Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 59,003 100 30,658 100 6,796 100 539 11.8 - 9 - 17 - 11.9
Single modes 50,621 85.8 28,752 93.8 5,639 83 345 12.5 2.2 8.8 1.4 18.7 4 15.1
Truck6 46,790 79.3 27,473 89.6 4,629 68.1 336 13.4 3.7 9.5 2.4 22.3 6.8 17
For-hire truck 31,057 52.6 16,794 54.8 3,286 48.4 453 20.1 6.5 14.2 5.7 17.1 7.2 12.2
Private truck 15,733 26.7 10,678 34.8 1,343 19.8 72 16.7 4.6 15.8 5 42.9 4.2 42.1
Rail S S 1,271 4.1 1,002 14.7 1,192 S S 41.7 2.1 41 4.8 18
Air (incl truck and air) 343 0.6 8 - 7 0.1 1,246 27.6 0.2 45.1 - 31.5 - 9.1
Multiple modes 7,172 12.2 1,303 4.3 1,075 15.8 753 16 2.4 29.7 1.5 35.2 4.1 9.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,708 9.7 133 0.4 82 1.2 753 15.3 2.4 19.1 0.1 23.4 0.3 9.8
Truck and rail 1,432 2.4 1,154 3.8 961 14.1 1,074 38.2 0.8 32.6 1.5 39.2 4.1 18.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,369 S S S S S S 22.6
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 97 S S S S S S 34.6

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 367 S S S S S S 16.8
Single modes S S S S S S 351 S S S S S S 15.1
Truck6 S S S S S S 350 S S S S S S 15.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 411 S S S S S S 19.4
Rail S S S S S S 671 S S S S S S 43
Multiple modes 64 1.5 283 6.6 S S 679 47.8 14.9 47.5 12.6 S S 33.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 599 S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,478 100 2,832 100 529 100 S 21.6 - 24.6 - 28.3 - S
Single modes 2,305 93 2,354 83.1 300 56.6 45 24.3 3.8 29.2 6.1 40.8 11.6 29
Truck6 2,298 92.7 2,334 82.4 299 56.6 45 24.4 3.8 29.6 6.5 40.8 11.6 29
For-hire truck 1,098 44.3 949 33.5 234 44.3 S 25.7 10.1 24.5 10.8 36 8.6 S
Private truck 1,200 48.4 1,384 48.9 S S S 47.3 10.4 46.5 12.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 173 7 478 16.9 229 43.4 727 30.7 5.2 41 7.7 38.9 12.4 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 737 S S S S S S 20.2
Truck and rail 133 5.4 476 16.8 228 43 485 23.4 9.9 22.9 12.4 19 15.9 17.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 74 100 7,357 100 S S S 21.7 - 26.6 - S S S
Single modes 69 93.2 6,950 94.5 S S S 24 3.6 28.3 4.1 S S S
Truck6 66 89 6,604 89.8 S S S 25.2 5.2 29.7 5.2 S S S
For-hire truck 39 52.3 5,271 71.6 110 16.2 S 28.2 8.7 37.5 10.4 34.9 17.9 S
Private truck 27 36.7 1,333 18.1 20 3 14 33.6 9 19.3 9.8 20.2 13.3 11.8
Rail S S 345 4.7 S S S S S 9.5 14.3 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 975 S S S S S S 11.4
Multiple modes 4 4.8 S S S S 805 14.3 5.8 S S S S 13.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 3.3 - - - - 737 35.4 8.1 11.8 1.7 13.8 1.6 8.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 2 158 2.1 2 0.3 S 23 7.5 7.4 13.6 9.5 14.7 S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 903 100 1,184 100 46 100 24 32.8 - 28.9 - 34 - 38.5
Single modes 903 100 1,184 100 46 100 24 32.8 - 28.9 - 34 - 38.5
Truck6 903 100 1,184 100 46 100 24 32.8 - 28.9 - 34 - 38.5
For-hire truck 587 64.9 781 65.9 30 65.4 34 43.9 18.1 36.1 17.9 39.2 18.2 31.9
Private truck S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 34.1

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,142 100 841 100 315 100 633 19 - 32.3 - 19.2 - 15.9
Single modes 2,683 85.4 812 96.6 295 93.7 363 20.5 4.2 33.5 1.8 20.7 3.2 9.7
Truck6 2,675 85.1 809 96.3 294 93.4 361 20.5 4.2 33.6 1.8 20.8 3.2 9.9
For-hire truck 2,347 74.7 676 80.5 241 76.6 394 22 5.5 39.4 8 21 5.7 9.5
Private truck 328 10.4 133 15.8 53 16.8 98 25 3.9 37.6 8 45.4 5.8 21.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 644 S S S S S S 24
Multiple modes 440 14 22 2.6 S S 714 24 4.3 28.2 1.6 S S 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 426 13.6 16 1.9 6 2 713 24.2 4 26.8 0.8 24 0.5 18.3
Truck and rail 10 0.3 S S S S 1,863 34.9 1.1 S S S S 33.4
Truck and water S S - - S S 4,974 S S 43.7 0.1 S S 39
Other and unknown modes 20 0.6 7 0.9 S S S 32.9 0.4 44.7 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,742 100 1,599 100 562 100 556 19.5 - 27.5 - 14.5 - 9.1
Single modes 2,161 78.8 1,501 93.9 475 84.4 472 23.5 5.3 27.9 1.5 12.6 4.9 12.5
Truck6 2,156 78.6 1,500 93.8 474 84.2 465 23.5 5.2 27.9 1.5 12.7 4.8 11.3
For-hire truck 1,418 51.7 574 35.9 350 62.3 553 25 7.6 17.1 11.4 17 10.4 12.8
Private truck 738 26.9 926 57.9 124 22 87 48.7 7 45.4 11.2 48.9 6.7 12.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,764 S S S S S S 29.8
Multiple modes 548 20 74 4.6 85 15.1 601 20.1 5.6 25.7 1.6 44.8 4.9 13.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 498 18.1 31 1.9 15 2.7 600 20.8 5.2 30.6 0.7 29.8 0.9 13.6
Truck and rail 44 1.6 40 2.5 S S 1,708 38.5 1.5 39.8 3.1 S S 27.1
Truck and water 2 0.1 1 0.1 3 0.6 2,222 37.8 0.5 37.7 0.8 37.7 3.7 6.1
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 201 S S S S S S 30.4

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,967 100 5,040 100 1,218 100 598 20.7 - 17.9 - 24.5 - 12.9
Single modes 8,827 88.6 4,963 98.5 1,169 96 266 22.1 2.2 18.1 0.7 25.7 2.5 14.9
Truck6 8,521 85.5 4,904 97.3 1,045 85.8 257 22.6 2.3 18.2 0.9 26.8 4.8 14.3
For-hire truck 5,960 59.8 2,985 59.2 913 75 310 24.7 5.1 25.4 7.9 30.5 6.9 16.1
Private truck 2,561 25.7 1,919 38.1 132 10.8 62 31.2 4.7 22 7.4 25.1 4 16.9
Rail S S 56 1.1 S S 2,363 S S 48.7 1.6 S S 14.5
Air (incl truck and air) 230 2.3 4 0.1 4 0.3 966 38.7 0.8 42.6 0.1 37.2 0.2 15.3
Multiple modes 1,073 10.8 S S 43 3.5 901 18.5 1.9 S S 48.4 2.5 10.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,056 10.6 22 0.4 16 1.3 901 19.4 2 23.5 0.2 25.3 0.6 10.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 67 0.7 20 0.4 6 0.5 S 41.2 0.5 45.2 0.2 44.9 0.5 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,085 100 2,773 100 1,265 100 600 21.8 - 14.2 - 21.5 - 7.6
Single modes 20,968 83.6 2,654 95.7 1,107 87.5 489 23.3 5 15 1.3 18.6 2.6 19
Truck6 17,685 70.5 2,454 88.5 802 63.4 477 23 6.3 16.8 4.6 17 10.3 11.9
For-hire truck 12,596 50.2 1,703 61.4 679 53.6 548 33 9.7 21.4 10.3 24.7 12.1 9.6
Private truck 5,090 20.3 S S 124 9.8 74 41.4 7.5 S S 44.1 8 28.9
Rail S S S S S S 1,515 S S S S S S 14.5
Air (incl truck and air) 61 0.2 S S S S 1,347 25.5 0.1 S S S S 12.3
Multiple modes 3,983 15.9 114 4.1 154 12.2 754 23.4 4.8 29.9 1.3 46.7 2.6 7.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,800 11.2 34 1.2 25 2 753 22.6 5.3 37.6 0.6 40.2 0.8 7.6
Truck and rail 1,183 4.7 79 2.9 S S 1,522 39.7 1.5 33.1 1.6 S S 15
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.2 S S S S S 47 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,264 100 4,736 100 646 100 459 15 - 14.5 - 22.2 - 15
Single modes 9,224 89.9 4,705 99.4 625 96.9 152 14.4 2.8 14.7 0.8 23.5 2.5 11.5
Truck6 9,105 88.7 4,406 93 536 83 150 14.9 2.8 15.5 4.7 22.5 6.5 11.2
For-hire truck 5,629 54.8 2,817 59.5 398 61.7 273 28.9 10.6 31.6 12.4 33.8 11.7 31.9
Private truck 3,476 33.9 1,589 33.6 137 21.3 62 26.3 9.7 32.7 12.4 29.2 11.2 18.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,376 S S S S S S 11.3
Multiple modes 888 8.7 26 0.6 19 2.9 651 40.2 2.3 47.3 0.8 41.3 2.5 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 882 8.6 25 0.5 S S 651 40.5 2.3 49.5 0.8 S S 11
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S - - S S S S S 48.3 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 529 S S S S S S 43.6
Single modes S S S S S S 350 S S S S S S 48.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 350 S S S S S S 48.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 550 S S S S S S 15.6
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.