Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 126,557 100 77,592 100 13,905 100 759 9.5 - 22.2 - 13.3 - 10.6
Less than 50 lbs 29,285 23.1 296 0.4 229 1.6 837 23.8 4.3 10.5 0.1 19.5 0.2 9.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,341 1.8 76 0.1 24 0.2 319 35.0 0.5 15.2 - 16.9 - 23.7
100 - 499 lbs 9,016 7.1 545 0.7 140 1.0 237 33.7 1.7 18.9 0.2 18.0 0.2 18.6
500 - 749 lbs 3,354 2.7 262 0.3 65 0.5 259 31.8 0.6 8.8 0.1 18.5 0.1 14.3
750 - 999 lbs 2,420 1.9 264 0.3 67 0.5 259 28.6 0.4 12.7 0.1 13.8 0.1 19.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,311 12.1 5,154 6.6 930 6.7 174 4.6 1.3 10.9 1.4 14.8 1.4 13.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 56,774 44.9 51,975 67.0 7,970 57.3 175 13.1 3.8 31.4 4.8 10.6 4.7 18.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,933 4.7 9,239 11.9 703 5.1 66 28.0 1.3 23.4 2.9 21.2 1.1 29.6
More than 100,000 lbs 2,122 1.7 9,782 12.6 3,778 27.2 390 47.6 0.6 31.4 3.4 35.0 5.5 18.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 93,645 100 76,255 100 12,067 100 554 10.7 - 22.6 - 13.7 - 21.9
Less than 50 lbs 3,810 4.1 87 0.1 S S 773 38.2 1.2 32.3 0.1 S S 22.4
50 - 99 lbs 833 0.9 50 0.1 6 - 123 23.9 0.2 23.6 - 12.6 - 31.4
100 - 499 lbs 6,670 7.1 483 0.6 108 0.9 188 34.7 1.6 21.1 0.2 21.1 0.3 21.4
500 - 749 lbs 3,011 3.2 250 0.3 59 0.5 246 32.7 0.7 9.6 0.1 20.1 0.1 15.3
750 - 999 lbs 2,367 2.5 260 0.3 66 0.5 258 28.7 0.5 12.8 0.1 14.0 0.1 19.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,971 16.0 5,052 6.6 909 7.5 174 4.6 1.8 11.7 1.5 15.5 1.7 13.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 54,822 58.5 51,378 67.4 6,899 57.2 158 13.7 3.5 31.8 4.8 9.9 4.7 17.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 5,501 5.9 9,184 12.0 584 4.8 57 29.3 1.7 23.5 3.0 21.5 1.3 24.8
More than 100,000 lbs 1,660 1.8 9,511 12.5 3,388 28.1 320 43.9 0.5 31.7 3.4 37.6 6.0 24.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,729 100 68,028 100 9,577 100 552 10.8 - 24.0 - 13.7 - 22.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,721 4.3 86 0.1 S S 765 39.4 1.3 32.7 0.1 S S 24.0
50 - 99 lbs 807 0.9 50 0.1 5 0.1 114 23.2 0.2 23.7 - 21.4 - 34.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,622 7.6 481 0.7 106 1.1 185 35.0 2.1 21.3 0.2 21.7 0.3 21.7
500 - 749 lbs 2,998 3.5 248 0.4 57 0.6 241 32.9 0.9 9.7 0.1 21.6 0.1 16.5
750 - 999 lbs 2,359 2.7 258 0.4 65 0.7 258 28.8 0.6 13.1 0.1 14.1 0.1 19.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14,575 16.8 4,470 6.6 894 9.3 182 4.8 1.9 10.2 1.5 15.8 1.6 13.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 52,334 60.3 50,698 74.5 6,542 68.3 151 14.6 3.3 32.1 4.4 9.1 4.7 18.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,903 3.3 6,109 9.0 351 3.7 52 21.9 1.1 15.3 2.2 14.8 1.0 26.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S 5,630 8.3 S S 216 S S 37.4 3.5 S S 49.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61,167 100 26,976 100 7,947 100 1,322 13.9 - 9.5 - 16.5 - 19.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,709 S S S S S S 21.0
50 - 99 lbs 242 0.4 6 - 3 - 494 33.5 0.1 20.6 - 19.5 - 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 4,427 7.2 128 0.5 86 1.1 638 44.7 2.6 16.7 0.1 25.3 0.3 10.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,735 2.8 65 0.2 43 0.5 680 39.9 0.9 14.7 - 27.1 0.2 14.8
750 - 999 lbs 1,575 2.6 77 0.3 51 0.6 680 31.9 1.0 16.2 0.1 19.1 0.2 15.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,191 13.4 1,649 6.1 620 7.8 404 9.7 1.9 11.8 0.5 16.9 1.5 9.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 41,844 68.4 17,214 63.8 5,336 67.1 332 17.3 3.9 10.5 4.5 10.0 5.3 5.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,873 3.1 2,805 10.4 277 3.5 87 19.2 0.9 19.1 2.3 18.6 1.3 25.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 5,008 18.6 S S 238 S S 36.6 6.1 S S 47.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,562 100 41,052 100 1,630 100 192 9.8 - 35.6 - 9.6 - 19.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,819 11.0 63 0.2 10 0.6 274 34.4 3.0 24.0 0.1 41.7 0.4 22.3
50 - 99 lbs 565 2.2 44 0.1 3 0.2 62 24.6 0.5 26.7 - 25.0 0.1 28.0
100 - 499 lbs 2,195 8.6 352 0.9 20 1.2 52 21.0 1.3 25.3 0.4 13.9 0.2 26.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,263 4.9 182 0.4 14 0.9 77 30.5 1.1 11.6 0.2 13.8 0.1 19.6
750 - 999 lbs 784 3.1 181 0.4 14 0.8 77 36.9 1.0 22.2 0.4 23.9 0.2 45.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,384 25.0 2,821 6.9 273 16.8 88 10.9 3.2 17.4 3.8 32.3 4.8 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,490 41.0 33,484 81.6 1,206 74.0 46 11.0 2.8 44.3 6.6 13.9 5.2 29.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,030 4.0 3,304 8.0 74 4.5 22 38.9 1.8 18.8 2.7 15.3 0.9 25.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 621 1.5 S S S S S 50.0 2.2 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,511 100 4,170 100 2,313 100 962 42.3 - 33.5 - 31.7 - 13.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,240 49.7 260 6.2 340 14.7 1,396 42.1 11.8 43.6 2.9 43.1 6.1 18.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,027 22.8 111 2.7 146 6.3 1,331 42.5 3.0 29.8 1.8 29.4 2.6 28.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S 3,798 91.1 1,827 79.0 438 S S 34.6 3.1 35.3 7.0 13.1

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 268 100 S S S S 1,428 26.4 - S S S S 11.6
Less than 50 lbs 89 33.4 1 0.9 1 1.7 1,484 34.0 9.9 35.5 10.0 40.0 9.6 14.6
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.4 S S 1,108 S S 40.7 5.6 S S 10.5
100 - 499 lbs 48 18.1 S S 2 2.5 908 47.4 8.7 S S 38.8 12.1 21.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,517 S S S S S S 19.9
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.4 - 0.7 1,057 S S 27.4 18.8 38.7 16.0 41.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 2.1 2 2.6 832 S S 20.5 18.8 26.5 18.0 16.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 320 S S S S S S 38.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,138 100 3,961 100 S S S 41.9 - 42.8 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,570 73.5 2,964 74.8 S S S 5.5 16.8 5.6 15.8 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,743 100 1,147 100 1,795 100 868 18.6 - 19.7 - 27.5 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 25,298 79.7 205 17.8 180 10.0 871 23.9 5.3 13.7 5.6 14.7 5.8 8.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 24 2.1 18 1.0 729 S S 12.4 0.9 22.9 0.9 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,224 7.0 48 4.2 32 1.8 650 34.4 2.0 9.6 1.3 15.0 1.4 11.1
500 - 749 lbs S S 8 0.7 6 0.3 749 S S 26.1 0.5 40.2 1.3 18.1
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 0.3 1 0.1 S S S 24.1 0.2 32.6 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 29 0.1 S S 6 0.3 S 49.3 0.2 S S 38.3 0.7 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,430 4.5 525 45.7 1,043 58.1 1,896 36.1 1.6 37.1 8.2 46.1 10.1 11.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 432 1.4 55 4.8 119 6.6 S 48.6 1.5 32.9 3.9 29.3 7.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 270 23.6 S S 1,185 S S 31.3 8.3 S S 20.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,382 100 286 100 236 100 868 20.3 - 8.5 - 11.7 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 25,298 86.1 205 71.6 180 76.4 871 23.9 4.7 13.7 3.8 14.7 3.8 8.3
50 - 99 lbs S S 24 8.5 18 7.6 730 S S 11.8 1.0 23.0 1.3 11.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,219 7.6 47 16.6 31 13.3 656 34.5 2.5 9.9 2.7 15.2 2.0 11.0
500 - 749 lbs S S 7 2.5 5 2.3 767 S S 29.5 0.9 46.3 1.6 17.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 1 0.5 S S S S S 41.8 0.5 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,337 100 851 100 1,509 100 1,253 36.9 - 26.0 - 31.4 - 14.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 1 - - - - - 516 47.9 0.2 19.4 - 6.6 - 20.6
100 - 499 lbs 3 0.1 1 0.1 S S S 37.5 0.5 43.0 0.1 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.1 - - 504 S S 30.2 0.1 31.0 - 3.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - 253 S S S S 37.9 - 20.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17 0.7 S S 5 0.3 S 44.2 4.6 S S 43.2 4.2 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,421 60.8 518 60.8 1,023 67.8 1,885 36.5 8.9 37.6 11.0 46.7 10.7 11.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 431 18.5 51 6.0 90 6.0 1,698 45.4 8.7 33.5 7.2 37.4 13.0 28.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 270 31.8 S S 1,185 S S 31.3 13.8 S S 20.8

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 S S S S 1,168 2.9 - S S S S 30.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 10 100 S S S 37.6 - 48.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,168 100 190 100 S S S 35.5 - 46.3 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs 176 15.1 4 2.2 - 0.2 S 46.2 5.5 40.7 2.2 33.9 0.8 S
50 - 99 lbs 27 2.3 2 1.2 - 0.2 S 34.9 1.8 37.4 1.1 48.1 1.8 S
100 - 499 lbs 122 10.4 14 7.3 S S S 41.6 3.9 47.5 4.3 S S S
500 - 749 lbs 8 0.7 S S S S S 30.3 3.8 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.2 S S S S S 37.5 9.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 15 34.0 S S S S S 48.1 9.9 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 432 S S S S S S 23.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.