Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,134 100 31,099 100 7,399 100 474 6.5 - 10.9 - 8.6 - 9.5
Less than 50 lbs 8,976 13.8 201 0.6 92 1.2 538 11.5 2.0 12.1 0.1 18.8 0.3 10.0
50 - 99 lbs 2,339 3.6 100 0.3 35 0.5 352 8.9 0.4 8.5 - 13.1 0.1 12.9
100 - 499 lbs 6,222 9.6 639 2.1 202 2.7 328 6.1 0.5 11.4 0.2 10.1 0.3 8.3
500 - 749 lbs 2,653 4.1 349 1.1 95 1.3 273 17.6 0.5 11.3 0.1 9.4 0.1 12.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,719 2.6 337 1.1 76 1.0 226 17.5 0.4 15.5 0.1 11.9 0.1 10.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,416 28.3 4,812 15.5 1,449 19.6 279 10.9 1.8 11.0 1.6 12.3 1.8 10.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 21,384 32.8 15,348 49.4 4,039 54.6 265 8.7 1.6 11.0 3.2 9.6 3.8 13.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,917 4.5 6,460 20.8 556 7.5 S 25.6 1.0 23.5 3.4 11.9 0.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs 509 0.8 2,855 9.2 855 11.6 319 20.1 0.2 31.0 2.3 26.6 2.6 15.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,885 100 30,399 100 6,732 100 172 7.5 - 11.2 - 9.4 - 13.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,466 6.2 67 0.2 6 0.1 98 20.2 1.6 21.6 - 8.3 - 42.8
50 - 99 lbs 1,366 2.4 58 0.2 7 0.1 121 14.1 0.4 16.2 - 8.8 - 16.5
100 - 499 lbs 4,891 8.8 548 1.8 136 2.0 235 8.5 0.5 12.4 0.2 6.0 0.2 12.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,514 4.5 333 1.1 83 1.2 250 18.7 0.6 11.4 0.1 8.6 0.2 13.1
750 - 999 lbs 1,706 3.1 334 1.1 73 1.1 218 17.8 0.4 15.6 0.1 13.2 0.2 11.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,018 32.2 4,762 15.7 1,388 20.6 272 11.2 1.9 11.1 1.7 12.6 1.7 10.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,522 36.7 15,070 49.6 3,678 54.6 250 9.5 2.2 11.3 3.3 10.5 3.9 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,905 5.2 6,448 21.2 540 8.0 S 25.6 1.2 23.6 3.5 12.7 0.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs 496 0.9 2,779 9.1 821 12.2 316 20.3 0.2 32.2 2.4 27.7 3.0 14.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,081 100 29,048 100 6,138 100 157 7.9 - 11.0 - 8.8 - 11.6
Less than 50 lbs 2,265 4.2 66 0.2 5 0.1 62 16.6 1.0 21.9 - 10.1 - 25.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,216 2.2 58 0.2 7 0.1 116 13.9 0.4 16.3 - 9.3 - 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 4,831 8.9 547 1.9 135 2.2 233 8.7 0.5 12.5 0.2 6.3 0.2 11.9
500 - 749 lbs 2,514 4.6 333 1.1 83 1.4 250 18.7 0.6 11.5 0.1 8.6 0.2 13.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,700 3.1 333 1.1 72 1.2 216 17.8 0.4 15.7 0.1 13.2 0.2 10.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,917 33.1 4,757 16.4 1,384 22.5 271 11.4 1.8 11.1 1.9 12.7 2.0 10.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,474 37.9 15,056 51.8 3,658 59.6 249 9.4 2.2 11.3 3.1 10.6 3.1 13.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,886 5.3 6,374 21.9 521 8.5 S 25.7 1.2 23.6 3.6 12.9 0.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs 278 0.5 1,525 5.3 274 4.5 222 16.6 0.1 40.1 1.6 19.2 0.9 33.2

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,012 100 11,026 100 4,855 100 484 6.7 - 14.4 - 9.1 - 12.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 2 - S S S S S 13.4 - S
50 - 99 lbs 409 1.4 14 0.1 4 0.1 329 17.6 0.2 39.7 - 12.2 - 35.1
100 - 499 lbs 2,382 7.9 162 1.5 106 2.2 625 7.1 0.5 10.2 0.2 6.1 0.3 8.7
500 - 749 lbs 1,449 4.8 98 0.9 64 1.3 649 20.6 0.9 12.2 0.2 11.1 0.2 8.1
750 - 999 lbs 873 2.9 91 0.8 53 1.1 579 15.5 0.5 17.7 0.3 16.4 0.2 11.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,372 34.6 1,677 15.2 1,128 23.2 674 9.8 2.1 9.3 2.0 13.6 2.2 6.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 12,921 43.1 6,558 59.5 3,006 61.9 507 10.8 2.9 15.3 1.8 11.9 3.6 7.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 699 2.3 1,994 18.1 286 5.9 S 22.1 0.5 28.1 3.1 13.8 0.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 207 0.7 421 3.8 206 4.2 558 19.3 0.1 29.7 1.4 23.0 1.1 12.1

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,069 100 18,022 100 1,283 100 60 10.2 - 13.8 - 9.1 - 13.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,564 6.5 54 0.3 3 0.2 44 18.1 1.2 23.7 0.1 18.5 - 14.4
50 - 99 lbs 808 3.4 44 0.2 2 0.2 55 18.8 0.9 16.7 0.1 14.0 - 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 2,449 10.2 384 2.1 29 2.3 73 11.9 0.8 15.6 0.4 16.9 0.4 11.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,065 4.4 235 1.3 20 1.5 83 19.8 0.5 16.8 0.2 20.8 0.2 12.1
750 - 999 lbs 827 3.4 242 1.3 19 1.5 80 29.2 0.6 18.7 0.3 22.7 0.2 18.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,545 31.3 3,080 17.1 255 19.9 84 17.2 2.8 14.4 3.2 15.5 2.5 20.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,553 31.4 8,498 47.2 651 50.8 73 10.5 3.2 18.3 4.7 8.7 4.3 18.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,187 9.1 4,380 24.3 235 18.3 56 28.4 2.3 27.0 4.6 20.2 2.9 29.7
More than 100,000 lbs 71 0.3 1,105 6.1 69 5.3 S 32.4 0.2 46.0 2.0 43.0 2.4 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 290 100 1,343 100 587 100 458 24.9 - 32.4 - 31.9 - 19.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2 0.8 - - S S 2,097 26.8 1.9 27.9 0.1 S S 38.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,448 S S S S S S 24.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 19 6.6 75 5.6 19 3.2 S 40.4 2.6 45.0 2.0 29.6 4.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs 218 75.3 1,253 93.3 547 93.2 428 24.1 11.2 28.0 2.3 29.4 5.1 9.7

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,514 100 9 100 8 100 1,016 34.8 - 30.3 - 31.1 - 6.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,201 79.3 1 10.6 1 12.2 1,016 39.8 15.3 26.9 6.3 25.5 8.7 11.9
50 - 99 lbs 149 9.9 - 3.7 - 4.7 1,112 42.4 3.8 24.2 2.8 28.0 2.6 14.9
100 - 499 lbs 60 4.0 2 18.6 1 19.4 974 23.0 11.6 27.3 10.5 44.1 9.9 15.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,567 S S S S S S 49.5
750 - 999 lbs 4 0.3 - 3.9 S S 1,872 34.2 12.4 33.3 16.5 S S 24.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 99 6.5 5 62.5 4 54.0 758 46.9 13.4 32.4 8.4 33.7 6.8 19.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,561 100 532 100 602 100 705 12.7 - 12.7 - 15.5 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 5,385 62.9 129 24.3 87 14.4 700 16.0 3.1 16.1 5.1 20.1 3.5 9.7
50 - 99 lbs 942 11.0 39 7.4 27 4.6 701 13.1 1.1 14.2 0.9 16.9 0.9 8.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,285 15.0 81 15.2 65 10.8 826 12.3 1.8 22.5 2.5 23.7 2.4 8.6
500 - 749 lbs 125 1.5 12 2.3 12 2.0 948 26.6 0.4 24.6 0.6 42.4 0.7 23.1
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.1 1 0.2 S S 3,195 46.7 0.1 28.7 0.1 S S 36.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 115 1.3 12 2.3 S S 2,687 42.5 0.4 27.4 1.0 S S 30.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 210 39.4 324 53.7 1,490 S S 30.0 8.5 24.1 9.1 29.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4 - S S S S 2,638 38.9 0.1 S S S S 1.2
More than 100,000 lbs 12 0.1 43 8.1 32 5.3 753 8.7 0.1 14.4 7.7 12.5 6.7 8.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,731 100 260 100 185 100 703 13.7 - 12.7 - 15.0 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 5,385 69.7 129 49.7 87 46.8 700 16.0 2.8 16.1 5.5 20.1 5.7 9.7
50 - 99 lbs 942 12.2 39 15.1 27 14.8 701 13.1 1.1 14.2 1.4 16.9 1.5 8.1
100 - 499 lbs 1,279 16.5 80 30.8 63 34.2 813 12.3 1.7 22.2 3.9 23.6 4.5 8.9
500 - 749 lbs 123 1.6 11 4.3 8 4.1 697 27.1 0.4 26.5 0.9 40.3 1.0 20.6
750 - 999 lbs 2 - - 0.2 - 0.2 918 22.9 - 20.9 0.2 28.0 0.3 40.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 261 100 381 100 1,831 S S 23.2 - 23.2 - 13.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 5 0.7 S S 1 0.4 2,076 32.0 1.9 S S 43.0 0.4 11.8
500 - 749 lbs 2 0.2 1 0.3 1 0.4 S 14.9 5.0 15.7 1.4 49.9 1.7 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 113 15.0 11 4.4 S S 2,662 43.3 9.2 28.4 4.8 S S 31.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 200 76.7 296 77.5 1,360 S S 30.1 11.3 26.2 10.0 17.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4 0.5 S S S S 2,638 38.9 5.2 S S S S 1.2
More than 100,000 lbs 12 1.6 S S S S 753 8.7 19.6 S S S S 8.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 7,515 S S S S S S 13.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 8,086 S S S S S S 15.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53 100 4 100 11 100 3,050 25.7 - 19.4 - 20.7 - 1.4
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 53 100.0 4 100.0 11 100.0 3,050 25.7 - 19.4 - 20.7 - 1.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 688 100 167 100 64 100 S 20.8 - 26.6 - 32.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs 125 18.2 4 2.5 S S S 33.4 3.4 37.8 0.9 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 31 4.5 3 1.5 - 0.1 S 21.4 1.7 35.5 1.0 30.7 0.6 S
100 - 499 lbs 47 6.8 9 5.7 - 0.6 S 37.8 2.3 42.2 2.6 49.8 1.4 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 44 S S S S S S 44.1
750 - 999 lbs 7 1.0 2 1.3 - 0.1 44 32.7 0.6 36.0 0.8 49.5 0.1 50.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 283 41.1 37 22.2 21 31.9 569 27.2 8.6 19.6 10.7 30.3 13.0 19.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 173 25.2 68 40.7 38 58.4 579 44.3 7.5 43.8 9.6 43.9 10.2 42.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 576 S S S S S S 34.0
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.