Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,321 100 33,863 100 6,560 100 7.9 - 11.9 - 8.8 -
Less than 50 miles 11,200 21 21,499 63.5 498 7.6 7.8 1.3 17.7 4.1 20.2 1.4
50 - 99 miles 3,771 7.1 2,524 7.5 240 3.7 12.1 0.6 13.5 1.6 11.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 9,446 17.7 4,228 12.5 909 13.9 9.2 0.9 12.7 1.6 11.5 1.4
250 - 499 miles 9,813 18.4 2,357 7 1,185 18.1 12.4 2.5 15.6 1.4 15.7 2
500 - 749 miles 11,337 21.3 1,613 4.8 1,240 18.9 19.6 2.6 10.9 0.5 11.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles 3,799 7.1 802 2.4 849 12.9 23.3 1 16 0.3 16.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,454 2.7 379 1.1 515 7.9 14.3 0.3 25.2 0.3 25.1 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 762 1.4 162 0.5 349 5.3 16.8 0.4 22.7 0.2 22.2 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,737 3.3 299 0.9 774 11.8 15.3 0.6 13.2 0.2 14.3 1.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,082 100 32,493 100 5,944 100 8.4 - 12 - 8.7 -
Less than 50 miles 10,306 22.4 20,849 64.2 486 8.2 9.2 1.3 17.2 3.9 20.4 1.4
50 - 99 miles 3,348 7.3 2,507 7.7 238 4 11.6 0.6 13.6 1.6 11.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 7,821 17 3,941 12.1 820 13.8 6.2 1.4 13.8 1.4 12.5 1.5
250 - 499 miles 7,995 17.4 2,213 6.8 1,113 18.7 14.7 2.3 15.1 1.2 15.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 10,232 22.2 1,532 4.7 1,172 19.7 21.9 3 10.4 0.5 10.6 0.7
750 - 999 miles 3,361 7.3 713 2.2 741 12.5 26.2 1.2 14 0.2 14.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,329 2.9 369 1.1 500 8.4 14.6 0.4 25.8 0.3 25.5 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 534 1.2 146 0.4 309 5.2 20.7 0.4 26.8 0.2 27 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,158 2.5 224 0.7 564 9.5 17.7 0.5 12.2 0.1 11.9 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,225 100 28,880 100 5,493 100 8.7 - 11.5 - 8 -
Less than 50 miles 10,182 23 17,723 61.4 371 6.8 9.1 1.5 15.7 3 14.9 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,346 7.6 2,484 8.6 236 4.3 11.6 0.8 13.8 1.5 11.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 7,656 17.3 3,770 13.1 767 14 6.1 1.4 14.3 1.1 13.1 1.5
250 - 499 miles 6,758 15.3 2,091 7.2 1,041 18.9 8 1.5 15.2 1.2 15.5 1.9
500 - 749 miles 10,087 22.8 1,463 5.1 1,109 20.2 22.3 3 9.4 0.5 9.4 0.8
750 - 999 miles 3,316 7.5 631 2.2 639 11.6 26.6 1.2 12.3 0.2 11.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,299 2.9 355 1.2 479 8.7 13.8 0.4 26.1 0.3 25.8 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 486 1.1 146 0.5 308 5.6 19.5 0.4 26.9 0.2 27.1 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,094 2.5 217 0.8 544 9.9 18.5 0.5 13.3 0.1 13 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,304 100 10,002 100 3,952 100 10.1 - 9 - 7.9 -
Less than 50 miles 4,221 13.5 3,263 32.6 76 1.9 13 1.6 19.7 4.1 16.3 0.3
50 - 99 miles 1,537 4.9 954 9.5 99 2.5 16.8 1 11.6 1.4 13.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 4,891 15.6 1,973 19.7 421 10.6 6.9 1.9 12.9 2.5 12.7 1.5
250 - 499 miles 5,649 18 1,446 14.5 726 18.4 9.2 1.9 12.7 1.7 13 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,324 29.8 1,206 12.1 913 23.1 22.6 3.5 10.2 0.9 10.2 1.1
750 - 999 miles 3,103 9.9 530 5.3 537 13.6 28.6 1.7 14.7 0.6 14.5 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,068 3.4 298 3 400 10.1 9.1 0.4 23.8 0.5 23.3 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 439 1.4 128 1.3 272 6.9 22 0.5 28.2 0.5 28.7 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 1,072 3.4 202 2 510 12.9 19.3 0.7 12 0.2 11.9 1.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,921 100 18,878 100 1,541 100 8.1 - 14.3 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 5,961 46.1 14,459 76.6 295 19.2 9.5 3.1 17.2 3.2 16.9 2.9
50 - 99 miles 1,809 14 1,529 8.1 137 8.9 15.1 1.5 18.8 2 16.5 1.8
100 - 249 miles 2,766 21.4 1,797 9.5 347 22.5 15.1 1.9 20.8 1.4 18.2 3
250 - 499 miles 1,109 8.6 645 3.4 315 20.5 12.2 1.3 26.6 1 30.1 3.8
500 - 749 miles 763 5.9 257 1.4 196 12.7 32.7 1.5 21 0.4 20.9 1.9
750 - 999 miles 213 1.6 101 0.5 102 6.6 23.1 0.4 24 0.2 23.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 57 0.3 79 5.1 S S 47.9 0.1 48.5 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 22 0.2 15 0.1 34 2.2 38.2 0.1 43.1 0.1 43.8 1.5

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 440 100 S S S S 26.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1 - 23 0.6 3 0.6 18.4 0.2 19 5.5 22 0.6
100 - 249 miles 112 7.1 167 4.6 50 11.3 48.7 16.3 42.7 13.2 47 11
250 - 499 miles S S 121 3.4 72 16.3 S S 15.2 17.5 16.5 14.3
500 - 749 miles 83 5.3 67 1.9 62 14 37.3 10.4 29.6 10.8 30.2 9.7
750 - 999 miles S S 80 2.2 101 23 S S 21.3 12.8 21.2 9.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 282 100 9 100 11 100 25.7 - 41.4 - 35 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 53 18.7 S S S S 38.3 6.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 53 18.9 - 3.8 - 1.7 40.6 5 41.5 5 40.5 3.4
500 - 749 miles 62 21.9 2 18.2 2 19.8 27.1 12.9 31.4 10.9 40.3 11
750 - 999 miles 19 6.6 S S S S 48.4 3.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 34 12 1 7.6 2 18.7 39 3.9 47.9 5.7 46.3 9.4

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,376 100 679 100 556 100 17.7 - 24.2 - 25.6 -
Less than 50 miles 387 6.1 S S S S 26.5 2.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 414 6.5 10 1.5 1 0.2 24.5 1.4 13.7 1.5 14.1 0.3
100 - 249 miles 1,495 23.5 263 38.7 83 14.9 40.7 5.3 47 10.7 48 9
250 - 499 miles 1,718 27 S S 56 10.1 46.9 6.8 S S 49.3 3.9
500 - 749 miles 1,042 16.3 75 11 64 11.4 21.9 3.2 32.6 5.9 33.1 5.4
750 - 999 miles 414 6.5 82 12.1 101 18.1 25.2 1.6 42.4 9.2 41.9 8.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 121 1.9 S S S S 29.7 0.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 228 3.6 16 2.4 40 7.2 19 1 42.8 1.2 45.4 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 556 8.7 69 10.2 196 35.3 25.3 3.3 48.8 2.8 49.6 8.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,990 100 130 100 100 100 20.8 - 17.6 - 21.3 -
Less than 50 miles 383 7.7 13 9.7 - 0.4 26.6 2.1 32 1.2 43.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 413 8.3 10 7.8 1 1 24.5 1.3 13.7 2.2 14.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 1,484 29.7 22 17 5 5 41.2 5.5 17.2 2.9 18.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 919 18.4 27 20.4 13 13.4 21.8 1.4 22.3 2.1 22 1.6
500 - 749 miles 841 16.9 25 19.1 19 18.5 21.4 3 19.2 2.2 18.9 1.8
750 - 999 miles 328 6.6 12 9.2 12 12.3 22.5 1.3 23.1 1.2 24.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 94 1.9 S S S S 20.6 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 186 3.7 5 3.8 11 10.7 21.2 1.3 15.7 0.9 16.7 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 342 6.8 13 10 33 33.4 20.1 1.9 31.1 1.5 31.7 4.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 541 100 442 100 S S 27 - 27.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 11 0.9 241 44.5 S S 9.5 9.1 40.3 16.7 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 42 9.6 S S S S 49.6 10.6
500 - 749 miles S S 46 8.5 40 9 S S 42.5 17.4 42.1 16.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 11 2.1 29 6.6 S S 44.2 6.2 44.1 12
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 14 100 S S S S 42.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 863 100 S S 60 100 32.2 - S S 39.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 10 1.2 S S S S 39.7 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 130 15.1 25 3.6 6 9.9 43.9 7.9 36.6 6.2 37.8 5.9
250 - 499 miles 99 11.5 32 4.7 15 25.4 31.4 5.3 32.2 9.2 29.4 10
500 - 749 miles 64 7.4 6 0.9 5 7.6 33.3 10.1 25.3 3.7 24.3 8.1
750 - 999 miles S S 7 0.9 7 11.4 S S 47.2 8.6 43.2 12
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.