Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 239,881 100 121,063 100 29,529 100 9.9 - 8.2 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 88,970 37.1 68,235 56.4 1,510 5.1 9 3.3 10.8 3.2 8.4 0.8
50 - 99 miles 16,058 6.7 10,141 8.4 948 3.2 11.7 0.4 10.6 0.8 11 0.4
100 - 249 miles 34,192 14.3 16,867 13.9 3,823 12.9 14.5 0.9 17.7 1.3 14 1.4
250 - 499 miles 32,999 13.8 9,857 8.1 5,055 17.1 13.3 1.4 10.8 0.8 11.5 1.2
500 - 749 miles 24,206 10.1 9,310 7.7 7,069 23.9 15.4 1.1 14.6 1.4 14.7 3.7
750 - 999 miles 13,448 5.6 2,170 1.8 2,418 8.2 31.2 1.4 22.7 0.5 22.6 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,915 6.2 2,339 1.9 3,498 11.8 20.4 0.7 17.5 0.3 16.8 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 12,961 5.4 1,785 1.5 4,279 14.5 23.6 1 22.7 0.4 23.3 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,134 0.9 358 0.3 930 3.2 19.2 0.1 29.4 0.1 28.2 0.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 200,327 100 113,203 100 24,038 100 10.7 - 8.3 - 9.9 -
Less than 50 miles 81,568 40.7 66,071 58.4 1,428 5.9 10 3.3 10.5 3 7.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 14,267 7.1 9,617 8.5 893 3.7 13.5 0.5 9.8 0.9 10.4 0.5
100 - 249 miles 30,460 15.2 15,851 14 3,585 14.9 16.4 1.1 18.5 1.5 14.2 1.8
250 - 499 miles 27,822 13.9 8,826 7.8 4,478 18.6 15.5 1.6 11 0.8 11.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 18,089 9 8,199 7.2 6,208 25.8 18.1 1.2 16.6 1.4 16.8 4.1
750 - 999 miles 9,028 4.5 1,627 1.4 1,806 7.5 33.7 1.3 23.8 0.4 23.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 10,000 5 1,689 1.5 2,502 10.4 24 0.7 19.6 0.3 19 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,697 3.8 1,081 1 2,550 10.6 30.1 1 24.4 0.3 25.3 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,396 0.7 242 0.2 589 2.4 28.4 0.2 34.9 0.1 33.3 0.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 166,839 100 97,546 100 18,242 100 9.9 - 5.5 - 10 -
Less than 50 miles 75,560 45.3 59,969 61.5 1,375 7.5 8.7 3 6.8 2.5 6.5 0.8
50 - 99 miles 13,498 8.1 8,592 8.8 798 4.4 12.4 0.5 8.8 0.9 9.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 29,131 17.5 12,500 12.8 2,943 16.1 15.4 1.4 12.6 1.3 12.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 20,775 12.5 6,842 7 3,307 18.1 19 1.5 15.6 0.8 16.4 1.8
500 - 749 miles 13,047 7.8 6,624 6.8 4,981 27.3 17.5 1.1 16.3 1.1 16.4 4.5
750 - 999 miles 3,154 1.9 822 0.8 901 4.9 19.5 0.3 17.3 0.1 17.4 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,743 4 1,346 1.4 2,003 11 16.3 0.6 20.8 0.3 19.8 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,331 2.6 700 0.7 1,590 8.7 27.4 0.5 18.6 0.2 18.5 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 90,749 100 50,266 100 14,289 100 13.8 - 10.8 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 32,383 35.7 24,273 48.3 579 4.1 17.8 3.8 13 2.6 14.1 0.3
50 - 99 miles 5,260 5.8 4,218 8.4 424 3 12.8 0.7 15.3 1.2 14.9 0.5
100 - 249 miles 16,413 18.1 8,389 16.7 2,015 14.1 16.9 1.6 16.9 1.9 16.6 1.7
250 - 499 miles 11,658 12.8 5,137 10.2 2,474 17.3 15.8 1 16.3 0.9 16.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 10,208 11.2 5,230 10.4 3,960 27.7 20.5 1.3 15.5 1.9 15.7 5.1
750 - 999 miles 3,153 3.5 821 1.6 901 6.3 19.6 0.8 17.3 0.4 17.4 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,743 7.4 1,346 2.7 2,003 14 16.3 1.2 20.8 0.5 19.8 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,331 4.8 700 1.4 1,590 11.1 27.4 0.7 18.6 0.3 18.5 1.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 76,090 100 47,280 100 3,953 100 11.6 - 8.4 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 43,177 56.7 35,696 75.5 797 20.2 11.5 3.6 11.2 3 9.1 4
50 - 99 miles 8,238 10.8 4,373 9.2 374 9.5 13.4 0.8 8.1 1.3 7.8 1.4
100 - 249 miles 12,718 16.7 4,111 8.7 928 23.5 16.9 2.1 11.7 1.2 13.1 2.7
250 - 499 miles 9,118 12 1,705 3.6 834 21.1 34.1 2.8 23.1 0.9 24.3 3.8
500 - 749 miles 2,839 3.7 S S S S 33.3 1.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1 - S S S S 47.2 - S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,256 100 9,260 100 5,564 100 24.4 - 18.1 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles 3,346 11.4 1,662 17.9 24 0.4 33.4 3.7 36.7 6.3 28 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S 667 7.2 74 1.3 S S 32.2 3.2 35.2 1.1
100 - 249 miles 580 2 1,768 19.1 478 8.6 41 1.6 29.7 5.8 28.9 4.5
250 - 499 miles 7,021 24 1,983 21.4 1,170 21 31.1 7.3 23.1 3.3 24.2 5.8
500 - 749 miles 4,704 16.1 1,566 16.9 1,220 21.9 35.7 3.2 45.9 4 47 5.3
750 - 999 miles 5,868 20.1 805 8.7 905 16.3 44.3 4.9 39 6.4 38.5 7.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,225 11 380 4.1 957 17.2 46.2 6.2 43.7 2.2 43.9 7.2
More than 2,000 miles 761 2.6 89 1 242 4.3 29 2.7 28 0.8 28.3 3.6

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 773 100 20 100 20 100 43.8 - 40.5 - 40.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 100 12.9 2 8.1 1 6.7 35.6 6.4 39.9 4 43.8 6.5
250 - 499 miles 25 3.3 S S S S 28.6 4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 57 7.4 3 16 5 23.9 30.9 5.2 42.9 5.4 44.4 8.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2 8.5 S S S S 49.7 3.9 S S
More than 2,000 miles 34 4.4 1 5.9 3 14.2 42.6 4.3 48.8 4.1 49.4 5.6

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 36,455 100 5,532 100 4,327 100 11 - 25.2 - 20.2 -
Less than 50 miles 5,903 16.2 S S 72 1.7 23.6 4.1 S S 49 0.8
50 - 99 miles 1,634 4.5 339 6.1 39 0.9 19.1 1.1 39.8 1.6 38.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 3,349 9.2 732 13.2 184 4.2 13.3 1.5 45.8 3.2 45 2.5
250 - 499 miles 4,934 13.5 670 12.1 386 8.9 11.1 1.5 17.4 5.5 17.7 3.8
500 - 749 miles 5,404 14.8 494 8.9 397 9.2 18.2 1.9 20.9 2.9 20.9 4
750 - 999 miles 4,406 12.1 418 7.6 486 11.2 27.3 2.2 33.4 2.9 33.2 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,903 13.4 632 11.4 967 22.4 27.3 2.4 26.3 3.9 25 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,184 14.2 591 10.7 1,471 34 28.9 3.1 33.9 3.5 35.2 6.1
More than 2,000 miles 737 2 S S S S 25.9 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,692 100 385 100 277 100 12.5 - 15.2 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles 5,274 31.6 62 16.1 2 0.7 28.3 5.2 15.4 3.4 18.5 0.3
50 - 99 miles 1,349 8.1 26 6.7 2 0.9 23.3 1.4 17.6 1.9 15.8 0.5
100 - 249 miles 2,666 16 74 19.1 18 6.6 11.8 1.1 16.9 2.3 16.9 1.8
250 - 499 miles 2,325 13.9 68 17.7 35 12.6 10.8 1.9 18.7 2.3 18.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 2,167 13 47 12.3 36 12.8 17 2.5 26.8 1.4 25.9 0.9
750 - 999 miles 584 3.5 23 6 26 9.3 25.7 0.8 27 1.3 27.9 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,044 6.3 42 11 61 21.9 15.6 1 36.9 2 39.2 2.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,043 6.3 36 9.3 81 29.3 23.2 1.3 23.6 1.2 23.8 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 239 1.4 7 1.8 16 5.9 24.2 0.4 29.1 0.4 28.7 1.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,529 100 5,093 100 3,829 100 19.5 - 26.5 - 21 -
Less than 50 miles S S 1,483 29.1 70 1.8 S S 49.7 9.4 44.1 1.4
50 - 99 miles S S 311 6.1 36 0.9 S S 38 2 36.9 0.7
100 - 249 miles 682 3.5 658 12.9 165 4.3 48.9 3.5 43.2 4.3 42.2 4.4
250 - 499 miles 2,585 13.2 587 11.5 318 8.3 8 4.4 16.5 7.1 18.5 4.8
500 - 749 miles 3,197 16.4 441 8.7 348 9.1 20.1 3.4 22.9 3.3 23.3 4.4
750 - 999 miles 3,816 19.5 394 7.7 458 12 30.7 3.8 34.9 3.1 34.7 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,842 19.7 580 11.4 864 22.6 33.1 3.7 27.5 4.5 26 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,077 20.9 542 10.6 1,303 34 33.7 5.1 34.2 3.9 34.6 6.1
More than 2,000 miles 442 2.3 S S S S 45.4 1.2 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 145 100 33 100 108 100 38.4 - 35 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 79 100 12 100 90 100 31.4 - 29.9 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,099 100 2,328 100 1,164 100 16.2 - 34.5 - 49.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,499 48.4 619 26.6 10 0.9 23.5 12.3 20.2 15 27.3 5.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 283 12.2 54 4.7 S S 46.9 7 46 6.8
250 - 499 miles 243 7.8 S S S S 29.2 3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 18 0.8 29 2.5 S S 40.4 1.2 39.9 10.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 80 2.6 S S S S 41.8 1.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.