Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 59,003 100 30,658 100 6,796 100 539 11.8 - 9.0 - 17.0 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs 6,475 11.0 119 0.4 64 0.9 633 23.9 1.9 33.2 0.1 35.9 0.4 8.4
50 - 99 lbs 2,422 4.1 115 0.4 41 0.6 348 38.6 1.0 41.7 0.1 39.2 0.3 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 7,658 13.0 577 1.9 205 3.0 367 45.0 3.7 27.1 0.5 47.4 1.7 15.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,430 2.4 259 0.8 41 0.6 157 38.9 0.6 28.4 0.3 25.9 0.2 18.1
750 - 999 lbs 653 1.1 176 0.6 24 0.4 135 14.0 0.2 28.8 0.2 16.9 0.1 25.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,082 17.1 4,175 13.6 934 13.7 197 22.4 3.3 29.5 2.8 46.7 2.7 12.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 28,398 48.1 15,878 51.8 3,768 55.4 231 15.6 5.5 10.1 4.2 19.7 4.6 9.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,131 1.9 4,389 14.3 281 4.1 67 22.4 0.8 18.8 2.6 15.3 0.9 27.8
More than 100,000 lbs 754 1.3 4,969 16.2 1,439 21.2 313 47.6 0.8 36.8 4.9 35.5 5.3 42.3

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,621 100 28,752 100 5,639 100 345 12.5 - 8.8 - 18.7 - 15.1
Less than 50 lbs 2,548 5.0 S S S S 425 49.1 1.6 S S S S 18.1
50 - 99 lbs S S 85 0.3 S S 244 S S 48.7 0.1 S S 18.8
100 - 499 lbs S S 545 1.9 S S 353 S S 28.6 0.5 S S 18.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,292 2.6 251 0.9 39 0.7 156 36.6 0.6 29.4 0.3 27.3 0.3 19.7
750 - 999 lbs 638 1.3 172 0.6 23 0.4 133 14.3 0.2 29.8 0.2 18.7 0.1 23.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,731 19.2 4,075 14.2 909 16.1 193 23.4 4.1 29.2 2.9 47.5 2.8 12.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,353 52.1 15,338 53.3 3,474 61.6 224 14.2 6.0 8.7 4.8 20.0 4.7 10.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,128 2.2 4,357 15.2 281 5.0 67 22.4 1.0 19.0 2.7 15.4 1.0 27.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 3,877 13.5 682 12.1 S S S 42.0 5.2 41.1 5.2 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,790 100 27,473 100 4,629 100 336 13.4 - 9.5 - 22.3 - 17.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 412 S S S S S S 20.1
50 - 99 lbs S S 84 0.3 S S 242 S S 48.9 0.1 S S 19.0
100 - 499 lbs S S 544 2.0 S S 351 S S 28.6 0.5 S S 18.9
500 - 749 lbs 1,273 2.7 250 0.9 39 0.8 155 37.2 0.6 29.5 0.3 27.3 0.3 19.5
750 - 999 lbs 593 1.3 171 0.6 21 0.5 123 15.2 0.2 30.0 0.2 21.5 0.1 25.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 9,645 20.6 4,073 14.8 907 19.6 193 23.5 3.9 29.2 2.9 47.5 2.8 12.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 23,064 49.3 15,097 55.0 3,067 66.3 209 10.9 5.7 8.9 4.8 21.3 3.7 10.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,127 2.4 4,354 15.8 280 6.1 67 22.4 1.0 19.0 2.7 15.5 1.2 27.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 87 1.9 S S S S S 28.5 1.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,057 100 16,794 100 3,286 100 453 20.1 - 14.2 - 17.1 - 12.2
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 496 S S S S S S 14.1
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 307 S S S S S S 20.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 304 1.8 S S 570 S S 43.4 0.5 S S 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 934 3.0 112 0.7 33 1.0 298 49.4 0.7 24.1 0.2 30.7 0.4 13.8
750 - 999 lbs 425 1.4 76 0.5 19 0.6 245 19.6 0.3 26.7 0.2 24.0 0.2 14.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,822 22.0 1,889 11.2 489 14.9 270 20.8 4.6 29.2 3.0 26.0 2.2 18.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 13,049 42.0 8,912 53.1 2,276 69.3 262 19.4 6.4 13.9 5.9 20.7 4.6 7.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 804 2.6 3,041 18.1 205 6.2 S 35.1 1.2 26.5 3.4 19.6 1.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 26 0.1 S S 49 1.5 S 35.0 - S S 30.5 1.8 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,733 100 10,678 100 1,343 100 72 16.7 - 15.8 - 42.9 - 42.1
Less than 50 lbs 717 4.6 12 0.1 1 0.1 59 31.7 1.3 35.0 0.1 40.2 0.1 14.8
50 - 99 lbs 282 1.8 21 0.2 1 0.1 53 26.9 0.6 28.7 0.1 33.6 0.1 26.0
100 - 499 lbs 725 4.6 240 2.2 10 0.8 S 23.6 1.9 39.5 1.0 32.3 0.8 S
500 - 749 lbs 339 2.2 138 1.3 6 0.4 S 26.9 1.2 43.9 0.7 27.7 0.5 S
750 - 999 lbs 168 1.1 96 0.9 3 0.2 29 21.0 0.4 43.5 0.3 26.4 0.2 42.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,823 17.9 2,184 20.5 S S 128 34.0 5.9 30.1 4.2 S S 28.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 10,014 63.7 6,186 57.9 791 58.9 138 23.4 8.3 13.7 6.8 34.6 6.6 20.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 324 2.1 1,313 12.3 75 5.6 56 36.0 1.2 44.8 3.5 33.1 2.9 28.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 489 4.6 S S 62 S S 37.5 3.8 S S 39.0

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,271 100 1,002 100 1,192 S S 41.7 - 41.0 - 18.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S 406 40.6 1,680 S S S S 48.4 17.2 14.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,030 81.1 595 59.4 S S S 36.8 10.9 27.0 17.4 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 343 100 8 100 7 100 1,246 27.6 - 45.1 - 31.5 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,246 S S S S S S 10.5
50 - 99 lbs 14 4.1 - 2.0 - 2.5 1,143 28.9 6.0 31.6 4.9 36.6 9.2 19.6
100 - 499 lbs 46 13.3 1 12.2 S S 1,268 31.4 6.3 43.5 11.6 S S 18.1
500 - 749 lbs 19 5.5 S S - 3.3 878 34.3 9.2 S S 27.4 4.3 40.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 2 26.1 1,698 S S S S 45.6 19.7 15.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 948 S S S S S S 30.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,172 100 1,303 100 1,075 100 753 16.0 - 29.7 - 35.2 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 3,881 54.1 66 5.1 42 3.9 759 14.9 4.6 26.8 3.6 30.4 1.1 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 726 10.1 30 2.3 20 1.9 660 19.1 1.5 26.1 1.6 30.1 1.3 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 969 13.5 30 2.3 17 1.5 577 25.3 2.4 16.2 1.9 19.0 0.7 10.4
500 - 749 lbs S S 4 0.3 2 0.1 369 S S 28.6 0.3 35.7 0.1 18.6
750 - 999 lbs 11 0.1 S S S S S 48.4 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 33 0.5 3 0.2 7 0.6 2,456 46.1 1.1 32.5 1.3 35.4 2.1 37.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,240 17.3 138 10.6 231 21.5 1,672 41.7 4.8 18.0 10.8 26.8 14.2 12.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 187 2.6 1,003 77.0 755 70.2 742 31.6 1.9 18.0 4.7 31.2 5.8 19.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,708 100 133 100 82 100 753 15.3 - 19.1 - 23.4 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 3,881 68.0 66 49.8 42 52.0 759 14.9 3.6 26.8 5.6 30.4 5.1 10.3
50 - 99 lbs 726 12.7 30 22.8 20 24.8 660 19.1 1.6 26.1 3.0 30.1 3.7 8.7
100 - 499 lbs 969 17.0 30 22.6 17 20.3 575 25.3 2.8 16.2 3.5 19.0 3.9 10.3
500 - 749 lbs S S 4 3.1 2 1.9 369 S S 28.6 1.5 35.7 1.2 18.6
750 - 999 lbs 11 0.2 S S S S S 48.4 0.3 S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,432 100 1,154 100 961 100 1,074 38.2 - 32.6 - 39.2 - 18.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 0.2 4 0.4 1,299 S S 33.5 6.5 48.8 19.9 29.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,211 84.6 122 10.6 201 20.9 1,639 43.1 11.6 22.1 17.2 33.4 15.9 17.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 187 13.1 1,003 86.9 755 78.6 742 31.6 18.0 18.0 4.0 31.2 6.3 19.1

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 3,369 S S S S S S 22.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 5,847 S S S S S S 12.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,040 S S S S S S 9.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 97 S S S S S S 34.6
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 0.1 - - S S S 37.9 1.9 46.2 0.2 S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 13 1.1 S S - 0.2 S 31.6 5.0 S S 39.3 0.6 S
500 - 749 lbs 16 1.3 S S S S S 45.1 2.8 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 18 21.7 274 S S S S 33.8 17.8 41.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 153 S S S S S S 20.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S - 0.2 28 S S S S 15.2 2.6 43.7
More than 100,000 lbs 1 0.1 S S 1 1.4 14 7.6 3.4 S S 8.8 16.8 16.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.