Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 126,557 100 77,592 100 13,905 100 759 9.5 - 22.2 - 13.3 - 10.6
Single modes 93,645 74 76,255 98.3 12,067 86.8 554 10.7 3.5 22.6 0.5 13.7 3.2 21.9
Truck6 86,729 68.5 68,028 87.7 9,577 68.9 552 10.8 4.1 24 3.5 13.7 4.6 22.5
For-hire truck 61,167 48.3 26,976 34.8 7,947 57.1 1,322 13.9 4.3 9.5 4.6 16.5 4.4 19.8
Private truck 25,562 20.2 41,052 52.9 1,630 11.7 192 9.8 2 35.6 5 9.6 1.5 19.9
Rail 4,511 3.6 4,170 5.4 2,313 16.6 962 42.3 1.2 33.5 1.2 31.7 3.7 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) 268 0.2 S S S S 1,428 26.4 0.1 S S S S 11.6
Pipeline7 2,138 1.7 3,961 5.1 S S S 41.9 2.2 42.8 6.4 S S S
Multiple modes 31,743 25.1 1,147 1.5 1,795 12.9 868 18.6 3.6 19.7 0.4 27.5 3.3 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29,382 23.2 286 0.4 236 1.7 868 20.3 3.7 8.5 0.1 11.7 0.3 8.2
Truck and rail 2,337 1.8 851 1.1 1,509 10.9 1,253 36.9 0.6 26 0.4 31.4 3.3 14.7
Truck and water 4 - S S S S 1,168 2.9 - S S S S 30.2
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 17 - 10 - S S S 37.6 - 48.9 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,168 0.9 190 0.2 S S S 35.5 0.5 46.3 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,187 100 3,756 100 1,975 100 344 23.3 - 23.5 - 27.8 - 18.3
Single modes 2,104 96.2 3,644 97 1,722 87.2 166 24.2 2.8 24 1.6 30.7 6.6 34
Truck6 1,671 76.4 1,100 29.3 331 16.8 162 27.1 8.7 31 11.4 41.7 10.2 37.6
For-hire truck 1,395 63.8 873 23.2 314 15.9 313 30.7 11.5 37.3 8.9 43.7 7.7 19.3
Private truck 276 12.6 227 6.1 17 0.9 53 28.2 8.3 36.5 8 32.9 7.4 35.2
Rail 433 19.8 2,544 67.7 1,391 70.4 345 29.5 10.7 27.3 7.8 34.2 9.9 28.9
Multiple modes 81 3.7 S S S S 865 34.4 4.6 S S S S 49.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 67 3.1 S S S S 2,056 42.6 5.3 S S S S 8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,718 100 6,794 100 1,366 100 399 17.3 - 16.1 - 19.7 - 24
Single modes 6,519 97 6,773 99.7 1,354 99.2 70 18.4 3.5 16.2 0.3 20 1 21.9
Truck6 6,477 96.4 6,606 97.2 1,244 91.1 69 18.7 3.7 17.2 2.1 24.1 8.3 22.5
For-hire truck 3,397 50.6 4,006 59 981 71.8 260 31.9 7.9 25.6 7.5 27.3 10.3 11.7
Private truck 3,080 45.8 2,600 38.3 263 19.3 45 19.3 6.5 12.8 6.2 20.8 3.3 12.3
Rail 40 0.6 167 2.5 S S 856 28.6 1.4 29.4 5.1 S S 24.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 597 S S S S S S 17.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 597 S S S S S S 17.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 248 100 S S S S S 48 - S S S S S
Single modes 248 100 S S S S S 48 - S S S S S
Truck6 244 98.4 S S S S S 47.6 0.6 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S 5,871 21.8 S S 104 S S 36.7 18.6 S S 30.2
Private truck S S S S 152 23 S S S S S 46.6 17 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,133 100 8,667 100 223 100 33 25.6 - 20.3 - 34 - 21
Single modes 4,125 99.8 8,666 100 223 100 30 25.7 0.2 20.3 - 34.1 0.1 18.2
Truck6 1,988 48.1 4,705 54.3 107 47.9 S 33.8 16.6 29.9 16.3 30.2 16.2 S
For-hire truck 636 15.4 1,254 14.5 52 23.1 S 36.9 9.4 28.1 6.8 45 9.1 S
Private truck 1,352 32.7 3,451 39.8 55 24.8 S 33.7 13.1 32 13.1 39.7 15.1 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4 0.1 S S S S 246 6.3 1 S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4 0.1 S S S S 246 6.3 1 S S S S 14.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,919 100 3,014 100 1,487 100 462 27.2 - 19.4 - 24.3 - 16.3
Single modes 18,809 57.1 2,941 97.6 1,439 96.8 189 25.9 10.1 19.7 0.9 24.8 2.8 36.7
Truck6 18,711 56.8 2,822 93.6 1,358 91.4 188 25.9 9.9 19.3 1.3 24.2 2.6 36.7
For-hire truck 16,422 49.9 2,170 72 1,199 80.6 481 31.1 8.5 19.9 5.4 23.3 3.7 10.9
Private truck 2,289 7 651 21.6 159 10.7 89 31 6.9 27.3 4.5 39.4 2.6 39.5
Rail 93 0.3 119 3.9 80 5.4 893 23.8 0.6 28.6 1.9 25.2 1.5 17
Air (incl truck and air) 5 - S S S S 916 44.1 0.1 S S S S 21.1
Multiple modes S S 33 1.1 26 1.8 611 S S 19.2 0.8 25.6 2.9 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 27 0.9 17 1.2 610 S S 21.8 0.6 21.4 1.3 9.9
Truck and rail 18 0.1 6 0.2 9 0.6 1,639 10.6 0.1 19.4 0.6 37.5 4.6 20.8
Other and unknown modes 78 0.2 S S S S S 35.4 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 22,548 100 3,878 100 1,211 100 999 16.5 - 16.3 - 15.3 - 10.6
Single modes 12,046 53.4 3,702 95.5 1,030 85.1 1,050 33.7 11.1 16.4 0.8 15.7 3.1 24.4
Truck6 12,038 53.4 3,701 95.4 1,027 84.8 1,043 33.7 11 16.4 0.8 15.8 3 26
For-hire truck 8,646 38.3 2,691 69.4 920 76 1,713 36.1 8.6 22.3 7 17.1 2.6 24.3
Private truck 3,392 15 1,010 26.1 107 8.8 401 31 3.7 14.5 7.4 15 2.2 24.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 7 - - - S S S 49.4 0.2 46.5 - S S S
Multiple modes 10,356 45.9 170 4.4 180 14.9 985 25.4 11.2 21.9 0.9 23.8 3.1 10.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,321 45.8 138 3.6 134 11.1 986 25.5 11.2 25.5 0.7 24 2.5 10.1
Truck and rail 36 0.2 32 0.8 46 3.8 S 34.8 0.1 42.3 0.5 48.9 2 S
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.1 - - S S S 39.6 0.1 42.3 - S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,129 100 14,911 100 2,820 100 398 12.3 - 10.8 - 35.7 - 21.4
Single modes 12,162 86.1 14,752 98.9 2,711 96.1 274 12.6 1.6 11 0.4 35.8 0.9 22.5
Truck6 12,031 85.1 14,596 97.9 2,629 93.2 265 12.9 1.9 11.1 0.7 34.6 1.2 23.3
For-hire truck 9,373 66.3 5,019 33.7 2,292 81.3 642 17.8 5.4 23.5 8.2 39.7 3.4 11.8
Private truck 2,658 18.8 9,577 64.2 337 12 38 21.7 6.2 18.7 8.8 9.7 3.7 34.2
Rail 41 0.3 67 0.5 26 0.9 388 8.6 0.3 6.2 0.8 38.2 1.2 35.5
Air (incl truck and air) 91 0.6 S S S S 715 37.5 0.5 S S S S 16.9
Multiple modes 1,599 11.3 82 0.6 103 3.6 624 18.7 1.8 28.9 0.3 38.4 0.8 12.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,491 10.6 45 0.3 33 1.2 623 20.1 1.8 24.2 0.1 30.1 0.4 12.7
Truck and rail 91 0.6 31 0.2 28 1 1,332 46.7 0.5 43.4 0.2 20.9 1.1 23.9
Truck and water 4 - S S S S 1,168 2.9 0.1 S S S S 30.2
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 6 0.2 S S S S S 44.6 0.2 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 26,682 100 2,837 100 1,869 100 483 22 - 23.2 - 30 - 14.1
Single modes 21,788 81.7 2,448 86.3 1,432 76.6 318 23.5 3.4 23.8 4.4 31.1 5.9 22.3
Truck6 17,847 66.9 1,980 69.8 811 43.4 285 20.6 6.7 19.4 8 25.9 12.1 23.2
For-hire truck 12,379 46.4 1,384 48.8 651 34.8 691 19.8 6.2 21.2 7.1 26 10 9.5
Private truck 5,468 20.5 595 21 161 8.6 198 27.4 4.6 20.7 4.4 31.8 3.2 22.7
Rail 3,826 14.3 463 16.3 618 33 1,333 36.1 8 40.9 6.6 38.7 10.9 22.2
Air (incl truck and air) 115 0.4 S S 3 0.2 S 33.6 0.4 S S 49.7 0.1 S
Multiple modes 4,352 16.3 333 11.7 423 22.7 579 21.4 2.4 34.7 3.5 37.3 6.1 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,312 8.7 35 1.2 25 1.3 578 21 2.9 16.1 0.4 22.1 0.9 12.6
Truck and rail 2,040 7.6 298 10.5 399 21.3 1,161 39 3.1 33.3 4.5 34.2 7.7 13.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,982 100 6,757 100 2,292 100 377 11.8 - 13.5 - 30.1 - 14.5
Single modes 15,836 93.3 6,350 94 1,494 65.2 113 11.6 1.4 12.5 2.5 18.3 10.7 26
Truck6 15,713 92.5 6,072 89.9 1,411 61.6 112 11.8 1.5 12.4 3.4 20.1 10.4 26
For-hire truck 8,833 52 3,709 54.9 1,033 45.1 341 19.5 6.1 22.8 8 30.6 8.7 14.8
Private truck 6,881 40.5 2,364 35 378 16.5 82 12.7 6.7 19.9 8.4 28 10.5 30.4
Rail S S S S S S 308 S S S S S S 3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 768 S S S S S S 13.1
Multiple modes 1,121 6.6 S S S S 776 30.4 1.4 S S S S 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,040 6.1 26 0.4 17 0.8 771 29.3 1.3 15.7 0.1 18.3 0.3 11.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,737 S S S S S S 31
Other and unknown modes 25 0.1 3 0.1 S S S 33.3 0.1 33.9 - S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 460 S S S S S S 25.7
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S - 0.3 - 0.3 142 S S 24.7 4.6 36.4 6.8 20.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.3 - 0.3 142 S S 24.7 4.6 36.4 6.8 20.5

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.