Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 271,664 100 161,595 100 32,083 100 635 3.1 - 10.8 - 6.8 - 6.2
Less than 50 lbs 53,658 19.8 834 0.5 597 1.9 765 4.2 1.0 10.5 0.1 19.2 0.3 5.1
50 - 99 lbs 14,937 5.5 517 0.3 270 0.8 529 18.6 1.2 10.9 0.1 16.5 0.1 8.2
100 - 499 lbs 37,626 13.9 2,721 1.7 842 2.6 342 11.5 1.3 8.2 0.2 7.3 0.2 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 8,234 3.0 1,351 0.8 353 1.1 260 6.3 0.2 12.8 0.1 12.5 0.1 17.9
750 - 999 lbs 5,818 2.1 1,428 0.9 318 1.0 221 9.0 0.2 22.2 0.1 20.2 0.2 20.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 61,800 22.7 22,555 14.0 5,065 15.8 230 6.8 1.6 11.0 1.8 8.2 1.7 12.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 72,377 26.6 79,084 48.9 17,496 54.5 239 8.1 1.5 12.5 3.3 7.2 3.0 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 15,189 5.6 40,443 25.0 3,800 11.8 92 28.8 1.8 20.5 3.4 23.4 2.8 10.8
More than 100,000 lbs 2,024 0.7 12,663 7.8 3,342 10.4 439 22.1 0.2 19.6 1.9 38.3 2.8 23.5

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 206,365 100 150,448 100 27,891 100 289 4.4 - 11.7 - 6.7 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs 12,607 6.1 204 0.1 54 0.2 366 12.1 1.1 11.9 - 12.2 - 14.8
50 - 99 lbs 5,575 2.7 214 0.1 61 0.2 280 16.7 0.5 11.0 - 23.0 0.1 16.7
100 - 499 lbs 28,056 13.6 2,134 1.4 532 1.9 256 13.9 1.4 12.5 0.1 11.5 0.2 13.9
500 - 749 lbs 7,267 3.5 1,233 0.8 293 1.0 236 6.9 0.4 13.7 0.1 13.6 0.2 20.3
750 - 999 lbs 5,481 2.7 1,378 0.9 297 1.1 213 9.2 0.2 22.5 0.1 18.4 0.2 20.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 60,140 29.1 22,155 14.7 4,945 17.7 227 6.8 1.8 11.0 1.9 8.5 1.8 12.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 70,889 34.4 77,600 51.6 15,969 57.3 222 8.3 1.7 12.5 3.0 8.2 3.3 12.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,795 7.2 39,972 26.6 3,624 13.0 89 29.8 2.3 20.7 3.7 24.1 3.4 10.5
More than 100,000 lbs 1,554 0.8 5,558 3.7 2,117 7.6 361 26.7 0.2 36.4 1.6 45.8 2.8 32.8

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196,626 100 148,177 100 26,627 100 248 5.1 - 11.4 - 6.0 - 12.6
Less than 50 lbs 8,426 4.3 195 0.1 43 0.2 277 12.4 0.7 12.7 - 11.4 - 15.9
50 - 99 lbs 3,943 2.0 209 0.1 55 0.2 258 19.4 0.3 11.3 - 25.6 0.1 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 26,006 13.2 2,123 1.4 513 1.9 247 15.8 1.6 12.5 0.1 11.6 0.2 14.7
500 - 749 lbs 7,075 3.6 1,231 0.8 290 1.1 234 6.7 0.4 13.7 0.1 13.7 0.2 20.2
750 - 999 lbs 5,299 2.7 1,365 0.9 262 1.0 189 9.4 0.2 22.8 0.1 13.3 0.2 18.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 59,718 30.4 22,062 14.9 4,839 18.2 223 6.8 1.7 11.0 1.9 7.1 1.7 11.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 70,332 35.8 77,446 52.3 15,925 59.8 221 8.1 1.7 12.5 3.1 8.2 3.3 12.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 14,738 7.5 39,913 26.9 3,583 13.5 89 29.9 2.4 20.8 3.8 24.7 3.5 10.1
More than 100,000 lbs 1,090 0.6 3,632 2.5 S S S 33.4 0.2 49.0 1.7 S S S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109,887 100 47,127 100 19,776 100 654 9.1 - 9.7 - 7.1 - 8.0
Less than 50 lbs 3,750 3.4 43 0.1 34 0.2 843 23.4 0.8 18.4 - 15.2 - 6.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,803 1.6 60 0.1 44 0.2 738 29.7 0.4 28.9 - 30.5 0.1 8.0
100 - 499 lbs 16,804 15.3 690 1.5 415 2.1 616 23.5 2.4 12.6 0.2 12.6 0.3 8.4
500 - 749 lbs 4,129 3.8 386 0.8 225 1.1 581 7.5 0.5 16.5 0.1 18.0 0.3 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,899 2.6 559 1.2 197 1.0 347 15.1 0.4 44.2 0.3 14.9 0.2 28.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 33,097 30.1 7,258 15.4 3,630 18.4 516 12.6 2.6 15.7 2.1 8.5 1.9 8.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 41,711 38.0 26,147 55.5 12,700 64.2 537 9.7 1.5 9.2 3.8 8.1 3.0 7.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,797 4.4 10,588 22.5 1,476 7.5 135 42.8 2.1 23.7 4.3 27.9 2.2 16.3
More than 100,000 lbs 898 0.8 S S S S 700 36.3 0.4 S S S S 25.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,739 100 101,050 100 6,852 100 68 8.0 - 15.0 - 11.9 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 4,677 5.4 152 0.2 10 0.1 61 14.7 0.9 15.5 - 28.7 - 13.2
50 - 99 lbs 2,141 2.5 150 0.1 11 0.2 74 14.3 0.4 11.3 - 28.6 0.1 17.4
100 - 499 lbs 9,202 10.6 1,433 1.4 98 1.4 68 9.1 1.0 13.7 0.2 12.3 0.2 11.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,946 3.4 845 0.8 65 0.9 78 7.2 0.5 16.1 0.2 20.5 0.2 14.4
750 - 999 lbs 2,399 2.8 806 0.8 65 1.0 80 11.1 0.3 15.7 0.1 15.8 0.2 12.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26,621 30.7 14,803 14.6 1,210 17.7 79 12.1 2.5 13.9 2.2 10.5 2.4 12.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 28,620 33.0 51,299 50.8 3,225 47.1 61 10.7 2.7 16.9 3.9 11.3 5.5 17.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 9,941 11.5 29,326 29.0 2,107 30.8 72 40.1 3.5 27.5 4.7 36.9 7.2 15.8
More than 100,000 lbs 192 0.2 S S 61 0.9 S 37.2 0.2 S S 48.3 1.0 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 646 100 2,134 100 1,067 100 827 22.6 - 40.2 - 45.9 - 11.8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,012 S S S S S S 6.2
500 - 749 lbs 4 0.6 1 - - - 939 15.5 1.9 8.7 0.2 45.3 0.5 46.1
750 - 999 lbs 3 0.5 1 - S S 1,044 15.7 2.3 7.1 0.1 S S 49.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 597 S S S S S S 28.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 464 71.9 1,925 90.2 1,001 93.8 541 31.4 9.9 43.7 10.7 49.0 11.6 32.7

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,094 100 S S S S 1,216 17.9 - S S S S 2.7
Less than 50 lbs 4,181 46.0 9 6.6 10 5.3 1,187 21.3 5.6 23.8 7.0 25.4 6.4 2.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,632 17.9 5 3.4 6 2.8 1,232 39.8 4.9 30.6 4.0 40.1 3.8 8.8
100 - 499 lbs 2,036 22.4 9 6.3 16 8.1 1,752 35.8 5.0 20.8 7.4 36.3 10.2 12.9
500 - 749 lbs 188 2.1 1 1.0 2 1.0 1,504 29.6 0.6 27.5 2.0 32.1 2.4 15.9
750 - 999 lbs 179 2.0 S S S S 2,709 47.2 1.7 S S S S 17.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,247 S S S S S S 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 885 S S S S S S 40.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 61,116 100 4,126 100 3,061 100 885 6.4 - 14.7 - 13.6 - 3.5
Less than 50 lbs 40,174 65.7 609 14.8 541 17.7 907 6.1 2.7 14.8 2.5 21.5 2.5 3.1
50 - 99 lbs 9,116 14.9 284 6.9 208 6.8 744 26.2 2.9 18.4 1.6 20.9 1.3 7.2
100 - 499 lbs 8,815 14.4 513 12.4 306 10.0 644 8.9 1.2 13.2 3.4 16.7 1.7 13.8
500 - 749 lbs 911 1.5 80 1.9 56 1.8 686 27.7 0.4 23.6 0.8 36.0 0.7 14.8
750 - 999 lbs 313 0.5 43 1.1 S S 463 20.7 0.1 30.5 0.4 S S 44.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 122 0.2 18 0.4 26 0.8 S 44.8 0.1 41.1 0.2 35.7 0.5 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,030 1.7 534 13.0 692 22.6 1,437 25.7 0.5 15.3 2.0 18.3 4.8 23.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 200 0.3 288 7.0 143 4.7 S 36.4 0.2 44.9 5.2 38.0 2.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 435 0.7 1,754 42.5 1,069 34.9 623 21.1 0.2 34.7 8.9 36.8 7.9 26.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 59,085 100 1,495 100 1,117 100 887 6.6 - 11.5 - 18.8 - 3.5
Less than 50 lbs 40,118 67.9 607 40.6 541 48.4 909 6.1 2.8 14.8 2.5 21.5 2.0 3.2
50 - 99 lbs 9,057 15.3 282 18.9 206 18.5 746 26.4 3.0 18.7 1.7 21.1 1.7 7.3
100 - 499 lbs 8,732 14.8 496 33.2 299 26.8 653 8.8 1.2 12.2 3.0 16.8 1.7 13.6
500 - 749 lbs 901 1.5 77 5.1 55 4.9 703 28.1 0.4 25.2 1.2 37.0 1.3 14.5
750 - 999 lbs 277 0.5 33 2.2 S S 494 26.9 0.2 38.9 1.5 S S 43.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,923 100 2,599 100 1,839 100 S 19.8 - 23.2 - 18.4 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 324 S S S S S S 0.7
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 497 S S S S S S 33.2
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 14 0.5 11 0.6 968 S S 49.8 0.5 23.4 0.6 21.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 965 50.2 507 19.5 603 32.8 1,242 26.7 8.4 15.9 7.8 17.6 7.4 10.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 200 10.4 288 11.1 143 7.8 S 36.4 3.7 44.9 8.1 38.0 7.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 435 22.7 1,754 67.5 1,069 58.1 623 21.1 10.3 34.7 9.3 36.8 9.5 26.3

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109 100 S S S S S 41.2 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,484 S S S S S S 24.3
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,336 S S S S S S 46.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 65 59.5 S S S S 3,620 49.6 16.0 S S S S 35.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,182 100 7,021 100 S S 100 17.0 - 32.0 - S S 42.4
Less than 50 lbs 876 21.0 20 0.3 2 0.2 S 23.1 2.8 28.8 0.9 32.3 0.3 S
50 - 99 lbs 246 5.9 19 0.3 1 0.1 S 41.5 2.0 32.8 1.0 46.5 0.7 S
100 - 499 lbs 755 18.1 75 1.1 5 0.4 S 35.5 4.6 34.7 4.0 41.8 0.8 S
500 - 749 lbs 56 1.3 37 0.5 4 0.4 S 40.2 0.6 44.4 1.6 45.6 1.2 S
750 - 999 lbs S S 7 0.1 S S 223 S S 31.3 0.3 S S 41.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,538 36.8 381 5.4 94 8.3 286 22.7 5.5 22.5 10.3 28.3 10.3 37.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 458 11.0 949 13.5 S S 973 25.0 6.1 37.6 9.0 S S 23.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 5,351 76.2 S S S S S 8.5 9.1 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.