Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 87,761 100 55,610 100 14,591 100 449 7.1 - 7.1 - 13.3 - 4.3
Less than 50 lbs 13,933 15.9 216 0.4 115 0.8 586 8.1 1.9 6.0 - 6.9 0.2 5.3
50 - 99 lbs 5,010 5.7 203 0.4 66 0.5 332 13.4 0.7 7.9 - 12.0 0.1 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 12,270 14.0 1,346 2.4 331 2.3 260 7.6 1.2 7.6 0.2 14.0 0.5 10.5
500 - 749 lbs 3,288 3.7 653 1.2 140 1.0 212 9.9 0.2 8.0 0.1 9.9 0.3 14.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,991 2.3 518 0.9 122 0.8 235 8.1 0.1 9.8 0.1 14.1 0.3 14.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,181 26.4 7,437 13.4 1,290 8.8 178 14.7 2.0 6.8 0.9 9.6 2.3 11.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,508 21.1 25,593 46.0 5,683 38.9 193 13.0 1.4 11.0 3.7 15.1 4.3 11.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,308 4.9 12,657 22.8 1,171 8.0 91 18.6 0.9 26.0 5.1 30.2 3.3 36.8
More than 100,000 lbs 5,272 6.0 6,986 12.6 5,672 38.9 1,029 22.4 1.5 27.6 3.6 29.1 8.0 10.2

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,058 100 51,329 100 11,074 100 244 10.6 - 8.3 - 13.2 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 3,961 5.9 83 0.2 24 0.2 319 16.8 1.1 8.3 - 20.6 - 12.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,700 2.5 99 0.2 20 0.2 198 12.8 0.4 7.8 - 21.0 - 27.3
100 - 499 lbs 8,494 12.7 1,082 2.1 223 2.0 210 9.0 1.4 8.7 0.2 17.5 0.3 17.0
500 - 749 lbs 3,081 4.6 612 1.2 126 1.1 204 10.7 0.4 9.0 0.1 11.2 0.3 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,913 2.9 504 1.0 115 1.0 227 7.9 0.3 9.7 0.1 14.6 0.2 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,396 33.4 7,135 13.9 1,225 11.1 176 15.2 2.2 6.9 1.1 10.3 2.3 12.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 18,050 26.9 24,904 48.5 5,042 45.5 179 13.1 1.4 11.6 4.0 13.6 2.7 10.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,223 6.3 12,098 23.6 1,043 9.4 86 19.0 1.2 24.6 5.0 28.9 3.4 30.9
More than 100,000 lbs 3,240 4.8 4,812 9.4 3,255 29.4 951 25.3 1.0 25.2 2.3 26.1 5.2 15.0

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60,165 100 47,321 100 8,068 100 224 8.0 - 9.0 - 10.0 - 13.0
Less than 50 lbs 3,492 5.8 80 0.2 21 0.3 278 19.8 1.2 8.6 - 24.3 0.1 16.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,398 2.3 98 0.2 19 0.2 190 15.9 0.4 7.9 - 19.8 - 27.7
100 - 499 lbs 8,187 13.6 1,077 2.3 217 2.7 204 8.9 1.4 8.8 0.2 17.4 0.5 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 3,057 5.1 612 1.3 125 1.6 203 10.9 0.4 9.0 0.1 11.2 0.3 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,846 3.1 502 1.1 112 1.4 223 7.8 0.2 9.8 0.1 15.0 0.3 15.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,260 32.0 7,132 15.1 1,220 15.1 175 11.3 2.1 6.9 1.4 10.4 1.9 12.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 17,951 29.8 24,817 52.4 4,933 61.1 175 13.2 1.8 11.6 4.5 13.7 4.0 9.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,189 7.0 12,054 25.5 986 12.2 82 19.0 1.2 24.7 4.9 27.1 3.3 26.6
More than 100,000 lbs 784 1.3 950 2.0 434 5.4 456 43.2 0.6 22.3 0.4 36.4 1.6 26.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 25,951 100 22,096 100 5,757 100 534 6.9 - 14.8 - 12.4 - 8.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,164 4.5 14 0.1 8 0.1 466 32.8 1.1 12.6 - 17.8 - 21.4
50 - 99 lbs 471 1.8 17 0.1 9 0.2 502 33.8 0.5 17.3 - 19.3 - 20.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,823 10.9 176 0.8 127 2.2 732 15.5 1.5 16.7 0.2 14.6 0.8 8.0
500 - 749 lbs 1,101 4.2 108 0.5 85 1.5 774 13.7 0.6 18.5 0.1 16.7 0.4 8.4
750 - 999 lbs 726 2.8 112 0.5 84 1.5 741 14.3 0.6 17.8 0.2 18.2 0.4 11.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,775 26.1 1,351 6.1 676 11.7 587 10.4 2.0 11.0 1.0 15.0 1.6 7.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,867 38.0 10,425 47.2 3,579 62.2 321 8.6 2.5 6.8 5.4 16.8 5.1 15.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,306 8.9 9,163 41.5 856 14.9 93 26.0 1.9 31.6 6.9 30.1 4.1 40.8
More than 100,000 lbs 717 2.8 731 3.3 333 5.8 491 46.6 1.4 23.7 1.0 43.3 2.0 28.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,215 100 25,225 100 2,311 100 149 11.4 - 13.2 - 21.9 - 20.7
Less than 50 lbs 2,328 6.8 66 0.3 14 0.6 235 16.5 1.6 10.1 0.1 38.4 0.5 23.3
50 - 99 lbs 926 2.7 81 0.3 10 0.4 124 10.5 0.4 10.2 0.1 32.7 0.3 45.4
100 - 499 lbs 5,364 15.7 901 3.6 90 3.9 98 14.4 2.7 9.8 0.7 23.9 0.9 24.8
500 - 749 lbs 1,956 5.7 503 2.0 41 1.8 79 14.1 0.7 12.6 0.2 14.3 0.5 26.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,120 3.3 390 1.5 28 1.2 73 14.1 0.2 13.4 0.1 20.4 0.5 32.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12,485 36.5 5,781 22.9 544 23.5 93 12.9 2.4 9.3 2.7 11.0 4.7 14.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,083 23.6 14,393 57.1 1,354 58.6 83 25.4 3.0 17.4 4.6 30.3 5.9 21.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,883 5.5 2,891 11.5 130 5.6 S 32.6 1.3 31.2 2.9 28.2 1.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs 68 0.2 218 0.9 S S S 36.0 0.2 32.9 0.7 S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,579 100 2,606 100 2,970 100 1,194 18.2 - 20.7 - 22.9 - 18.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,256 S S S S S S 22.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,452 92.0 2,477 95.1 2,806 94.5 1,166 18.2 10.7 21.1 8.6 23.3 12.2 22.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,311 100 17 100 21 100 1,081 48.7 - 23.9 - 24.3 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 469 10.9 3 16.1 3 14.7 1,071 22.9 9.0 24.9 5.6 24.6 5.3 6.1
50 - 99 lbs 302 7.0 S S S S 933 42.2 9.6 S S S S 12.5
100 - 499 lbs 286 6.6 5 27.0 6 28.6 1,271 49.3 7.5 40.5 5.6 37.1 5.2 12.4
500 - 749 lbs S S - 2.8 1 3.4 1,459 S S 31.7 3.3 31.2 3.8 13.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,144 S S S S S S 9.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 17.9 5 21.4 1,498 S S 43.2 6.1 48.0 7.6 9.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,269 S S S S S S 17.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,003 100 1,385 100 S S S 13.0 - 11.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 1,003 100.0 1,385 100.0 S S S 13.0 - 11.9 - S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,878 100 2,847 100 3,376 100 798 12.0 - 41.4 - 40.5 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 9,628 51.0 109 3.8 90 2.7 825 12.9 3.6 7.5 3.9 10.2 4.5 6.7
50 - 99 lbs 3,196 16.9 65 2.3 46 1.4 693 19.4 1.9 15.0 2.2 14.3 2.6 11.6
100 - 499 lbs 3,522 18.7 180 6.3 104 3.1 578 15.2 2.6 23.9 4.6 12.7 4.8 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 156 0.8 28 1.0 13 0.4 452 15.0 0.2 36.6 0.7 29.3 0.8 48.2
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 0.1 4 0.1 1,813 S S 8.4 0.6 4.3 1.2 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 274 1.5 234 8.2 577 17.1 2,450 28.6 0.5 25.0 5.0 39.4 8.6 50.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 49 1.7 118 3.5 2,640 S S 26.4 12.5 20.4 9.4 44.3
More than 100,000 lbs 2,031 10.8 S S S S 1,147 40.7 4.0 S S S S 20.0

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,478 100 383 100 251 100 796 12.9 - 16.0 - 9.4 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 9,616 58.4 109 28.5 90 35.6 824 12.9 3.2 7.6 3.8 10.3 3.3 6.7
50 - 99 lbs 3,194 19.4 65 17.0 45 18.0 691 19.4 2.1 15.1 1.5 14.3 1.2 11.5
100 - 499 lbs 3,507 21.3 178 46.5 102 40.7 574 15.3 2.5 24.2 3.7 12.7 3.2 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 156 0.9 28 7.4 13 5.4 452 15.0 0.2 36.6 1.2 29.3 1.3 48.2
750 - 999 lbs S S 2 0.5 S S S S S 35.9 0.4 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,173 100 2,270 100 S S 1,159 39.9 - 49.7 - S S 11.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 2 0.1 4 0.2 1,813 S S 8.4 1.6 4.3 2.6 9.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 239 11.0 196 8.7 227 10.1 1,135 33.5 15.4 27.9 13.0 27.5 15.4 9.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,881 86.6 S S S S 957 45.1 8.8 S S S S 19.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 6,145 S S S S S S 18.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 3,270 S S S S S S 16.9
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,264 S S S S S S 0.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,826 100 1,434 100 141 100 39 13.1 - 36.7 - 22.3 - 18.7
Less than 50 lbs 343 18.8 24 1.7 1 0.5 33 20.9 4.2 26.0 1.9 30.2 0.3 32.0
50 - 99 lbs 115 6.3 38 2.7 1 0.4 15 21.7 1.4 34.9 2.7 42.3 0.5 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 255 13.9 85 5.9 3 2.5 S 24.9 2.5 30.3 4.4 31.8 2.3 S
500 - 749 lbs 52 2.8 13 0.9 S S S 47.5 3.2 17.4 0.6 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S 9 0.6 - 0.2 35 S S 36.7 0.8 44.8 0.3 35.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 768 42.0 300 20.9 62 43.9 211 27.3 7.8 40.0 10.8 40.4 12.0 48.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 184 10.1 455 31.7 63 45.1 S 23.1 3.1 46.5 8.4 39.3 11.6 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 28.3
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.