Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 87,761 100 55,610 100 14,591 100 7.1 - 7.1 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 35,199 40.1 35,412 63.7 691 4.7 8.8 2 11.5 3.9 12.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 7,053 8 5,010 9 439 3 11.7 0.5 22.7 2.1 22.6 1.5
100 - 249 miles 6,632 7.6 4,213 7.6 878 6 7.3 0.5 11.6 1.1 8.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 6,749 7.7 2,314 4.2 1,139 7.8 10.1 0.8 13.7 0.5 13.3 1.1
500 - 749 miles 6,027 6.9 1,931 3.5 1,795 12.3 11.4 0.8 8.4 0.4 10.1 2.1
750 - 999 miles 13,241 15.1 4,554 8.2 5,461 37.4 13.5 1.4 24.3 2.3 24 5.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,141 8.1 1,372 2.5 2,272 15.6 23.6 1.7 31.5 0.9 42.2 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,560 6.3 759 1.4 1,550 10.6 18.9 0.9 40.9 0.6 42.6 3.8
More than 2,000 miles 159 0.2 S S S S 20.6 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,058 100 51,329 100 11,074 100 10.6 - 8.3 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 30,882 46.1 34,199 66.6 668 6 10.5 1.7 11.2 3.1 11.6 1.3
50 - 99 miles 6,055 9 4,786 9.3 423 3.8 15.2 0.9 24.6 2.1 24.3 1.6
100 - 249 miles 5,229 7.8 3,640 7.1 739 6.7 9.6 0.5 13.6 1.6 9.6 1.9
250 - 499 miles 5,362 8 2,190 4.3 1,075 9.7 11.4 1 14.5 0.7 14.1 2.7
500 - 749 miles 3,361 5 1,783 3.5 1,619 14.6 17.5 0.7 11.5 0.5 13.6 2.1
750 - 999 miles 8,064 12 2,882 5.6 3,451 31.2 19.9 1 23 1.6 24.8 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,694 7 1,129 2.2 1,623 14.7 29.8 1.8 25.9 0.7 28.1 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,354 5 717 1.4 1,468 13.3 28.8 1 43.4 0.6 45 4.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60,165 100 47,321 100 8,068 100 8 - 9 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 29,818 49.6 32,806 69.3 653 8.1 9.1 1.5 10.8 2.7 11.5 1.1
50 - 99 miles 6,055 10.1 4,786 10.1 423 5.2 15.2 1 24.6 2.1 24.3 1.5
100 - 249 miles 5,041 8.4 2,931 6.2 636 7.9 10.7 0.4 9.6 0.5 8.9 0.9
250 - 499 miles 5,334 8.9 2,138 4.5 1,043 12.9 11.4 0.9 14.3 0.8 13.7 2.9
500 - 749 miles 2,903 4.8 1,377 2.9 1,123 13.9 18.4 0.6 11.6 0.3 12.6 1.8
750 - 999 miles 5,299 8.8 2,001 4.2 2,264 28.1 9.9 0.6 18.3 0.8 19.2 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,641 6.1 1,066 2.3 1,531 19 15.6 1 24.9 0.7 26.9 3.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,043 3.4 212 0.4 389 4.8 15.5 0.6 18.9 0.1 18.7 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,951 100 22,096 100 5,757 100 6.9 - 14.8 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 7,877 30.4 13,518 61.2 298 5.2 14.6 3 24.2 5.6 23.4 1.5
50 - 99 miles 1,515 5.8 2,368 10.7 199 3.5 20.6 1 49.9 4.1 48 2.2
100 - 249 miles 1,633 6.3 1,234 5.6 269 4.7 13.1 0.8 10 1 11.5 1
250 - 499 miles 2,817 10.9 1,262 5.7 634 11 13.9 1.6 12.6 2.1 13 3.1
500 - 749 miles 2,255 8.7 862 3.9 713 12.4 20.8 1.2 12.7 0.7 13.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 4,783 18.4 1,712 7.7 1,936 33.6 11 1.4 19.9 1.9 20.7 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,443 13.3 975 4.4 1,403 24.4 16.2 2.9 28.2 1.7 30.2 4.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,600 6.2 161 0.7 299 5.2 11.8 0.8 17.1 0.1 17.5 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,215 100 25,225 100 2,311 100 11.4 - 13.2 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 21,941 64.1 19,288 76.5 355 15.4 10.9 1.6 12.9 2.7 13.1 2.8
50 - 99 miles 4,540 13.3 2,417 9.6 224 9.7 20.7 1.8 21.9 1.2 28.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 3,409 10 1,697 6.7 367 15.9 17.9 0.8 15.8 1 16.8 1.9
250 - 499 miles 2,516 7.4 876 3.5 409 17.7 15.4 1 24.4 0.5 21.6 3
500 - 749 miles 649 1.9 515 2 410 17.7 23.6 0.5 34.8 0.6 36.1 3.4
750 - 999 miles 516 1.5 289 1.1 328 14.2 23.2 0.3 31.7 0.3 31.6 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 198 0.6 S S S S 36.9 0.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,579 100 2,606 100 2,970 100 18.2 - 20.7 - 22.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 12 0.8 S S S S 35.2 1.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 346 21.9 403 15.5 495 16.6 21.7 11.2 23 9.7 22.5 15.6
750 - 999 miles 602 38.1 874 33.5 1,180 39.7 42.7 15.5 44 16.7 44.1 15.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 60 2.3 90 3 S S 25.9 5.5 29.1 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,311 100 17 100 21 100 48.7 - 23.9 - 24.3 -
Less than 50 miles 59 1.4 S S S S 37.8 0.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S - 1.4 - 0.6 S S 47 0.4 42.2 0.2
500 - 749 miles 112 2.6 2 12.8 2 7.6 28.4 4.7 45.6 4.2 43.4 2.7
750 - 999 miles S S 7 39.9 7 34.6 S S 30.9 9 29.9 8.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 11.5 3 12.3 S S 42.5 6.9 42.7 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 5 28.5 8 38.2 S S 46.9 7.4 45.7 8.9
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.9 - 2.4 S S 41.9 0.9 48.6 2.2

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S 13 - 11.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S 13 - 11.9 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,878 100 2,847 100 3,376 100 12 - 41.4 - 40.5 -
Less than 50 miles 3,185 16.9 90 3.2 2 0.1 18.9 3.6 35.4 1.4 25.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 905 4.8 S S S S 24.2 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,322 7 495 17.4 125 3.7 29.8 1.8 33.4 7.5 39.8 3.8
250 - 499 miles 1,301 6.9 62 2.2 33 1 18.4 1.2 28 1.6 29.3 0.9
500 - 749 miles 2,333 12.4 S S S S 20.3 1.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5,157 27.3 S S S S 21.6 3.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,394 12.7 S S S S 19.9 1.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,179 11.5 39 1.4 74 2.2 16.9 1.3 25.2 2.2 25.8 4.4
More than 2,000 miles 101 0.5 S S S S 27.4 0.3 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,478 100 383 100 251 100 12.9 - 16 - 9.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,173 19.3 86 22.5 2 0.7 19.1 3.7 38 3.4 27.9 0.3
50 - 99 miles 886 5.4 S S S S 25.4 1.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,037 6.3 27 7 6 2.2 30.3 1.4 21.5 1.3 25.7 0.4
250 - 499 miles 1,301 7.9 62 16.2 33 13.3 18.4 1.2 28 3.7 29.3 2.9
500 - 749 miles 2,263 13.7 42 10.9 34 13.5 21.5 1.8 9.5 1.7 9.2 1.4
750 - 999 miles 3,600 21.8 50 13.1 56 22.3 23.9 3.1 12.4 2.9 12.1 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,191 13.3 40 10.4 57 22.7 20.6 1.2 14 1.9 13.8 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,979 12 29 7.7 55 22 18.1 1.7 17.6 1.3 17.6 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 49 0.3 S S S S 45.5 0.1 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,173 100 2,270 100 S S 39.9 - 49.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 285 13.1 468 20.6 120 5.3 45 14.7 33.5 14.7 39.9 13.7
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 39 1.8 S S S S 24.2 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,826 100 1,434 100 141 100 13.1 - 36.7 - 22.3 -
Less than 50 miles 1,132 62 1,123 78.3 S S 19.4 8.7 47.2 9.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 93 5.1 111 7.8 7 5.3 47.2 2.6 47 4.6 46 1.6
100 - 249 miles 82 4.5 S S 14 9.9 34.7 1.7 S S 43.1 3.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 20 1.1 5 0.4 5 3.9 22.6 0.5 42.3 2.5 39.8 7.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 53 2.9 29 2 36 25.3 37.9 1.3 49.8 1.9 48.9 10.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.