Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 59,003 100 30,658 100 6,796 100 11.8 - 9 - 17 -
Less than 50 miles 12,038 20.4 15,826 51.6 342 5 10.2 3.5 11.1 4 8.8 0.9
50 - 99 miles 5,838 9.9 3,106 10.1 279 4.1 16.8 1.6 13.1 1.3 11.8 1
100 - 249 miles 15,869 26.9 5,598 18.3 1,201 17.7 17 2.3 19.8 2 23 1.9
250 - 499 miles 12,071 20.5 3,234 10.5 1,583 23.3 16.6 1.6 26.9 1.7 25.8 2.7
500 - 749 miles 4,111 7 1,326 4.3 984 14.5 16 0.8 28.8 1 29.4 2.9
750 - 999 miles 3,137 5.3 865 2.8 S S 40.4 1.4 47.8 2 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,721 2.9 301 1 432 6.4 25.5 0.7 36.7 0.3 36.2 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,556 6 341 1.1 798 11.7 43.1 1.9 21.8 0.3 22.3 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 661 1.1 60 0.2 155 2.3 37.5 0.4 26.2 0.1 27.4 0.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,621 100 28,752 100 5,639 100 12.5 - 8.8 - 18.7 -
Less than 50 miles 10,963 21.7 15,414 53.6 328 5.8 10.8 3.7 11.6 4.4 9 1
50 - 99 miles 5,527 10.9 2,991 10.4 266 4.7 17.3 1.8 13.1 1.3 11.5 1.1
100 - 249 miles 14,314 28.3 5,218 18.1 1,103 19.6 16.6 2.1 19.4 2 21.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 9,735 19.2 2,795 9.7 1,319 23.4 20.3 2.1 32 1.9 31.8 2.2
500 - 749 miles 3,097 6.1 1,171 4.1 860 15.3 16.7 1.2 33.5 1.1 34.6 3.1
750 - 999 miles 2,717 5.4 599 2.1 697 12.4 46.9 1.6 31.4 1 36.4 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,370 2.7 275 1 388 6.9 31.8 0.8 41.7 0.3 41.9 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,396 4.7 231 0.8 530 9.4 44.8 1.5 24.2 0.2 25.1 1.8
More than 2,000 miles S S 58 0.2 148 2.6 S S 27.2 0.1 28.6 1.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,790 100 27,473 100 4,629 100 13.4 - 9.5 - 22.3 -
Less than 50 miles 10,952 23.4 15,207 55.4 326 7 10.8 3.5 11.8 4.3 8.7 1.2
50 - 99 miles 5,527 11.8 2,991 10.9 266 5.7 17.3 2 13.1 1.3 11.5 1
100 - 249 miles 14,068 30.1 4,983 18.1 1,054 22.8 16.7 2.2 19.2 1.9 22.1 1.9
250 - 499 miles 8,843 18.9 2,514 9.2 1,163 25.1 20.8 2.5 36.3 2 36.9 2.6
500 - 749 miles 2,664 5.7 998 3.6 718 15.5 19.6 1.2 38.9 1.1 40.5 2.9
750 - 999 miles S S 359 1.3 369 8 S S 29.3 0.3 29 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 973 2.1 254 0.9 359 7.7 37.3 0.8 46.4 0.3 46.6 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 133 0.5 294 6.4 S S 25.7 0.1 26.4 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 103 0.2 34 0.1 82 1.8 35.3 0.1 34.3 - 34 0.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,057 100 16,794 100 3,286 100 20.1 - 14.2 - 17.1 -
Less than 50 miles 5,677 18.3 8,906 53 176 5.4 21.1 3.5 19.7 4.7 11.8 1.1
50 - 99 miles 3,602 11.6 1,693 10.1 154 4.7 24.7 2.4 14.4 1.6 14.9 0.7
100 - 249 miles 8,588 27.7 3,315 19.7 718 21.8 24.5 2.5 20.9 2.3 24.3 2
250 - 499 miles 6,281 20.2 1,401 8.3 633 19.3 27.2 2.1 15.6 1.4 14.7 2
500 - 749 miles 2,198 7.1 707 4.2 513 15.6 20.3 1.5 35.9 1 35.1 2.9
750 - 999 miles S S 358 2.1 368 11.2 S S 29.5 0.7 29.1 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 958 3.1 247 1.5 350 10.6 38 1.4 47.8 0.6 48.1 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 133 0.8 294 9 S S 25.7 0.1 26.4 2
More than 2,000 miles 103 0.3 34 0.2 82 2.5 35.3 0.1 34.3 0.1 34 0.9

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,733 100 10,678 100 1,343 100 16.7 - 15.8 - 42.9 -
Less than 50 miles 5,275 33.5 6,301 59 150 11.2 13.1 7.2 15.5 6.9 17.7 5.3
50 - 99 miles 1,925 12.2 1,298 12.2 112 8.3 21.8 2.1 28.7 1.9 26.9 2.8
100 - 249 miles 5,480 34.8 1,668 15.6 337 25.1 23.3 4.1 27.9 2.7 27.6 4.9
250 - 499 miles 2,562 16.3 S S S S 42.2 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 466 3 S S S S 41.6 0.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 11 0.1 S S S S 41.8 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14 0.1 S S S S 33.6 - S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,271 100 1,002 100 S S 41.7 - 41 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 155 15.5 S S S S 47.6 7.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 97 7.6 234 23.3 S S 46.1 17.4 45.7 15.1
More than 2,000 miles 390 11.2 24 1.9 S S 47.8 9 47.7 13.6 S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 343 100 8 100 7 100 27.6 - 45.1 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles 3 0.9 S S S S 40.8 3.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 78 22.9 1 9 S S 40.7 4.3 37 3.4 S S
500 - 749 miles 23 6.6 - 1.9 - 1.7 26.1 4.1 26.2 1.6 21.5 3.9
750 - 999 miles 9 2.7 - 1 - 1 38.8 1.5 39 2.5 39.8 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 67 19.7 1 11.5 2 24.1 43.8 9.1 43.2 13.1 43.2 12.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,172 100 1,303 100 1,075 100 16 - 29.7 - 35.2 -
Less than 50 miles 664 9.3 S S 1 0.1 40.6 3.3 S S 46.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 261 3.6 S S S S 17.8 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,013 14.1 S S S S 20.5 2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 2,285 31.9 426 32.7 259 24.1 15.3 4.2 38 6.6 38.2 7.9
500 - 749 miles 948 13.2 150 11.5 120 11.2 22.9 1.8 42 3.8 41.7 4.7
750 - 999 miles 343 4.8 S S S S 18.7 0.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 351 4.9 27 2.1 44 4.1 36.1 1.3 35.4 5.2 37.3 6.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,153 16.1 110 8.4 266 24.7 47.2 4 39.7 5.6 39.5 8.6
More than 2,000 miles 154 2.1 2 0.1 5 0.4 30 1 31.3 0.1 31.2 0.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,708 100 133 100 82 100 15.3 - 19.1 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles 660 11.6 12 8.8 - 0.5 41 3.4 32.7 3.1 30.9 0.2
50 - 99 miles 240 4.2 9 7.1 1 1.1 20.4 1.2 24.3 1.6 25.7 0.4
100 - 249 miles 966 16.9 25 18.9 6 7.4 21.2 3.2 22.5 2.8 21.1 2
250 - 499 miles 1,745 30.6 35 26.3 16 19.9 17 3.5 18.3 2.4 18.5 2.7
500 - 749 miles 858 15 28 21.4 21 25.7 21.6 1.8 38.4 3.9 40.3 3.9
750 - 999 miles 323 5.7 8 5.8 8 9.7 20.7 0.8 21.7 1.1 22 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 313 5.5 6 4.8 9 11 42.4 1.7 44.6 1.2 41.6 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 449 7.9 8 5.7 16 20.2 20.7 0.7 26.1 0.7 26.7 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 154 2.7 2 1.2 4 4.5 30 1.1 34.1 0.3 35.5 1.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,432 100 1,154 100 961 100 38.2 - 32.6 - 39.2 -
Less than 50 miles 5 0.3 S S S S 18.6 9.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 535 37.4 389 33.7 241 25.1 45.6 13.1 32.7 9.7 32.1 14.2
500 - 749 miles 88 6.1 120 10.4 96 10 47 8.5 41.9 4.9 42.3 7.7
750 - 999 miles 2 0.2 S S S S 0.8 0.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 38 2.6 20 1.8 35 3.6 23.1 19.2 43.7 16.5 43.7 17.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 94 8.2 230 23.9 S S 42 9.1 41.2 9.5
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S 372 61.8 S S S S 49.5 9.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 5 0.8 4 4.6 S S 44.4 1.1 44.5 9.6
750 - 999 miles S S 3 0.5 S S S S 48.2 6.7 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 0.2 S S S S 17.8 7.8 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.