Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,027 100 82,253 100 19,336 100 15.8 - 19.5 - 15.5 -
Less than 50 miles 11,284 27.5 29,475 35.8 528 2.7 18.9 3 21.8 5.5 22.7 0.9
50 - 99 miles 2,292 5.6 2,505 3 197 1 48.4 2.4 23.8 2 21.7 2
100 - 249 miles 13,928 33.9 28,376 34.5 4,995 25.8 29.6 5.6 38.8 6.8 34.4 5.4
250 - 499 miles 9,085 22.1 15,059 18.3 5,300 27.4 41.4 6.8 41.1 7 40.5 11
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,989 7.3 4,761 5.8 5,209 26.9 40.9 3.8 38.5 2.8 37.2 8.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 869 2.1 1,431 1.7 2,402 12.4 35.6 2.6 35.6 0.7 37.4 3.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 120 0.3 141 0.2 347 1.8 29.3 0.1 45.5 0.1 45.2 0.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 32,953 100 67,921 100 14,372 100 17.4 - 19.9 - 16.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,203 34 28,326 41.7 487 3.4 18.9 3 19.9 5.9 19.8 1.2
50 - 99 miles S S 2,279 3.4 170 1.2 S S 26.9 1.9 25 1.8
100 - 249 miles 8,125 24.7 S S 2,701 18.8 35.7 5.2 S S 44 5.4
250 - 499 miles 8,442 25.6 13,833 20.4 4,885 34 41.8 7.6 42.4 7.7 41.9 12.5
500 - 749 miles 69 0.2 S S S S 44 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 2,132 6.5 3,692 5.4 3,718 25.9 41.6 4.3 44.7 3.3 43.7 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 749 2.3 1,247 1.8 1,978 13.8 37.2 3 33.1 0.8 34 4.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 87 0.3 140 0.2 346 2.4 39.5 0.2 45.7 0.1 45.3 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,663 100 20,095 100 1,859 100 16.4 - 18.6 - 22.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,362 56.9 15,101 75.1 344 18.5 20.5 4.1 21.8 4.4 20.3 3.9
50 - 99 miles 427 5.6 910 4.5 76 4.1 27.2 1.1 31.6 1 28 1.2
100 - 249 miles 1,746 22.8 2,890 14.4 564 30.3 23 3.4 25.5 3.1 27.9 5.7
250 - 499 miles 603 7.9 S S S S 41 2.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 115 1.5 74 0.4 81 4.4 40.9 0.9 46.5 0.2 45.1 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 257 1.3 363 19.5 S S 42.8 0.4 42.8 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,298 100 10,582 100 1,218 100 23.7 - 32.9 - 26.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,467 44.5 7,807 73.8 150 12.3 37 8.5 40.9 10.5 42.6 4.5
50 - 99 miles 162 4.9 S S 42 3.4 31.1 1.6 S S 46.9 1.9
100 - 249 miles 809 24.5 1,389 13.1 290 23.8 26.3 4.7 33.6 5.2 33.9 6.9
250 - 499 miles 335 10.2 432 4.1 208 17 47.4 4.3 40.9 4.8 41.5 7.2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 115 3.5 74 0.7 81 6.6 40.9 2.2 46.5 0.8 45.1 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 257 2.4 363 29.8 S S 42.8 4.5 42.8 9.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,365 100 9,513 100 641 100 22.6 - 18.5 - 33.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,895 66.3 7,294 76.7 194 30.3 24.2 4.4 19.8 3.9 29.7 8.3
50 - 99 miles 265 6.1 387 4.1 35 5.4 27 1.4 30.4 0.8 29.5 1.1
100 - 249 miles 936 21.4 1,500 15.8 275 42.9 30.9 4.1 27.7 2.8 32.1 6.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 976 100 2,302 100 2,904 100 16.8 - 26.5 - 33.1 -
Less than 50 miles 11 1.1 44 1.9 2 0.1 49.6 1.4 40.5 1.2 48.9 -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 182 18.6 343 14.9 68 2.3 35.7 12.7 28.4 14.8 25.3 5.7
250 - 499 miles 65 6.7 133 5.8 72 2.5 45.5 3.7 43.2 2.4 43.7 1.3
500 - 749 miles 23 2.3 33 1.4 27 0.9 49.1 2.8 43.9 1.9 44.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 228 23.4 635 27.6 805 27.7 16.3 3.5 26.4 4.8 25.9 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 412 42.2 990 43 1,615 55.6 27.8 8 35.5 7.7 35.7 8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 54 5.5 123 5.3 312 10.7 23.2 2 39.5 1.9 37.4 10.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,053 100 8,558 100 S S 36.8 - 33.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,644 65.2 6,294 73.5 S S 48.7 15.3 42.7 12.4 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S 2,173 95.2 S S S S 42.4 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,623 100 5,611 100 S S 20.9 - 25.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 3,347 59.6 S S S S 46.2 18.6 S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S 2,173 98.1 S S S S 42.4 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S - 100 S S S S 2.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 20,256 100 36,965 100 S S 23.7 - 29.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 4,185 20.7 6,886 18.6 S S 32.3 10.7 31.1 11.3 S S
50 - 99 miles S S 1,369 3.7 S S S S 28 7.4 S S
100 - 249 miles 6,197 30.6 S S S S 42.1 15.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 7,774 38.4 12,937 35 S S 31.9 16.5 31.3 17.7 S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,012 100 13,990 100 4,954 100 31.6 - 36.9 - 30.2 -
Less than 50 miles 35 0.4 S S S S 42.7 0.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 5,796 72.3 10,090 72.1 2,293 46.3 36 8.7 40.5 10.7 38.9 10.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 118 1.5 S S S S 37.4 1.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 0.4 - - 1 - 40.2 1.6 44.6 0.1 45.9 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 1 - S S S S 40.1 - S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 336 100 6 100 4 100 21.7 - 23 - 27.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1 10.3 S S S S 48.8 4.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S - 6.3 - 0.8 S S 38.4 3.8 37.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles 95 28.2 2 29.2 - 9.3 33.2 8.5 30.9 6.5 32.3 3.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 8 2.3 - 3 - 3.2 38 1.9 38.7 1.3 39.1 1.4
750 - 999 miles 39 11.6 1 9 1 14.5 37.5 7.5 31.8 1.9 32 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 56 16.7 1 14.4 1 32.1 26.7 2.9 17.8 2.8 17.9 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 9.7 - 8.4 1 25 40.2 2 44.6 1.7 45.9 4.2
More than 2,000 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 40.1 0.4 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 133 100 S S 158 100 34.2 - S S 34.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 111 83.5 S S 95 60.4 33.4 6.5 S S 20.9 13.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 287 100 437 100 371 100 44.2 - 36.3 - 50 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,340 100 8,461 100 3,554 100 31.1 - 25.6 - 23.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,618 67.8 5,673 67 1,279 36 33.9 8.6 30.7 8.5 32.3 14.5
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61 100 S S S S 37 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 46 75.3 S S S S 49.2 13.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 7 11.8 2 0.6 - 4.3 38.7 9.8 34.5 11 34.3 18.8
250 - 499 miles 2 3.6 S S S S 30.5 13.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.