Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 113,500 100 73,944 100 17,045 100 5.2 - 12.6 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles 34,146 30.1 41,131 55.6 1,020 6 10.3 2.7 14.4 4.3 15.5 1.2
50 - 99 miles 7,232 6.4 5,419 7.3 537 3.1 10.4 0.5 15.5 0.8 18 0.4
100 - 249 miles 18,245 16.1 9,563 12.9 1,856 10.9 4.3 1 11.4 0.9 9.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 27,093 23.9 10,371 14 4,630 27.2 13.4 2.2 34.2 2.3 34.8 2.3
500 - 749 miles 8,495 7.5 2,714 3.7 2,055 12.1 5.5 0.4 18.2 0.4 21.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,512 4 S S S S 14.4 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,657 5 1,393 1.9 1,924 11.3 10.6 0.4 13.6 0.3 14.2 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,240 2 269 0.4 548 3.2 23.5 0.4 19.8 0.1 19.5 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 5,878 5.2 758 1 1,946 11.4 21.3 0.9 12 0.2 10.9 1.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92,010 100 69,832 100 14,873 100 6.1 - 13.1 - 27.2 -
Less than 50 miles 31,652 34.4 39,972 57.2 971 6.5 11.4 3.3 14.6 4.6 16 1.5
50 - 99 miles 6,345 6.9 5,245 7.5 521 3.5 11.1 0.6 15 0.8 17.7 0.4
100 - 249 miles 14,311 15.6 8,793 12.6 1,696 11.4 4.9 1 14.2 1.2 12.8 1.2
250 - 499 miles 21,197 23 9,430 13.5 4,189 28.2 16.2 2.5 35.2 2.3 36 2.2
500 - 749 miles 5,892 6.4 2,356 3.4 1,773 11.9 7.1 0.5 21.8 0.4 25.4 0.8
750 - 999 miles 3,389 3.7 S S S S 18.4 0.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,720 4 1,127 1.6 1,532 10.3 10.2 0.3 14.2 0.2 14.7 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,607 1.7 236 0.3 476 3.2 32.3 0.5 23 0.1 22.9 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 3,898 4.2 571 0.8 1,406 9.5 23.8 0.8 15.1 0.2 15.5 1.7

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 89,141 100 63,797 100 11,391 100 5.9 - 10.3 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 31,365 35.2 39,420 61.8 959 8.4 11.4 3.5 14.3 3.8 15.8 1.3
50 - 99 miles 6,296 7.1 4,839 7.6 457 4 11.2 0.6 11.6 0.9 11.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 13,705 15.4 7,683 12 1,521 13.4 5.5 1.2 12.9 1.3 12.5 0.9
250 - 499 miles 20,214 22.7 7,321 11.5 3,187 28 16.7 2.5 22.2 1.6 22.3 2.3
500 - 749 miles 5,694 6.4 1,964 3.1 1,407 12.4 6.8 0.5 11.7 0.3 12.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 3,250 3.6 808 1.3 830 7.3 18.6 0.7 20.8 0.3 21.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,507 3.9 1,063 1.7 1,436 12.6 10.7 0.3 12.8 0.2 13 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,546 1.7 221 0.3 442 3.9 33.4 0.6 25.3 0.1 25.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 3,565 4 477 0.7 1,151 10.1 25.7 0.8 13.7 0.2 13.7 1.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 58,439 100 36,117 100 9,664 100 8.9 - 15.8 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 10,127 17.3 17,098 47.3 443 4.6 13.7 2.2 24.9 4.6 28.5 1.1
50 - 99 miles 3,784 6.5 2,824 7.8 279 2.9 16.6 0.9 13.5 0.8 13.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 10,039 17.2 5,449 15.1 1,117 11.6 6.1 1.8 13.8 1.3 12.8 1.2
250 - 499 miles 17,986 30.8 6,539 18.1 2,859 29.6 18.1 2.7 22.8 2.4 23.1 2.5
500 - 749 miles 5,174 8.9 1,755 4.9 1,260 13 7.1 0.6 10.8 0.8 11.5 0.9
750 - 999 miles 2,912 5 768 2.1 790 8.2 21.1 1 21.2 0.5 21.6 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,350 5.7 994 2.8 1,340 13.9 11.4 0.5 12.8 0.5 13 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,513 2.6 214 0.6 430 4.5 34.3 0.8 26.2 0.1 26.2 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 3,554 6.1 475 1.3 1,147 11.9 25.8 1 13.9 0.3 13.9 1.8

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,701 100 27,679 100 1,726 100 9.1 - 10 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 21,238 69.2 22,322 80.6 516 29.9 14 3.6 12.3 3.4 11.2 5.3
50 - 99 miles 2,512 8.2 2,016 7.3 179 10.3 5.8 0.5 20.4 1.2 21.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 3,666 11.9 2,234 8.1 405 23.4 10.1 1.6 21 1.8 21.2 2.7
250 - 499 miles 2,228 7.3 782 2.8 328 19 16.3 1.7 20.6 0.7 18.3 2.2
500 - 749 miles 520 1.7 209 0.8 147 8.5 26.2 0.4 24.3 0.1 23.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 157 0.5 69 0.3 96 5.6 23.5 0.1 38.7 0.1 38.2 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 0.1 6 - 11 0.7 40 0.1 45.5 - 45.9 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,519 100 S S S S 22.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 287 18.9 552 9.2 12 0.3 47.6 4.9 42.8 10.1 44.4 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 469 30.9 1,108 18.4 174 5 35.7 9.2 32.9 12.4 32.2 12.2
250 - 499 miles 346 22.8 S S S S 33.2 4.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 85 5.6 S S S S 36.6 3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 67 4.4 63 1 94 2.7 40.3 4.6 46.7 1.3 46.7 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 27 1.8 S S S S 20.3 7.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 87 5.7 92 1.5 250 7.2 32 2.6 34 1.1 34.5 8.7

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,351 100 21 100 20 100 17.7 - 22.4 - 23.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 637 47.1 13 63 10 49.2 23.7 5.9 31.8 8.2 35.6 7.6
500 - 749 miles 113 8.4 1 4.2 1 3.2 42.6 3.7 38.5 2.1 40.9 1.4
750 - 999 miles 38 2.8 S S S S 32.1 1.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 146 10.8 2 7.3 2 10.7 31.6 3.2 34.4 2.4 38.1 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 34 2.5 - 1.2 - 2.3 43.3 4.1 47.8 2.6 45.8 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 246 18.2 3 13.1 6 29.6 39.4 6.4 42.1 6.6 39.3 8

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,721 100 3,028 100 1,779 100 10.4 - 17.1 - 21.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,939 10.4 818 27 39 2.2 13 1.5 24.7 7.2 24.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 701 3.7 60 2 6 0.4 9.5 0.3 32.7 0.5 34.3 0.1
100 - 249 miles 3,192 17.1 653 21.5 140 7.8 13.8 2.2 34.9 5.3 34.3 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,110 27.3 604 19.9 269 15.1 10.7 2 31.1 6 29 5.9
500 - 749 miles 2,432 13 S S S S 16.7 2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 953 5.1 S S S S 17.8 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,839 9.8 263 8.7 387 21.7 21.5 1.2 37 2 36.1 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 617 3.3 32 1.1 70 3.9 20 0.4 25 0.2 25.7 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,939 10.4 176 5.8 503 28.3 21.4 1.2 21.4 2.2 19.9 7.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,027 100 421 100 312 100 10.2 - 11.3 - 15.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,654 10.3 44 10.5 1 0.4 14.8 1.5 18.9 1.9 19.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 666 4.2 25 6 3 0.9 10.2 0.3 12.2 0.8 13.5 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,781 17.4 75 17.7 16 5.1 16.3 2.7 12.9 1.8 14.3 0.8
250 - 499 miles 4,641 29 114 27 51 16.4 9 1.7 15.4 2.2 14 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,855 11.6 43 10.3 31 10 11.9 0.8 14.1 0.9 14.1 1
750 - 999 miles 860 5.4 23 5.6 24 7.7 13.4 0.5 15.9 0.6 15.8 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,432 8.9 38 9.1 52 16.6 19.5 0.9 25.8 1.3 25.7 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 532 3.3 15 3.5 30 9.5 20.8 0.6 17 0.6 17.5 2
More than 2,000 miles 1,607 10 43 10.3 105 33.5 25.1 1.5 27.1 1.8 26.8 3.7

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,586 100 2,593 100 1,379 100 27.4 - 19.7 - 26.1 -
Less than 50 miles 285 11 774 29.8 38 2.8 24.1 4.5 24.2 10.1 23.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 35 1.4 35 1.3 4 0.3 41.7 1.6 43 1.2 39.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 411 15.9 578 22.3 124 9 37.3 3.9 37.8 7.3 37.2 3
250 - 499 miles 455 17.6 489 18.9 216 15.7 38.4 6.9 39.3 8.6 37.1 8.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 348 13.4 222 8.6 330 23.9 34.3 4.2 34.6 2.6 33.5 7.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 85 3.3 18 0.7 40 2.9 31.6 1.5 34.1 0.3 33.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 302 11.7 123 4.8 319 23.1 22.3 4.2 26.5 2.8 25.9 11.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83 100 S S S S 50 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,769 100 1,084 100 S S 29.4 - 41.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 556 20.1 341 31.4 10 2.6 26.6 5.8 27.2 10.9 27.8 3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 118 10.9 20 5.1 S S 41.5 8.1 41.1 5.7
250 - 499 miles 786 28.4 S S S S 37.7 8.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 12 1.1 9 2.2 S S 25.6 3.5 24.7 8.6
750 - 999 miles 170 6.1 S S S S 35.9 4.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 4 0.3 5 1.3 S S 35.7 1.3 34.3 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 11 1 S S S S 47.6 1 S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.