Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 87,761 100 55,610 100 14,591 100 449 7.1 - 7.1 - 13.3 - 4.3
Single modes 67,058 76.4 51,329 92.3 11,074 75.9 244 10.6 3.2 8.3 2.5 13.2 6.5 12.5
Truck6 60,165 68.6 47,321 85.1 8,068 55.3 224 8 2.7 9 3.7 10 8.1 13
For-hire truck 25,951 29.6 22,096 39.7 5,757 39.5 534 6.9 2.5 14.8 4.7 12.4 6.8 8.9
Private truck 34,215 39 25,225 45.4 2,311 15.8 149 11.4 1.8 13.2 3.5 21.9 3.1 20.7
Rail 1,579 1.8 2,606 4.7 2,970 20.4 1,194 18.2 0.5 20.7 1.7 22.9 4.3 18.2
Air (incl truck and air) 4,311 4.9 17 - 21 0.1 1,081 48.7 1.7 23.9 - 24.3 - 6
Pipeline7 1,003 1.1 1,385 2.5 S S S 13 3.2 11.9 7.7 S S S
Multiple modes 18,878 21.5 2,847 5.1 3,376 23.1 798 12 3.2 41.4 2.4 40.5 6.5 6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 16,478 18.8 383 0.7 251 1.7 796 12.9 2.8 16 0.1 9.4 0.5 6
Truck and rail 2,173 2.5 2,270 4.1 S S 1,159 39.9 1.3 49.7 2.3 S S 11.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,145 S S S S S S 18.4
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1,826 2.1 1,434 2.6 141 1 39 13.1 0.3 36.7 0.8 22.3 0.2 18.7

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,444 100 2,613 100 S S S 28.6 - 36.9 - S S S
Single modes 4,204 94.6 2,418 92.5 S S S 27.7 1.7 34.4 2.3 S S S
Truck6 3,956 89 2,076 79.4 S S S 26.6 4 29.1 6.7 S S S
For-hire truck 2,019 45.4 1,295 49.6 S S 429 31.7 8.5 35 6.6 S S 33.4
Private truck 1,937 43.6 781 29.9 73 3.7 83 37.8 9.6 35.3 11 34.2 16.2 42.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 14 0.3 S S S S 1,544 38.2 1.6 S S S S 16.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,181 100 7,110 100 4,473 100 360 19.2 - 22.2 - 32.5 - 30.9
Single modes 6,703 93.3 6,675 93.9 3,616 80.8 106 18.9 2.1 21.1 1.9 30.9 4.9 17.2
Truck6 5,864 81.7 5,667 79.7 1,849 41.3 102 17.9 4.7 19.9 5.5 23 14.1 17.5
For-hire truck 1,931 26.9 1,882 26.5 1,372 30.7 878 19.6 4.8 21.4 5.4 25.5 14.1 6
Private truck 3,933 54.8 3,785 53.2 S S 69 24.3 6.2 30.9 6.9 S S 22.5
Rail 839 11.7 1,007 14.2 1,767 39.5 1,752 23.9 4.7 21.2 5 24.5 3.7 8.2
Multiple modes 456 6.3 419 5.9 843 18.8 S 37.1 2.3 49.5 2.2 36.7 5 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 - 3 0.1 1,318 S S 46.9 0.1 46.8 0.6 3
Truck and rail 352 4.9 381 5.4 509 11.4 1,312 32.4 4.9 34.1 4.4 34.3 6.7 1.2
Truck and water 30 0.4 36 0.5 330 7.4 9,293 38.9 1.3 30.2 1.8 29.5 12.9 0.1
Other and unknown modes 22 0.3 S S S S S 40.8 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,171 100 9,554 100 341 100 46 40.1 - 34.1 - 32.2 - 24.4
Single modes 713 60.8 8,835 92.5 303 88.9 48 44.5 12.2 32.4 3.5 31 4 22.9
Truck6 712 60.8 8,834 92.5 303 88.8 48 44.6 12.1 32.4 3.5 31.1 3.9 22.9
For-hire truck S S 7,968 83.4 277 81.3 S S S 32.9 8.4 32.2 5.3 S
Private truck S S 866 9.1 25 7.5 67 S S 30 13.4 30.9 11.6 24.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,382 S S S S S S 20.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,382 S S S S S S 20.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14 S S S S S S 29.4

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,497 100 12,642 100 S S S 27.7 - 25.3 - S S S
Single modes 8,288 87.3 11,001 87 958 39.6 S 33 8 30.4 8.2 32.1 17 S
Truck6 7,067 74.4 9,231 73 537 22.2 S 32.8 8.4 30.8 8.9 34.3 18 S
For-hire truck 2,178 22.9 3,143 24.9 S S 132 36.7 8.7 34.4 8.8 S S 37.6
Private truck 4,889 51.5 6,089 48.2 S S 20 47.2 9.7 45.3 9.9 S S 19.2
Rail 217 2.3 385 3 S S 908 48.9 8.9 41.6 9.2 S S 38
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 618 S S S S S S 25.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 951 S S S S S S 26.3
Other and unknown modes 98 1 116 0.9 1 - S 33.9 2.3 35 1.9 28.9 0.2 S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14,288 100 2,087 100 907 100 444 8 - 15.1 - 19.6 - 7.7
Single modes 9,615 67.3 1,725 82.6 746 82.3 336 11.8 5.9 16.5 6.7 18.9 6.1 13.9
Truck6 8,765 61.3 1,722 82.5 743 81.9 325 13 6.3 16.5 6.7 19 6.3 13.7
For-hire truck 4,207 29.4 678 32.5 546 60.1 646 20.1 4.9 20.2 5.5 24.8 8.4 11.2
Private truck 4,557 31.9 1,044 50 197 21.7 154 12.5 3.5 18.2 4.9 39.1 6.3 28.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S 3 0.1 4 0.4 1,202 S S 47.5 0.1 48.9 0.6 11.4
Multiple modes 4,424 31 171 8.2 S S 564 22.5 5.9 42.8 3.1 S S 9.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,407 30.8 S S 36 3.9 563 22.5 5.9 S S 14.4 3.6 9.4
Truck and rail 13 0.1 S S S S 1,442 32.2 0.3 S S S S 0.5
Truck and water 4 - 2 0.1 19 2.1 8,203 23.5 - 23.1 - 26.2 0.9 10.9
Other and unknown modes 249 1.7 191 9.2 37 4.1 S 25.7 0.7 42.1 3.9 43.9 3.3 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,803 100 3,910 100 861 100 631 8 - 14 - 14 - 9.5
Single modes 5,096 74.9 3,725 95.3 788 91.4 358 9.1 4.8 14.3 1.8 14.9 3.1 14
Truck6 5,063 74.4 3,722 95.2 785 91.1 328 9.3 5 14.3 1.8 14.8 3.1 13.4
For-hire truck 2,084 30.6 2,010 51.4 629 73 873 15.1 3.8 19.4 5 18.4 4.7 9.6
Private truck 2,979 43.8 1,712 43.8 156 18.1 144 9.5 3.7 11.8 4 20.6 4.2 31
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,298 S S S S S S 7
Multiple modes 1,549 22.8 70 1.8 57 6.6 917 26.9 4.9 20.3 0.9 22.7 2.7 7.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,549 22.8 70 1.8 57 6.6 917 26.9 4.9 20.3 0.9 22.7 2.7 7.2
Other and unknown modes 158 2.3 S S S S S 17.6 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,382 100 9,758 100 1,456 100 322 6.3 - 18.1 - 19 - 7.6
Single modes 8,789 84.7 9,507 97.4 1,339 92 136 6.8 3.3 18.2 1 18.1 2.2 29.4
Truck6 8,604 82.9 8,831 90.5 1,169 80.3 126 7.5 4.2 13.4 3.1 17 6.3 31.5
For-hire truck 4,536 43.7 3,046 31.2 695 47.7 309 13.8 6.5 14.1 7.2 12 8.9 22.9
Private truck 4,067 39.2 5,785 59.3 474 32.5 58 17.2 6 18.8 6.4 45.3 7.2 14.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 17 0.2 S S S S 1,286 27.6 0.1 S S S S 13.5
Multiple modes 1,204 11.6 87 0.9 S S 729 26.3 2.6 42.1 0.3 S S 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,171 11.3 46 0.5 36 2.5 728 26.1 2.5 32.2 0.3 37.5 1.3 9
Truck and rail 30 0.3 S S S S 1,572 40 0.2 S S S S 17
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 389 3.7 164 1.7 S S S 39.5 1.4 45.3 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18,594 100 1,231 100 S S 511 17.5 - 32.8 - S S 10.7
Single modes 10,339 55.6 1,093 88.9 S S 250 31 7.1 35.1 5.6 S S 23.2
Truck6 7,107 38.2 1,087 88.4 S S 173 20.4 5.8 35.2 5.6 S S 25.5
For-hire truck 3,923 21.1 S S S S 415 34.4 6.5 S S S S 24.2
Private truck 3,184 17.1 401 32.6 S S 66 20.7 4.6 33.7 9.5 S S 28.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 6 0.5 8 1.2 989 S S 40.7 0.2 40.3 1.2 11
Multiple modes 7,799 41.9 99 8 76 12.6 704 18.5 6.9 25 5.4 29.1 8.1 12.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,785 41.9 99 8 76 12.5 704 18.4 6.9 25 5.4 29.5 8 12.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 455 2.4 38 3.1 6 1 S 40.4 1.4 44.1 1.6 47.2 1.7 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,388 100 6,700 100 1,530 100 591 9.3 - 24.5 - 16.4 - 10.3
Single modes 13,304 86.5 6,347 94.7 1,366 89.3 408 9.9 2 26.1 2.3 16.1 2.2 19.5
Truck6 13,019 84.6 6,145 91.7 1,188 77.6 396 9.6 2.1 27 4.1 15.8 6.4 21.1
For-hire truck 4,532 29.5 1,385 20.7 558 36.5 724 12.9 4.7 20.1 8.2 23.5 4.3 15.7
Private truck 8,487 55.2 4,760 71 629 41.1 355 16.2 4.1 34.9 7.9 15.4 6.1 28.4
Rail S S 197 2.9 175 11.5 1,130 S S 49.5 7.2 46.6 14.4 3.4
Air (incl truck and air) 198 1.3 4 0.1 3 0.2 1,133 42.9 0.5 38.8 - 37.8 0.1 3.5
Multiple modes 1,684 10.9 S S 152 9.9 1,123 21.4 2.3 S S 42.7 2.3 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,471 9.6 40 0.6 42 2.7 1,120 22 2.1 20 0.3 22.3 0.7 7.3
Truck and rail 205 1.3 S S S S 1,180 43.8 0.7 S S S S 22.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 401 2.6 61 0.9 S S 53 46 1.2 41.6 0.9 S S 30.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 14 100 5 100 S S 1,207 38.6 - 46.3 - S S 23.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S 4 83 S S S S S 47.4 8.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,052 S S S S S S 30
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,270 S S S S S S 21.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,402 S S S S S S 27
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,402 S S S S S S 27
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.