Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,134 100 31,099 100 7,399 100 6.5 - 10.9 - 8.6 -
Less than 50 miles 15,630 24 17,217 55.4 373 5 10.5 1.7 14.6 3.6 15.2 0.6
50 - 99 miles 4,667 7.2 2,601 8.4 260 3.5 11.8 0.8 18.9 1.1 18.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 16,651 25.6 5,450 17.5 1,234 16.7 15.7 2.7 16.1 2.1 17.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 8,115 12.5 1,733 5.6 849 11.5 9.3 0.9 13.4 0.6 14.3 0.8
500 - 749 miles 10,084 15.5 2,421 7.8 1,847 25 8.4 0.9 9.9 0.7 9.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 3,179 4.9 474 1.5 513 6.9 16.7 0.7 19.2 0.5 18.9 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,652 4.1 483 1.6 689 9.3 9.3 0.3 10.3 0.2 10.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,106 6.3 716 2.3 1,597 21.6 12.4 0.9 9.7 0.3 9.7 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 51 0.1 S S S S 49.2 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,885 100 30,399 100 6,732 100 7.5 - 11.2 - 9.4 -
Less than 50 miles 14,787 26.5 17,128 56.3 370 5.5 11.3 2 14.7 3.7 15.4 0.7
50 - 99 miles 4,104 7.3 2,575 8.5 258 3.8 13.8 0.9 19.1 1.1 18.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 14,647 26.2 5,313 17.5 1,204 17.9 16.3 2.7 16.5 2.1 17.6 1.7
250 - 499 miles 6,575 11.8 1,661 5.5 813 12.1 9.3 0.8 13.8 0.6 14.7 0.9
500 - 749 miles 8,019 14.3 2,270 7.5 1,716 25.5 11.2 1.2 10.2 0.7 10 1.4
750 - 999 miles 2,439 4.4 409 1.3 442 6.6 17 0.7 18.2 0.4 17.8 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,076 3.7 455 1.5 647 9.6 13.2 0.3 11.2 0.2 11.1 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,214 5.8 587 1.9 1,282 19 14.7 0.9 10.7 0.2 10.7 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,081 100 29,048 100 6,138 100 7.9 - 11 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 14,783 27.3 17,116 58.9 369 6 11.3 1.9 14.7 3.7 15.4 0.8
50 - 99 miles 4,095 7.6 2,542 8.8 252 4.1 13.8 0.9 19.3 1.2 19.1 0.6
100 - 249 miles 14,279 26.4 4,534 15.6 965 15.7 16.8 2.8 17.6 2.1 18.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 6,261 11.6 1,445 5 691 11.3 9.2 0.8 12.3 0.4 13 0.7
500 - 749 miles 7,527 13.9 1,986 6.8 1,530 24.9 10.8 1.1 9 0.8 9.3 1.7
750 - 999 miles 2,242 4.1 396 1.4 429 7 18.2 0.7 18.3 0.4 17.8 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,965 3.6 453 1.6 644 10.5 12.8 0.3 11.4 0.2 11.3 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,907 5.4 576 2 1,257 20.5 15 0.8 11.2 0.3 11.2 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,012 100 11,026 100 4,855 100 6.7 - 14.4 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 2,665 8.9 3,956 35.9 70 1.4 12.2 0.8 27.3 5.6 24.4 0.3
50 - 99 miles 843 2.8 711 6.4 69 1.4 19.3 0.5 43.8 1.8 41.4 0.4
100 - 249 miles 7,108 23.7 2,048 18.6 483 10 10.6 1.8 21.7 2.4 25.4 1.6
250 - 499 miles 5,506 18.3 1,143 10.4 550 11.3 10.4 1.5 13.4 1.5 13.7 0.8
500 - 749 miles 6,882 22.9 1,764 16 1,376 28.3 10.6 1.6 10.5 1.6 10.7 1.9
750 - 999 miles 2,134 7.1 376 3.4 408 8.4 15.4 1.1 17.9 1.3 17.5 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,945 6.5 451 4.1 642 13.2 13 0.5 11.3 0.5 11.1 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,907 9.7 576 5.2 1,256 25.9 15 1.4 11.3 0.8 11.3 2.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,069 100 18,022 100 1,283 100 10.2 - 13.8 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 12,118 50.3 13,160 73 300 23.3 12.8 4.5 17.7 4.2 17.5 3.9
50 - 99 miles 3,252 13.5 1,832 10.2 183 14.3 13.6 1.5 16.4 1.5 16.8 2
100 - 249 miles 7,171 29.8 2,485 13.8 481 37.5 25.2 4.3 16.2 2.6 15 3.2
250 - 499 miles 755 3.1 302 1.7 141 11 12.9 0.4 18.4 0.5 18.6 1.6
500 - 749 miles 645 2.7 222 1.2 154 12 43.2 0.8 22.7 0.5 22.6 3.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 290 100 1,343 100 587 100 24.9 - 32.4 - 31.9 -
Less than 50 miles 4 1.3 S S S S 47.8 1.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 9 3.1 33 2.5 6 1 23.6 4.5 26.2 3.5 3.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 89 30.6 776 57.8 238 40.5 25.2 12.4 28.7 10.4 27.2 12.8
250 - 499 miles 65 22.5 216 16.1 122 20.8 23.1 7.4 39.1 6 40.8 5.3
500 - 749 miles 94 32.4 283 21.1 185 31.6 23.7 12.3 33.4 11.5 32.6 10.9
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,514 100 9 100 8 100 34.8 - 30.3 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 279 18.5 3 39.5 1 15.6 29.2 4.9 32.7 7.1 27.5 3.2
250 - 499 miles 249 16.4 - 3.2 - 2 42.3 4.6 34.5 3.6 30.9 2.2
500 - 749 miles 398 26.3 1 14 1 10.3 33.7 8.1 44.1 7.8 37.7 5.9
750 - 999 miles 194 12.8 1 6.2 1 9.6 46.1 2.9 48.3 1.6 42.1 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 111 7.3 S S S S 42.9 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 11.1 2 25.1 S S 21.4 6.2 21.5 7.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,561 100 532 100 602 100 12.7 - 12.7 - 15.5 -
Less than 50 miles 560 6.5 15 2.9 - 0.1 24 1.7 15.7 1.1 16.9 -
50 - 99 miles 551 6.4 22 4.1 2 0.4 30.1 1.2 23.1 1.3 23.8 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,817 21.2 99 18.5 22 3.6 21.4 2.7 32.1 3.8 26.7 1.3
250 - 499 miles 1,512 17.7 54 10.2 28 4.6 18.5 1.8 26.1 1.9 28.4 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,997 23.3 133 25 118 19.5 15.7 2.4 18.3 4.7 18.9 4.8
750 - 999 miles 725 8.5 61 11.5 68 11.3 25.3 1.5 40.6 3 41.1 4.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 518 6.1 26 4.9 39 6.5 20.5 1.2 19.1 2.1 21.7 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 854 10 117 22.1 291 48.3 16.3 1.8 24 3.8 23.3 5.3
More than 2,000 miles 28 0.3 S S S S 49.3 0.2 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,731 100 260 100 185 100 13.7 - 12.7 - 15 -
Less than 50 miles 560 7.2 15 5.9 - 0.2 24 1.9 16.2 2.8 17.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 550 7.1 21 8.2 2 1.2 30.1 1.2 23 1.5 23.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,459 18.9 57 21.8 13 7.1 17.1 1.6 15.2 2.6 13.9 1.9
250 - 499 miles 1,510 19.5 41 15.9 21 11.1 18.5 1.9 17.2 1.9 18.1 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,910 24.7 67 25.8 52 27.8 16.1 2.2 22.1 2.6 21.5 2.1
750 - 999 miles 554 7.2 16 6 17 9 21.3 1 20.4 1 20.3 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 471 6.1 16 6.2 23 12.4 23.9 0.8 15.8 0.9 16 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 708 9.2 26 10 57 30.8 18.4 1.8 20 1.7 20.1 3.6
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.1 1 0.3 S S 37.3 - 34.6 0.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 261 100 381 100 S S 23.2 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 31 4.2 61 23.5 52 13.7 25.4 15.5 24.8 18.7 24.9 18
750 - 999 miles S S 46 17.4 51 13.4 S S 47.4 8.3 46.9 10.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 10 3.8 S S S S 49.3 14.3 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 141 18.7 90 34.4 224 58.8 24.4 13.8 28.1 7.3 27.2 6.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53 100 4 100 11 100 25.7 - 19.4 - 20.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 53 100 4 100 11 100 25.7 - 19.4 - 20.7 -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 688 100 167 100 64 100 20.8 - 26.6 - 32.1 -
Less than 50 miles 283 41.1 74 43.9 S S 32.9 8.9 42.5 8.4 S S
50 - 99 miles 12 1.8 4 2.3 - 0.5 25.4 1.3 34.9 0.8 33.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 187 27.2 38 22.7 9 13.9 35.4 7 42.8 6.3 38.5 9.3
250 - 499 miles 28 4.1 S S S S 43.1 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 67 9.7 18 10.7 13 20.9 37.7 4.4 39.2 3.5 38.6 5.3
750 - 999 miles S S 3 1.9 3 5.1 S S 23.4 3.7 23.5 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 3 4.7 S S S S 49.8 7.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 39 5.6 11 6.6 24 37.9 40.8 6.3 34 4 34.5 8.4
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.