Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 271,664 100 161,595 100 32,083 100 3.1 - 10.8 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 89,989 33.1 98,870 61.2 2,498 7.8 7.6 2 15.4 3.3 15.2 0.7
50 - 99 miles 11,896 4.4 14,411 8.9 1,243 3.9 13 0.6 22.2 1.8 22.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 40,645 15 20,965 13 4,803 15 5.4 0.7 5.6 1.3 7.1 0.6
250 - 499 miles 31,669 11.7 11,638 7.2 4,833 15.1 8.8 0.8 11.6 0.8 11.1 1.1
500 - 749 miles 19,809 7.3 4,734 2.9 3,756 11.7 6.7 0.5 18.3 0.4 18.5 1.3
750 - 999 miles 29,634 10.9 4,562 2.8 4,817 15 7 0.8 6.9 0.2 7.1 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 41,595 15.3 5,728 3.5 8,660 27 6.7 1.1 6.4 0.5 6.3 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,999 2.2 674 0.4 1,414 4.4 9.5 0.2 15.7 0.1 16.8 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 427 0.2 12 - 59 0.2 18.3 - 28.7 - 38.9 0.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 206,365 100 150,448 100 27,891 100 4.4 - 11.7 - 6.7 -
Less than 50 miles 80,903 39.2 92,394 61.4 2,362 8.5 8.5 2.3 16.8 3.8 16.3 0.9
50 - 99 miles 10,781 5.2 14,290 9.5 1,229 4.4 13.9 0.7 22.4 1.9 22.4 0.8
100 - 249 miles 31,475 15.3 19,249 12.8 4,400 15.8 5.2 0.7 6.3 1.6 6.9 0.9
250 - 499 miles 23,398 11.3 11,229 7.5 4,648 16.7 10.7 0.9 12.1 0.9 11.6 1.6
500 - 749 miles 12,609 6.1 4,320 2.9 3,399 12.2 7.6 0.4 19.7 0.4 19.8 1.3
750 - 999 miles 19,475 9.4 3,828 2.5 3,949 14.2 8.6 0.9 8 0.3 6.9 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23,978 11.6 4,574 3 6,729 24.1 9.2 1.2 9.5 0.6 9.6 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,633 1.8 562 0.4 1,164 4.2 11.6 0.2 15.8 0.1 16.1 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 111 0.1 3 - S S 32.6 - 47.4 - S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196,626 100 148,177 100 26,627 100 5.1 - 11.4 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 80,446 40.9 91,944 62.1 2,355 8.8 8.6 2.3 16.9 3.9 16.4 1
50 - 99 miles 10,768 5.5 14,288 9.6 1,229 4.6 13.9 0.8 22.4 1.9 22.4 0.9
100 - 249 miles 31,039 15.8 18,460 12.5 4,094 15.4 5.2 0.7 7.2 1.8 7.5 1.2
250 - 499 miles 22,542 11.5 10,786 7.3 4,466 16.8 10.6 1 11.3 0.9 10.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 11,253 5.7 4,190 2.8 3,315 12.4 7 0.3 18 0.3 18.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 18,144 9.2 3,800 2.6 3,916 14.7 9.3 0.8 8 0.3 6.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,203 9.8 4,155 2.8 6,104 22.9 11.8 1 9 0.6 9.1 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,223 1.6 554 0.4 1,149 4.3 13.4 0.2 16.1 0.1 16.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 7 - S S S S 42.6 - S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109,887 100 47,127 100 19,776 100 9.1 - 9.7 - 7.1 -
Less than 50 miles 23,499 21.4 16,118 34.2 466 2.4 16.4 2 15.4 2.8 17.6 0.3
50 - 99 miles 4,312 3.9 4,710 10 404 2 32 1.3 30.6 2.3 29.6 0.5
100 - 249 miles 14,138 12.9 7,175 15.2 1,622 8.2 12.9 0.9 7.9 1.2 7.7 0.7
250 - 499 miles 16,473 15 6,488 13.8 2,864 14.5 15.2 1.3 14.8 1.6 14.1 1.6
500 - 749 miles 11,130 10.1 4,166 8.8 3,297 16.7 6.9 0.5 17.9 0.9 18.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles 18,080 16.5 3,774 8 3,888 19.7 9.4 1.5 8.2 1.3 7 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,027 17.3 4,144 8.8 6,088 30.8 11.9 1.6 9 0.8 9.1 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,221 2.9 553 1.2 1,147 5.8 13.4 0.6 16.2 0.3 16.6 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 7 - S S S S 42.6 - S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,739 100 101,050 100 6,852 100 8 - 15 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 56,947 65.7 75,827 75 1,888 27.6 9.7 2.2 18.8 4.4 18.4 3.7
50 - 99 miles 6,456 7.4 9,578 9.5 825 12 11.1 0.8 32.8 2.3 32.7 2.9
100 - 249 miles 16,901 19.5 11,285 11.2 2,471 36.1 7.7 1.7 12.4 2.8 13.4 3.7
250 - 499 miles 6,069 7 4,298 4.3 1,602 23.4 14.2 0.8 20.7 1 21.2 2.9
500 - 749 miles 123 0.1 24 - 18 0.3 43.7 0.1 41.4 - 41.3 0.1
750 - 999 miles 64 0.1 S S S S 41.8 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 11 - 16 0.2 S S 46.8 - 47.5 0.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 646 100 2,134 100 1,067 100 22.6 - 40.2 - 45.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 39 6 S S S S 30.5 13.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 157 24.3 440 20.6 181 17 35 5.7 38.1 13.7 37.9 13
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 253 39.2 S S S S 30.8 9.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 1.7 S S S S 30.6 5.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,094 100 S S S S 17.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 398 4.4 S S S S 31.8 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 3 2.2 2 0.8 S S 25.6 2.7 21.8 1.1
500 - 749 miles S S 7 5 5 2.6 S S 49.9 6.1 46 4.8
750 - 999 miles 1,271 14 4 2.8 4 1.9 36.2 2.1 13.7 3.2 12 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,522 49.7 S S S S 23.1 5.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 400 4.4 5 3.6 9 4.4 24.7 1.5 43.8 5.7 45.6 7.1
More than 2,000 miles 104 1.1 S S S S 34.2 0.9 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61,116 100 4,126 100 3,061 100 6.4 - 14.7 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 6,754 11.1 371 9 19 0.6 9.4 1.1 22.3 1.9 35.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 971 1.6 60 1.5 6 0.2 18.7 0.3 38.9 0.4 42.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 8,927 14.6 1,513 36.7 356 11.6 13.1 1.8 27.4 6.4 29.4 2.1
250 - 499 miles 7,967 13 346 8.4 154 5 16.1 1.7 19.5 2.7 20.5 1.5
500 - 749 miles 6,926 11.3 337 8.2 288 9.4 13.2 1.3 30.1 2.3 30.9 2.6
750 - 999 miles 9,677 15.8 662 16.1 789 25.8 7.9 1.1 28.2 2.8 33 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 17,272 28.3 742 18 1,211 39.6 15.5 2.9 15.8 3.3 15.2 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,307 3.8 84 2 188 6.1 14.9 0.7 27.6 0.6 30.1 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 316 0.5 9 0.2 49 1.6 23.6 0.1 34.9 0.1 43.8 0.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 59,085 100 1,495 100 1,117 100 6.6 - 11.5 - 18.8 -
Less than 50 miles 6,499 11 212 14.2 8 0.7 9.4 1.1 18.8 2.7 18.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles 970 1.6 35 2.4 3 0.3 18.7 0.3 19.5 0.4 17.1 0.1
100 - 249 miles 8,478 14.3 248 16.6 57 5.1 14.1 1.9 11.6 1.9 12 1.2
250 - 499 miles 7,770 13.1 244 16.3 102 9.2 16.4 1.8 15.7 2.1 17.8 2.1
500 - 749 miles 6,815 11.5 173 11.6 135 12.1 12.9 1.3 14.5 0.9 14 1.1
750 - 999 miles 9,389 15.9 198 13.2 211 18.9 8.3 1.1 20.9 1.6 21.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,687 28.2 325 21.8 478 42.8 16.2 2.9 25.3 3.2 25.2 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,182 3.7 55 3.7 107 9.6 15.1 0.5 36.6 0.7 34.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 296 0.5 5 0.3 15 1.3 26 0.1 46.2 0.1 48.3 0.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,923 100 2,599 100 1,839 100 19.8 - 23.2 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S 160 6.1 S S S S 43.5 3.2 S S
50 - 99 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 14.7 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 420 21.9 1,264 48.6 297 16.1 21.8 4.4 30.4 9.2 33.2 3.2
250 - 499 miles 174 9.1 S S 47 2.6 42.5 5 S S 44 3.4
500 - 749 miles S S 165 6.3 153 8.3 S S 44.3 7 42.6 8.1
750 - 999 miles 288 15 464 17.9 578 31.5 24.4 5.6 38.3 6 44.5 7.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 550 28.6 396 15.2 676 36.8 23.6 8.3 21.2 9.1 21.3 8.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109 100 S S S S 41.2 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,182 100 7,021 100 S S 17 - 32 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,333 55.8 6,104 86.9 117 10.4 24.9 7.6 33.2 6.6 48 6.6
50 - 99 miles 144 3.4 61 0.9 7 0.6 46.8 2 34.5 1.1 35.9 2.9
100 - 249 miles 243 5.8 203 2.9 47 4.2 28.2 1.7 41.2 5.5 39.1 8.9
250 - 499 miles 303 7.3 S S S S 37.5 2.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 274 6.5 76 1.1 69 6.1 37.8 3.6 38.6 0.4 42 4.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 345 8.2 S S S S 33.7 4.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 59 1.4 S S S S 39.6 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.