Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 95,778 100 49,370 100 10,728 100 505 5.8 - 7.2 - 5.1 - 8.7
Less than 50 lbs 7,952 8.3 160 0.3 95 0.9 581 13.9 1.3 18.8 0.1 23.8 0.2 9.3
50 - 99 lbs 2,565 2.7 134 0.3 73 0.7 559 18.7 0.4 21.9 0.1 37.5 0.3 17.3
100 - 499 lbs 6,605 6.9 650 1.3 216 2.0 342 12.1 0.9 11.5 0.2 15.8 0.3 17.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,737 1.8 332 0.7 90 0.8 277 12.3 0.2 12.0 0.1 17.5 0.2 12.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,922 2.0 278 0.6 63 0.6 225 22.0 0.5 10.3 0.1 14.6 0.1 13.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 20,183 21.1 5,221 10.6 1,450 13.5 283 5.7 1.1 10.9 1.3 9.1 1.7 7.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 52,234 54.5 35,305 71.5 7,296 68.0 213 9.5 2.1 9.2 2.4 8.6 3.8 12.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,837 1.9 5,034 10.2 620 5.8 110 22.2 0.5 15.8 1.2 22.6 1.1 23.7
More than 100,000 lbs S S 2,256 4.6 826 7.7 372 S S 25.9 1.3 38.1 3.3 22.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 83,896 100 47,898 100 9,839 100 243 6.7 - 7.5 - 5.2 - 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,113 2.5 43 0.1 11 0.1 258 23.3 0.7 12.7 - 17.5 - 24.6
50 - 99 lbs 977 1.2 66 0.1 13 0.1 200 21.2 0.2 14.4 - 16.3 - 15.6
100 - 499 lbs 4,914 5.9 537 1.1 139 1.4 248 11.1 0.7 10.7 0.2 10.6 0.2 9.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,519 1.8 293 0.6 65 0.7 226 10.3 0.2 12.0 0.1 14.2 0.1 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 1,890 2.3 271 0.6 58 0.6 214 22.2 0.5 11.0 0.1 15.5 0.1 12.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,422 23.2 5,100 10.6 1,369 13.9 274 6.0 1.4 11.1 1.3 9.4 1.7 7.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 50,705 60.4 34,731 72.5 6,927 70.4 204 10.1 2.1 9.6 2.4 8.9 4.1 12.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,762 2.1 4,920 10.3 574 5.8 105 22.9 0.6 16.5 1.3 25.5 1.3 25.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 1,938 4.0 682 6.9 346 S S 28.9 1.5 38.2 3.4 22.5

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,377 100 46,859 100 9,346 100 217 7.0 - 7.2 - 6.2 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,567 1.9 40 0.1 9 0.1 178 25.2 0.4 14.3 - 20.1 - 35.5
50 - 99 lbs 911 1.1 65 0.1 13 0.1 196 21.2 0.2 14.6 - 14.7 - 15.6
100 - 499 lbs 4,821 5.9 533 1.1 135 1.4 246 11.5 0.7 10.9 0.2 11.0 0.2 9.2
500 - 749 lbs 1,462 1.8 293 0.6 65 0.7 224 10.0 0.2 12.0 0.1 13.9 0.1 13.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,863 2.3 269 0.6 57 0.6 213 22.6 0.5 11.3 0.1 15.6 0.1 13.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 19,304 23.4 5,091 10.9 1,359 14.5 271 6.0 1.4 11.1 1.3 9.1 1.7 7.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 50,550 61.4 34,608 73.9 6,869 73.5 203 10.1 2.0 9.5 2.5 9.2 3.6 12.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,751 2.1 4,623 9.9 550 5.9 107 23.2 0.6 16.2 1.4 26.7 1.4 25.0
More than 100,000 lbs 151 0.2 1,336 2.9 288 3.1 189 25.5 0.1 31.5 1.2 36.3 1.6 30.5

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55,984 100 28,554 100 7,955 100 563 8.8 - 7.8 - 7.2 - 8.3
Less than 50 lbs 412 0.7 8 - 6 0.1 842 29.3 0.2 19.3 - 29.0 - 18.8
50 - 99 lbs 260 0.5 13 - 9 0.1 692 25.5 0.1 18.7 - 22.0 - 9.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,616 4.7 179 0.6 117 1.5 633 17.9 1.0 13.9 0.1 11.4 0.2 7.6
500 - 749 lbs 878 1.6 93 0.3 55 0.7 589 11.4 0.3 17.1 0.1 16.3 0.1 12.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,399 2.5 79 0.3 47 0.6 588 28.3 0.7 15.9 - 18.2 0.1 10.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 13,669 24.4 2,037 7.1 1,111 14.0 601 9.3 1.9 10.7 1.0 9.3 1.8 5.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 35,694 63.8 23,046 80.7 6,049 76.0 287 11.5 2.5 9.2 1.9 10.2 3.3 12.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 985 1.8 2,636 9.2 417 5.2 138 30.1 0.5 20.3 1.9 27.0 1.4 47.0
More than 100,000 lbs 71 0.1 463 1.6 144 1.8 317 40.5 0.1 32.6 0.7 31.5 1.2 18.2

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26,394 100 18,305 100 1,391 100 65 12.8 - 10.4 - 13.1 - 7.8
Less than 50 lbs 1,155 4.4 33 0.2 3 0.2 66 34.2 1.9 20.7 0.1 19.4 0.1 15.7
50 - 99 lbs 651 2.5 52 0.3 4 0.3 71 32.2 0.6 19.8 0.1 27.8 0.1 13.5
100 - 499 lbs 2,204 8.4 354 1.9 19 1.4 57 19.3 1.3 14.3 0.8 12.7 0.5 12.3
500 - 749 lbs 584 2.2 200 1.1 9 0.7 47 13.1 0.4 14.6 0.3 12.9 0.2 11.2
750 - 999 lbs 464 1.8 190 1.0 10 0.7 55 18.8 0.3 15.1 0.3 14.3 0.2 11.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,635 21.3 3,054 16.7 249 17.9 76 8.8 4.0 13.2 2.5 16.0 2.2 8.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,856 56.3 11,561 63.2 820 59.0 69 21.3 6.4 14.4 4.8 10.4 5.2 11.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 765 2.9 1,987 10.9 132 9.5 64 27.3 0.9 25.3 2.1 38.4 2.3 20.2
More than 100,000 lbs 80 0.3 873 4.8 S S 136 33.3 0.2 32.1 2.8 S S 26.6

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - 0.1 S S S S S 32.2 0.6 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 4 0.4 S S S S S 46.1 15.3 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 602 58.5 S S 603 S S 41.9 16.5 S S 14.2

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S 2 12.2 492 S S S S 41.6 9.4 45.0
50 - 99 lbs S S - 3.9 - 2.3 S S S 38.2 6.8 34.9 9.4 S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,254 S S S S S S 10.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 2,181 S S S S S S 35.3
750 - 999 lbs S S - 3.8 1 5.7 2,100 S S 30.9 6.6 48.7 13.7 27.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,547 S S S S S S 19.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,826 100 827 100 651 100 715 9.4 - 24.2 - 21.6 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,974 56.4 113 13.7 84 12.8 699 13.3 4.6 25.5 3.1 28.4 2.7 9.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,270 14.4 65 7.8 59 9.1 915 17.0 2.1 45.2 1.4 47.6 2.0 11.7
100 - 499 lbs 1,658 18.8 106 12.9 77 11.8 735 19.7 3.8 48.3 2.5 40.1 2.4 20.9
500 - 749 lbs 208 2.4 38 4.6 25 3.8 658 36.5 0.9 41.5 1.3 46.9 0.9 19.8
750 - 999 lbs 30 0.3 S S S S 647 42.0 0.3 S S S S 23.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 172 1.9 S S 55 8.5 S 42.2 1.4 S S 41.5 3.5 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 305 3.5 123 14.8 164 25.2 1,445 28.0 1.2 24.0 5.7 25.0 6.5 15.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 62 0.7 91 11.0 S S 452 47.9 0.8 45.0 10.1 S S 28.6
More than 100,000 lbs S S 225 27.2 141 21.7 637 S S 29.1 11.9 28.8 13.2 24.5

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,022 100 298 100 226 100 715 10.7 - 38.7 - 39.0 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 4,972 62.0 113 37.9 84 37.0 699 13.3 4.6 25.5 4.9 28.4 5.3 9.5
50 - 99 lbs 1,268 15.8 65 21.7 59 26.1 917 17.0 2.4 45.4 2.2 47.7 3.3 11.6
100 - 499 lbs 1,606 20.0 S S 69 30.6 739 20.6 4.5 S S 43.7 5.2 17.0
500 - 749 lbs 163 2.0 S S S S 599 47.2 0.9 S S S S 22.0
750 - 999 lbs 12 0.2 1 0.3 S S 222 40.3 0.2 30.5 0.3 S S 32.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 485 100 415 100 278 100 645 29.0 - 24.1 - 26.3 - 47.4
Less than 50 lbs 2 0.4 S S S S S 47.6 1.6 S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 52 10.7 11 2.7 8 2.8 S 15.5 11.8 40.2 2.8 29.1 4.6 S
500 - 749 lbs 41 8.5 13 3.1 9 3.3 691 9.0 4.8 17.9 4.4 39.5 3.1 27.9
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 709 S S S S S S 22.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 151 31.2 S S S S S 42.6 8.0 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 38 7.7 S S S S S 27.0 8.3 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 395 S S S S S S 36.1
More than 100,000 lbs S S 225 54.2 141 50.7 637 S S 29.1 16.9 28.8 17.0 24.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 313 100 110 100 144 100 2,595 29.3 - 23.2 - 22.1 - 23.1
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - 0.1 S S S S S 40.3 0.2 S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs 4 1.3 - 0.1 1 0.9 7,931 36.4 4.5 22.1 0.3 21.2 1.7 1.1
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 21 6.6 2 2.0 S S 5,315 18.8 17.5 38.7 10.7 S S 40.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 268 85.5 98 89.8 124 86.0 1,375 33.5 7.5 24.8 5.9 22.9 5.6 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,056 100 645 100 238 100 225 32.3 - 34.5 - 37.1 - 30.8
Less than 50 lbs S S 4 0.6 S S 228 S S 42.8 0.3 S S 34.8
50 - 99 lbs S S 4 0.6 S S S S S 47.2 1.2 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 33 1.1 6 0.9 - 0.1 S 40.1 0.8 28.2 1.4 24.9 0.1 S
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 0.2 - 0.1 S S S 34.4 0.1 21.6 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.1 S S S S S 47.3 0.1 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 588 19.2 61 9.4 26 10.9 S 19.5 14.6 29.7 5.5 35.8 11.5 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,223 40.0 451 69.9 205 86.1 493 42.1 11.7 34.3 4.2 37.9 7.6 23.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 3 1.2 S S S S S 16.8 9.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 93 14.5 S S S S S 24.5 14.7 S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.