Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 65,134 100 31,099 100 7,399 100 474 6.5 - 10.9 - 8.6 - 9.5
Single modes 55,885 85.8 30,399 97.8 6,732 91 172 7.5 1.8 11.2 0.4 9.4 1.4 13.1
Truck6 54,081 83 29,048 93.4 6,138 83 157 7.9 2.1 11 1.4 8.8 2.5 11.6
For-hire truck 30,012 46.1 11,026 35.5 4,855 65.6 484 6.7 1.3 14.4 3.5 9.1 2.4 12.6
Private truck 24,069 37 18,022 58 1,283 17.3 60 10.2 1.7 13.8 4 9.1 0.7 13.1
Rail 290 0.4 1,343 4.3 587 7.9 458 24.9 0.1 32.4 1.5 31.9 2.2 19.5
Air (incl truck and air) 1,514 2.3 9 - 8 0.1 1,016 34.8 0.9 30.3 - 31.1 - 6.8
Multiple modes 8,561 13.1 532 1.7 602 8.1 705 12.7 1.9 12.7 0.3 15.5 1.4 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 7,731 11.9 260 0.8 185 2.5 703 13.7 2 12.7 0.2 15 0.4 9.3
Truck and rail S S 261 0.8 381 5.2 1,831 S S 23.2 0.2 23.2 1.2 13.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,515 S S S S S S 13.6
Other multiple modes 53 0.1 4 - 11 0.2 3,050 25.7 0.3 19.4 0.1 20.7 0.5 1.4
Other and unknown modes 688 1.1 167 0.5 64 0.9 S 20.8 0.3 26.6 0.2 32.1 0.4 S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,118 100 665 100 135 100 157 39 - 32.7 - 39 - 19.2
Single modes 989 88.5 655 98.5 133 98.6 132 35.4 3.5 32.7 0.7 39 0.6 22.1
Truck6 989 88.5 655 98.5 133 98.6 132 35.4 3.5 32.7 0.7 39 0.6 22.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 715 64 486 73 S S 118 45.9 12.4 44 11.9 S S 17
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,593 100 566 100 310 100 343 28.8 - 24.8 - 25.1 - 21.1
Single modes 1,545 97 550 97.1 295 95.3 343 27.9 1.4 24 1.5 22.9 2.2 22.7
Truck6 1,545 97 550 97.1 295 95.3 343 27.9 1.4 24 1.5 22.9 2.2 22.7
For-hire truck 1,178 73.9 417 73.6 262 84.6 668 26.3 7.5 22 6.8 17.9 4 8.9
Private truck 367 23.1 133 23.5 33 10.7 118 25.3 13.6 23.6 13.2 30.6 14 30.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,548 100 480 100 340 100 303 23.8 - 31.9 - 37.5 - 36
Single modes 1,472 95.1 416 86.6 224 65.7 229 25.5 3 30 3.7 33.2 8.9 38.4
Truck6 1,472 95.1 416 86.6 224 65.7 229 25.5 3 30 3.7 33.2 8.9 38.4
For-hire truck 1,145 74 153 31.9 119 34.9 709 33.9 13.3 16.7 16 23.3 16.3 12.9
Private truck 327 21.1 262 54.6 105 30.8 S 27.1 17.7 35.3 10.7 41.2 11.9 S
Multiple modes 72 4.6 60 12.5 114 33.6 1,833 29 7.3 27.7 2.7 25.9 3 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 72 4.6 60 12.5 114 33.6 1,929 29 7.3 27.7 2.7 25.9 3 11.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,156 100 3,425 100 1,074 100 S 17 - 27.3 - 27.3 - S
Single modes 3,032 96.1 3,317 96.8 945 88 S 18 2.8 28 2.8 30.7 5.6 S
Truck6 3,021 95.7 3,305 96.5 925 86.1 S 18.2 2.7 28.2 2.8 31.7 5.6 S
For-hire truck 1,726 54.7 2,102 61.4 806 75 499 26.2 7.4 41.1 8.5 37.3 7.8 15.9
Private truck 1,295 41 1,203 35.1 119 11.1 68 25.9 7.7 23 9.4 35.6 4.9 24.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,628 S S S S S S 24.8
Multiple modes 37 1.2 73 2.1 117 10.9 S 40.8 0.8 38.5 1.7 47.7 10.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 35 1.1 72 2.1 117 10.9 1,638 37.7 0.9 30.8 2.1 42 13.1 21.2
Other and unknown modes 87 2.8 36 1.1 12 1.1 334 6.1 10.6 14.9 10.7 18.3 7.9 6

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 517 100 395 100 13 100 30 18.9 - 23.1 - 34.6 - 6.9
Single modes 517 100 395 100 13 100 30 18.9 - 23.1 - 34.6 - 6.9
Truck6 517 100 395 100 13 100 30 18.9 - 23.1 - 34.6 - 6.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 516 99.8 394 99.7 13 97.9 30 18.9 0.2 23.1 0.3 35.5 2.4 6.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 665 100 5 100 1 100 145 36.3 - 34.6 - 45.5 - 9.1
Single modes 665 100 5 100 1 100 145 36.3 - 34.6 - 45.5 - 9.1
Truck6 665 100 5 100 1 100 145 36.3 - 34.6 - 45.5 - 9.1
Private truck 665 100 5 100 1 100 145 36.3 - 34.6 - 45.5 - 9.1

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5 100 370 100 6 100 85 24.5 - 46.6 - 46.4 - 37.8
Single modes 5 96.3 370 100 6 99.9 S 23.6 2.5 46.6 - 46.4 - S
Truck6 5 96.3 370 100 6 99.9 S 23.6 2.5 46.6 - 46.4 - S
Private truck 5 96.3 370 100 6 99.9 S 23.6 2.5 46.6 - 46.4 - S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,568 100 179 100 52 S S 32.7 - 37 - 49
Single modes S S 1,535 97.9 177 99.2 S S S 32.9 1.4 37.4 5.8 S
Truck6 S S 1,033 65.9 S S S S S 40 11.6 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 969 61.8 13 7.2 12 S S 43.8 12.4 46.9 18.8 30.3
Rail S S 501 32 159 88.9 317 S S 8.4 18.3 10 3 2.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 75 100 S S S 38.7 - 37 - S S S
Single modes 1 97.7 73 97.4 S S S 38.7 1.5 36.6 1.5 S S S
Truck6 1 97.7 73 97.4 S S S 38.7 1.5 36.6 1.5 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 35.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 745 S S S S S S 9.1
Private truck 4 65.3 5 59.8 S S 53 38.4 12.3 38.5 15.2 S S 39.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 68 S S S S S S 33.4

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,658 100 2,658 100 116 100 48 28.4 - 27.6 - 30.6 - 9.1
Single modes 1,658 100 2,658 100 116 100 48 28.4 - 27.6 - 30.6 - 9.1
Truck6 1,658 100 2,658 100 116 100 48 28.4 - 27.6 - 30.6 - 9.1
For-hire truck 193 11.7 316 11.9 9 7.7 32 28.7 6.5 28.7 6.3 44.1 5.4 33.5
Private truck 1,464 88.3 2,342 88.1 107 92.3 49 31.9 5.1 30.7 5.1 32.6 3.9 7.5

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 317 100 532 100 29 100 53 13.6 - 12.2 - 33.7 - 26.7
Single modes 317 100 532 100 29 100 53 13.6 - 12.2 - 33.7 - 26.7
Truck6 317 100 532 100 29 100 53 13.6 - 12.2 - 33.7 - 26.7
For-hire truck S S S S 1 1.8 S S S S S 48.4 8.1 S
Private truck 306 96.5 512 96.3 29 98.2 53 16.8 5.4 15.5 5.4 33.4 2.7 24.8

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,518 100 53 100 60 S S 36.5 - 35.9 - 49.1
Single modes S S 2,518 100 53 99.8 56 S S 36.5 0.3 36 3.4 18.4
Truck6 S S 2,518 100 53 99.8 56 S S 36.5 0.3 36 3.4 18.4
For-hire truck 89 21.1 1,664 66.1 30 56.2 S 31.2 12.2 32.8 13.3 29.5 12.6 S
Private truck S S 854 33.9 S S 58 S S 44.4 13.9 S S 21.5
Multiple modes 1 0.3 - - - 0.2 652 31.8 2.1 24.7 0.3 35.6 3.4 20.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.3 - - - 0.2 652 31.8 2.1 24.7 0.3 35.6 3.4 20.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 650 100 679 100 90 100 186 29.4 - 35.8 - 36.9 - 23.7
Single modes 638 98.1 678 99.9 89 98.1 140 28.9 2.6 35.9 0.1 37.5 1.3 16.1
Truck6 630 96.9 651 95.9 84 92.5 140 29.4 3.2 36.9 2.7 39.7 4.6 16.2
For-hire truck 342 52.6 271 39.8 43 47.1 275 45.9 12.3 45.5 13.8 40 13.6 38.5
Private truck 287 44.2 S S S S 93 38 12.7 S S S S 13.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes - - - - S S S 13.2 - 27 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,169 100 87 100 S S S 45.3 - 47.4 - S S S
Single modes 1,071 91.6 86 98.9 S S S 49.6 12.6 46.9 13.2 S S S
Truck6 1,071 91.6 86 98.9 S S S 49.6 12.6 46.9 13.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 919 S S S S S S 16.3
Private truck S S S S S S 53 S S S S S S 15.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 18 100 12 100 - 100 S 45.3 - 34.7 - 32.6 - S
Single modes 17 94.6 12 97.9 - 96 S 42.7 2.4 35.1 1.1 32 2.3 S
Truck6 17 94.6 12 97.9 - 96 S 42.7 2.4 35.1 1.1 32 2.3 S
Private truck 17 94.6 12 97.9 - 96 S 42.7 2.4 35.1 1.1 32 2.3 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 573 100 193 100 56 100 S 32.3 - 41.2 - 40.8 - S
Single modes 408 71.1 174 89.8 46 82 S 28.2 7.9 46.3 7.7 38.1 4.3 S
Truck6 403 70.3 173 89.4 45 80.4 S 28.5 8.1 46.6 7.8 37.8 4.6 S
For-hire truck 142 24.8 40 20.8 38 67.5 728 46.4 10.4 41.2 12.3 45 11.2 16.5
Private truck 261 45.5 S S S S 50 45.4 13.9 S S S S 34.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,133 S S S S S S 6.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,088 100 414 100 132 100 424 20.8 - 26.2 - 21.3 - 16.6
Single modes 2,533 82 402 97.1 126 96 374 19.9 3.6 26.8 1.2 21.6 1.2 26.6
Truck6 1,881 60.9 400 96.7 125 94.9 186 20.9 9.6 26.9 1.2 21.7 1.4 33.1
For-hire truck 1,076 34.8 216 52.1 110 83.8 487 20.7 4 35.2 5.2 22 2.9 17.1
Private truck 806 26.1 184 44.6 15 11.1 57 23.4 6.4 25.3 5.4 37.8 2.4 6.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 650 21 S S S S 1,024 38.9 7.1 S S S S 13.1
Multiple modes 520 16.8 10 2.3 5 3.9 537 35.2 3.5 24.9 1 32 1.2 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 519 16.8 9 2.2 5 3.8 538 35.4 3.5 27.8 1.1 33.8 1.3 13.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S - - S S S S S 41.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 169 S S S S S S 31.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 7 10.2 S S S S 48 19.8 19 S S S S 47.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 958 100 S S 233 100 264 21.1 - S S 30.1 - 26.5
Single modes 915 95.5 S S 212 91 220 21.4 1.5 S S 32.8 3.8 33
Truck6 914 95.5 S S 212 91 220 21.4 1.5 S S 32.8 3.8 33.1
For-hire truck 410 42.8 381 21.7 145 62.3 540 24.7 9.3 44.9 14.3 28.3 10.2 13.1
Private truck 504 52.7 S S 67 28.7 85 26.8 8.7 S S 49.1 7.5 25.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 518 S S S S S S 40.1
Multiple modes S S 9 0.5 19 8.2 570 S S 48.7 0.4 47.5 3.5 37.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.1 S S 557 S S 45.3 0.2 S S 11.6
Truck and rail 10 1 7 0.4 18 7.6 2,386 39.6 1.1 29.3 0.9 27.3 7.5 5.1
Other and unknown modes 15 1.6 S S S S 31 41.2 0.7 S S S S 22.4

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 358 100 300 100 95 100 S 26.1 - 27.2 - 49.8 - S
Single modes 350 97.8 296 99 S S S 26.5 2.7 27.6 5.4 S S S
Truck6 342 95.7 289 96.5 S S S 26.4 2.6 27 5.2 S S S
For-hire truck 205 57.2 191 63.9 S S 226 47.3 18.1 48.2 18.8 S S 43.1
Private truck S S S S S S 80 S S S S S S 17.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 470 S S S S S S 37.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 465 S S S S S S 36.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 87 S S S S S S 34.5

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 225 100 144 100 5 100 S 41.3 - 48.9 - 40.1 - S
Single modes 222 99 144 99.8 5 97.8 38 40.1 2.4 47.9 0.1 39.1 1.9 32
Truck6 222 99 144 99.8 5 97.8 38 40.1 2.4 47.9 0.1 39.1 1.9 32
For-hire truck S S S S S S 101 S S S S S S 20.3
Private truck 184 81.9 S S 3 62.2 36 47.6 12.8 S S 46.7 15.2 17.3
Multiple modes 2 1 S S S S S 44.6 18.5 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 1 S S S S S 44.6 18.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,011 100 569 100 361 100 419 18.1 - 22.2 - 35.5 - 27.4
Single modes 1,491 74.1 523 91.9 318 87.9 S 19.5 8 23.6 4.3 37.5 8.8 S
Truck6 1,486 73.9 522 91.9 317 87.9 S 19.6 8 23.6 4.3 37.5 8.8 S
For-hire truck 1,189 59.1 401 70.6 314 86.8 S 21.2 8.7 26.4 9.9 38.1 9.4 S
Private truck 297 14.8 S S S S S 40.8 6 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 4 0.2 S S - - 1,120 38.5 0.4 S S 39.7 0.2 30.7
Multiple modes 505 25.1 45 7.8 43 11.9 693 32.3 6.9 40.8 3.8 40.9 8.8 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 505 25.1 45 7.8 43 11.9 693 32.3 6.9 40.8 3.8 40.9 8.8 15
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 42.4 3.1 S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,448 100 85 100 41 100 856 23.7 - 21.9 - 27.2 - 12.9
Single modes 284 19.6 24 27.9 7 16.3 S 35.4 7.3 44.8 9.6 38.1 4.3 S
Truck6 272 18.8 23 27.3 6 15.2 S 36.9 7.4 45.9 9.7 35.2 4.4 S
For-hire truck 122 8.4 7 7.9 6 14 912 28.1 1.6 30.9 2.2 38.7 3.5 16.4
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,071 S S S S S S 21.5
Multiple modes 1,161 80.2 60 69.9 33 79.8 887 27.6 6.8 26.7 9 27.3 4.8 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,161 80.2 60 69.9 33 79.8 887 27.6 6.8 26.7 9 27.3 4.8 11.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 512 100 S S 83 100 S 21.6 - S S 44.6 - S
Single modes 507 99 S S 83 99.9 S 21.6 0.9 S S 44.7 1.4 S
Truck6 506 98.8 S S 82 99.5 S 21.5 0.9 S S 44.5 1.4 S
For-hire truck 248 48.4 S S 35 42.5 436 27.3 15 S S 39.5 15.7 13.6
Private truck 258 50.3 S S S S 30 45.3 15 S S S S 21.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 886 S S S S S S 18.2
Multiple modes 2 0.3 S S S S 432 45 0.5 S S S S 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 0.3 S S S S 432 45 0.5 S S S S 26
Other and unknown modes 3 0.7 S S - 0.1 S 47 2.8 S S 20.7 4.5 S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,504 100 2,387 100 796 100 111 13.5 - 24 - 22 - 30.2
Single modes 3,353 95.7 2,340 98 752 94.6 89 13.6 1.8 24.2 1 22.3 2 26.9
Truck6 3,135 89.5 1,550 64.9 361 45.4 84 13 3.1 22.6 8.2 11 11.8 27.6
For-hire truck 1,807 51.6 717 30 260 32.7 215 10.4 6.5 24.2 10.6 8.8 12.9 47
Private truck 1,328 37.9 833 34.9 101 12.6 36 24.3 4.6 36.5 5.2 30.2 1.8 44.5
Rail 214 6.1 789 33.1 391 49.2 448 20.4 1.7 25.4 6.3 25.5 6.8 4.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,592 S S S S S S 37.8
Multiple modes 136 3.9 47 1.9 43 5.4 386 43.7 2 37.8 1.1 35 2.1 30.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 377 S S S S S S 28
Truck and rail 12 0.4 41 1.7 31 3.8 1,052 20.6 0.2 31.1 1.9 29.1 3.1 32.4
Other multiple modes 53 1.5 4 0.2 11 1.4 3,050 25.7 4.9 19.4 0.5 20.7 3.1 1.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,688 100 924 100 433 100 416 16.8 - 27 - 33.4 - 16.9
Single modes 3,271 88.7 906 98.1 415 95.9 247 16.4 2.3 27.4 0.6 34.4 1.9 24.2
Truck6 3,258 88.3 905 98 415 95.8 242 16.4 2.3 27.4 0.6 34.5 1.9 24.8
For-hire truck 2,181 59.1 593 64.1 394 91.1 632 20 5.7 28.8 5.8 35.5 2.7 8.2
Private truck 1,077 29.2 313 33.9 20 4.7 45 16.1 6.6 28.7 6 28 2.5 24.8
Air (incl truck and air) 12 0.3 1 0.1 S S 898 36.5 0.1 40.7 0.1 S S 26.9
Multiple modes 399 10.8 13 1.4 16 3.7 715 35 2.2 19.1 0.4 34.9 1.4 12.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 394 10.7 11 1.2 9 2.1 703 35.7 2.3 19.8 0.5 39.3 1.6 13.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 19 0.5 S S S S S 35.7 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,261 100 656 100 329 100 568 14 - 19.1 - 20.2 - 13.6
Single modes 4,979 79.5 613 93.5 269 81.7 322 13 2.4 20.2 1.6 23.6 4.9 25.1
Truck6 4,376 69.9 610 92.9 267 81.2 281 12.6 4.5 20.4 1.8 23.9 4.9 26.5
For-hire truck 3,036 48.5 305 46.5 234 71.1 736 16.3 6.1 27.1 9.6 27.9 7.3 9.9
Private truck 1,340 21.4 305 46.4 33 10.2 57 21.3 4.4 41.9 9.6 33.3 4.4 24.8
Rail S S S S S S 181 S S S S S S 1.8
Air (incl truck and air) 601 9.6 2 0.3 1 0.4 938 28.6 3.5 43.4 0.5 25.7 0.4 6.8
Multiple modes 1,174 18.8 29 4.5 S S 783 21 2.2 35.1 1.5 S S 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,078 17.2 13 2 12 3.8 778 23.6 2.2 13.2 0.7 16.5 1.3 8
Truck and rail 83 1.3 S S S S 3,902 45.9 2.3 S S S S 28
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,467 S S S S S S 33.3
Other and unknown modes 108 1.7 13 2 12 3.6 S 26.3 0.4 29.4 0.8 49.8 4 S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,525 100 65 100 37 100 296 14.2 - 18.4 - 23.9 - 21.5
Single modes 873 57.3 40 62.7 18 48.9 S 18.9 8.2 29.1 10.1 22.9 11.6 S
Truck6 860 56.4 40 62.6 18 48.8 S 19.6 8.6 29.1 10.1 23 11.6 S
For-hire truck 492 32.2 26 39.8 17 46.6 552 29 9.5 28.8 11.3 22.1 12.5 13.1
Private truck 368 24.1 15 22.8 1 2.2 36 30.7 5.8 40.6 7.5 34.5 1.7 21
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 460 S S S S S S 24.1
Multiple modes 595 39.1 19 29.6 S S 399 25 7.1 40.9 10.1 S S 34.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 552 36.2 13 20.2 7 18.9 399 27.7 6.1 41.5 7.9 25.6 8.4 34.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 5 7.6 S S S S S 44.3 4.4 S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,990 100 1,613 100 500 100 537 20 - 31.9 - 13.3 - 17.9
Single modes 7,358 81.8 1,543 95.7 438 87.6 S 20.2 5.2 33.4 2 15.6 3.7 S
Truck6 7,322 81.4 1,543 95.6 437 87.5 S 20.4 5 33.5 2 15.6 3.6 S
For-hire truck 5,215 58 1,137 70.5 365 73.1 500 26.7 5.3 40.5 5.7 14.5 3.5 11.3
Private truck 2,108 23.4 405 25.1 72 14.4 S 26.5 6.1 26 5.5 33.4 3.5 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 912 S S S S S S 39.9
Multiple modes 1,595 17.7 64 4 60 12 693 36.3 5.2 30.6 2 25 3.7 11.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,577 17.5 55 3.4 38 7.7 692 37 5.3 38.9 2.1 45.1 3.6 13.9
Truck and rail 16 0.2 8 0.5 18 3.6 2,615 30.5 0.3 32.8 0.9 37.6 5.8 8.2
Truck and water S S S S 4 0.7 S S S S S 31.4 2.8 S
Other and unknown modes 37 0.4 6 0.3 S S S 48.8 0.3 43.1 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 718 S S S S S S 26.2
Single modes S S S S S S 1,098 S S S S S S 21.3
Truck6 S S S S S S 1,107 S S S S S S 28.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,159 S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 109 S S S S S S 47.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.9 - 0.7 1,082 S S 23.3 11.3 29.6 14.1 14.7
Multiple modes 235 33.3 S S S S 653 47.7 15 S S S S 31.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 235 33.3 S S S S 653 47.7 15 S S S S 31.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 749 100 7 100 3 100 894 40.6 - 32 - 34.6 - 21.6
Single modes 175 23.4 4 62.8 1 51 S 35.3 16.3 34 13 45.5 15 S
Truck6 158 21.1 4 62.5 1 49.8 S 39.2 18.9 31.6 15 45.5 17 S
For-hire truck 104 13.8 3 47.7 1 48 369 33.8 18.8 34.2 14.8 46.5 16.8 29.5
Private truck S S S S - 1.7 45 S S S S 40.1 1.3 26.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 34.6 S S 918 S S 48.3 12 S S 21.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 2 34.6 S S 918 S S 48.3 12 S S 21.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,610 100 906 100 813 100 932 15.1 - 13.7 - 16.1 - 6.5
Single modes 6,274 94.9 883 97.5 788 97 824 14.9 1 13.6 0.5 16 0.5 6.9
Truck6 6,253 94.6 882 97.3 787 96.8 820 14.8 0.9 13.6 0.5 16 0.6 7.1
For-hire truck 5,790 87.6 759 83.8 775 95.3 949 16.7 3.6 16.1 5.4 16.6 2.2 3.8
Private truck 463 7 123 13.5 S S S 30.7 4.6 33.9 6.6 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1 - - - - - 1,770 25.6 - 34.8 - 13.5 - 37
Multiple modes 319 4.8 20 2.2 22 2.7 1,050 26.5 1 21.9 0.5 25.5 0.5 6.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 306 4.6 18 2 20 2.4 1,045 28.5 1 23.9 0.5 29 0.5 6.3
Truck and rail 12 0.2 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,064 8.3 0.8 25.3 0.5 25 0.7 0.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.3 S S S S S 46 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,970 100 230 100 167 100 416 17.4 - 29.4 - 44.5 - 23.6
Single modes 1,557 79.1 218 94.9 158 94.9 S 17.5 3.4 30.5 1.6 46.7 4.7 S
Truck6 1,526 77.4 217 94.4 157 94.1 S 17.4 3.9 30.7 1.6 47.2 4.7 S
For-hire truck 953 48.4 131 56.9 136 81.9 973 19.3 6.6 24.5 8.3 41.9 5.1 10.3
Private truck 573 29.1 86 37.5 S S 48 28.6 7.7 47.2 9.1 S S 49.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,040 S S S S S S 33.4
Multiple modes 356 18.1 10 4.4 7 4 621 32.9 3.9 13.4 1.7 22.5 4.8 10.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 356 18.1 10 4.4 7 4 621 32.9 3.9 13.4 1.7 22.5 4.8 10.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 59 S S S S S S 18.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,624 100 3,025 100 781 100 173 30.2 - 19 - 14.2 - 18.5
Single modes 8,037 93.2 2,975 98.3 755 96.7 148 27.4 1.9 19.7 2 14.7 2.4 10.8
Truck6 8,004 92.8 2,972 98.2 749 95.9 144 27.5 1.9 19.7 2 14.7 2.4 11
For-hire truck 628 7.3 528 17.4 487 62.4 913 29.2 5.5 23.5 9.3 23.9 12.6 13.8
Private truck 7,376 85.5 2,445 80.8 262 33.5 122 30.4 5.4 25.2 9.1 25.4 12 10.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 15 0.2 S S S S 1,204 22.4 0.6 S S S S 41.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 - - 0.1 S S S 36.5 - 38.6 0.1 S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9 S S S S S S 46.9

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 70 S S S S S S 40.5
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.