Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,400 100 13,106 100 2,923 100 11.4 - 19.9 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 7,467 34.9 9,978 76.1 93 3.2 28.6 5.5 24.9 6.9 22.9 1
50 - 99 miles 63 0.3 S S S S 24.5 0.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 879 4.1 717 5.5 133 4.6 26.3 1 34.7 2.7 28.2 1.2
250 - 499 miles 1,422 6.6 461 3.5 205 7 23.2 1.7 27.8 1 28.2 1.7
500 - 749 miles 3,859 18 741 5.7 565 19.3 11.3 3 10.8 3.5 9.7 4.1
750 - 999 miles 1,139 5.3 132 1 146 5 24 1 13.6 0.6 14 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,486 16.3 468 3.6 721 24.7 17.1 2.6 22.2 1.7 20.9 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,829 8.5 322 2.5 631 21.6 40 2.7 29.3 0.7 29.4 4.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,257 5.9 170 1.3 418 14.3 34.3 2 35.5 0.8 35.5 4.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 18,119 100 12,690 100 2,308 100 13.2 - 20.9 - 12.1 -
Less than 50 miles 7,233 39.9 9,938 78.3 92 4 29.5 5.4 25.1 6.6 23.1 1.1
50 - 99 miles 61 0.3 S S S S 26.6 0.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 819 4.5 713 5.6 132 5.7 27.9 1.6 34.9 3.3 28.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,280 7.1 452 3.6 200 8.7 25.2 2.3 28.5 1.1 29 2.4
500 - 749 miles 3,379 18.7 660 5.2 500 21.7 13.4 3.1 10.8 3.5 9.2 3.8
750 - 999 miles 964 5.3 123 1 136 5.9 28 1.2 16.2 0.7 16.6 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,523 13.9 338 2.7 537 23.3 15.4 2.1 11.7 1.4 12.3 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,541 8.5 310 2.4 608 26.3 42.8 2.7 30.3 0.7 30.4 5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,250 100 9,983 100 2,106 100 11.1 - 16.9 - 12.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,110 33.5 7,618 76.3 85 4 17.5 3.1 21.4 5.9 23.6 1
50 - 99 miles 61 0.4 S S S S 26.6 0.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 791 5.2 605 6.1 114 5.4 27.8 1.7 37.5 3.4 31.2 2.4
250 - 499 miles 880 5.8 279 2.8 119 5.6 15.8 1.1 24.6 0.8 21.9 1.7
500 - 749 miles 3,148 20.6 561 5.6 416 19.7 14.7 2.7 14.8 3.2 13.9 3.7
750 - 999 miles 961 6.3 120 1.2 132 6.3 28.1 1.4 15.8 0.6 16 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,469 16.2 335 3.4 532 25.3 14.4 1.5 11.9 1.4 12.5 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,517 9.9 310 3.1 607 28.8 43.4 2.8 30.3 0.7 30.4 5.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,132 100 3,913 100 1,951 100 13.6 - 21.5 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,551 21 1,850 47.3 16 0.8 29.1 3.1 37.7 6.6 34.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 664 5.5 541 13.8 101 5.2 32.9 2.1 41.9 4.2 36 2.5
250 - 499 miles 569 4.7 179 4.6 78 4 16.3 1.3 16.9 1.6 17.9 1.3
500 - 749 miles 3,079 25.4 529 13.5 396 20.3 14.6 2.5 13.3 4.2 12.9 3.3
750 - 999 miles 958 7.9 119 3 131 6.7 28.3 2.1 15.8 0.8 16.1 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,468 20.3 334 8.5 531 27.2 14.4 1.5 11.9 2 12.5 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,517 12.5 310 7.9 607 31.1 43.4 3.1 30.3 2.3 30.4 5.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,118 100 6,070 100 155 100 13.6 - 27.2 - 19.5 -
Less than 50 miles 2,559 82.1 5,768 95 69 44.4 12.7 2.9 28.1 2.3 27.2 8
50 - 99 miles 47 1.5 S S S S 32.4 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 128 4.1 65 1.1 S S 33.2 2.1 45.1 0.7 S S
250 - 499 miles 311 10 S S S S 47.4 2.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 659 100 399 100 191 100 49.1 - 35.2 - 33.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 173 43.3 81 42.6 S S 35.6 11.7 33.7 10.7
500 - 749 miles 228 34.5 99 24.8 84 43.9 40.3 15.4 24.1 13.7 24 15.5
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 89 100 1 100 S S 47.6 - 33.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 1 0.9 S S - 0.3 35.1 7 S S 48 4.4
500 - 749 miles S S - 18.1 S S S S 49.6 19.3 S S
750 - 999 miles 3 3 - 7 - 2.6 23.6 6.6 23.5 5.1 22.8 5.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 18.9 - 9.8 S S 31.3 8.2 30 10
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,094 100 368 100 602 100 28.8 - 38.8 - 39.7 -
Less than 50 miles 105 3.4 3 0.9 S S 30.3 0.9 39.2 1.4 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 59 1.9 3 0.8 1 0.1 26.9 0.9 40.4 0.4 38.7 0.1
250 - 499 miles 139 4.5 8 2.2 S S 27.1 2.6 44.8 1.8 S S
500 - 749 miles 462 14.9 78 21.1 63 10.4 35.4 5.8 37.8 11.8 36.6 12.2
750 - 999 miles 168 5.4 9 2.3 9 1.6 27.2 3.1 33.6 1.8 31.3 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 942 30.4 S S S S 49.6 4.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 279 9 9 2.6 19 3.2 30.3 3.7 22.8 3.7 23 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 940 30.4 131 35.5 325 54 47.2 9 46.5 11.6 46.2 14.1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,357 100 48 100 55 100 13.8 - 15.2 - 16.7 -
Less than 50 miles 105 7.7 3 6.7 S S 30.3 1.9 39.2 2.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 59 4.3 3 6.2 1 1.3 26.9 1.3 40.4 1.9 38.7 0.5
250 - 499 miles 138 10.2 6 11.5 2 4.4 27.1 2.7 37 2.9 36.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles 259 19.1 10 20.6 8 14.4 21.7 4 17.7 3.6 17.2 3.3
750 - 999 miles 158 11.6 6 12.7 7 12.2 30.2 3.2 25.2 2.4 29.4 3.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 305 22.5 10 20.7 16 28.8 14.4 2.7 19 3.3 20.8 3.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 273 20.1 9 18 17 31.7 30.5 4.5 26 3.5 26.2 4.9
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 3.3 4 7 S S 25.6 0.6 25.7 1.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,735 100 320 100 545 100 43.8 - 41.7 - 41.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 879 50.6 S S 319 58.5 28.9 19.8 S S 25.7 17

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 187 100 48 100 S S 23.7 - 22.1 - S S
Less than 50 miles 129 68.8 36 75 - 2.3 31.9 9.1 27.1 9.2 20.6 14.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1 0.5 S S S S 41.4 4.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 7 3.6 1 1.3 1 5.5 31.5 3.8 30.2 2 28 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.