Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,400 100 13,106 100 2,923 100 449 11.4 - 19.9 - 12.6 - 18.5
Single modes 18,119 84.7 12,690 96.8 2,308 79 213 13.2 3.8 20.9 1.8 12.1 5.7 24.6
Truck6 15,250 71.3 9,983 76.2 2,106 72.1 205 11.1 5.6 16.9 6.5 12.4 6.6 25.4
For-hire truck 12,132 56.7 3,913 29.9 1,951 66.7 798 13.6 6 21.5 8 13.3 5.9 11.8
Private truck 3,118 14.6 6,070 46.3 155 5.3 17 13.6 1.2 27.2 8.7 19.5 1.9 10.5
Rail 659 3.1 399 3 191 6.5 597 49.1 1.8 35.2 1.1 33.4 1.8 18.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 89 0.4 1 - S S 1,819 47.6 0.2 33.9 - S S 17.6
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,094 14.5 368 2.8 602 20.6 1,202 28.8 3.9 38.8 1.7 39.7 5.9 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,357 6.3 48 0.4 55 1.9 1,198 13.8 1 15.2 0.2 16.7 0.6 7
Truck and rail 1,735 8.1 320 2.4 545 18.6 1,763 43.8 4.4 41.7 2.1 41.2 6.9 14
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 187 0.9 48 0.4 S S S 23.7 0.3 22.1 0.4 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 141 100 S S S S 21 41.4 - S S S S 24.3
Single modes 141 100 S S S S 21 41.4 0.1 S S S S 22.7
Truck6 141 100 S S S S 21 41.4 0.1 S S S S 22.7
For-hire truck 93 65.8 S S S S S 48.8 15.5 S S S S S
Private truck 48 34.2 67 45 5 16.3 15 30.9 15.7 31.9 13.5 45 15 17.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,435 100 954 100 334 100 S 20.6 - 29.3 - 31.1 - S
Single modes 1,329 92.6 950 99.7 331 99.1 S 19.9 4 29.4 0.3 31.4 0.8 S
Truck6 1,329 92.6 950 99.7 331 99.1 S 19.9 4 29.4 0.3 31.4 0.8 S
For-hire truck 793 55.3 560 58.7 319 95.6 734 35.7 10.3 36.1 7.8 31 3.5 19.6
Private truck 535 37.3 390 40.9 S S 17 21.3 10.6 27.3 9.3 S S 29.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 838 S S S S S S 24.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 838 S S S S S S 24.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 62 100 4,176 100 53 100 13 39.9 - 39.2 - 40.4 - 19.4
Single modes 62 100 4,176 100 53 100 13 39.9 - 39.2 - 40.4 - 19.6
Truck6 62 100 4,176 100 53 100 13 39.9 - 39.2 - 40.4 - 19.6
For-hire truck 1 1.5 S S S S S 47.7 14.2 S S S S S
Private truck 61 98.5 4,124 98.8 52 97.4 13 40.8 4.7 40 7.7 41.6 10.9 17.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 134 100 149 S S S S 40.7 - 41.4
Single modes S S S S 133 99.3 33 S S S S 41.1 10.3 22.1
Truck6 1,080 33 1,676 39.9 S S 30 44.2 16.9 40.8 14.2 S S 22.3
For-hire truck 1,044 31.9 1,599 38 S S S 44 13.1 41.1 13.4 S S S
Private truck S S 78 1.8 S S 14 S S 47.3 15.4 S S 13.3
Rail 60 1.8 217 5.2 S S 255 17.7 1.8 24 3.4 S S 19.9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,200 100 367 100 209 100 S 36 - 30.1 - 47.5 - S
Single modes 1,121 93.4 356 97.1 205 98 S 36.6 2.3 30.4 0.9 48.3 0.8 S
Truck6 1,119 93.3 356 97 205 97.9 S 36.7 2.3 30.5 0.9 48.4 0.9 S
For-hire truck 464 38.6 182 49.7 S S 474 30.3 10.6 31.5 11 S S 34.4
Private truck S S 173 47.3 S S 20 S S 49.8 11.3 S S 18.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) - - S S S S 1,178 47.7 0.1 S S S S 29.9
Multiple modes 42 3.5 S S S S 604 44.8 1.4 S S S S 30.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28 2.4 3 0.9 2 1.1 602 48.1 0.9 38.7 0.5 48.7 0.7 30.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 49.2 0.2 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,150 100 434 100 220 100 907 23.6 - 18.4 - 16.1 - 13.8
Single modes 1,770 82.3 395 91 185 83.7 524 29.5 6.3 16.3 2.2 20.5 7.4 21.6
Truck6 1,711 79.6 374 86.1 166 75.5 505 29.9 6.1 18.5 6 24.6 10.3 22.3
For-hire truck 1,497 69.6 263 60.6 165 74.7 809 35.8 8 18.9 5.7 24.9 10.3 18.7
Private truck 214 10 111 25.5 2 0.8 13 22.3 4 23.1 5.5 23.4 0.3 16.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 0.2 S S 1,065 S S 43.7 0.3 S S 18.6
Multiple modes 375 17.4 S S 36 16.2 1,162 26.9 6.2 S S 48.2 7.4 6.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 347 16.1 17 4 18 8 1,162 30.3 6.4 26.4 1.4 27.3 2.5 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 5 0.3 S S S S S 41.9 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,759 100 1,859 100 1,016 100 169 26.2 - 23.2 - 29.8 - 41.3
Single modes 4,062 70.5 1,576 84.8 515 50.7 102 27.4 9 25.1 5.8 22.3 12.9 47.4
Truck6 3,514 61 1,466 78.9 429 42.2 101 25.5 10.2 26 6.4 21.8 13.8 47.7
For-hire truck 2,525 43.8 481 25.9 388 38.3 644 29.2 7.8 22.2 7.1 25 12.7 15.6
Private truck 990 17.2 986 53 40 4 15 25.8 6.2 37.9 8.1 49.1 5.2 30.8
Rail 548 9.5 109 5.9 86 8.5 784 44.4 4.2 25.3 3.1 23.2 4.9 4.9
Multiple modes 1,672 29 S S 500 49.2 778 49 9.1 S S 48.6 13 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 54 0.9 3 0.2 S S 715 40.1 0.8 39.3 0.2 S S 24.3
Truck and rail 1,616 28.1 265 14.3 495 48.7 1,912 31.1 15.9 40 13.3 30 13.6 12.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 25 0.4 15 0.8 1 0.1 S 48.9 0.4 22.7 1.3 42.5 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,255 100 603 100 650 100 939 22 - 20 - 28.1 - 17.9
Single modes 5,439 86.9 560 92.8 607 93.4 631 24.9 4.3 21.1 2.1 29.6 2.8 27.6
Truck6 5,372 85.9 558 92.6 604 93 606 24.6 4.4 21.2 2.2 29.7 3 29.8
For-hire truck 5,054 80.8 522 86.6 599 92.1 1,262 27.2 6.6 24.1 5.9 30.1 3.5 8.4
Private truck 318 5.1 36 6 6 0.8 S 30.4 3.1 36.2 4.5 46.7 0.7 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,218 S S S S S S 24.2
Multiple modes 716 11.4 23 3.8 32 5 1,459 19.3 4.4 25.1 1.7 25 2.8 3.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 706 11.3 21 3.4 29 4.4 1,457 18.9 4.2 25.2 1.3 26.2 1.6 3.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,970 S S S S S S 9.4
Other and unknown modes 100 1.6 21 3.4 S S S 32.1 1.6 47.8 3.2 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,128 100 365 100 277 100 290 22.6 - 20.8 - 29.4 - 49.4
Single modes 935 82.9 329 90.3 249 89.9 247 18.6 3.8 20.9 3.2 33 4.9 48
Truck6 921 81.7 278 76.3 218 78.6 244 18.8 4.1 25.1 7.5 38.2 7.4 48.4
For-hire truck 661 58.6 173 47.5 215 77.7 616 15.9 5.8 28 9.5 38.4 7.5 29.6
Private truck 260 23 105 28.8 3 0.9 21 30.6 3.7 43.7 6.9 32.5 0.3 22.7
Rail 12 1.1 51 13.9 31 11.3 798 39.1 0.9 36.6 7.9 24.8 7.1 10.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,439 S S S S S S 15.8
Multiple modes S S 31 8.4 S S 766 S S 49.7 3.2 S S 26.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.4 1 0.4 764 S S 26.1 0.1 35.6 0.2 28.5
Truck and rail 67 5.9 29 8.1 27 9.6 945 34.4 5.8 42 5.6 43.6 9.3 14.8
Other and unknown modes 13 1.2 S S S S S 49.2 1 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.