Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 126,557 100 77,592 100 13,905 100 9.5 - 22.2 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 24,382 19.3 50,410 65 713 5.1 8.7 1.7 31.7 6.1 18.9 0.7
50 - 99 miles 9,053 7.2 5,820 7.5 515 3.7 18.1 1.2 15.1 1.2 13.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 20,579 16.3 7,812 10.1 1,653 11.9 7.7 1.2 14.1 2 13.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 33,752 26.7 8,727 11.2 4,415 31.7 15 2 14.4 3.2 16.4 3.7
500 - 749 miles 12,162 9.6 1,693 2.2 1,261 9.1 17 0.9 16.4 0.5 17.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 7,990 6.3 873 1.1 929 6.7 12.9 0.4 14.2 0.2 14.3 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,795 3.8 1,126 1.5 1,668 12 15.1 0.4 30.6 0.5 31.4 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,961 7.1 898 1.2 2,131 15.3 23.8 1.4 27.1 0.5 28.3 3.3
More than 2,000 miles 4,882 3.9 234 0.3 621 4.5 28.3 0.7 22.9 0.1 22 0.7

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,645 100 76,255 100 12,067 100 10.7 - 22.6 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 22,333 23.8 50,282 65.9 709 5.9 9.5 2 31.8 6.1 19 0.8
50 - 99 miles 7,981 8.5 5,756 7.5 507 4.2 18.2 1.4 15.4 1.2 13.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 15,981 17.1 7,654 10 1,620 13.4 7.9 1.9 14.3 2 13.3 1.8
250 - 499 miles 23,149 24.7 8,509 11.2 4,300 35.6 18.3 2.8 14.3 3.3 16.3 3.9
500 - 749 miles 8,872 9.5 1,629 2.1 1,208 10 21.2 1.1 16.8 0.5 18.4 1.3
750 - 999 miles 5,520 5.9 819 1.1 869 7.2 17.5 0.7 15.6 0.2 15.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,481 3.7 1,025 1.3 1,513 12.5 21 0.5 33.9 0.6 35.2 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,932 4.2 406 0.5 891 7.4 28 0.8 24.9 0.2 25.6 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,398 2.6 175 0.2 451 3.7 29.5 0.5 28.4 - 29 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,729 100 68,028 100 9,577 100 10.8 - 24 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 20,529 23.7 46,389 68.2 646 6.7 7.9 2 33.3 6.2 17.2 1
50 - 99 miles 7,499 8.6 4,810 7.1 438 4.6 19 1.6 16.8 1.3 15.4 0.7
100 - 249 miles 15,874 18.3 7,365 10.8 1,538 16.1 7.9 2.5 14.5 2.2 14 2.8
250 - 499 miles 21,642 25 6,018 8.8 2,793 29.2 19.6 2.8 19.7 3.3 22.6 4.2
500 - 749 miles 7,884 9.1 1,281 1.9 928 9.7 21 1 11.6 0.5 11.5 1.3
750 - 999 miles 5,389 6.2 783 1.2 827 8.6 18 0.7 15 0.2 15.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,376 2.7 903 1.3 1,331 13.9 25.9 0.5 34.8 0.6 36.3 2.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,612 4.2 362 0.5 792 8.3 31.5 0.9 27.8 0.2 28.6 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,924 2.2 116 0.2 285 3 37.6 0.6 27.8 - 27.7 0.7

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61,167 100 26,976 100 7,947 100 13.9 - 9.5 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles 9,599 15.7 10,450 38.7 217 2.7 17.5 2.5 16.8 4.9 16.2 0.5
50 - 99 miles 4,008 6.6 2,881 10.7 258 3.3 28.5 1.5 20.4 1.7 18.7 0.7
100 - 249 miles 10,939 17.9 5,255 19.5 1,140 14.3 9.9 3.2 16.3 2.9 15.8 3.5
250 - 499 miles 18,045 29.5 5,248 19.5 2,452 30.9 21.2 3.6 22.9 4.1 25.9 4.8
500 - 749 miles 6,730 11 1,108 4.1 804 10.1 22 1.1 12 0.7 11.9 1.4
750 - 999 miles 4,329 7.1 701 2.6 738 9.3 23.4 0.9 16.9 0.5 17.2 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,232 3.6 860 3.2 1,269 16 26.9 0.7 36.9 0.9 38.4 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,361 5.5 358 1.3 783 9.8 34.6 1.3 28.4 0.4 29.2 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,924 3.1 116 0.4 285 3.6 37.6 0.7 27.8 0.1 27.7 0.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,562 100 41,052 100 1,630 100 9.8 - 35.6 - 9.6 -
Less than 50 miles 10,930 42.8 35,939 87.5 429 26.3 11.2 3.7 40.2 4.4 19.6 3
50 - 99 miles 3,491 13.7 1,930 4.7 179 11 21.6 1.8 13.8 1.5 13.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 4,934 19.3 2,110 5.1 398 24.4 11.9 1.8 16.2 2.3 16.1 3
250 - 499 miles 3,598 14.1 769 1.9 340 20.9 16.8 2 12.5 0.9 11.7 2.9
500 - 749 miles 1,154 4.5 173 0.4 124 7.6 31.9 1.2 17.3 0.2 18.4 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,059 4.1 82 0.2 89 5.5 40.2 1.3 36.6 0.1 35.8 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 144 0.6 43 0.1 62 3.8 42.4 0.2 43.4 0.1 41.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 5 - 9 0.6 S S 42.1 0.1 43.1 1.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,511 100 4,170 100 2,313 100 42.3 - 33.5 - 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 6 0.3 S S S S 43.8 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S 13 0.6 S S S S 26 12.4
100 - 249 miles 65 1.5 249 6 75 3.3 49.5 11.7 47.3 12.5 44.2 10.1
250 - 499 miles 1,412 31.3 2,412 57.8 1,455 62.9 41.7 9.1 29.9 7.9 30.7 7.7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 36 0.9 42 1.8 S S 26.5 1.7 26.5 4.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,070 23.7 120 2.9 S S 48.4 7.6 49.9 1.3 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 449 10 59 1.4 165 7.1 40.6 6.3 39.1 1.4 39.2 5

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 268 100 S S S S 26.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 22 8.1 S S S S 48.9 5.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 94 35.2 S S S S 31.1 9.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6 2.4 - 0.1 - 0.1 31.4 2.4 40.3 2.9 38.3 2.7
750 - 999 miles 21 7.9 - 0.5 - 0.7 41.6 5 48.5 7.2 47.2 7.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 35 13.1 S S S S 32.9 7.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 14 5.2 - 0.1 - 0.4 48.4 5 45.2 4.6 44.5 8.6
More than 2,000 miles 24 9 S S S S 39.5 4.5 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,138 100 3,961 100 S S 41.9 - 42.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,710 80 3,125 78.9 S S 40.3 4.1 41.1 4.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 407 19.1 808 20.4 S S 44.8 3.4 43.7 3.1 S S
100 - 249 miles 20 0.9 28 0.7 S S 4.8 5.4 6.7 4.4 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,743 100 1,147 100 1,795 100 18.6 - 19.7 - 27.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,393 4.4 21 1.8 - - 25.6 1.1 17.2 0.7 26.4 -
50 - 99 miles 924 2.9 42 3.7 5 0.3 25.2 0.7 46.2 4.4 49.8 1.1
100 - 249 miles 4,535 14.3 145 12.6 31 1.7 21.3 1.1 26.9 2.7 26.1 0.5
250 - 499 miles 10,375 32.7 198 17.2 106 5.9 18.6 2.8 21.6 2.3 22.8 1.6
500 - 749 miles 3,260 10.3 46 4 38 2.1 31.3 1.2 23.4 1.9 28.1 2.2
750 - 999 miles 2,453 7.7 46 4.1 52 2.9 18.4 1.5 31.7 1 32.7 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,312 4.1 100 8.8 154 8.6 29.2 0.7 24.9 2.9 26.3 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,015 15.8 492 42.8 1,239 69.1 42.4 2.9 35.5 7.9 36.2 9.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,475 7.8 58 5 169 9.4 42.2 2.2 26 1.5 27.3 2.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,382 100 286 100 236 100 20.3 - 8.5 - 11.7 -
Less than 50 miles 1,392 4.7 19 6.7 - 0.2 25.6 1.1 15.4 1.4 16.8 0.1
50 - 99 miles 912 3.1 14 4.8 1 0.6 25.7 0.9 13.7 1 14.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 3,857 13.1 39 13.7 9 3.7 25.8 1.4 11.4 2 12.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 10,211 34.8 91 31.7 44 18.6 18.8 3.2 14 2.2 12.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 3,170 10.8 29 10.1 21 9 32.7 1.3 11.7 1 12.9 1
750 - 999 miles 2,442 8.3 38 13.2 40 16.8 18.5 1.9 30.2 2.4 30.6 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 942 3.2 15 5.2 20 8.6 37.9 0.6 16.3 0.9 17.3 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 19 6.7 42 17.6 S S 20 1.1 19.9 2
More than 2,000 miles 2,429 8.3 23 8 59 24.9 43.2 2.3 22.2 1.8 21.3 4.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,337 100 851 100 1,509 100 36.9 - 26 - 31.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1 - S S S S 21.2 0.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S 4 0.3 S S S S 49.8 17.3
100 - 249 miles 678 29 106 12.4 22 1.5 46.6 6.8 31.5 4.8 30.4 0.7
250 - 499 miles S S 107 12.6 62 4.1 S S 40.4 3.7 38.7 1.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 7 0.3 8 1 11 0.7 37.5 2.3 18.2 1.7 18 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 369 15.8 86 10.1 134 8.8 30.1 5.2 25.4 5.3 26.6 7.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 989 42.3 471 55.3 1,186 78.6 37.5 7.6 37.1 8.7 37.5 10.1
More than 2,000 miles S S 31 3.7 81 5.4 S S 39.7 6.5 39.8 7.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 S S S S 2.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 10 100 S S 37.6 - 48.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,168 100 190 100 S S 35.5 - 46.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles 656 56.1 S S S S 38.5 10.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 16 1.4 7 3.6 8 17.5 36.1 7.3 40 5.4 38.9 16.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.