 43.1 824 48.2 304 64.6 534 23.5 8 33.6 10.8 30.6 9.4 16.1
Private truck 4,870 35 479 28 64 13.7 43 31.5 8.2 49.1 7 33.7 8.4 25
Rail 22 0.2 4 0.3 8 1.7 1,911 19.6 0.8 29.5 1.3 19.9 3.3 10.6
Air (incl truck and air) 129 0.9 3 0.2 S S 1,097 29.3 0.4 41.3 0.2 S S 21.8
Multiple modes 2,523 18.2 S S S S 804 19.8 4.8 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,244 16.1 44 2.6 30 6.4 804 16.6 3.7 22.9 1.9 26.1 2.4 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 371 2.7 S S S S S 29.3 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,170 100 3,298 100 1,212 100 801 7.2 - 14.8 - 26.5 - 9.5
Single modes 5,805 71 3,163 95.9 990 81.6 274 10.9 6.6 15.7 1.5 33.8 8.6 18
Truck6 5,652 69.2 2,866 86.9 791 65.2 266 11 6.6 15.7 3 35.1 7.9 18.9
For-hire truck 2,927 35.8 1,381 41.9 642 52.9 658 20.3 7.1 34.5 8 44.7 8.1 7.5
Private truck 2,725 33.4 1,485 45 149 12.3 80 19.3 5.9 10.4 8.5 18.8 5.8 23.9
Rail 100 1.2 295 8.9 196 16.1 846 33.5 0.8 33 3.6 31.9 7.1 33.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,130 S S S S S S 17.1
Multiple modes 2,305 28.2 124 3.8 219 18.1 908 32.5 6.7 21.9 1.3 37.5 8.6 6.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,237 27.4 67 2 60 5 907 33.4 6.6 37.4 1.2 40.4 6.1 6.5
Truck and rail 11 0.1 37 1.1 26 2.1 1,080 11.7 0.1 21 1.2 26.5 3.1 34.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 45 0.6 12 0.4 78 6.4 6,528 17.2 1.1 17.9 1 15.9 12 -
Other and unknown modes S S 11 0.3 S S S S S 44.3 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2 100 S S S S S 34.3 - S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 63 S S S S S S 20.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 68.6 S S S S S 36.3 16.2 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 68.6 S S S S S 36.3 16.2 S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.