Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 95,778 100 49,370 100 10,728 100 5.8 - 7.2 - 5.1 -
Less than 50 miles 25,704 26.8 27,283 55.3 525 4.9 11.7 2.1 14.3 4.4 14.3 0.9
50 - 99 miles 7,872 8.2 5,338 10.8 521 4.9 5.7 0.6 13.1 1.4 14.4 0.7
100 - 249 miles 11,426 11.9 5,977 12.1 1,345 12.5 9.2 1.2 10.6 1.5 10.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 25,470 26.6 6,054 12.3 2,947 27.5 11.3 1.9 9.7 1.6 9.9 1.6
500 - 749 miles 13,317 13.9 2,652 5.4 2,037 19 8.6 0.8 10.1 0.9 9.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,178 4.4 907 1.8 957 8.9 10.5 0.5 15.8 0.4 15.5 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,181 2.3 434 0.9 599 5.6 18.4 0.5 19.4 0.3 18.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,838 1.9 254 0.5 549 5.1 15.1 0.3 16.3 0.1 17.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 3,792 4 471 1 1,249 11.6 10.5 0.3 12.9 0.1 13.1 1.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83,896 100 47,898 100 9,839 100 6.7 - 7.5 - 5.2 -
Less than 50 miles 23,567 28.1 26,979 56.3 516 5.2 12.2 2.5 14.6 4.4 14.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 7,006 8.4 5,244 10.9 511 5.2 6.9 0.4 13.5 1.5 14.9 0.8
100 - 249 miles 9,646 11.5 5,687 11.9 1,265 12.9 10.9 1.2 9.1 1.4 8.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 22,580 26.9 5,675 11.8 2,733 27.8 13.3 2.3 10.8 1.7 11.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 11,372 13.6 2,448 5.1 1,857 18.9 10.5 0.8 11.4 0.9 11.2 1.6
750 - 999 miles 3,445 4.1 815 1.7 847 8.6 10.9 0.5 15.8 0.3 15.5 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,765 2.1 404 0.8 549 5.6 20.2 0.5 20.5 0.3 19.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,525 1.8 234 0.5 496 5 17.5 0.4 17.1 0.1 19.3 1
More than 2,000 miles 2,990 3.6 412 0.9 1,067 10.8 11.8 0.4 12.3 0.1 12 1.2

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,377 100 46,859 100 9,346 100 7 - 7.2 - 6.2 -
Less than 50 miles 23,485 28.5 26,741 57.1 509 5.4 12.1 2.8 14.5 4.6 14.2 1.1
50 - 99 miles 6,997 8.5 4,997 10.7 481 5.1 7 0.4 12.8 1.6 14.2 0.8
100 - 249 miles 9,474 11.5 5,589 11.9 1,237 13.2 11.2 1.2 9.2 1.4 9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 21,943 26.6 5,408 11.5 2,559 27.4 14.6 2.6 12 1.8 12.9 2.1
500 - 749 miles 11,193 13.6 2,318 4.9 1,754 18.8 11 0.8 12.7 0.9 12.5 1.6
750 - 999 miles 3,417 4.1 814 1.7 846 9.1 11 0.5 15.8 0.3 15.6 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,754 2.1 404 0.9 549 5.9 20.4 0.5 20.5 0.3 19.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,387 1.7 191 0.4 388 4.2 19.8 0.4 16.4 0.1 16 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,727 3.3 397 0.8 1,023 10.9 10.5 0.3 12.5 0.1 12.2 1.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,984 100 28,554 100 7,955 100 8.8 - 7.8 - 7.2 -
Less than 50 miles 6,123 10.9 13,908 48.7 236 3 18.6 2.9 18.3 5.9 15.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 2,909 5.2 2,339 8.2 227 2.9 12.6 0.4 14.6 1.3 14.9 0.7
100 - 249 miles 6,479 11.6 3,598 12.6 807 10.1 14.7 1.4 11.1 1.9 11.3 1.6
250 - 499 miles 20,275 36.2 4,738 16.6 2,279 28.6 17 3.4 12.7 2.8 13.8 2.3
500 - 749 miles 11,026 19.7 2,210 7.7 1,673 21 11.1 0.9 12.7 1.3 12.6 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,389 6.1 802 2.8 833 10.5 11 0.6 15.9 0.6 15.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,718 3.1 393 1.4 534 6.7 20.3 0.6 21.4 0.3 20.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,366 2.4 178 0.6 366 4.6 19.9 0.5 15.8 0.1 15.6 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,699 4.8 389 1.4 1,001 12.6 10.4 0.7 12.4 0.2 12.1 1.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,394 100 18,305 100 1,391 100 12.8 - 10.4 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 17,362 65.8 12,833 70.1 273 19.6 16.5 3.7 12.8 3.8 15.8 3.5
50 - 99 miles 4,088 15.5 2,659 14.5 254 18.3 10.2 1.8 19.1 2.4 21.2 2.3
100 - 249 miles 2,995 11.3 1,991 10.9 430 30.9 12 1.4 15.5 1.2 14.2 3.4
250 - 499 miles 1,669 6.3 670 3.7 280 20.1 26.5 1.4 28 0.9 28.1 3.5
500 - 749 miles 167 0.6 109 0.6 81 5.9 25.8 0.3 32 0.3 30 2.2
750 - 999 miles 29 0.1 S S S S 34.6 0.1 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 36 0.1 11 0.1 14 1 40.7 0.1 40 - 42.3 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 28 0.1 8 - 22 1.6 41 0.1 26.5 - 27.6 1.2

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 60 8.9 128 12.4 99 20.8 32.7 3.5 20.7 15.1 25.3 19.5
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 1 8.3 S S S S 42.7 10.1
500 - 749 miles 120 14.1 S S S S 38 5.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 27 3.2 - 3 - 2.3 39.6 1.5 31.3 3 30.8 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 8 2 15.1 S S 48.8 8.5 45.2 13

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,826 100 827 100 651 100 9.4 - 24.2 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 717 8.1 68 8.3 3 0.4 34.3 1.7 41.2 2.9 44.6 0.2
50 - 99 miles 814 9.2 S S S S 32.5 2.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,625 18.4 124 15 50 7.6 20.8 2.1 31.8 3.1 36.8 2.7
250 - 499 miles 2,399 27.2 299 36.2 176 27.1 13.1 4.1 33.6 6.9 34.1 6.9
500 - 749 miles 1,490 16.9 155 18.8 144 22.1 17.4 3.2 36.4 4.2 36.1 4.8
750 - 999 miles 533 6 51 6.2 S S 27 1.4 49.8 4.9 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 353 4 21 2.6 37 5.6 22.6 1 37.5 1.1 42.1 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 190 2.2 11 1.3 33 5.1 15.5 0.3 30.8 0.4 48.2 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 703 8 41 4.9 136 20.9 23.4 1.9 30.3 1.3 34.3 4.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,022 100 298 100 226 100 10.7 - 38.7 - 39 -
Less than 50 miles 668 8.3 20 6.7 1 0.3 37.7 1.9 30.5 2.6 32.8 0.2
50 - 99 miles 794 9.9 20 6.8 2 0.8 33.7 2.5 28.4 1.7 27.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 1,536 19.1 52 17.6 S S 22.6 2.3 45.9 2.1 S S
250 - 499 miles 2,160 26.9 77 25.7 37 16.6 13.5 4.8 42.8 1.4 42.1 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,240 15.5 S S S S 14.5 3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 507 6.3 14 4.7 15 6.5 28.9 1.5 33.6 0.6 32.6 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 334 4.2 12 3.9 16 7.3 23.4 1 35.3 1.2 35 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 185 2.3 8 2.7 17 7.5 17.3 0.4 34.1 0.7 33.9 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 597 7.4 25 8.4 71 31.4 28.7 2.3 42.1 1.9 44.4 4.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 485 100 415 100 278 100 29 - 24.1 - 26.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 2 0.8 S S S S 33.6 2.6
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 20 4.2 S S S S 9.5 3.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 224 46.3 210 50.6 131 47.2 30.5 11.3 31.7 12.6 32.3 12.6
500 - 749 miles 69 14.3 49 11.8 40 14.3 28.2 4.6 49.2 6 41.6 10.7
750 - 999 miles 16 3.4 S S S S 41.7 8.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 74 15.3 12 2.9 36 12.8 28.8 12.4 43.1 3.3 42.4 5.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 313 100 110 100 144 100 29.3 - 23.2 - 22.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 69 21.9 54 48.8 32 22.5 22.8 7.9 42.2 12.5 45.1 8.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 182 58 36 33 50 34.9 49 13.8 39.9 14.4 40 16.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 32 10.1 4 3.4 30 20.7 37.7 13.1 48 6.5 48.4 17.8

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,056 100 645 100 238 100 32.3 - 34.5 - 37.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S 236 36.6 S S S S 41.9 9.1 S S
50 - 99 miles 51 1.7 39 6 3 1.4 31.3 1.5 48.1 9.1 47.3 3.3
100 - 249 miles 156 5.1 S S S S 38.4 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 490 16 79 12.3 38 15.9 42.3 4.4 36.3 4.3 36.9 5
500 - 749 miles 454 14.9 S S S S 40.2 5.7 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 200 6.6 41 6.4 45 18.7 38.1 5.2 38.9 7 38.6 15
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 123 4 10 1.5 20 8.4 28.2 1.1 43.2 1 44.1 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 99 3.2 S S S S 46.3 5.8 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.